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This is a brief review of issues behind the rewrite tag and a list of tasks necessary to the rewrite.
The article in its current form is a patchwork of occasionally contradictory points which does not attempt general coherence and therefore poorly represents the subject matter and utterly fails to provide a general overview for the benefit of the vast majority of readers.
Recent edits by Byelf2007
1. The article ought to explain what the X is as soon as possible. Currently in the second sentence it says "Although he avoided defining the term directly, he sought to apply..." This is background info on *how* the concept came about by the creator but not *what it is*. Having "Derrida proposed the deconstruction of all texts where..." as the second sentence works much better in this respect.
2. The lede is currently very unprofessional: "On the one hand..." and starting a paragraph with "but" are particularly bad. I think I've cleaned them up pretty well.
3. A bunch of separate sections on what deconstruction is is very weird. I think it's much better to put them under "On deconstruction".
4. "Definitions by other authors" seems unprofessional to me. I prefer "Alternative definitions".
5. "Developments after Derrida" also seems unprofessional to me. I prefer "Post-Derrida development".
Merger proposal of Jacques Derrida on deconstruction
Rationale The two articles are nearly identical, with the exception of the lead (mind that the lead of Deconstruction is about Derrida on deconstruction), and the comparably tiny "Alternative definitions" section in Deconstruction. 㓟 (talk) 13:31, 19 May 2013 (UTC)
- I'd suggest not merging them. Just my 2cents...This one was originally created as a standalone article because so much of it was redundant in the original Deconstruction article. There was a bit of edit-warring at Deconstruction because it was so Derrida-heavy. Thought I'd provide some background. But I really don't have a horse in this race. Happy editing... OttawaAC (talk) 19:11, 19 May 2013 (UTC)
- Since Heidegger created the concept and it has been advanced theoretically outside of Derrida both before and after him, no it should not be merged 126.96.36.199 (talk) 06:19, 28 October 2013 (UTC)
- A selective merge of relevant, non-redundant material is probably called for. If there is concern that Deconstruction is too heavily weighted toward Derrida, maybe some material could go to Jacques Derrida, but from the current condition of Jacques Derrida on deconstruction, I don't see a big potential loss if the page is just redirected to Deconstruction. Cnilep (talk) 03:19, 24 June 2013 (UTC)
- I suggest not merging them. I agree to lighten up the "Deconstruction" Article from Derrida's influence and to expend more on other authors while keeping the other article about Derrida on Deconstruction. However, I do not really have the expertise to carry out this task. All I know about Deconstruction is extracted from Derrida's theories. --Christophe Krief (talk) 08:34, 28 June 2013 (UTC)
- No arguments were presented against the merger so I think there is a consensus. You gave ample opportunity for the presentation of arguments and Christope Krief's "I suggest not merging them" and OttawaAC's "I'd suggest not merging them" aren't arguments, i.e. they are devoid of reasons, and Wikipedia doesn't operate on the basis of ballot. AnotherPseudonym (talk) 13:16, 10 September 2013 (UTC)
Various editors have added vague tags to the article with no talk followup in the past (see WP:DRIVEBYTAGGING). An anonymous editor added yesterday the following tags: Lead too long, Over-quotation, Confusing.
According to WP:LEAD the lead "should ideally contain no more than four paragraphs and be carefully sourced as appropriate"; obviously, the introduction is not too long for the overall article length.
The confusing tag is unjustified as well. There were some weasel-worded and vague phrases in previous versions but I recently removed them. One should note that the subject of this article is technical since anyone to understand the details of the theory would have to be familiar with several related debates over literary criticism, epistemology, and ontology within Continental philosophy. However, the article is fairly readable for readers who are not familiar with the material and the lead is written quite well: I deem that non-experts can understand and verify its content.
- Regardless of the strict reading of WP:LEAD, and irrespective of the overall length of the article, which is of questionable relevance, the question of whether the lead is too long is 'obviously' a matter of opinion. In particular, the fourth paragraph could easily be moved into its own section below, but this would not help the readability of the lead at all. It is the second paragraph which could do most with thinning out and simplifying, without being dumbed-down. This might bring the benefit that more readers would read the whole lead before giving up.
- This leads on to the next argument, over whether the article is confusing or not. Familiarity with the context of the debates within Continental philosophy no doubt helps understand the subject, but why would someone with such a familiarity ever refer to Wikipedia to help them understand deconstruction? They would be unlikely to need Wikipedia for this purpose. Instead, they would probably just start by reading some Derrida. To say that anyone unfamiliar with those debates cannot understand deconstruction is tantamount to saying anyone referring to this article in order to understand deconstruction at its most basic level is wasting their time. Maybe so, but I find that attitude rather undermines the point of having this Wikipedia article. Much better to risking dumbing down the article than take that approach.
