Talib Chakwali

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Talib Chakwali
طالب چکوالی
Born Manohar Lal Kapur
Chakwal, British India in 1900
Died Delhi, India in 1988
Nationality Indian

Talib Chakwali (1900-1988)[1] was an Urdu ghazal and nazm writer.

Biography[edit]

Talib Chakwali is the takhallus (nom de plume) of Manohar Lal Kapur, born in Chakwal, Punjab, British India (now Pakistan), on 13 May 1900. He was the only son of Bal Mukand Kapur, orphaned soon after birth and brought up by his grandfather, Ishwar Das, a wealthy zamindar. His family originally hailed from Balkh, the ancient city of Afghanistan, and had firstly migrated to Peshawar before moving to Chakwal. After completing his school studies at Chakwal High-School, he obtained his BA (Hons.) degree in 1921 from Government College University, Lahore, and his LLB degree in 1923 from the Punjab University Law College. He practiced law in Chakwal from 1923 to 1936, later moving to Rawalpindi where he established himself as a wholesale supplier of building materials; post partition of British India in 1947 he migrated to Delhi where he died in 1988.[2] He married Krishnawati, daughter of Rai Sahib Karam Chand Talwar in 1921.

Literary life[edit]

Rare 1965 photo-print of an informal gathering of poets/writers at the residence of Zia Fatehabadi. From left to right :- Naresh Kumar Shad, Kailash Chander Naaz, Talib Dehalvi, Khushtar Girami, Balraj Hairat, Saghar Nizami, Talib Chakwali, Munavvar Lakhnavi, Malik Ram, Jainendra Kumar, Zia Fatehabadi, Rishi Patialvi, Bahar Burney, Joginder Pal, Unwan Chishti and Krishan Mohan.

Talib Chakwali commenced writing poems in English and Punjabi when he was studying in Lahore but subsequently shifted to Urdu. In 1932 he founded the Bazm e Adab. His poetry reveals the influence of Wordsworth, Shelley, Zauq, Ghalib and Iqbal. His first collection of poems titled Anwaar e Haqiqat, carrying an introduction by Choudhary Zakallah was published in 1929. His second collection Barg e Sabz with a foreword by Brij Mohan Dattareya Kaifi was published in 1965,[3][4] and his third collection, Mor Pankh was published in 1987.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Urdu Authors: Date list". National Council for Promotion of Urdu, Govt. of India, Ministry of Human Resource Development. 2006-05-31. Archived from the original on 2012-03-01. 
  2. ^ Zia Fatehabadi (1974). Sher aur Shair. pp. 9 to 11. "“13 maii 1900 ko meraa janam hua mere walid sahib kaa naam lala balmukand aur daadaa sahib kaa naam lala ishwar das kapur hai. Hamaare aabaaoajdaad balkh bukhaaraa se aakar peshawar mein sakunatpazeer hue…merii paidaaish ke taqreeban ek saal baad walid..chand ghanton kii illaalat ke baad sawargsidhaar gae, merii maan ye daagh e mfaarat bardaash na kar sakii woh bhii allah ko pyaarii ho gaii..mere daadaa sahib ne merii parvarish..kii…district board school, chakwal, se 1917 mein matric kaa imtihaan awal darje mein paas kiyaa..government college, lahore se 1921 mein b.a. hons angrezi paas kiyaa..baad 1933 mein l.l.b. kaa law college se..1936 mein chakwal mein bazm e adab chakwal qaayam kii..1936 mein vakaalat chhod dii, chakwal ko khairbaad kahaa aur wholesale pathari koyla kaa kaam shuroo kiyaa head office rawalpindi mein thaa..bharat azaad ho gayaa main refugee ban kar rawalpindi se delhi aa gayaa aur yahin bas gayaa”" 
  3. ^ Zia Fatehabadi (1982). Zaviyaha e nigaah. pp. 72 to 77. "“1921 mein unki shaadii rai sahib karam chand talwar ki dukhtar e nek krishnawati se huii..shuroo shroo mein Punjabi aur angrezii zabaan mein sh’er kahate rahe magar jab urdu shairi kaa daaman pakadaa to phir aajtak haath nahin chhodaa..saari umr shairaan e karaam kii sohbat haasil rahi..chakwal aur Rawalpindi mein choudhary zakallah bismil, mohammaddin adeeb, barq jilani, abdulaziz fitrat, qateel shifai, haji sarhadi aur delhi mein munnawar lucknavi aura man lucknavi se bahut qareeb rahe tilok chand mehroom aur rana jagi ki sohbaten unhen wahaan bhi aur yahaan bhi myassar aaiin..talib kii zahnii parvarish mein angrezi ke mumtaz shair wordsworth, shelly aur Byron aur urdu ke shair mir, zauq, ghalib aur iqbal ke asraat kaa badaa hissa hai…unkii awaliin tasneef anwaar e haqiqat ke naam se 1929 mein shayaa huii..taqriz zakallah bismil kii qalam se hai..unkii doosarii tasneef barg e sabz hai jo 1965 mein chap kar maqbool e khwaas o aam huii…unke kalaam ki ek numaayaan khasusiyat ye hai ki us mein qaarii ko aawurd kaa ahsaas bahut kam hotaa hai..unkaa tazkiraah lala sri ram ke murattab kare kumkhana e javed kii aakhrii panchwin jild mein mojood hai..”" 
  4. ^ Khumkhana e Javed Vol 5 of Lala Sri Ram
  5. ^ Chakwali, Talib (1987). Mor pankh. New Delhi: Sadhana.