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- 1 camshaft ????
- 2 He was Turk
- 3 Untitled
- 4 Arab? or Syriac?
- 5 Misuse of the term robot
- 6 All by himself?
- 7 design+construction
- 8 Other devices
- 9 Saqiya
- 10 TOC limit
- 11 Double-action suction pump with valves and reciprocating piston engine
- 12 "Rather than an inventor"
- 13 Nationality?
- 14 Just a question
- 15 Portrait of Al-Jazari
- 16 engineer
- 17 Name
- 18 sources
- 19 Crankshaft
- 20 Nationality Kurd.
- 21 Stub and rework
- 22 Al-Jazari definitly was a Turk
- 23 al-jazari may have been persian
- 24 He was not an Arab
- 25 Did editors with a nationalist agenda infiltrate this article?
- 26 He was a Turk and not Arab
- 27 Removal of referenced information by IPs and user:Cobanas
I think Al Jazari inventing the camshaft is frivolous. Heron of Alexandria, nearly a thousand years before, already had water automata of the kind. Read the Stamp mill wiki entry, you will see that apparently water mills through the Roman and Early Middle Ages used cams to convert the rotary movement into a vertical one (to stamp all kinds of material). Please remove the camshaft "invention" attribution. — Preceding unsigned comment added by 184.108.40.206 (talk) 09:13, 2 April 2012 (UTC)
He was Turk
Please modify the article. He was definitly Turk and not Arab. Only his name is Arabic and nothing else. That time all the region was Turk and Tukmen. He is from Turkey and it is logic that we name him Turk and not Arab. Freedomist (talk) 20:45, 4 August 2013 (UTC)
This template goes here : see Template:High-traffic
Qutoe from recent article:
7 The crank-shaft is a device which translates rotary into linear motion and is central to much of the machinery in the modern world, not least the internal combustion engine. One of the most important mechanical inventions in the history of humankind, it was created by an ingenious Muslim engineer called al-Jazari to raise water for irrigation. His 1206 Book of Knowledge of Ingenious Mechanical Devices shows he also invented or refined the use of valves and pistons, devised some of the first mechanical clocks driven by water and weights, and was the father of robotics. Among his 50 other inventions was the combination lock.
Why does religious affliction seem to be important here when it is seldom, or never mentioned with scientists/inventors from other cultures?
- Good point. We don't say "Christian" or "Jewish" when describing an inventor from that same period, nor "Buddhist", etc. In addition, the mention of his religion raises another important point. If religion is important, shouldn't the reason for the Near East not developing these devices be mentioned: the inventions were declared "haram" and banned for religious reasons, and their promoters banished? Student7 02:00, 11 July 2007 (UTC)
- Indeed. Even more so, his religious affliction is likely speculation, he was just from a region/city where the dominant religion was Islam, so likely he practised that too. Claiming him for the glory of whatever religion or ethnic group is just wrong. Yaj for the men with ten toes! —Preceding unsigned comment added by JiB72 (talk • contribs) 19:02, 13 June 2010 (UTC)
Arab? or Syriac?
Al-Jazari came from Northern Mesopotamia, does that really make him Arab or possibly Syriac? Because Syriacs at the time were the majority group living in Mespotamia. At the time, most of the Christian Syriacs turned Muslim to avoid paying the taxes, so he possibly could be Syriac. ܐܵܬܘܿܪܵܝܵܐ 16:28, 22 May 2010 (UTC) user:Assyrio
I also would like to state that I don't believe he was Arab at all. ܐܵܬܘܿܪܵܝܵܐ 04:34, 2 October 2010 (UTC)
He was from a Kurdish city. He was from Cizre, which lies (pretty much) on the border between Syria, Iraq and Turkey. This city has a very small Arabic population, and no Syriacs at all. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ali_ibn_al-Athir he was born in the same period as him, at the same city; he was also a Kurd. — Preceding unsigned comment added by 220.127.116.11 (talk) 10:01, 26 March 2012 (UTC)
