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The Basque etimology (does it take into account dialects different from Unified Basque?) seems dubious since the first appearance seems to be in Northern Gaul. It should be removed or at least attributed to some researcher. --Error 02:12, 6 Feb 2005 (UTC)
- The very word Bagaudae can perfectly be translated from modern Basque as "here we are" or "we are ready" (bagaude) or even "so war" (baguda).
- Removed --Error 23:09, 30 July 2005 (UTC)
- Does the name Amandus have any connection to the ancient Basques? One of the leaders is named Amandus, the name Amand is attached to early Medieval Gascony, and Saint Amandus was born in the region of Gascony. As far the later uprising in the 450's, is there any ancient Basque name similar to Tibatto? —Preceding unsigned comment added by 22.214.171.124 (talk) 19:44, 3 February 2008 (UTC)
The Basque hypothesis
The Basque hypothesis
Many Basque historians consider them to be rebel Basque militias, hence promoting the idea of a current of Basque resistance and independence de facto through the centuries. Roman domination in the Basque Country, then larger than today, was in fact scarce through most of the history of the Empire, allowing large self-rule to the Basque tribes on both sides of the Pyrenees. With the incipient feudalism of the later Roman Empire, Basque clans and other nearby romanized peasants seem to have started an age of amorphous independence. On the other hand, the Bagaudae were active in many parts of Gaul not usually thought to have had a strong Basque connection.
Since the middle of the 4th century, the presence of many coin-prints around the historic Basque territory denotes the existence of many garrisons as, in that age, coins were used almost exclusively to pay the soldiers. This inner limes apparently shows that the Basque region was already independent when the German invaders arrived in the early 5th century.
Basques still fought under Roman command in 407 to repel a Swabian, Vandal and Alan invasion. Two years later, these tribes crossed the Basque mountain passes without problems but only to move to the richer lands of Hispania proper. The next we know is that Visigoths and, later, Franks attempt once again to subjugate those unruly lands with little or no success. In the year 711, Visigoth king Roderic was still battling against the Basques when Muslims invaded his kingdom from the south. Meanwhile, north of the Pyrenees, the Duchy of Vasconia and Aquitaine was independent at that date.
Only that the Bagaudae rebellion was fully successful in the Basque territory may explain that this people could remain independent of the German invaders and almost ignorant of the socio-economic structures of feudalism even in the late Middle Ages, despite of the overwhelming influence of its neighbours.
This is an interesting, smart article with good-quality sources. It would be nice to give it a proper introduction so a casual reader isn't daunted by a sea of text. See Wikipedia:Lead section: "The lead section, lead, or introduction of a Wikipedia article is the section before the first heading. The lead serves both as an introduction to the article below and as a short, independent summary of the important aspects of the article's topic. The lead should be able to stand alone as a concise overview of the article. It should establish context, explain why the subject is interesting or notable, and summarize the most important points." Cynwolfe (talk) 13:16, 20 August 2008 (UTC)