Talibon, Bohol

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Talibon Bohol 2.jpg
Official seal of Talibon
Map of Bohol showing the location of Talibon
Map of Bohol showing the location of Talibon
Talibon is located in Philippines
Location within Philippines
Coordinates: 10°07′00″N 124°17′00″E / 10.116667°N 124.283333°E / 10.116667; 124.283333Coordinates: 10°07′00″N 124°17′00″E / 10.116667°N 124.283333°E / 10.116667; 124.283333
Country Philippines
Region Central Visayas (Region VII)
Province Bohol
District 2nd district of Bohol
Founded 1830
Barangays 25
 • Type Sangguniang Bayan
 • Mayor Restituto B.Auxtero
 • Vice Mayor Marcos Q. Aurestila
 • Town Council
 • ABC President Dominador A. Salmeron
 • SKF President Niña Fatima B. Mahusay
 • Total 177.04 km2 (68.36 sq mi)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 61,373
 • Density 350/km2 (900/sq mi)
 • Languages Cebuano, Filipino, English
Demonym Talibongnon
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 6325
Dialing code 38
Income class 1st class municipality
Standard Geographic Code 071243000
Website www.talibon-bohol.gov.ph
Municipal Hall of Talibon

Talibon is a first class municipality in the province of Bohol, Philippines. It lies on the northwestern coast of Bohol, 114.8 kilometers from Tagbilaran City. The town is composed of 25 barangays; 17 located on the mainland while 8 are island barangays. It has a population of 61,373 people, according to the 2010 census.[2]

Talibon is the seat of the Diocese of Talibon being the resident town of the Bishop.


The name Talibon is said to come from the word talibong which means bolo or spear, an instrument used in gold mining. There is no actual record to show how the name came about but per the records of the travels of Jesuit missionary, Fr. Juan de Torres, he went to the gold mines of Talibong. It shows that the community already had its name even before the first arrival of the first Spanish missionary.[1]


The town of Talibon is located on the northeast side of Bohol. It is bounded on the east by Bien Unido, Trinidad on the South, on the north by Camotes Sea and Getafe on the west. Talibon has a land area of 177.04 square kilometres (68.36 sq mi) and about 7.97 square kilometres (3.08 sq mi) is classified as urban, while 169.07 square kilometres (65.28 sq mi) is rural. It is accessible by land from capital Tagbilaran City via eastern and western exits of Bohol Circumferential Road, which are 149.55 and 114.8 kilometres (92.93 and 71.33 mi) respectively, or through the interior road via Loboc which is 108.83 kilometres (67.62 mi). It can be accessed by boat direct from Cebu City or via Tubigon then by land from Tubigon to Talibon.


Talibon is politically subdivided into 25 barangays; 17 mainland and 8 island barangays.

  • Bagacay
  • Balintawak
  • Burgos
  • Busalian
  • Calituban
  • Cataban
  • Guindacpan
  • Magsaysay
  • Mahanay
  • Nocnocan
  • Poblacion
  • Rizal
  • Sag
  • San Agustin
  • San Carlos
  • San Francisco
  • San Isidro
  • San Jose
  • San Pedro
  • San Roque
  • Santo Niño
  • Sikatuna
  • Suba
  • Tanghaligue
  • Zamora


According to archival researches of F. Jose Maria S. Luengo, priest, historian and founder of the Mater Dei College of Tubigon, Talibon traces its history back to the time of Ferdinand Magellan after his death on April 27, 1521. Escaping from the hands of Lapu-Lapu's men who were bending on revenge for the raping of 50 virgins of Cebu, the ship Trinidad sailed towards the direction of Getafe-Talibon where some of the crew disembarked and mingled with the natives of the place.

Taking native wives and teaching them the rudiments of Christianity, they dedicated the place where they lived to the Santisima Trinidad in honor of the patron of their fateful ship. The survivors became the first lay missionaries to Bohol and Fr. Luengo called them the Trinidad Christian of Talibon.

In 1830, Talibon was established as an independent municipality from Inabanga. The following year, Talibon became a parish with the Blessed Trinity as its patron saint and Fr. Ramon de Santa Ana as the first parish priest.

At first, a ramshackle hut built by the natives served as the church and in 1852, the construction of the permanent church was started. With forced labor and the use of blocks of coral rocks, the church was built on an elevated plain overlooking the sea and finished in 1899.

During World War II, a guerilla force was organized and took control and authority over the town of Talibon. Then Senator Carlos P. Garcia, acted as High Adviser to the group and during the Japanese occupation, narrowly escaped capture by fleeing with his family to Leyte. In reprisal, the Japanese soldiers burned down the Garcia house on July 4, 1942, and severely tortured volunteer guard Cesario Avergonzado for giving them the wrong direction.

In 1957, when Carlos P. Garcia became the 4th President of the Philippines, the church was renovated. In 1986, the Diocese of Talibon was created and Most Rev. Christian Vicente Fernandez Noel, D.D., was appointed as its first bishop in September 1986 and whose office he holds up to the present. Therefore, the church of Talibon by chronology, organization and operation became the cradle of Christianity in Bohol.


Population census of Talibon
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1990 41,873 —    
1995 44,854 +1.30%
2000 54,147 +4.12%
2007 59,274 +1.26%
2010 61,373 +1.27%
Source: National Statistics Office[2][3]


Major industries in Talibon are farming and fishing with major products rice, corn, copra, banana and root crops. It is fast becoming a haven for retailers and wholesalers. In fact, it is home to one Branch of Alturas Group of Companies which has established a supermarket in the area.