incorrect, there is no evidence that supports him being Kurdish, Syriacs and Arabs were a large majority in that region, he is more likely to be Arab or Syriac. ܐܵܬܘܿܪܵܝܵܐ 06:34, 30 January 2013 (UTC)
- Dear Assyrio. The evidence are the sources which are presented in the article. Swapping the 'Kurdish' parts to 'Syriac' would be considered vandalism, seeing as the sources point out that he's Kurdish. If you've got valid sources that says he is indeed of Syriac origin, feel free to add them and we'll be able to continute this discussion regarding his ethnicity. Regarding your claim that Arabs and Syriacs were a large majority in that region, I'd like to see some sources, seeing as the city is Kurdish today. Regards, --Hvakshahtrah (talk) 19:52, 1 February 2013 (UTC)
Hvakshahtrah, that is the most ignorant argument I've read, just because the city is Kurdish today doesn't mean it wasn't Arab back then... also, Why does it say in the article of Cizre that the city was called Jazira Ibn 'Umar Al-Jazari is Arab, simple as that, he's not Kurdish, The sources that call him Kurdish aren't credible. The 3rd source calls him an Arab inventor, he is 90% more likely Arab than Kurd. I have never heard of Kurds in the Islamic Golden Age. ܐܵܬܘܿܪܵܝܵܐ 15:55, 22 March 2013 (UTC)
- Why are the sources that call him Kurdish not credible? I see nothing wrong with them. Regards, --Hvakshahtrah (talk) 15:50, 2 April 2013 (UTC)
- If I may intervene here, I strongly believe he is Arab, and I do doubt the sources claiming he is Kurdish, especially given that most or all of them are Iranian and of political nature, and we know Iran's positions on these things and its credibility. Until the 17th-18th century, this area was mostly inhabited by Syriacs and Arabs, and Kurds infiltrated there coming down from the mountains encouraged by Ottomans, who wanted to settle them to stop Kurdish and Bedouin (Arab and Turkmen) raids on caravans. In the twentieth century, Syriaac and Arab immigration from the area intensified, resulting in a Kurdish majority. I have a source; Ibn Jubayr, a 12th-13th century geographer saying in P185 of his book "Journey of Ibbn Jubayr": "On the way out from Nusaybin, we were alert to avoid raids from Kurds who attack caravans between Mosul, Nusaybin and Dunayser, and they live in high impervious mountains." This textt is also available online if you read Arabic here. I hope this helps. Amr ibn Kulthoumعمرو بن كلثوم (talk) 18:55, 23 March 2013 (UTC)
- Concerning the region Al-Jazari inhabited; it most certainly had a strong presence of Kurds back then too. I refer to Boris James' The tribal territory of the Kurds through Arabic medieval historiography: spatial dynamics, territorial categories, and Khaldunian paradigm: "Ibn al-Athîr (d. 1233) (Yâqût al-Hamawî, « zûzân ») at the same period writes : Zûzân is a vast region located on the eastern border of the Tigris river in the region of Jazîrat Ibn ‘Umar. It starts at a distance covered in two days from Mosul, extend to the boundaries of Khilât and ends in Azerbaydjan until the district of Salmâs. There are several fortresses hold by the Bashnawiyya and Bukhtiyya Kurds ». Ibn al-Athîr who actually is from that region, even comes to use the expression Zûzân al-Akrâd in al-Kâmil, to talk about the place where the conflict between Turkmen and Kurds started (Ibn al-Athîr : vol 10/136)."
- Similarly, the following is stated: "In the big picture, the tribal territory of the Kurds in the Middle Ages and especially during the five first centuries of Islam, extended from Dvîn (south of the lake Sevan) to Mosul, and from Hamadân to the Djezireh. The presence of powerful kurdish dynasties in the zagrosian (Hasanwayhides in Bahâr) and ciszagrosian(Rawâdis in Tabriz and Marwânids in Khilât) areas is due to the existence of kingmaking tribes. Conversly, these dynasties certainly weighted on the population makeup and the social organisation of these regions."
