Talinum paniculatum

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"Jewels of Opar" redirects here. For the novel, see Tarzan and the Jewels of Opar.
Talinum paniculatum
Starr 070906-8348 Talinum paniculatum.jpg
Talinum paniculatum variegated form
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Core eudicots
Order: Caryophyllales
Family: Talinaceae
Genus: Talinum
Species: T. paniculatum
Binomial name
Talinum paniculatum
(Jacq.) Gaertn.[1]
Synonyms[1][2][3]

Talinum paniculatum is a succulent subshrub in the purslane family, Portulacaceae, that is native to much of the western hemisphere.[1] It is commonly known as fameflower,[1] Jewels-of-Opar[1] (a name borrowed from the title of the novel Tarzan and the Jewels of Opar by Edgar Rice Burroughs[4]), or pink baby's-breath.[1] T. paniculatum bears tuberous roots[5] and panicles of flowers and produces tiny, jewel-like fruits. It is often grown as an ornamental plant. Cultivars include 'Kingwood Gold',[6] 'Limón',[7] and 'Variegatum'.[6]

Native distribution[edit]

Talinum paniculatum with fruits and flowers

T. paniculatum is native to North America (in Mexico; and in southern Arizona, southern Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, southern New Mexico, and the Carolinas in the U.S); South and Mesoamerica (in Bolivia, Brazil, Costa Rica, El Salvador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama, Peru, Suriname, and Venezuela); and the Caribbean (in Antigua and Barbuda, Cuba, Dominica, the Dominican Republic, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Haiti, Jamaica, Martinique, Montserrat, Puerto Rico, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, and the U.S. Virgin Islands).[1]

Medicinal use[edit]

Leaves are edible and have medicinal properties.[8] One leaf a day keeps anaemia away. Anti-inflammatory properties reported.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g  Under its current treatment as Talinum paniculatum (from its basionym Portulaca paniculata), this species was published in De Fructibus et Seminibus Plantarum … 2:219. 1791. GRIN (March 12, 2004). "Talinum paniculatum information from NPGS/GRIN". Taxonomy for Plants. National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland: USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Retrieved February 8, 2012. 
  2. ^  The basionym of Talinum paniculatum, Portulaca paniculata, was originally described and published in Enumeratio Systematica Plantarum, quas in Insulis Caribaeis vicinaque Americes … 2. 1760. GRIN (August 4, 2006). "Portulaca paniculata information from NPGS/GRIN". Taxonomy for Plants. USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Retrieved February 8, 2012. 
  3. ^ "Talinum dichotomum Ruiz & Pav.". The Plant List; Version 1. (published on the internet). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew and Missouri Botanical Garden. 2010. Retrieved February 8, 2012. 
  4. ^ Jewels-of-Opar, Mississippi State University
  5. ^ Sajeva, Maurizio; Mariangela Costanzo (1997). Succulents: the Illustrated Dictionary. Timber Press. p. 219. ISBN 978-0-88192-398-8. 
  6. ^ a b Hodgson, Larry (2002). Annuals for Every Purpose. Rodale. p. 303. ISBN 978-0-87596-824-7. 
  7. ^ Winter, Norman (2007-06-28). "Limón talinum is jewel for gardens". Southern Gardening (Mississippi State University). 
  8. ^ "Philippine Medicinal Plants Godofredo Umali-Stuart". 2010. Retrieved October 30, 2012. 
  9. ^ "Antinociceptive and edematogenic activity and chemical constituents of Talinum paniculatum Sidney Augusto Vieira Filho et al". 2010. Retrieved October 30, 2012. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Talinum paniculatum at Wikimedia Commons Data related to Talinum paniculatum at Wikispecies