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Born in Tekonsha, Michigan, Abrams learned to fly at the Curtiss Aviation School while working as a mechanic for Curtiss. He was issued Fédération Aéronautique Internationale pilot's license number 282. The certificate was signed by Orville Wright.
He joined the US Marine Corps in 1917 and was assigned to the US Navy flying school at Pensacola. Following World War I, his squadron took photos of rebel activities on Haiti, and Abrams became interested in the potential of aerial photography.
In 1920, he left the military, purchased a war-surplus Curtiss JN-4 and founded a small airline, ABC Airline (Always Be Careful!), but remained more interested in photographic work. On January 17, 1923, he married Leota Pearl Fry. The same year, he purchased a Standard J-1, fitted it with cameras, and founded the Abrams Aerial Survey Corporation (sold to Aerocom in 2003). Over the next few years, he formed the Abrams Instrument Corporation to develop better cameras and instruments for his work, and the Abrams Aircraft Corporation in 1937 to develop specially designed aircraft.
He got his first income from aerial photography when he took a photo of a racetrack from his bi-plane for a newspaper. Later he used stereo-plotters to make maps for highway design and construction projects. In 1937 he developed a novel form of aircraft called "The Explorer", which was the first aircraft designed exclusively for aerial photography.
During World War II, he founded the Abrams School of Aerial Surveying and Photo Interpretation to teach these skills to the US military, while his Instrument Corporation built reconnaissance cameras for aircraft.
Every year, the American Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing (ASPRS) presents the Talbert Abrams Award to a person who makes an outstanding contribution to aerial photography and mapping. Mount Abrams in the Antarctic is named after him, as is the Abrams Planetarium at Michigan State University.
"For his participation in "Operation Deep Freeze" at the South Pole in the 1960s he became one of the few persons in the world to have a mountain named after him, besides being awarded the Antarctic Service Medal."
- "Abrams, Talbert". Who Was Who in America, with World Notables, v. 10: 1989-1993. New Providence, NJ: Marquis Who's Who. 1993. pp. 1–2. ISBN 0837902207.
- "Talbert "Ted" Abrams". Department of Physics and Astronomy, Michigan State University. Retrieved August 17, 2012.
- "TALBERT "TED" ABRAMS, FATHER OF AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHY: A TRIBUTE TO LANSING'S FALLEN EAGLE
- "Talbert Abrams Dies; Aerial Pioneer Was 95". The New York Times. August 30, 1990. Retrieved October 4, 2011.
- USGS Geographic Names Information System