|Founded by||Greek, Polish and Turkish Jews|
Tal Shahar (Hebrew: טַל שַׁחֹר, lit. Dawn Dew) is a moshav in central Israel. Located near Gederot, it falls under the jurisdiction of Mateh Yehuda Regional Council. According to the 2009 census it had a population of 1,057.
The village was established in 1948 by immigrants from Greece, Poland and Turkey. It was named after Henry Morgenthau, Jr. (Morgenthau is German for Morning Dew) The village itself was founded in order to protect the line of traffic to Jerusalem, as well as to other cities and is therefore located at a very central spot in Israel.
Although the original founders were from Greece, Poland and Turkey, many of them moved out. Today, Tal Shahar's population consists of people from over 10 different origins, most common of which are (besides the first three) Yemenite, Romanian, Persian and Moroccan.