- Jonathan G. G. Lewis 04:20, 28 November 2013 (UTC) — Preceding unsigned comment added by Jonazo (talk • contribs)
- The lead remains 90% my original work and is the clearest synoptic account of the topic that the article has ever had. Any further simplification of the 2nd paragraph risks making it inaccurate. My orginal lead had at least one citation from a well-regarded secondary source for every citation of Derrida as a demonstration of the technical accuracy and WP:NOR of my version of the lead. The motive for this was the oversupply of ignorant idiots that circled this article and made it the technically inaccurate and obscurantist pile of shit that it was (and largely remains). I agree that the article remains awful, and I hasten to add that I am responsible only for (most of) the lead. It is plainly obvious that as soon as you leave the lead you are landed into a qualitatively different territory. The article—less the lead—is technically inaccurate, badly composed using broken English and uninformative. Part of the problem is due to Derrida's writing being awful and easily misunderstood—as the article itself readily demonstrates. Part of the problem is the seemingly inexhaustible supply of amateur (pseudo-)philosophers that are attracted to this article. But certainly part of the problem is the phenomenological framework of deconstruction (and much of Continental philosophy) and this can't be magically dispensed with. I detest obfuscation as much as I detest Derrida but I do not think that the idea central to deconstruction—the metaphysics of presence—being steeped in phenomenology as it is will yield to a simpler exposition, that retains technical accuracy, as I have produced in the lead. My original lead was more elucidatory than the current version in regard to the central obscure idea behind deconstruction; the current lead is essentially an edited version of my original lead with the secondary sources (which served to demonstrate WP:NOR) removed. In creating the lead I read through about 20 secondary sources to see if a simpler elucidation—that was also accurate—existed and I found none. My participation in the article ended because I was the only editor doing any real work. I had three ignorant idiots hounding me and when I left the article they didn't contribute anything more to it. The idea which troubled these idiots was akin to the idea that an atheist couldn't have substantive knowledge of Christianity. Essentially that because I openly believe Derrida is a con-artist and that deconstruction is bullshit I must not understand it and will necessarily give it partial account. My lead—which I repeat is 90% preserved in the current lead—was heavily supported with references to Derrida's texts and respected commentaries yet this idiotic and unsubstantiated accusation of biased editing persisted. The first, i.e. , citation should be removed. It is not one of my own and is based on a translation by an editor, hence it breaches WP:NOR. The text of the citation is also poor English that adds nothing but confusion. The over-quotation in the article proper is a product of the ignorant idiots I have already mentioned. They don't understand deconstruction so they just cut-and-paste slabs of Derrida's badly written, French-to-English translated text in a bizarre ritual of faux scholarship. The "glue text" between the quotes is even more cryptic and badly composed than the Derrida quotes, e.g. "This confirms the subject as not present to itself and constituted on becoming space, in temporizing and also, as Saussure said, that "language [which consists only of differences] is not a function of the speaking subject." Sub-sections such as this are just more obfusactory bullshit as is the entire negative definition of deconstruction which the article is built around. I've commented at length on this unencyclopedic style and the inappropriateness of embracing Derrida's claims and agenda in the act of composing an ostensibly encyclopedic article about deconstruction but this fundamental point is yet to be acknowledged by anyone. With other articles this point is so obvious it is not worth making but here it is not only not even questioned its violation is championed by some as a virtue. AnotherPseudonym (talk) 07:53, 28 November 2013 (UTC)
- The lead is awful and the tagging is entirely justified. It's full of technical jargon and completely incomprehensible to anyone who isn't already an expert in the field. WP:LEAD: "the lead should be written in a clear, accessible style". But clearly I must be an "ignorant idiot". Poujeaux (talk) 14:47, 2 December 2013 (UTC)
- If you believe that merely because you are unable to understand a text—with the exclusion of all other salient considerations—that text is deficient then you too may be yet another ignorant idiot that is drawn to this article. Deconstruction is a contribution to long-running conversation in Continetal philosophy, it represents a response to an established position. You can't understand deconstruction unless you understand to what it is that Derrida is responding. Further, you can't understand deconstruction unless you understand the conceptual framework within which Derrida's contribution is presented. If you contend that the lead is awful then I challenge you to try and read one of Derrida's books, e.g. Of Grammatology, and provide an alternative lead—that is more lucid but also technically accurate—here in the discussion section. AnotherPseudonym (talk) 04:45, 4 December 2013 (UTC)
