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I have assessed this article as a stub on the grounds that it has three complete sentences and contains a stub tag at the bottom of the page. If you mean this to be a List of conditions related to breast health instead of a normal article, then please:
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I removed the following terminology list to here, because I think it rather belongs to the scope of Wiktionary than Wikipedia. Before reinsertion, it should be rewritten to prose form. Mikael Häggström (talk) 13:25, 15 June 2010 (UTC)
- problem is some of the terminology as it is used in literature is so badly confused it is really hard to get it right even as it is now. Richiez (talk) 20:24, 26 July 2010 (UTC)
Depending on appearance, symptoms, aetiological assumptions and histological findings a variety of terms has been used to describe mastitis and various related aspects.
- galactopoiesis: milk production
- secretory disease: aberrant secretory activity in the lobular and lactiferous duct system, believed to be the most frequent factor causing galactophoritis. The secretions may be milk like or apocrine luminal fluid.
- retention syndrome (aka retention mastitis): accumulation of secretions in the ducts with mainly intraductal inflammation.
- galactostasis: accumulation of milky secretions in the ducts
- galactophoritis: inflammation of the lobular and lactiferous duct system, mainly resulting from secretory disease and retention syndrome.
- plasma cell mastitis: plasma cells from the intraductal inflammation infiltrate surrounding tissue.
- duct ectasia: literally widening of lactiferous ducts - relatively common finding in breast exams, increase with age. Strongly correlated with cyclic and noncyclic breast pain. Correlation with mastitis is of anecdotal quality.
- duct ectasia syndrome: in older literature this was used as synonym for nonpuerperal mastitis with recurring breast abscess, nipple discharge and possibly associated fibrocystic condition with blue dome cysts. Recent research shows that duct ectasia is only weakly correlated with mastitis symptoms (inflammation, breast abscess). The use of the terms Duct Ectasia and Duct Ectasia Syndrome is inconsistent throughout the literature.
- squamous metaplasia of lactiferous ducts: cuboid cells in the epithelial lining of the lactiferous ducts transform (squamous metaplasia) to squamous epithelial cells. Present in many cases of subareolar abscesses.
- subareolar abscess: abscess bellow or in close vicinity of the areola. Mostly galactophoritis resulting from secretory disease, duct blockage and duct permeability changes
- retroareolar abscess: deeper (closer to chest) than a subareolar abscess.
- periductal inflammation (aka periductal mastitis): inflammation infiltrated tissue surrounding lactiferous ducts. Almost synonym for subareolar abscess. May be just a different name for plasma cell mastitis.
- fistula: fine channel draining an abscess cavity
- Zuska's disease: subareolar abscess associated with squamous metaplasia of lactiferous ducts. Some authors also associate this with nipple discharge.