- Now, I don't know too much about this individual, but if I'm not mistaken, he didn't make any mention of his ancestry, right? We only know that he was a Muslim (judging by his name), wrote in Arabic, and came from a Kurdish region. Hence, wouldn't it make most sense to call him that? "A Muslim scholar hailing from a Kurdish city, who wrote in Arabic".Znertu (talk) 21:39, 15 August 2013 (UTC)
- Sure but there's a problem with your logic: Jazira isn't a Kurdish city. The word 'Jazira' is Arabic which stems from Syriac 'Gezartha' meaning island from the Semitic root "G-Z-R" meaning to cut off. It does not seem logical that an Iranian people, such as the Kurds, would give a city a Semitic name unless the Kurds who lived there are Semitic in origin and became assimilated with Kurds OR the original Semitic population left and the Kurds migrated to Jazira. ܐܵܬܘܿܪܵܝܵܐ 16:20, 28 March 2014 (UTC)
- You'll have to provide a source that Jazira derives from Gezartha. Regardless, it is of little importance; it's just a name. Many individuals and cities have names of a different origin than their ethnicity. As has been pointed out in the source I provided, it was a region with a strong Kurdish presence. Read more about the Zuzan region (wherein Jazirat ibn Umar was located), and you'll find out that the two main populations were Kurds and Armenians. Therefore, Al-Jazari, being a muslim, quite possibly was Kurdish.Znertu (talk) 10:07, 5 June 2014 (UTC)
Misuse of the term robot
The device described in the article is best described an automaton. It is completely misleading to call it a robot. See the definitions at the two linked articles for explanations of what constitutes each type of machine. Lumos3 23:06, 10 July 2007 (UTC)
- This article is rapidly getting out of hand. I'm sure this man had his place in history. Unfortunately, his technologiy was lost at his death and only rediscovered recently, so to suggest he had a "giant" impact on anything is just not true. Like Mendel and genetics. Mendel was rediscovered. da Vinci was mostly lost. He had no impact even though he's given credit for a lot of stuff on which he had no influence. This guy had less influence than that. This article is not credibly documented. Has anyone checked references or the scholarship of the books referenced? Student7 19:52, 20 July 2007 (UTC)
I have again corrected the claim that what Al-Jazari built can be called a robot. An automaton is the correct term here. Lumos3 20:04, 30 July 2007 (UTC)
There's a massive overuse of the word robot all through thae article, a chirping model bird on a clock is called a robot, should I buy a cuckoo clock and tell people I have a robot that tells me the time? The 'humanoid robots' were more like giant music boxes in the shape of people. —Preceding unsigned comment added by 18.104.22.168 (talk) 00:12, 3 October 2007 (UTC)
There is also a misquotation: Fowler in his 1967 article says "from the waterclock automata of al-Jazari, with its drums, trumpets and clashing cymbals to the three piece life-sized robot band that performs more than fifty facial and body actions during each musical selection". (p. 45) The robot band he speaks about is not al-Jazari's.Teleshopper (talk) 14:20, 15 April 2011 (UTC)
All by himself?
I realize that many details are missing from that long ago. Still, biographers were able to pin each invention down very precisely. Why no mention of any help? A laboratory-like facility had to be used to come up with this many inventions in his spare time, as it were. He must have had many assistants, yet none are mentioned either by name or number. This creates a slight credibility problem for me.
Also, he produced three important inventions at age 66, the year that he died. No other dates for his inventions are mentioned.
Student7 02:42, 11 July 2007 (UTC)
- I've restored those sections in quotation format instead to avoid any copyvio issues. Regards, Jagged 85 (talk) 12:26, 21 February 2008 (UTC)
- No, of course its not good enough, barely even a thin veneer. Apologies for the rollback, though, I hit the wrong button. "Mechanical clock" is entirely misleading, as I said. They were water clocks, with some kind of mechanism added on, but that wasn't doing the timekeeping. There is no reason for a separate section on them - thats double counting. Mechanical clock means pendulum/spring. Your previous version linked Mechanical_clock, which goes straight to pendulum clock. The mech controls section is (a) nothing but a quote, and (b) near meaningless with such a lack of context. —Preceding unsigned comment added by William M. Connolley (talk • contribs) 22:47, 21 February 2008 (UTC)
- From what I understand of a mechanical clock, it is is simply a clock driven by weights. If al-Jazari described a clock which was "driven by both water and weights", wouldn't that technically make it a mechanical clock? Either way, I've renamed the section to simply "Weight-driven water clocks" to be more specific. Jagged 85 (talk) 23:28, 21 February 2008 (UTC)
