|Founded||Takata Shiga, Japan (1933)
Petri Aschaffenburg, Germany (1899)
Child restraint systems
|Employees||35,000 World wide
11,000 in Europe
Takata Corporation is an automotive parts company based in Japan. The company has production facilities on four continents, with its European headquarters located in Germany, where it also has nine production facilities. It had around 4 billion euros in turnover in 2008.
Takata was founded in 1933 in Shiga, Japan, by Takezo Takada and started to produce lifelines for parachutes and other textiles. In the early 1950s, the company started to research seat belts. Later they incorporated as "Takata". In the 1960s, Takata started to sell seat-belts and built the world's first crash test plant for testing seat-belts under real world conditions. In the 1970s Takata developed child restraint systems. In the 80's, the company changes its name to "Takata Corporation" and expanded to Korea, USA and later to Ireland, to sell seat-belts. In the 90's Takata expanded internationally.
In 2000, Takata Corporation acquired German competitor Petri AG, forming the European subsidiary Takata-Petri, ranamed Takata AG in early 2012. Takata AG makes steering wheels and plastic parts, not only for the automotive industry.
Takata began making airbags in 1988 and, as of 2014, holds 20 percent of the market. During 2013, several automakers began large recalls of vehicle due to Takata made airbags. Reports state that the problems may have begun a decade before.
On June 23, 2014, auto manufactures BMW, Chrysler, Ford, Honda, Mazda, Nissan, and Toyota announced they were recalling over three million vehicles worldwide due to Takata Corporation-made airbags. The reason was that they could rupture and send flying debris inside the vehicle. This was in response to a National Highway Traffic Safety Administration investigation, initiated after they received three injury complaints.
Honda stated they knew of more than 30 injuries and two deaths in the United States that were related to Takata airbags.
In a statement on June 23, 2014, Takata said they thought excessive moisture was the cause of the defect. Haruo Otani, an official at the vehicle recall section of the Japanese Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism, said that moisture and humidity could be seeping inside inflators, destabilizing the volatile propellant inside.
In June 2014, Takata admitted they had mishandled the manufacture of explosive propellants and improperly stored chemicals used in airbags. An additional difficultly to identifying vehicles with defective airbags was their failure to keep proper records of quality control. This prompted the second round of recalls.
In their statement the company said, "We take this situation seriously, will strengthen our quality control and make a concerted effort to prevent a recurrence".
On May 2014, General Motors expanded an earlier recall of their 2012 Chevrolet Cruze sedan and other models because of an electrical problem with the Takata airbags. The recall also included the Buick Verano, the Chevrolet Sonic and the Chevrolet Camaro.
On June 25, 2014, General Motors told their North American dealers to stop selling their 2013 and 2014 model Chevrolet Cruze sedans. GM stated, "Certain vehicles may be equipped with a suspect driver's air bag inflator module that may have been assembled with an incorrect part." The airbags involved were made by Takata Corporation. On June 11, 2014, Toyota recalled 2.3 million vehicles, many for the second time.
- Takata Petri hires 1,000 people in half a year in Arad and Sibiu, 11.12.2009, zf.ro, retrieved at 2 march 2010
- History, Takata Corporation website.
- Tabuchi, Hiroko; Jensen, Christopher. "Now the Air Bags Are Faulty, Too". http://www.nytimes.com/. The New York Times. Retrieved 25 June 2014.
- Woodall, Bernie; Lienert, Paul. "GM tells dealers to stop selling Cruze sedans with Takata air bags". http://money.msn.com/. MSN. Retrieved 25 June 2014.