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Laws of duplicate contract bridge
New text proposed
Any cardplay needs rules for the player to agree upon. For bridgeplayers worlwide, a set of rules called "Laws of duplicate contract bridge" is a kind of "magna carta " which settles the basic rules. " The laws have surrounded a concept that produces one of the world's most fascinating activities with equity-preserving adjustments, and their global standardisation has made bridge truly universal. ( The BRIDGE WORLD, Oct.1998, Editorial)"
The actual rules ( 5/2010) are promulgated by the WBF, World Bridge Federation, as "International Code of Laws of Duplicate Bridge 2007 (LAW)", available under www.worldbridge.org/departments/laws. There are 93 sub-laws.
O r i g i n : the laws were shaped, designed and tested by Harold S. Vanderbilt in 1925, based on the existing rules.
U t i l i t y: The knowledge of the laws is "condition sine qua non " for any organiser of tournaments and top players. Many procedures can be learned by doing (playing) and are sufficient for ordinary play.
P r o f i t a b i l i t y : These laws are base to have a satisfactory social life for earning reputation ( e.g. for those who collect "points" of medal-character), for earning a living ( as teacher, effecting bridge cruises, etc. ) for exercing power ( e.g. directing a club, as TD, ) for play, the most fascinating activity in card games.
C h a r a c t e r : The word "Law" implies, that everybody is forced to follow these rules. This has indeed be a constant problem, only in 2007 by law 80, these rules became a kind of constitution, WBF, Zonal Authoritys and National Bridge Organisations were declared as " Regulating Authority". National, regional units as well as clubs declare out of own independence that the will be subject of a given understanding, in this case the "Law of duplicate contract bridge". There are no treatys based on national law ( example of "globalisation"). There are repeated attempts to negate the leadership of the WBF ( see previous text.)
I n c o m p l e t e : like nearly all "constitutions", the LAW does not regulate necessary details. In consequence, National Organisations produced the necessary bylaws, often created by national "Laws and Ethics" Committees, e.g the Orange book in GBR. Groups were organised to discuss problems of correct interpretation, e.g the DOUBL mailing list ( international discussion). The WBF recognises the need for repairs by maintaining a "WBF Law Committee" . It works on a continous basis and is interpreting the laws as required.
I m p r o v e m e n t s : The LAW is a tool to have organised competitions, this activity could be considered of profession of its own. Procedures and adequate standards are needed. Due to Vanderbilt were the systematic concept of scoring, the introduction of boards; the standard for bidding; the institution of a TD Tournament Director and more. Missing were "movements", a set of instructions to fix where, when, against whom and how often to play. The includsion of contradictionary elements for giving information had negative effects: tournaments were won by contesting incorrect information, judged by a "court" established under national rules. At no time in the history has been an systematic effort by bridge bodys to eliminate weak elements of the LAW which are reponsible for - compared to world figures - the number of new players is little. Carmakers strip down their products each year to parts to find improvements. - - - - - - - - - - - - Paul Hauff (talk) 08:57, 21 May 2010 (UTC) Paul Hauff Game Play is a header for dealing/auction/play/scoring and needs no own text.The actual content has to reappaer in these for sections. But an introduction is needed. Paul Hauff (talk) 12:01, 3 June 2010 (UTC) Paul Hauff Dealing and auction need more information 184.108.40.206 (talk) 08:27, 7 June 2010 (UTC) Paul Hauff
I have reverted the changes to section 1 made by Paul Hauff, and rewritten the lead section and section 2 based on his versions of these but improving the style, correcting factual inaccuracies and removing inappropriate material. The previous version of section 1 was a good exposition of the game and did not need to be rewritten. Ehrenkater (talk) 17:11, 9 June 2010 (UTC)
There may be some useful information somewhere in Paul Hauff's contribution, but the vast majority of it is unencyclopaedic, or duplicates material which is already in the article or in one of the other articles on contract bridge. The whole of it is written in such bad English as to be difficult to follow. Ehrenkater (talk) 15:32, 11 June 2010 (UTC)
Commentary to Reversion
Ehrenkater decided to delete Paul Hauff contribution to Wiki "contract bridge" page. Hauffs text was written with the intention to attract new players to this game. You can read this text under www.bridgeassistant.net /Miscell and form you own opinion to the content. You, dear reader, are free to copy and use this text to get new players. Paul Hauff (talk) 08:15, 17 June 2010 (UTC) Paul Hauff 17 June 2010
Bridge is by far the most popular card game in the over 65 demographic, but the lowest in the 16-35 age group.
What does "but the lowest in the 16-35 age group" mean? That doesn't make any sense. I can't check the reference as I don't have it but I'd also imagine relative popularity varies per country... Cambion (talk) 00:20, 4 August 2010 (UTC)
- I doubt its the lowest of all card games, but it is substantially lower than the 65+ group. My guess is that the data is North American centric, and might be different for China and other parts of the world. Hardyplants (talk) 08:32, 4 August 2010 (UTC)
- Persuasion not intended. Please cite specific instances which do not comply with NPOV. Newwhist (talk) 21:42, 17 January 2011 (UTC)
I wikified this reference for the article on Hanner's coauthor Hans Radstrom:
Maybe it is of use to this article, or to some of you?
16:29, 12 December 2011 (UTC)
- Agree. Has been a little too long for a while but a recent anonymous edit (August 17, 2012) made things much worse; that edit provided good input - just in the wrong place. Will put some effort to this but busy with other stuff just now. Newwhist (talk) 11:35, 21 August 2012 (UTC)
- I think only the first patragraph is needed for the lead. Some of the rest can perhaps be slotted in elsewhere in the article, though some seems to duplicate what is already covered later in the article. JH (talk page) 16:56, 21 August 2012 (UTC)