I ripped this out too . I don't know where it was copied from, but I can't see why anyone would have added "Other sundry mechanisms" unless they had copied it. Most of this misc list has been mentionned above, anyway William M. Connolley (talk) 21:25, 19 February 2008 (UTC)
J restored  the primacy of Al-J using hydropower to power a saqiya pump, although the primacy of the chinese in general is admitted. I'm not really sure quite what a saqiya pump is, or what makes it so distinct from the chinese pumps. Google hit #1  says its an animal powered pump, but that cant be right William M. Connolley (talk) 21:52, 21 February 2008 (UTC)
- All I know is that "saqiya" is a type of chain pump, but we can't be too certain whether it was the same type that the Chinese were using. Jagged 85 (talk) 22:41, 21 February 2008 (UTC)
- Good. Whether it was identical to the chinese ones is irrelevant - the claim that the article was previously  making that "This is the first known description of a water-raising machine being operated by water power." is shown to be nonsense. In your haste to redress the balance against the traditional attitude towards Islamic science, please don't puff these people up to implausible degree or you'll just make them look silly. Comparing this article to Leonardo da Vinci or Nikola Tesla is instructive William M. Connolley (talk) 22:57, 21 February 2008 (UTC)
- Why do you keep deleting large chunks of reliably-sourced information? No offense, but I think your last few edits have been a bit over-the-top. I am reverting them because I have not yet seen any valid reasons for your unnecessary deletions. Regardless of whether the article is too hyped up or "salivating", things like these can be re-worded or re-written, but deleting large chunks of reliably-sourced information is not the answer. Jagged 85 (talk) 13:47, 23 February 2008 (UTC)
That information is reliably sourced is not a killer argument for inclusion. There are lots more quotes that could be pulled out of DRH amongst others. The point is to choose appropriately. For example, the quote "It is impossible to over-emphasize the importance of Al-Jazari's work in the history of engineering" appears quite over-the-top. This is but one mans opinion. A rather fairer conclusion is that any conclusions must be tentative because so little research has been undertaken on Arab technology William M. Connolley (talk) 17:05, 23 February 2008 (UTC)
- You still haven't addressed the other two sections you've deleted: "Mechanical controls" and "Candle clocks". Both of these are very useful sections, so please don't attempt to remove them again. If you have a problem with my wording or quoting, then you can always put them in your own words, but like I said before, removing them is not the solution. Regards, Jagged 85 (talk) 00:13, 24 February 2008 (UTC)
Double-action suction pump with valves and reciprocating piston engine
This section is backed up by , but although it sez "The Origin of the Suction Pump" its actually *about* " LAZAWARD (LAJVARD ) AND ZAFFER COBALT OXIDE IN ISLAMIC AND WESTERN LUSTRE GLASS AND CERAMICS". This needs fixing William M. Connolley (talk) 22:41, 23 February 2008 (UTC)
"Rather than an inventor"
Since I don't have access to the Dictionary of Scientific Biography at the moment, could William perhaps quote the part where it says that al-Jazari was an "engineer rather than an inventor"? I'd like to know the full context behind this rather odd assertion which seems to imply he was not an inventor. Thanks, Jagged 85 (talk) 13:24, 24 February 2008 (UTC)
- I don't take kindly to you removing that text. I' provided a ref in the edit comment; now I've put it in the text. Its in the std DRH compedium which I'm sure you have access to William M. Connolley (talk) 15:51, 24 February 2008 (UTC)
- I apologize if you were offended, but no, I don't have access to the Dictionary of Scientific Biography at the moment. It's just that I have a hard time believing DR Hill would say that (judging from his other works I've read), which is why I am asking for the full quote, to understand the context behind it if he did indeed say it. Also, you should always add the ref in the text itself rather than in the edit summary. Regards, Jagged 85 (talk) 16:42, 24 February 2008 (UTC)
Is he an Arab? I doubt it. According to local sources where he live, he was born in the town of the Jezira (modern Cizre in the Turkish Kurdistan). Local people belive that he is a Kurd and member of Botan tribes. Is there any reliable sources to prove this claim? As far as I know, there is not a written source on Al Jazari`s nationality. it is legitimate to ask why any kind of written sources are considered more reliable than the oral sources?. By the way, the town Jezire (Cizre) is a Kurdish town .Murat
Just a question
I wanted to ask this on Yahoo answers, but I don't think they'd even know who Al-Jazari is. Anyway, did his 5th water-raising engine (the double-acting reciprocating piston pump) have a connecting rod that had an opposite "bend" to make sure that the pistons didn't act on an angle??? I would think that with an ordinary connecting rod, the cylinders would have to be on an angle since it swings like a pendulum. Heres a video of it.
