||This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (March 2011)|
September 20, 1934 |
|Residence||Glendale, California, USA|
|Style||Gosoku-ryu Karate, Kubojitsu, Kubotactical, Toshin-ryu Iaido|
|Teacher(s)||Terada, Tokunaga, Cai|
|Rank||10th dan karate, 10th dan kubojitsu, 5th dan aikido, 5th dan judo, 2nd dan kendo|
|Notable students||James Caan, Rod Kuratomi, Val Mijailovic, Chuck Norris|
Takayuki Kubota (窪田 孝行 Kubota Takayuki?, born September 20, 1934) is a Japanese master of karate. He founded the Gosoku-ryu style of karate, and is the founder and president of the International Karate Association. Kubota holds the title of Sōke for his development of the Gosoku-ryū style of karate. He is also the inventor and holder of the trademark of the Kubotan self-defense key chain.
Kubota was a self-defense instructor for the Tokyo Police department in the 1950s, where he was noted for his expertise in practical karate. He has devoted his life to learning, creating, and teaching the application of self-defense techniques to military, law enforcement, and civilian personnel. He has earned black belt degrees in karate, judo, aikido, kendo, and iaido.
Kubota was born on September 20, 1934, in Kumamoto, Japan, into the family of Denjiro (father) and Semo (mother) Kubota. He had four brothers, of which one became a kendo master, one a jujitsu master, and one the Japanese Olympic volleyball coach. In 1939, at the age of four, Kubota began studying martial arts under the direction of his father, who was a master of jujitsu and jukendo. The training included bamboo yadi, judo, keibo-jutsu (baton), and makiwara practice.
During World War II, Kubota learned karate under the guidance of two Okinawans—Terada and Tokunaga—stationed in his village. They were teaching local people with basics in the martial art of te; there was no name "karate" at that time in Okinawa.
At the age of 13, Kubota went to Tokyo to seek his fortune—against his father's will. Upon arrival, he discovered that there was no work and no place to stay. While in a queue for food, however, Kubota helped the police to capture some criminals using his skill in taiho jutsu (arresting technique). One of the officers, Detective Karino, gave Kubota a place to stay and helped him finish his education. Karino brought him to the dojo (training hall) of Chinese master Cai and, in return, he taught Karino the art of taiho jutsu. Until he earned enough money for classes, Kubota watched techniques at one of the top karate schools from outside at night. When he earned enough money, he continued his formal training inside a dojo.
In 1947, at age of 14, he was noticed by Tokyo Police and was soon teaching hand-to-hand and baton combat to officers of Kamata Police Department; he did this for 10 years. He tested his martial arts skills by working as an agent in dangerous districts of Tokyo and being used as a one-man riot control by police. It was in this era that Gosoku-ryu techniques were refined. He has complemented his martial arts training with studies in meditation, history, and other non-combative aspects of the arts.
Kubota opened his first karate dojo at the age of 17. From 1950–1959, he was an instructor for the US Army, Air Force, and Marines in kendo, karate, judo, and giyokute-jitsu. Between 1960 and 1963, he taught pro-wrestling techniques at Haneda dojo.
As he became more well known, the US military and government personnel at the American military bases stationed there invited him to teach self-defense and show demonstrations. From 1958 to 1960, he taught the US Military Police and other personnel at Camp Zama, Kanagawa, Japan. In addition, from 1959 to 1964, he taught self-defense to the US Army personnel at Kishine Barracks in Yokohama. At the same, during 1961 to 1963, he was teaching the American personnel at Grand Heights Air Force Base in Tokyo and US Air Force Police at Fuchu Air Force Base. He also worked as a bodyguard to the US Ambassador to Japan. Through 1964, Kubota taught self-defense to other government personnel, including the CIA agents at the US military bases throughout Japan.
On August 2, 1964, Kubota was invited by Ed Parker to give a demonstration at Parker's First Annual International Karate Tournament in Long Beach, California. In late 1964, he permanently relocated to America. Kubota taught self-defense at the Los Angeles Police Department Academy for several years. Kubota developed his own style of karate, naming it Gosoku-ryu ("hard-fast style"), and he consequently holds the title Sōke, meaning founder or creator.
The five and a half inch plastic Kubotan key chain is Kubota's most important invention. It was designed as a tool for female Los Angeles Police Department officers, and registered as trademark in 1978. Kubota also developed the Kubotai, another self-defense weapon, which was patented in 1991. The Kubotai is used to employ wrist locks and immobilize the opponent.
Kubota also has written several books on the martial arts:
- Kubota, Takayuki; McCaul, Paul (1972). Baton techniques and training (illustrated ed.). Thomas. ISBN 0-398-02338-7.
- Kubota, Takayuki; Miller, Mark (1977). The art of karate (1 ed.). Haddington House. ISBN 0-672-52331-0.
- Kubota, Takayuki (1980). Fighting Karate Gosoku Ryu Hard Fast Style. Unique Publications (Subs. of CFW Enterprises, Inc). ISBN 0-86568-010-8.
- Kubota, Takayuki (1980). Gosoku ryu karate: kumite 1. Unique.
- Peters, John; Kubota, Takayuki; Defensive Tactics Institute, Inc (1981). Realistic defensive tactics (illustrated ed.). Reliapon Police Products. ISBN 0-935878-02-5.
- Kubota, Takayuki (1982). Action Kubotan Keychain an Aid in Self Defense. Beckett Pubns. ISBN 0-86568-101-5.
