Talk:Balts

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Slavs[edit]

Are Balts a slavic people? I always thought so, but this is not mentioned. Sylvain1972 17:10, 25 January 2007 (UTC)

Well, you thought wrong. It's a great insult to call a Balt slavic. And I'm also slightly insulted by your ignorance T. Marc-cius 10:38, 13 April 2007 (UTC)
Dont be so insulted - we (Slavs) and you (Balts) are from the same Balto-Slavic family, so I dont know why should you be so insulted. He just thought wrong (you dont know everything too). Slavs and Balts are very close related but they are two different indo-european branches.

Balto-Slavic family is a myth. We aren't "very close related" and we haven't lived in the same territory after the proto-indoeuropean times. —Preceding unsigned comment added by 217.199.126.2 (talk) 11:06, 23 September 2007 (UTC)

Well, you fellows are getting all mixed up! No need for any Slavs to get into bed with Balts or vice versa. The family being referenced is not a biological one. The biological Balto-Slavic family is a myth for sure, mainly yours, but the linguistic family is pretty solid. Both Slavic and Baltic linguists will tell you that. I suggest you do some Wikipedia lookups on languages and language theories.Dave (talk) 03:38, 4 September 2008 (UTC)

Actually there was an ancient Indo-European culture or group of tribes living in what is now today Belarus, according to social-cultural anthropologist, this culture may have been one of the direct ancestors of both Baltic and Slavic people. the Baltic people, only split off from Slavs as may lived together and among another ancient group of people in the Baltic region and eventually after further influences from the other cultures like the Finns, Scandinavians, and of course the Germans the Baltic People greatly differed from the Slavic people, both culturally, Linguistically and thus Genetically. This, mean that they were once related to one another but were influence differently by other cultures. — Preceding unsigned comment added by 175.143.156.250 (talk) 06:26, 21 March 2014 (UTC)

Baltic region[edit]

If I'm looking at maps correctly, the Baltic region appears to be in Northeastern Europe. Eastern and Southeastern Europe are predominantly Slavic.

Maps (Yotvingians are not fully represented)[edit]

Here is an usual map which shows Yotvingians to live more south by that time [1]; What are the sources to represent Yotvingians in a smaller territory in 1200? Dellijks 16:46, 20 January 2007 (UTC)

Balts[edit]

Balts (German "Balten") are a group of people ,who live at the Baltic Sea . The Baltic Sea or Eastern Sea ("Ostsee") was earlier by Tacitus in 98 AD Agricola and Germania called Mare Suebicum after the Suebi.
The languages of the Balts , or [Baltic Languages]? are classified as [East Baltic]? and [West Baltic]?. The Baltic Germans (Balten-Deutsche) were forced out of their homelands in Lithuania, Latvia and Esthonia (earlier "Kurland, Livland, Lettland )by Stalin . They were either brought to Siberia , killed or escaped to the West, along with fifteen to eighteen million other ethnic Germans from Eastern Europe.
Some orphaned children of the German Balts and of neighboring Eastern Prussia were taken in and hidden from communist authorities . Stalin's military troups had overrun the Baltic lands and all of Eastern Europe, starting in winter 1944 .The Soviet Union occupied Lithuania ,Latvia and Esthonia for fifty years . After the fall of the Iron Curtain these children, called "Wolfskinder?" (children raised by wolfs) now are attempting to find out their identity .
Today only the Eastern Baltic countries are called Baltic States , because the Western Baltic country of Prussia has been dismembered by the Soviet Union, now Russia asOblast Kaliningrad.The larger part of West and East-Prussia is submerged into Poland. While millions of the inhabitants were killed or forced to leave ,some have been able to remain in their homeland of East or West Prussia, despited greatest hardships.In 1946/47 they received classification as "Autochthones" by the communist occupation Polish administration authorities.

The text above was removed by user:167.83.96.xxx saying "eliminated non relevant information".

