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A special territory of Chile that was annexed in 1888, Easter Island is famous for its 887 extant monumental statues, called moai (play /ˈmoʊ.aɪ/), created by the early Rapanui people. It is a World Heritage Site (as determined by UNESCO) with much of the island protected within Rapa Nui National Park. In recent times the island has served as a cautionary tale about the cultural and environmental dangers of overexploitation. Ethnographers and archaeologists also blame diseases carried by European colonizers and slave raiding of the 1860s for devastating the local peoples.
Easter Island is claimed to be "the most remote inhabited island in the world"
Easter Island shares with Juan Fernández Islands the sui generis constitutional status of "special territory" of Chile, granted in 2007. As of that time a special charter for the island was under discussion: therefore it continued to be considered a province of the Valparaíso Region and containing a single commune (comuna). This is unique in Chile, since all other provinces consist of more than one commune. Both the province and the commune are called Isla de Pascua and encompass the whole island and its surrounding islets and rocks, plus Isla Salas y Gómez, some 380 km (236 mi) to the east.
Note - The Chile Article does not have any live links to the Easter Island article. If a section to Chile is not added for Easter Island then at least the references should be made as active links to the Wiki article.
Edit Request: Update on Free Trade Agreements
I am preparing a case study on Chile and the Free Trade Agreements of Chile look like out-dated.
For example, in 2011, there is a new Free Trade Agreement between the Republic of Turkey and the Republic of Chile which was signed on 14 July 2009 in Santiago and entered into force on 1 March 2011.
Ethnic Composition of Chile
Article has been restated on the ethnic composition of chile, since the current edition lacks neutrality, by the mention of a single study, when this quite accepted the difficulty of reliable and definitive figures confirm.
For these reasons we have integrated the various studies on the subject and has given greater visibility to the fact the difficulty in finding figures on the subject.
Please, before reversing this edition, discuss your arguments this space, especially the user inhakito, that arbitrarily reversed editions constantly causing serious damage to the item that many users try to improve. — Preceding unsigned comment added by Alex12345yuri (talk • contribs) 22:10, 31 October 2013 (UTC)
Edit request: Delete "Castilian-culturing" term from the lead
"Castilian-culturing" country!? I found this really weird description in the lead of the article. It sounds very imperialistic and subjective. I am Chilean and I have never heard that expression. Is aslo a generalization that does not match what it is written in the History, Demographics and Culture sections of the article.
Does the Unites States of America's or the Australia's articles says "English-culturing country" in the lead? Obviosly not. Also the phrase is linked to the Hispanic article, which is a ethnonym used particularly in the United States of America that covers, in a very vague way, any person "with a historical and cultural relationship either with Spain and Portugal." ¿?
Also, any further information about the cultural and historical background on the country (its Spanish Colonial past and its European ethnicity influence) should be included in the History, Demographics or Culture sections, instead of the lead.
So please I ask the editors to delete this nonsense term in the lead, which may cause misunderstandings and misinformation about the country.
A long country when measured north to south, but #2 ranking is not correct
The remark in the "geography" section, to the effect that Chile is the second-longest country in the world when measured north to south (after Brazil) is not quite correct. Although this remark is somewhat ambiguous, Chile is no more than the third-longest north-south country in the world under any interpretation. If the remark is construed as narrowly as possible, to refer only to a contiguous geographical unit, then Chile ranks third.
This interpretation means not combining islands with mainland areas (as in the case of Canada with its Arctic islands), not combining multiple separate mainland areas (as in the case of the USA, with the "lower 48" states plus Alaska), not combining multiple islands (as in the case of Japan), not including any colonies or other dependencies, not including any disputed territory, and not including any claims in Antarctica. With these assumptions, the ranking is as follows (note that latitude difference suffices as a measurement of north-south distance):
1. Brazil, approx. 5.25 degrees north to 33.75 degrees south, total 39 degrees of latitude. 2. Russia, 77.7 north to 41.2 north, total 36.5. 3. Chile, 17.5 south to 53.9 south, total 36.4. 4. China, 53.6 north to 20.2 north, total 33.4. 5. Argentina, 21.8 south to 52.4 south, total 30.6. 6. Canada, 72 north to 42 north, total 30. 7. Australia, 10.7 south to 39.1 south, total 28.4. 8. India, 35.7 north to 8.1 north, total 27.6. 9. USA (48 contiguous states only), 49 north to 25.1 north, total 23.9. 10. Greenland, 83.6 north to 60 north, total 23.6.
If one expands the interpretation of the remark to include multiple separate mainland areas, the only change in the rankings (and indeed the only change in the numbers among the top 10) is to move the USA into the first position, at which point Chile will rank fourth:
1. USA (48 contiguous states plus Alaska, excluding islands), 71.4 north to 25.1 north, total 46.3 degrees of latitude. 2. Brazil 3. Russia 4. Chile 5. China 6. Argentina 7. Canada 8. Australia 9. India 10. Greenland
If one further expands the interpretation of the remark to include islands that are integral parts of their countries (in addition to the multiple separate mainland areas), the change in the rankings is more dramatic. The nation of France (including its five overseas departments) moves into the first position. Chile drops to seventh.
Note that this interpretation is the one that seems to be implied by the text of the remark in the article about Chile, since it states the north-south extent of the nation of Chile to include islands in the archipelago of Tierra del Fuego. Here are the rankings including islands that are integral parts of their respective countries:
1. France (including five overseas departments, Reunion being the southernmost), 51.1 north to 21.2 south, total 72.3 degrees of latitude. 2. USA (all 50 states), 71.4 north to 18.9 north, total 52.5. 3. Australia, 9.1 south to 55 south, total 45.9. 4. Netherlands (including Caribbean areas), 53.6 north to 12 north, total 41.6. 5. Canada (including Arctic islands), 83.1 north to 41.7 north, total 41.4. 6. Russia (including Arctic islands), 81.8 north to 41.2 north, total 40.6. 7. Chile, 17.5 south to 56.54 south, total 39.04. 8. Brazil, total 39, all mainland. 9. China, 53.6 north to 18.2 north, total 35.4. 10. Argentina, 21.5 south to 55.1 south, total 33.6.
If one were to expand this interpretation further still, so as to include colonies, other dependencies, disputed territories and/or Antarctic claims, the list would be thrown into a state of chaos. Which areas are to be included, and which excluded?
I am not inclined to pursue this discussion further, but I do intend to update the "Chile" article shortly.
My native tongue is not English, but [tʃɪli] is like in the word "Chili pepper". Wouldn't it be rather [tʃili]? I know the source says it's the former one, but the website doesn't even distinguish between [r] and [ɹ]. --126.96.36.199 (talk) 00:50, 23 June 2014 (UTC)