Japanese General Takeo Itō
|Native name||伊東 武夫|
July 6, 1889|
Fukuoka prefecture, Japan
|Died||February 24, 1965
Rabaul, New Britain
|Allegiance||Empire of Japan|
|Service/branch||Imperial Japanese Army|
|Commands held||IJA 38th Division|
Takeo Itō was born in the city of Fukuoka in the Fukuoka prefecture The commanding officer of the IJA 228th Infantry Regiment at the start of the Second Sino-Japanese War, he assumed command of 114th Infantry Regiment on September 1, 1941. Upon attaining the rank of major general on August 25, 1941, Itō was given command of the IJA 38th Division's infantry group, which was the primary Japanese division in the invasion of Hong Kong.
In early 1942, Itō was reassigned to an independent command in his own name, the "Itō Detachment", consisted mainly of 228th Infantry Regiment, 38th Infantry Division and the 1st Kure SNLF, which took part in the Battle of Ambon in the Dutch East Indies (30 January–3 February 1942), and in the occupation of Timor. All of these campaigns were characterized by extreme ruthlessness and the massacre of prisoners.
In November, Itō, along with one regiment of the 38th Division, was shipped to Guadalcanal. On 11 November, during the pivotal Battle of Guadalcanal, Itō was positioned by Lieutenant-General Harukichi Hyakutake to attack Marines under the command of United States General Alexander Archer Vandegrift who were involved in the Matanikau offensive against Japanese positions. However, Vandegrift called off his offensive that day after receiving intelligence reports of Hyakutake's plans. Itō later helped command 38th Division troops during the Battle of Mount Austen, the Galloping Horse, and the Sea Horse. He and the 38th's survivors on Guadalcanal were evacuated by the Japanese navy during the first week of February 1943. Itō became commander of the 40th Independent Mixed Brigade, stationed at New Ireland on 8 July 1944. He was promoted to lieutenant-general on November 26 of that year.
At the end of the war, Itō was taken into custody by Australian forces, and was tried as a war criminal in a military tribunal for the murder of Chinese civilians. He was sentenced to death at Rabaul, New Britain on 24 May 1946. However, Ito was released on 28 October, and repatriated to Japan. He died on 24 February 1965.
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- Lai, p. 13
- Ammentorp, Steep. "Ito, Takeo". The Generals of World War II.
- L, Klemen (1999–2000). "The Japanese Invasion of Ambon Island, January 1942". Forgotten Campaign: The Dutch East Indies Campaign 1941-1942.
- Budge, Kent. "Takeo Ito". Pacific War Online Encyclopedia.
- Some Noteworthy War Criminals Source: History of the United Nations War Crimes Commission and the Development of the Laws of War, United Nations War Crimes Commission (London: HMSO, 1948)
- L, Klemen (1999–2000). "Forgotten Campaign: The Dutch East Indies Campaign 1941-1942".
- Chapter VIII:Advances Towards Kokumbona in United States Army in World War II: The War in the Pacific - Guadalcanal: The First Offensive by John Miller (United States Army Center of Military History, 1949 & 1995), pp. 196, 201-202, 204
- Pearl Harbor to Guadalcanal: History of U.S. Marine Corps Operations in World War II, by Lt. Col. Frank O. Hough, USMCR; Maj. Verle E. Ludwig, USMC; Henry I. Shaw, Jr. (Historical Branch, G-3 Division, Headquarters, U.S. Marine Corps) Volume I, Chapter 8: Critical November
- The Hong Kong Society of Wargamers: "The Fall of Hong Kong, Christmas 1941", by Andrzej Cierpicki
- Benjamin Lai: Hong Kong 1941–45, First Strike in the Pacific War, Osprey Publishing 2014, ISBN 978-1-7800-0268-0