1946 Prussia was NOT the Western Baltic Country!!! - it was one of the German Lands. Real Baltic Prussians were already germanizated by the German Teutonic Order (and later by Polish-Royal Prussia and German Prussia) till XVI-XVII century.

Hello-but's absurdity[edit]

"Editions" of Hello-but are total absurdity. Please provide sources. This user never provide sources. 85.206.192.188 13:41, 31 May 2005 (UTC)

Zivinbudas, why are you logging in anonymously and why are you changing other users' names when addressing them ? Lysy 16:50, 3 Jun 2005 (UTC)
As per your request I added the sources I used for the preparation of this article. I guess you can find more sources in Lithuanian in any decent library. Halibutt 15:53, May 31, 2005 (UTC)
Since this is an English encyclopaedia, I suspect our readers would find sources/further reading in English more useful, if you could locate some; the 1911 Britannica is a start, but I expect the scholarship in it is seriously out-of-date by now. (As an added benefit, scholarship from more distant countries would be harder to dismiss as "Polish/{whatever} propoganda"..) Noel (talk) 17:02, 31 May 2005 (UTC)
At first I simply added the sources I used. I think I could find more English-language sources, but I can't check their credibility as they are outside of my reach. As to the Britannica article - indeed, at times it's simply funny and at times it's seriously flawed. Anyway, I'll see what I can do and post the results here. Halibutt 17:29, May 31, 2005 (UTC)


Next time place all books on the topic from Google - it will be your "sources", joker, in jokers' wikipedia, sorry shitypedia. Zivinbudas 18:27, 31 May 2005 (UTC)


Ok, after a quick search through the amazon, I found a number of English-language books that might include some info on the topic.

  1. Graham Smith (1994). The Baltic States: The National Self-Determination of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania. Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 0312120605. 
  2. Robert Baltenius (1922). The Balts in the history of Esthonia. Baltischer Verlag u. Ostbuchhandlung. ASIN B0008AAHEQ. 
  3. Marija Gimbutas (1963). The Balts. The Thames & H. ISBN 0500020302. 
  4. Marija Gimbutas (2000). Balts (Ancient Peoples & Places series). International Thomson Publishing. ISBN 0275454703. 
  5. Andrejs Plakans (1995). The Latvians: A Short History (Studies of Nationalities). Hoover Institution Press. ISBN 0817993029. 
  6. Arnolds Spekke (1968). Balts and Slavs: Their early relations. Alpha Printing Co. ASIN B0007G5LW4. 
  7. Vykintas Vaitkevicius (2004). Studies Into the Balts' Sacred Places. British Archaeological Reports. ISBN 1841713562. 
  8. Algirdas Sabaliauskas (1993). We, the Balts. Science and Encyclopedia Publishers. ISBN 542001226X. 
  9. Laurence Kitching (2004). Baltic Studies Indexes. Association for the Advancement of Baltic Studies. ISBN 096249061X. 
  10. Norbertas Velius (1989). The world outlook of the ancient Balts. Mintis Publishers. ISBN 5417000272. 
  11. Danuta Jaskanis (1981). The Balts, the northern neighbours of the Slavs. State Archaeological Museum in Warsaw. ASIN B0006EFPW8. 
  12. Joseph Ehret (1974). The forgotten Balts. Lithuanian American Council. ASIN B00073DZ2K. 
  13. Omeljan Pritsak (1982). Viking relations with the Southeastern Baltic/Northwestern Russia. Harvard Ukrainian Research Institute, Harvard University. ASIN B00070HXD0. 
  14. Kevin O'Connor (2003). The History of the Baltic States. Greenwood Press. ISBN 0313323550. 
  15. Charles J. Kersten (1972 (reprint)). Baltic States: A Study of Their Origin and National Development. William S Hein & Co. ISBN 0930342410. 
  16. Endre Bojtar (2000). Foreword to the Past: A Cultural History of the Baltic People. Central European University Press. ISBN 9639116424. 
  17. Robert H. Davis (1994). Slavic and Baltic Library Resources at the New York Public Library: A First History and Practical Guide. New York Public Library. ISBN 0871044382. 
  18. International Medieval Congress (2001). Crusade and Conversion on the Baltic Frontier 1150-1500. Ashgate Pub Ltd. ISBN 0754603253. 
  19. Oscar Halecki, Andrew L. Simon (2001). Borderlands of Western Civilization: A History of East Central Europe. Simon Publications. ISBN 096657348X. 
  20. Adriane Ruggiero (1998). The Baltic Countries--Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania. Dillon Pr. ISBN 0382395387. 
  21. Alfred Bilmanis (1948). The problem of the Baltic in historical perspective. ?. ASIN B0007JJD84. 
  22. World Archaeological Congress (1997). From the Baltic to the Black Sea: Studies in Medieval Archaeology. Routledge. ISBN 0415152259. 