- Kubota, Takayuki; Peters, John (1983). Official Kubotan techniques. Kubotan Institute.
- Kubota, Takayuki (1983). T-Hold Kubotan. Unique Publications. ISBN 0-86568-111-2.
- Kubota, Takayuki (1983). Weapons Kumite: Fighting With Traditional Weapons. Unique Publications. ISBN 0-86568-042-6.
- Kubota, Takayuki (1985). Kubotan keychain: instrument of attitude adjustment (reprinted ed.). Dragon Books. ISBN 0-946062-09-9.
- Kubota, Takayuki (1985). Ninja Shuriken Manual (reprinted ed.). I & I Sports Supply Co. ISBN 0-934489-00-9.
- Kubota, Takayuki (1987). Close encounters: the arresting art of taiho-jutsu (illustrated ed.). Dragon Books. ISBN 0-946062-20-X.
- Kubota, Takayuki (2003). Fighting Karate (illustrated ed.). Unique Publications. ISBN 0-86568-205-4.
|This section requires expansion. (January 2010)|
Kubota has been featured in more than 280 movies and TV shows, and over 180 commercials.
|1972||The Mechanic||Yamoto aka Killer of Killers|
|1975||The Killer Elite||Negato Toku|
|1977||Operation Petticoat||Japanese Officer|
|1983||Focus on Fishko||James Fikuta|||
|2001||Power Rangers Time Force: Photo Finish||Elder Monk|||
Over the years Kubota taught martial arts to many actors Chuck Barris, Dick Martin, Ron Ely, Bo Hopkins, Randolph Mantooth, Tim McIntire, the Bay City Rollers, Sam Peckinpah, Gary Owens, Stirling Silliphant, David Jensen, Sy Weintraub, Peter Frampton, Robert Conrad, George Kennedy, Tammy Lauren, Nancy McKeon, Hilary Swank.
- Kubotan trademark registration (uspto.gov)
- "Takayuki Kubota". Complete Martial Arts.com. 1934-09-20. Retrieved 2012-05-15.
- Hamilton, Hank (April 2001). "Rapid Response". Black Belt 39 (4): 52. ISSN 0277-3066. Retrieved 2 January 2010.
- "Account Suspended". Ika-gosoku.sumy.ua. Retrieved 2012-05-15.
- "karate masters". Karate.com.pl. Retrieved 2012-05-15.
- Caballa, Ernie (2004). Who is Soke?. USA.
- Black Belt Magazine: Weapons Instructor of the Year[dead link]
- "@The Filme Files SHIN KOYAMADA’S INAUGURAL UNITED STATES MARTIAL ARTS FESTIVAL by Dr. Craig Reid".
- US Patent 5066013 - Kubotai restraint device having two batons bound together by a cord at points spaced from the ends of the batons. Retrieved 22 January 2010
- Focus on Fishko at the Internet Movie Database
- Power Rangers Time Force: Photo Finish at the Internet Movie Database
- Interview with Tak Kubota in: Fighting stars magazine, Feb. 1981, page 12
- Morris Chapnick, Top disc jokey gets a kick out of the Martial arts, in:Fighting stars magazine, Feb. 1975, page 12
- Stirling Silliphant memoirs, in: Jack Vaughn and Mike Lee, The legendary Bruce Lee, page 133
- Rick Shiverly, East meets West in the movies, in: Fighting stars magazine, June 1974, page 40
- Nancy Frizzelle, The amazing master Kubota, in: Fighting stars magazine, Sept. 1978, page 32-33
- Salvador Herraiz, Legends of karate-do: Tak Kubota, in: Budo International, Jan. 2003, page 52
- An unconquerable spirit, Jose Fraguas in: Inside Kung-fu Magazine Jan 2005, page 98
- Fraguas, Jose (Spring 2009). "Against the Grain". Masters Magazine: 22–30.
- Mather, Jim (June 1990). "A Sensei's Story Karate's Takayuki Kubota". Black Belt (Active Interest Media) 28 (6): 40–44. ISSN 0277-3066. Retrieved January 4, 2010.
- Mather, Jim (March 1991). "The Karate Training of James Caan". Black Belt (Active Interest Media) 29 (3): 24–29, 101. ISSN 0277-3066. Retrieved January 4, 2010.
- Clary, David (August 1991). "Weapons Instructor of the Year Takayuki Kubota". Black Belt (Active Interest Media) 29 (8): 66. ISSN 0277-3066. Retrieved January 4, 2010.
- Hamilton, Hank (April 2001). "Rapid Response". Black Belt (Active Interest Media) 39 (4): 48–53. ISSN 0277-3066. Retrieved January 4, 2010.
- Лозовой, Анатолий (May 2004). "Живая Легенда Каратэ Такаюки Кубота и его стиль Gosoku Ryu" [Living Legend of Karate Takayuki Kubota and his style Gosoku Ryu]. World of Martial Arts (in Russian) (Kiev, Ukraine: АТ "Книга") 39 (3): 18–21. Retrieved January 6, 2010.[dead link]
- Лозовой, Анатолий (Jule–August 2007). "Уроки жизни от весёлого кузнеца" [Life Lessons from merry blacksmith]. Боевые Искусства (in Russian) (Charkov, Ukraine: ИПК Друкарня Шульца): 44–50. Retrieved January 6, 2010.
- Takayuki Kubota at the Internet Movie Database
- Nomination for "Living Legend" in 2010
- Budo Japanese/Okinawan Masters of the Martial Arts
- Karate legend Soke Takayuki Kubota visiting Armenia
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