- As AnotherPseudonym wrote above, the central idea of deconstruction is the metaphysics of presence. Of Grammatology is an attempt at deconstructing the metaphysics of presence. A simpler exposition (that is, an exposition which would omit the starting point of Derrida's critique of Western philosophy) would be downright misleading. I have encountered several books by literary theorists (see Donald E. Hall, Literary and Cultural Theory: From Basic Principles to Advanced Applications, Houghton Mifflin, 2001, p. 161ff.) and art historians (see Rosalind Krauss's introduction in: Hal Foster, Rosalind Krauss, Yve-Alain Bois, Benjamin H. D. Buchloh, Art Since 1900: Modernism, Antimodernism, Postmodernism, London: Thames and Hudson, 2004, Introduction, 4: "Poststructuralism and Deconstruction", p. 48) who attempt to gently initiate readers to the applications of deconstruction to literary criticism and art historical interpretation. However, such books are not authoritative sources about deconstruction as a philosophical enterprise, and one could argue that often, they actually obfuscate even further the concept of deconstruction behind unrelated concepts drawn from post-Derridean discourse. --Omnipaedista (talk) 01:10, 3 December 2013 (UTC)
- Derrida's entire project is meaningless without the metaphysics of presence; a text can only be deconstructed to the extent that it relies on the metaphysics of presence. The binary oppositions—that people that have received one lecture on Derrida in the context of a semester unit on "theory" in a fashion or art course are invariably obsessed with—are merely products of that metaphysics of presence. The binary opposites in and of themselves have no special significance. Deconstruction is—at bottom—an anti–foundationalist critique and it is incomprehensible unless you understand the foundation that is being critiqued. Expecting a lead to somewhow supply all of the necessary conceptual background material and to also be concise is a fool's errand. AnotherPseudonym (talk) 04:45, 4 December 2013 (UTC)
AnotherPseudonym: ``However, the article is fairly readable for readers who are not familiar with the material and the lead is written quite well: I deem that non-experts can understand and verify its content. `` is false. The whole article in general, and the lead in particular, means absolutely nothing to a non-expert. And YES that means the text is deficient because WP is NOT a thesis: it is supposed to be understandable by anyone — it is especially true for the lead. Cheers, Thouny (talk) 08:57, 16 February 2014 (UTC)
- Thouny, thanks, spot-on. Poujeaux (talk) 18:35, 19 February 2014 (UTC)
- I'd like to add, though, that I am in no way trying to diminish the work of the editors. Indeed the lead may be deficient and the article on the whole just gibberish for the non-expert BUT the subject is (or at least seems to be) awfully complicated and the sheer number sources and notes (if only that) indicates that a tremendous amount of work has been poured into the making of this article. On a similar note, I am absolutely unable to judge its accuracy and veracity. And, well, I think that sometimes time is what works best for WP: maybe one day someone will see this article and will be able to use the material already present with his own way of thinking and turn it into something that even a non-expert can understand :) Anyway, thanks for your work.
- Cheers, Thouny (talk) 10:44, 14 March 2014 (UTC)
Omnipaedista, if you do not agree with my contribution, please, explain me why. Please:
On my side I try to respect article policies:
- See WP:BRD. Please discuss before making changes against consensus. --Omnipaedista (talk) 09:22, 24 January 2014 (UTC)
- You have made radical changes to the long-established lead section. Moreover, claims such as "Derrida called undecidables, that is, unities of simulacrum, 'false' verbal properties (nominal or semantic) that can no longer be included within philosophical (binary) opposition: but which, however, inhabit philosophical oppositions, resisting and organizing it, without ever constituting a third term, without ever leaving room for a solution in the form of speculative dialectics (e.g. Différance, Archi-writing, Pharmakon (philosophy), supplement, Hymen, gram, spacing)" are clearly original research. --Omnipaedista (talk) 09:29, 24 January 2014 (UTC)
- LOL Sorry. You are wrong.
- This is not “original research”, as you suggested. It would be easy for you to confirm that.
- Please, do some homework before reverting the contributions from other users.
- Please, confirm you are competent to do your own contributions, and, please, do a favor to yourself and to others: do not edit beyond your means (wp: competence).