Did the pistons have a strong enough support base to not act on an angle---without the need for a correlating bend in the con-rod?? Thanks for your time. It would be MUCH appreciated!! InternetHero (talk) 18:14, 18 August 2008 (UTC)
Portrait of Al-Jazari
I don't think there were any physical descriptions of the man, nevermind an actual portrait. The one used here is fairly new so I don't think the test of time has anything to do with this. InternetHero (talk) 14:12, 21 September 2008 (UTC)
Could we recruit an engineer to edit this? Al-Jazari deserves better than this.J8079s (talk) 22:56, 20 September 2008 (UTC)
There are actual portrait of an individual if its not the actual portrait which is very important then there is no need to put any portrait with the information since it is not the actual person. —Preceding unsigned comment added by 22.214.171.124 (talk) 17:35, 13 June 2009 (UTC)
- Greek and Roman Mechanical Water-Lifting: The History of a Technology By John Peter Oleson Published by Springer, 1984 ISBN 9027716935, 9789027716934 628 pages
- A History of Engineering in Classical and Medieval Times: Irrigation and water supply ; Dams ; Bridges ; Roads ; Building construction ; Surveying Part two, Mechanical engineering : Water-raising machines ; Power from water and wind Part three, Fine technology : Instruments ; Automata ; Clocks ... By Donald Routledge Hill Published by Routledge, 1996 ISBN 0415152917, 9780415152914 263 pages J8079s (talk) 03:03, 14 November 2008 (UTC)
- It's actually on page 41, which I've just corrected. Regards, Jagged 85 (talk) 03:01, 4 October 2009 (UTC)
Guys please these are just fake facts abaout ebuliz. He was from Ciziri in Kurdistan (south-eastern turkey) which has always been kurdish. He might have been in in the powerful kurdish botan tribe. but he was not from Iraq or arab and that i can guarante you.. —Preceding unsigned comment added by Mrkurdistan (talk • contribs) 21:07, 26 November 2010 (UTC)
If the people from the UK agree to name Isac Newton an Italian or a Roman scientist because his famous book is in Latin, so let Al Jazari and other Kurdish and Persian scientists and scholars be named Arabs.
- Can we leave out the nationalism? He predates all that stuff William M. Connolley (talk) 11:40, 9 April 2011 (UTC)
Stub and rework
For background information, please see RFC/U and Cleanup. With 360 edits, User:Jagged 85 is the main contributor to this article by far (2nd with 55 edits is William M. Connolley who did clean-up work). The issues are a repeat of what had been exemplarily shown here, here, here or here. As the last pre-Jagged85 version (from 18 November 2006) is unreferenced and contains at least one false claim (namely that he invented the crankshaft, which however dates back as far as the Romans), I stubbed the article completely. Gun Powder Ma (talk) 23:25, 15 April 2011 (UTC)
- Restored the stubbed version. The one action which postpones the improvement of the article indefinitely is restoring again and again the refuted POV and OR version. Gun Powder Ma (talk) 01:00, 25 June 2011 (UTC)
He worked in service of the Artuqid dynasty, an Oghuz Turk Dynasty in Diyarbakır and it is natural that we name he Turk. Al-Jazira and all Mesopotamia in that time and before that time i.e. at least in the beginning of abbasid caliphate was under control of Turks/Turkmens. There was no arab or others such as persians and kurds in the area at that time and region inhabitantes were Assyrians, Armenians and Turks of them only Turks were Muslim. Thus we can say that Al jazari was definitly from Turkic ancestory. Freedomist (talk) 10:34, 18 May 2011 (UTC)
al-jazari may have been persian
there are some links where it's said al-jazari was persian:
I think that only a few informations are still availlable on that guy, so anyone can say anything about him. My opinion is that he is probably a persian scholar. I don't agree with you when you say there were no persians in that area, this place was under persian domination for many centuries before arabs and turks came there ! please if you have strong sources, quote them, but your opinion is only your opinion and doesn't make it true.— Preceding unsigned comment added by 126.96.36.199 (talk) 18:46, 29 December 2011 (UTC)
He was not an Arab
Some claim he was a Turk or a Persian, but got no one who supports you, seeing as there was nothing Turkish/Persian with him. He was from a Kurdish city, and had an Arabic name. Simple as that.
He was not an Arab either, seeing as he was from a Kurdish city. For the people who claim that Cizre was Arabic, please take a look at this man http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ali_ibn_al-Athir. He was from the same time period, and he was a Kurd. There is nothing that suggests he was an Arab. And if you're going by name, then why not claim all the Persian scientists as Arabs? Exactly, that'd be quite silly. — Preceding unsigned comment added by 188.8.131.52 (talk) 10:07, 26 March 2012 (UTC)
Did editors with a nationalist agenda infiltrate this article?
