|Blessed Companion , Jawad-the Generous|
|Born||c. 595 C.E.
|Died||c. 656 C.E.|
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Talhah or Talha, son of Obaidullah (Arabic: طلحة بن عبيدالله) (died 656) was one of the first eight persons to embrace Islam and a devoted disciple and companion of Muhammad, best known for his roles in the Battle of Uhud and the Battle of the Camel, in which he died.
Talha ibn Ubaydullah was a cousin of Abu Bakr. 'Amr bin Ka'b was the grandfather of both of them, so all of them were from the Banu Taym clan. Talha's mother, As-Sa'bah bint Abdullah bin Abbad bin Malik, the sister of Al-'Ala' bin Al-Hadrami, accepted Islam.
Talha had at least six wives and a dozen documented children.
- Hammanah bint Jahsh of the Asad tribe
- Muhammad as-Sajjad (the firstborn) (killed at the Battle of the Camel)
- Khawla bint Al-Qaaqa of the Tamim tribe
- Umm Kulthum bint Abi Bakr
- Yaaqub “the Generous” (killed at Al-Harra)
- Suda bint Awf al-Murriya
- Umm Ishaq (wife of Hasan ibn Ali)
- Al-Faraa bint Ali (a captive from the Taghlib tribe)
- Various Concubines
- Umm Al-Harith bint Qasama
He was extremely rich and known to be full of munificence (generous). According to al-Masudi, he made 1,000 dinars a day from his business ventures in Iraq, and his income from the region of ash-Sharah was more than that. He also owned lots of real estate in Medina, and had many servants.
Early life (597–610)
Talha was 64 (lunar) years old at his death on 7 December 656, indicating a birth-year of 594.
Muhammad's era (610–632)
Muhammad, in a Hadith accepted by Sunni Muslims, specified ten of his companions who were promised paradise. Those companions named in this Hadith are referred to by Sunnis as The Ten Promised Paradise (Arabic: العشرة المبشرون بالجنة; al-`Ashara al-Mubasharîn bi-l-Janna). Talha was one of the Ten Promised Paradise. Talhah was also given the title of "The Generous" by Muhammad. 
In the third week of July 632, Abu Bakr scraped together an army mainly from the Banu Hashim (the clan of Muhammad) to defend Medina from an eminent invasion by the apostate forces of Tulayha, a self-proclaimed prophet. The army had stalwarts like Ali ibn Abi Talib, Talha ibn Ubaidullah and Zubair ibn al-Awam each of them was appointed as commander of one-third of the newly organised force, they had their roles during the Ridda Wars but however did not face any combat scenarios.
- The Origins and Early Development of Shi`a Islam p.58-079
- Muhammad ibn Sa'd, Tabaqat al-Kubra vol. 3. Translated by Bewley, A. (2013). The Companions of Badr, pp. 163-164. London: Ta-Ha Publishers.
- Muhammad Ibn Sa'd, Tabaqat al-Kubra vol. 8. Translated by Bewley, A. (1995). The Women of Madina, p. 298. London: Ta-Ha Publishers.
- Siyar A'lam An-Nubala'. pp. 1/32, 1/38.
-  Talhah's income from the 'Iraq was 1,000 dinars a day, and his income from the region of ash-Sharah was more than that.- Ibn Khaldun
-  On a refutation of the socialist Syed Qutb
- Ibn Saad/Bewley vol. 3 p. 171.
- Asharah Mubasharah