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Legends and beliefs
Sri Pada is the only mountain in the world receiving the veneration of devotees belonging to four major religions Buddhism, Islam, Hinduism and Christianity.
Buddhism: According to one legend the Buddha is believed to have left the print of his left foot on Adam’s Peak, and then, in one stride crossed to Siam, (now Thailand) where he left the impression of his right foot. The Thai version is called Phra Sat, and its appearance is supposed to be like that of the foot print on Adam’s Peak and it is of similar size. Other, similar footprints were found in Laos (Pha Baat Phonsan), Cambodge (Phnom Santuk) and China (Wu-Tai Shan). Buddhists attribute this universal size (such is the belief) to the fact that the Buddha was about thirty- five feet tall. The real footprint on Adam’s Peak is believed to be set in jewels beneath the visible rock.
Islam: Muslims record it as being the solitary footprint of Adam where he stood for a thousand years of penance on one foot. One Islamic story tells that when Adam was expelled from heaven, God put him on the peak to make the shock less terrible – Ceylon being that place on earth closest to and most like heaven. In view of this their belief that atop the mountain lies the sepulchre of Adam they call the mountain ‘Adam-malai’ (Mount of Adam).
Christian view: the Portuguese, who came to Sri Lanka in 1505, called the mountain Pico de Adam (anglicised Adam’s Peak). They held the belief that St. Thomas the Doubter, came to India and Sri Lanka, baptised Gondophorus, the Indo-Parthian king, and after leaving his footmark on the mountain, ascended to Heaven.
The Hindus believe that the footmark is that of Lord Shiva, the third godhead of the Hindu Holy Triad. The God is supposed to have settled on the summit to shed his divine light upon mankind. Hence they call the mountain ‘Sivanolipadam’ (Foot of Shiva’s Light). The votaries of Shiva ascend the mountain beseeching divine help and providence to be born in the celestial abode (i.e. Mt. Kailas in Tibet). To note here, that there exists a view of a deeper connection between Adam’s Peak and Mt. Kailas, e.g. located on the same geo- graphical axis, having similar pyramidal shape, Adam’s Peak is sometimes considered as a natural and also spiritual “replica” of the Mt. Kailas, one of the holiest and the most enigmatic places on our planet
Whatever the belief, everybody who reaches the peak pays special tribute to the sun, and there is a ceremony at sunrise, which in itself justifies the difficult climb. Everybody reaching the top stands facing east with their hands held together in an attitude of adoration awaiting the emergence of the sun. They watch intently the changing colours of the sky prior to sunrise and just as the tip of the sun appears everybody cries out «Sadhu, sadhu, sa!» in a manner reminiscent of sun worship. And while a heavy bell is loudly rung a shade of pyramidal form appears near the mountain and stays for some instants. The shade has the dimensions of a perfect triangular pyramid even though the slopes of the peak are not so regular. This is perhaps an optical illusion, but it definitely adds to the mysticism that surrounds the mountain.
From ancient times until today Adam’s Peak has attained a legendary status as destination of a mystic pilgrimage. The pilgrimage season begins annually on the ‘Unduvap’ full moon day in December and ends on the ‘Vesak’ full moon day end April or May. During this open season pilgrims climb the mountain to pay homage to the sacred footmark. Votive offerings are made here, especially of a coil of silver as long as the donor is tall, for recovery from sickness; moreover, rainwater taken from the footprint is believed to have wonderful healing power.
I suggest adding or replacing the section "Legend" of the article by the text above, and/or to add the last para - on pilgrimage - to the section "The Sacred Mountain" ERASWK (talk) 08:24, 8 June 2010 (UTC)
Islamic Pilgrimage ?
- See , , , , Kataragama. I found more re Kataragama than Sri Pada. However, there does seem to be ample evidence that Sri Lankan Muslims share the reverence for the peak and probably join the pilgrimages up the mountain.
- Strange, I just found out about Kataragama the other day, while looking for material on Al Khidr. Zora 00:06, 9 November 2006 (UTC)
- Um, here's a map of Kataragama, showing the mosque as part of a multi-religious complex -- . Zora 00:18, 9 November 2006 (UTC)
- The Adam's Peak is indeed an important place of pilgrimage for Muslims (as well as for Hindus, Bussists and some Christians). On your query please see the Mislum myths, Modern Muslim traditions concerning Adam's footprint, and Muslim cult by the footprint in the book "The Sacred Footprint" A Cultural History of Adam's Peak by Markus Aksland, 2001, pp. 118-140, ISBN 974-8304-65-5ERASWK (talk) 07:06, 8 June 2010 (UTC) ERASWK
There seems to be some folklore regarding a footprint at the top of this peak. Is there any chance that someone could obtain a photograph of it for the article? SCmurky 09:33, 9 April 2007 (UTC)
Name of the article
I find that "Adam's Peak" (62,700 Google hits and called the same thing in EB) is far more common than "Sri Pada" (30,600 Google hits). Shouldn't this article be called "Adam's Peak"? --vi5in[talk] 17:27, 21 September 2007 (UTC)
- Going over the history, I find that this article was originally named Adam's Peak before being moved. --vi5in[talk] 17:30, 21 September 2007 (UTC)
"Sri Pada" isn't the name of the mountain, just of the "footprint" at the top. The Tamil name of the mountain is Sivanolipatha Malai, the Sinhalese one "Samanalakanda". We should go for the English name already to avoid having to decide between the Sinhalese and the Tamil one. --dab (𒁳) 16:54, 24 September 2007 (UTC)
- the article was moved by copy-paste in December 2005. Hence, part of the edit history is found at Samanalakanda now. --dab (𒁳) 17:07, 24 September 2007 (UTC)
What do the locals of that nation call it? Isn't that normally the name to go by? Sparks of not just a little cultural imperialism to try to hijack the name. Doesn't mean Adam's Peak can't be included as part of history. 126.96.36.199 (talk) 10:11, 1 September 2014 (UTC)
- No, look below where this is discussed. We use the name most commonly used in English language reliable sources. That's because we are the English language Wikipedia. Dougweller (talk) 11:06, 1 September 2014 (UTC)
Sessional Shadow motion of Adam's peak by Eco Astronomy sri Lanka--->link Data--->EASL_http://ecoastronomysrilanka.dsdweb.info/index.php/2013-08-16-06-04-50
More than 95% of pilgrimages called this place as Sri Pada. and more than 95% of pilgrimages are Buddhists. Because of that my suggestion is, this article heading should be Sri Pada. — Preceding unsigned comment added by Jdhdineshkumara (talk • contribs) 09:44, 18 June 2014 (UTC)