As I said, I don't know which of those really describe the history of the Balts, neither can I check their credibility. Halibutt 18:17, May 31, 2005 (UTC)

With exeption of one book (Irena Čepienė; which of course this polish nationalist didn't use) and non actual Encyclopedia Britanica from 1911 (why not from 1677) other his "sources" are only polish rubbish. So those are any sources. Zivinbudas 17:08, 31 May 2005 (UTC)

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Prussian language[edit]

"as well as the Prussians, Yotvingians and Galindians, whose languages and cultures became extinct in the Middle Ages." The article about Prussians states that their language became extinct "by the 17th century". This vague expression implies that there may have still been some speakers in the 1500s, or anytime until 1601. Well, if there were speakers of the Prussian language in the 1500s, then it didn't become extinct during the Middle Ages, because the Middle Ages had already ended by that time. -86.133.247.156 14:34, 22 April 2007 (UTC)

They became extinct in middle of 17th century as far as I know, you're right, it isn't middle ages (and I'm also not sure if other nations became extinct during middle ages). Therefore I removed the part of text saying it was in middle ages---- Xil/talk 18:22, 21 May 2007 (UTC)
Thanks. In contrast to the evil Germanic stereotype it was mother nature that extinguished Old Prussian and I believe it was the early 1700's. For some reason they were susceptible to the plague and it struck them and destroyed the last few hundred thousand located in East Prussia. The last Old Prussian was probably spoken by the sick calling for help. The areas where they lived were depopulated. Lithuanians started moving in and the Prussian government invited other colonists such as Hollanders to take up the space. They formed many religious communities that later emigrated to the states (a safer place for pacifists). As for the dialects, they tended to reduce to one or a few with the rise of the modern states. There is plenty of room for more articles on all these events.Dave (talk) 03:29, 4 September 2008 (UTC)

Estonians[edit]

In spight of the chance of getting ridiculed by a certain someone on here, I always thought that Estonians were included in the Baltic peoples, or am I getting that confused because it's considered apart of the Baltic region? Estonians are in fact Finnic correct? JanderVK (talk) 09:45, 23 December 2007 (UTC)

That is correct. Estonians aren't balts they are finno-ugric (like Finnish and Hungarian), but Estonia belongs to the three Baltic States. --88.222.81.179 (talk) 07:37, 15 April 2008 (UTC)

Baltic Prehistory - what?[edit]

"The prehistoric cradle of the Baltic peoples according to archaeogenetic research and archaeological studies was the area near the Baltic sea and central Europe at the end of the Ice Age and beginning of the Mesolithic period. They spread in the area from the Baltic sea in the west to the Volga in the east."