It certainly seems that way to me. For this reason I flagged this article as violating NPOV. Please don't remove the POV-tag until the issue of Al-Jazari's nationality is resolved. — Preceding unsigned comment added by 184.108.40.206 (talk) 15:36, 27 June 2012 (UTC) hnvredk.smg hhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii fu — Preceding unsigned comment added by 220.127.116.11 (talk) 19:25, 15 November 2012 (UTC)
Al-jarzi was in Artuqid dynasty, a Turkic Dynasty in Anatolia and it is ligic that he was Turk. All north Mesopotamia and east anotolia in that time under control of Turkic pepole and tribes. He was not arab and he was Turk. Al farabi had a arabic name but he was Turk. Some people think that if the name is Arabic so he is an Arab. no. He was Muslim and he chose an arabic name. Freedomist (talk) 20:41, 4 August 2013 (UTC)
Removal of referenced information by IPs and user:Cobanas
Cobanas 1st edit(ever) was the removal of Persian ethnicity and its references, using the edit summary, "the reference about the persian ethnicity of al jazari is not credible , the book which you refered to is not about this muslim engineer". This is not true.
Per the source for Persian ethnicity states, "Kitah fi Maarafat al-Hiyal al Handasiya; Book of Knowledge of Ingenious Geometrical Devices", which IS Al-Jazari.
Also, this does not explain why the Arab ethnicity was removed as well from the infobox! The continued removal of referenced information by Cobanas which was done originally by 18.104.22.168, leads me to believe these people are one and the same. --Kansas Bear (talk) 02:03, 29 November 2013 (UTC)
- I agree that removing Arab was highly suspect. And leaving Kurdish, referenced only to a paper given to the "12th International Society for Music Information Retrieval Conference (ISMIR 2011)" is interesting. Kurdish should never have been in the article if that's the best anyone can do. I'm also dubious about Persian given that there is only one source and more importantly because evidently none of the standard Arab biographical works of the Middle Ages even mention him. Which leaves us with Arab - although with no Arab references in the Middle Age is still not certain surely? So I've removed both Kurdish and Persian - the museum website isn't enough for Persian either. Dougweller (talk) 07:56, 29 November 2013 (UTC)
- After searching my copy of The Encyclopaedia of Islam, I finally found al-Jazari's entry, which makes no mention of his ethnicity or his family. --Kansas Bear (talk) 18:27, 29 November 2013 (UTC)
- In response to Cobanas unreliable source;
- Steven R. Ness, is a Phd candidate in Music Information Retrieval - Machine Learning - Distributed Cognition 
- Shawn Trail, is associated with the Dept. of Computer Science, University of Victoria 
- Peter Driessen, is professor in the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering 
- Andrew Schloss, is a professor in Electronic & Computer Music, Musical Acoustics, Ethnomusicology 
- George Tzanetakis, is a professor Associate Professor in the Computer Analysis of Audio and Music 
- Therefore, this "paper" has been written by academics that have no specialization in the time period or area in question. As such this is not a reliable source in regards to ethnicity. --Kansas Bear (talk) 06:00, 6 December 2013 (UTC)
- Upon further research,
- Hayes, John Richard, The Genius of Arab Civilization:Source of Renaissance, is the editor, from what I can discern, since I can not read the book online, this source appears to be written by academics specializing in this time period.
- Ceccarelli, Marco,Distinguished Figures in Mechanism and Machine Science: Their Contributions and Legacies, is the editor, the actual authors being Phds in Engineering
- Dr. Norman SMITH, The Arabian Legacy.New Scientist, does not say al-Jazari was an Arab. Mentions Arabic(the language) and Arab manuscripts
- The Cambridge History of Egypt, Historiography of the Ayyubid and Mamluk Epochs Vol.1., the al-Jazari mentioned is the historian not the mechanical scientist.
- Muḥammad ibn Mūsā ibn Shākir, 850 Kitáb Al-Hiyal كتاب الحيل.Traslated and annotated by Donald R. Hill, 1978, calls al-Jazari a "Muslim author".
- Li Guo, 1998 Early Mamluk Syrian Historiography. Vol.1, this is about the historian al-Jazari
- Biographical Dictionary of the History of Technology Al-Jazari, Ibn Al-Razzaz, unviewable. Both authors appear to be non-specialist in this time period.
- Aleksandr D. Knyž, Ibn ʻArabi in the Later Islamic Tradition: The Making of a Polemical Image in Medieval Islam, no mention of Arab ethnicity.
- With the given information, I suggest we remove "Arab" and replace it with "Muslim". The Encyclopaedia of Islam does not assign an ethnicity to al-Jazari and the only listed source that has the qualified academics is unviewable. --Kansas Bear (talk) 19:00, 6 December 2013 (UTC)