Taksimo (Russian: Таксимо́) is an urban locality (an urban-type settlement) and the administrative center of Muysky District of the Republic of Buryatia, Russia. It is located on the Muysk plateau in the far northeast of the republic, on the Muya River approximately 400 kilometers (250 mi) east of Severobaykalsk on the Baikal-Amur Mainline. The recorded populations have been: 9,438 (2010 Census); 10,552 (2002 Census); 12,368 (1989 Census).
Buryats, who had emigrated from the Chara area, began settling the region in the 1860s, although a number of Evenks already lived there. The name Taksimo comes from the Evenk language and means cup or bowl, possibly because of the town's location in a basin between the northern and southern Muysky mountains.
Taksimo began as the settlement of escaped exile Ivan Alexeyevich Barancheyev, who escaped from the settlement of Kirensk in the Lena mining area during rioting in 1905. He gradually wandered along the Vitim River and eventually settled in the area of present-day Taksimo in 1910. Barancheyev's outpost became a trading point for stagecoaches, although it was not until 1920 that other families moved to the area and founded the village. By 1934 the population of the Muysk plateau had reached over 1,500.
With the construction of the Baikal Amur Mainline (BAM), the population grew and the town was designated an urban-type settlement in 1981. With the opening of the Severbaykalsk-Taksimo section, the Muysky Rayon was created in 1989 with Taksimo as seat of local government.
Logging and gold mining are conducted in the area around the settlement. The economic importance of the settlement itself is mainly connected to the BAM railway. The settlement is the terminus of the electrified western section.
Taksimo is served by the Taksimo Airport.
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