Uh... this would mean the Balts are all non-Indo-European autochthones. Or am I just mixing up Baltic language and Baltic culture with Baltic archaeogenetics? AllGloryToTheHypnotoad (talk) 17:23, 7 July 2008 (UTC)

Well, you're right - but I am sure the writer didn't mean that. It was an over-condensation. The Indo-Europeans are no earlier than the Chalcolithic. They moved in among and mingled with the Finno-Ugrians no doubt. The latter are Mesolithic. Maybe an extra sentence or two would do it, but wasn't it said above?Dave (talk) 03:13, 4 September 2008 (UTC)
There are scientific studies such as - The Balts and the Finns in historical perspective: a multidisciplinary approach - ( Česnys et al. 2004 ) providing clear perspectives on the amalgamation of various cultures eventually merging into what are now known as Baltic people. Exchange of vocabulary between Baltic and Uralic languages illustrate the processes. Additional contacts are implicated by «ШАХМАТНЫЙ» ОРНАМЕНТ КЕРАМИКИ КУЛЬТУР РАЗВИТОГО БРОНЗОВОГО ВЕКА ПОВОЛЖЬЯ И УРАЛА, by О.Д. Мочалов, Stratum plus, №2, 2001-2002. pp 503-514. My pc says it is 2012, is it not? Sudowite (talk) 15:47, 16 April 2012 (UTC)

East and west[edit]

The direction should not be confused with the language group. We know the Goliads were out by Moscow but we do not know what their dialect was. They were a bit early for the division between east and west. Simuilarly the Pomeranian Balts are only a theoretical prehistoric entity, not western Balts. So I will be changing that a little. Thanks.Dave (talk) 10:10, 4 September 2008 (UTC)

Tags on Summary of Baltic Peoples[edit]

We've got a new editor here who keeps reverting my efforts to correct this article without explanation and without discussion. Welcome to Wikipedia, my friend, but that is not allowed. Good protocol is that I give you a chance to explain yourself, which I would appreciate. Otherwise I will have to start reverting everything wrong you do, including your last changes to the table, and asking for other editors to take a look more formally. Basically there are three issues and two tags.

  • The "confusing" is on there because you fail to distinguish between the Eastern Baltic (Lithuanian, Latvian) plus Western Baltic (Prussian, Sudovian) language groups and the geographic location of any Balts there might have been. This error leads us to believe the Pomeranian Balts (if any existed) spoke a western Baltic language and the Dniepr Balts (if there were any) spoke an eastern Baltic language.
  • A second confusion is that if you mean the eastern or western Baltic language groups then you confuse a prehistoric hypothetical language with modern language divisions. All the known languages only date to the 2nd Millenium AD. But the supposed Balts of Pomerania and Russia are prehistoric of remote date, known only through place names and some disputable archaeology.
  • The references tag is on there because we need to know if anyone is dividing the Balts by geographic location, as that is not the customary way to do it. Customarily one divides the Balts by language.

Thank you very much. I would appreciate your cooperation on this. I have some misgivings because you are even reverting back to mispelled words. I would like to point out that Wikipedia is not for personal interpretations that would amount to original research and these are topics on which line-item references are needed. Since you are working on this right now I would hope for some swift replies. A failure to reply gives me the right to remove your material. If you remove these tags without responding I will be forced to treat you like a vandal. If I offend anyone of innocent intent I am sorry. Innocence now requires you to discuss. Thanks and once again welcome to Wikipedia.Dave (talk) 02:49, 5 September 2008 (UTC)

  • PS - Oh, and there is one more issue, which is going to take a reference. If you are going to be on Wikipedia you need to learn how to do references so you can start here if you like. By transitional Balts I mean that as far as some linguists can tell the reconstructed dialects of those regions show similarities to both eastern and western Baltic. Old Prussian though was spoken in Skalvia and Nadruvia. Why do you put them under transitional?