Local folks are also into seaweeds farming,rice farming, watermelon farming, making of fish traps, hats, and pottery. Silica, gold, clay, diorites, sand and gravel abound and quarrying of these minerals is big business at present.


Educational Institutions are the Blessed Trinity College, Bohol Maranatha Christian Academy, Bohol Institute of Technology, San Jose National High School, Bagacay National High School, CPG Memorial High School, Sikatuna Agricultural High School, Calituban High School and Suba High School. Almost all barangays have public elementary schools.


Talibon for years has its share of foreign and domestic tourists who were lured to the town for its unexploited beaches, fresh seafood such as crabs and prawns, friendliness of the people and the general atmosphere of peace and order in the town and the neighboring barrios.

People also come to see the historic site, the Carlos P. Garcia Monument and Park; the location of which is the birthplace of this illustrious son of Talibon who played an important role during the guerilla movement and more so when he became the 4th President of the Republic of the Philippines.

There are islands that have long been unexploited and surrounded by crystal clear waters and rich marine life. One such islet is the Bongan Sandbar, a breathtaking long sandy white beach devoid of vegetation whatsoever. It is a good and ideal place to swim, snorkel or scuba dive.

A relatively unknown natural treasure is the Danajon Bank, which is the Philippines only double barrier reef and one of the few documented double barrier reefs in the world. A very rare geological formation, it comprises two sets of large coral reefs that formed offshore on a submarine ridge due to a combination of favorable tidal currents and coral growth in the area. Talibon town shares responsibility over Danajon together with 9 other Bohol towns that has jurisdiction over the reef.

Danajon Bank is home to a vast array of commercially valuable reef fishes, shellfish, crustaceans and invertebrates such as sea cucumbers and sea urchins. Its extensive seagrass beds are nursery and feeding grounds for various species of rabbitfish (siganids) and sea horses, while its mangroves are spawning habitats for crustaceans, shrimps and various fishes.

In order to showcase and promote efforts to protect and manage Danajon Bank, the Municipal Government of Talibon opened the CRM Interpretive Center, otherwise known as the Fisheries and Coastal Resource Management Interpretive Center (FCRMIC). Aside from a very educational gallery, the Center boasts of a 3D model of Danajon Bank, the first of its kind in Bohol and even in the whole of the Visayas. It is now becoming a drop-in site for school and foreign tours alike.

Aware of vast tourism potential of Talibon, the present administration has set up an "Eco-Tourism Program" geared towards the development and promotion of Talibon's assets. Aside from the abovementioned sites, the local government is eyeing the promotion of the 580 hectares of lush mangrove vegetation as an eco-tourist destination.

The winding Ipil River is another area that has to be promoted for boating, kayaking, and other activities such as fishing, swimming, and the gathering of shells and mollusks that abound in the area. For those who have not experienced doing any of this activities, they will find it a novelty.

Going inland from the river, one will see wild ducks, herons, and egrets. In San Isidro, a mangrove area has become the dwelling place of elusive and mischievous monkeys. Another attraction is the centuries old "piyapi" trees growing abundantly in the area.

Talibon is also proud to present to sun worshippers the one and only developed island resort in Talibon- the Jayvee Long Beach Resort in Mahaba. This is a small island paradise that boasts of pristine crystal clear waters, white sand, mangrove, and an unruffled bed of shells as well as accommodations and native huts for transient visitors.

Diocese of Talibon[edit]

Roman Catholic Church, Talibon

The Diocese of Talibon comprises half of the civil province of Bohol, a small oval-shaped island situated between the south of Leyte on the east and the south of Leyte on the east and the south of Cebu on the west. It is part of the Central Visayas group of islands known as Region VII.

Talibon is a town on the northern coast of the island. The territory covered by the diocese extends from the town of Inabanga on the northwest, through Carmen in the interior, and down to Jagna on the southeast. Its inland boundary bisects the island northwestward, or southeastward, with the other half of the island falling under the jurisdiction of the Diocese of Tagbilaran.

The province of Bohol has a rich historical heritage dating back to 1521 when Magellan landed in the Philippines. Magellan toured the island of Bohol and proceeded to Barrio Bo-ol, the forerunner of its current name. By an unexpected turn of events later, the survivors of the massacre that killed Magellan in Cebu sought refuge in Bohol, particularly in the area around Talibon. They became the first lay missionaries to the island of Bohol.

When Miguel Lopez de Legaspi reached the island in 1565, he remained on the island with the natives for some time. In the barrio of Bo-ol, now Tagbilaran, he entered into a dramatic blood compact with the local chieftain, Sikatuna. That event sealed the sovereignty of Spain over the island, which was later administered through Cebu.

The first batch of missionaries to arrive were the Augustinian Recollects who came in 1565. When the Jesuits arrived in 1596 and reached the area of Talibon, they were surprised to discover that a Christian community already existed in the area, owing to the Spanish-Talibongnon intermarriages dating back to the 1520s.

After the Jesuits came, the faith spread fast revolts in the country against Spain. Tamblot revolted in 1622. Although his success lasted only for six months, his revolt is recorded as the first unbeaten revolt in Philippine history. In 1744 Dagohoy revolted and gained independence for the island of Bohol for eighty years.

On November 8, 1941, the Diocese of Tagbilaran was established and was given jurisdiction over the entire province of Bohol, separating it from Cebu, its mother diocese. And on January 9, 1986, the new Diocese of Talibon was created, separating half of Bohol from the Diocese of Tagbilaran.

The early Christianization of Talibon accounts for the deep religiosity of the people in the area. Today there are 25 parishes in the diocese, ministered to by 50 priests. There are also 35 religious sisters active in the running of 16 secondary Catholic schools.

Notable people from Talibon[edit]


External links[edit]