|Native to||United States|
|Region||Oregon, Rogue Valley along the middle course of the Rogue River|
Takelma (south), with the Kalapuyan languages to the north
Takelma /təˈkɛlmə/ was the language spoken by the Takelma people. It was first extensively described by Edward Sapir in his graduate thesis, The Takelma Language of Southwestern Oregon. The last fluent speaker of Takelma, with whom Sapir worked while writing about the language, was Frances Johnson (Gwísgwashãn).
- Latgawa dialect, spoken in southwestern Oregon along the upper Rogue River
- Lowland dialect, spoken in southwestern Oregon in the Rogue Valley
Genealogical relations 
Takelma is a language isolate.
Takelma was once considered part of a Takelma-Kalapuyan language family together with the Kalapuyan languages (Swadesh 1965). However, a paper by Tarpent & Kendall (1998) finds this relationship to be unfounded because of the extremely different morphological structures of Takelma and Kalapuyan. DeLancey follows this position. However, Takelma is commonly proposed as part of the Penutian super-family, as first suggested by Edward Sapir.
- [mìːʔskaʔ] – one
- [kàːʔm] – two
- [xìpiní] – three
- [kamkàm] – four
- [déːhal] – five
- [haʔiːmìʔs] – six
- [haʔiːkàːʔm] – seven
- [haʔiːxín] – eight
- [haʔiːkó] – nine
- [ìxtiːl] – ten
- Laurie Bauer, 2007, The Linguistics Student’s Handbook, Edinburgh
- Sapir, Edward (1922). "II". The Takelma Language of Southwestern Oregon. Handbook of American Indian Languages. Bulletin 40. Bureau of American Ethnology. pp. 1–296.
- Don Macnaughtan. "American Indian Languages of Western Oregon". Lane Community College Library. Retrieved 2012-09-04.
- Sapir, Edward (1909). "Takelma Texts". University of Pennsylvania Anthropological Publications (University of Pennsylvania) 2 (1): 1–263.
Further reading 
- Edward Sapir (1914). Takelma texts. University Museum. Retrieved 24 August 2012.