I need to give you one more pointer. We aren;t making this up here and we are not interested in your or my personal opinions. What we want are data and the opinions of the writers on it. There is a little leeway of presentation, but these issues that I have mentioned are not in it. You are not free to classify a hypothetical Pomeranian as a western Baltic language when the language remains unknown except for a few reconstructed place names. And all these words apply to me too. The world is not interested in my personal opinion about whether there were any Balts in Pomerania and what language they spoke. So this is not a contest of personal opinions. References please or stop reverting my changes. I am going to start up the top now finding refs for the things that were said.Dave (talk) 03:09, 5 September 2008 (UTC)

Polish Bibliography[edit]

I am sure the Polish language is a very fine one but I do not know any and neither do most Americans. This the English Wikipedia. There are I think two English refs and yet there is quite a wealth of English writing on the Balts. I appreciate your wanting to work on the English Wikipedia but you need to do it in English. Thanks.Dave (talk) 03:13, 5 September 2008 (UTC)

Etymolgy of Balts[edit]

I changed the meanimg from white guys to dwellers by the white sea but then it struck me this is wrong too. That might not be the etymology of Baltic Sea and that topic is covered in the article I linked. Here is my modified statement of the original in case anyone wants to do something else with it: (Latvian: balti; Lithuanian: baltai; Latgalian: bolti, lit. "white", with reference to the Baltic or "white" sea by which they live)Dave (talk) 19:13, 6 September 2008 (UTC)

"Widely accepted"[edit]

This article brandishes such outlandish claims like the "massive influx' of Indo Europeans is widely accepted, which its not. The so-called genetic evidence is only possibly an indirect supporter of such a theory. Hxseek (talk) 05:08, 11 October 2008 (UTC)

Is this really covered by the reference?[edit]

The lead states, rather boldly, that The number of lakes and swamps in this area isolated the Balts, and as a result of this isolation the Baltic languages retain a number of conservative or archaic features and this is covered by a reference consisting of a mere bookpage quote.

I assume that what the book is saying is that conservative or archaic features have been retained in Baltic languages, but I am very suspicious of the other part being covered by the claim: lakes are no real communication hassle. Actually, with lakes usually come rivers, which used to be the real highways in those densely forested areas back in the day. Swamps, maybe, but there aren's so many anyway as to call the region "isolated". All in all, I dont see this region -which, by the way, is by the sea and even more open to foreign contact- being more isolated than any other.

Someone please confirm whether the book claim is covering the above mentioend part, otherwise, I may delete the "isolated" claim. Thanks. MOUNTOLIVE fedeli alla linea 16:13, 14 January 2009 (UTC)

Done MOUNTOLIVE fedeli alla linea 17:08, 17 January 2009 (UTC)

Why there is represented only one theory of formation of european laguages[edit]

Why there is represented only one theory of formation of european laguages? I mean this is not objective. Because there are two equally main stream theorys about formation of european laguages. One is about kurgan expansion and the other is Paleolithic Continuity Theory. Wouldn't it be wise to add a section on the other theory too. Because now article sounds as if everything is so clear and there are no doubts about history of balts and that is obviously diletants work. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paleolithic_Continuity_Theory --Ceckauskas Dominykas 19:08, 30 October 2009 (UTC) —Preceding unsigned comment added by Ceckauskas Dominykas (talkcontribs)

Ofcourse there are disputes, but the Kurgan theory is most widely accepted by most number of linguists. Renfrew's Nelotihic/ Anatloian scenario is a distant second. The PCT is barely entertained by serious linguists Hxseek (talk) 08:33, 5 September 2010 (UTC)

Why is there no coverage of the more recent history of the Balts[edit]

At a minimum links to the history of Lithuania and Latvia with a short discription should be provided. —Preceding unsigned comment added by 149.69.100.176 (talk) 18:07, 10 March 2010 (UTC)

"Scandinavians begin settling in Western Baltic lands in Lithuania and Latvia"[edit]

Who added this sentence to the article? Twice. Seems like a deliberate sabotage to interfere with history. Can someone delete it, as there is no sense to it. Nor to the section it had been added to. —Preceding unsigned comment added by 95.68.28.134 (talk) 15:47, 27 January 2011 (UTC)

Attention experts[edit]

New page: Prusi. - Staszek Lem (talk) 21:24, 7 December 2012 (UTC)