- Please confirm, Derrida own words (Positions p. 43), in a famous interview (and that is being used extensively in this article) are:
- “I have called undecidables, that is, unities of simulacrum, "false" verbal properties (nominal or semantic) that can no longer be included within philosophical (binary) opposition, but which, however, inhabit philosophical oppositions, resisting and disorganizing it, without ever constituting a third term, without ever leaving room for a solution in the form of speculative dialectics (the pharmakon is neither remedy nor poison, neither good nor evil, neither the inside nor the outside, neither speech nor writing; the supplement is neither a plus nor a minus, neither an outside nor the complement of an inside, neither accident nor essence, etc.; the hymen is neither confusion nor distinction (neither identity nor difference, neither consummation nor virginity, neither the veil nor unveiling, neither the inside nor the outside, etc.; the gram is neither a signifier nor a signified, neither a sign nor a thing, neither a presence nor an absence, neither a position nor a negation, etc.; spacing is neither space nor time; the incision is neither the incised integrity of a beginning, or of a simple cutting into, nor simple secondarity. Neither/nor: that is simultaneously either or; the mark is also the marginal limit, the march, etc.). In fact, I attempt to bring the critical operation to bear against the unceasing reappropriation of this work of the simulacrum by a dialectics of the Hegelian type (Which even idealizes and "semantizes" the value of work), for Hegelian idealism consists precisely of a releve of the binary oppositions of classical idealism, a resolution of contradiction into a third term that comes in order to aufheben, to deny while raising up, while idealizing, while sublimating into an anamnesic interiority (Errinnerung), while interning difference in a self-presence.”
- This interview is also used here:Stanford online encyclopedia("Derrida has provided many definitions of deconstruction. But three definitions are classical. The first is early, being found in the 1971 interview “Positions”):
- “ Insofar as the difference is undecidable, it destabilizes the original decision that instituted the hierarchy. After the redefinition of the previously inferior term, Derrida usually changes the term's orthography, for example, writing “différence” with an “a” as “différance” in order to indicate the change in its status. . Différance (which is found in appearances when we recognize their temporal nature) then refers to the undecidable resource into which “metaphysics” “cut” in order to makes its decision. In “Positions,” Derrida calls names like “différance” “old names” or “paleonyms,” and there he also provides a list of these “old terms”: “pharmakon”; “supplement”; “hymen”; “gram”; “spacing”; and “incision” (Positions, p. 43). These names are old because, like the word “appearance” or the word “difference,” they have been used for centuries in the history of Western philosophy to refer to the inferior position in hierarchies. But now, they are being used to refer to the resource that has never had a name in “metaphysics”; they are being used to refer to the resource that is indeed “older” than the metaphysical decision.”
- Please, do not revert all my contributions. It took me a long time to do it. You can change this or that sentence, even paragraph and explain me why. But do not revert everything I’ve done.
- Please avoid personal attacks. It is not OR sensu stricto, but it still is problematic. This is not the way we write articles. Copypasting long quotes from interviews is not appropriate when writing a lead section. The previous lead section is long-established. There is no consensus for your changes. Also, please explain your pointless changes to formatting. --Omnipaedista (talk) 17:02, 31 January 2014 (UTC)
- Read WP:OR again: "Secondary or tertiary sources are needed to establish the topic's notability and to avoid novel interpretations of primary sources." There is an abundant secondary literature on deconstruction. We need to have more citations to secondary literature (see the thread above). Accumulating overly long Derrida quotes is a terrible way to write an article on deconstruction. Your edits primarily consist in accumulating quotes. --Omnipaedista (talk) 17:21, 31 January 2014 (UTC)
- When you say "we" who are you talking about? I'm an editor just like you. Please, respect others. You are just like everyone else. And you have to prove you are competent to edit (and revert) contributions from others with valid arguments.
- I made long contributions to this article during the last two years. Most of it includes now long contributions by me but also by many others.I accepted some of your contributions during the last two months, even when they were, in my opinion, incompetent, but I thought they were not totally wrong.
- In my contributions I tried to maintain most of what was in the old version (except small parts that were only repeating without adding anything). This is how I understand pluralism. Please, do the same and try to get serious consensus with me.
- If you want to correct something I have done, please feel free. BUT explain me properly why. And avoid ad hominem fallacies....
- DO NOT REVERT everything. It is not polite!!(" reverting good-faith actions of other editors may also be disruptive and can even lead to the reverter being temporarily blocked from editing. Read the three-revert rule (part of the Edit warring policy")
- Could you please explain what you do not agree with in my contributions before editing what I have done. If you want reach "consensus" you have to explain what you do not agree.
- Your first explanation that I was publishing "original research" was false and proved to everyone that you are not competent to be editing this article. You should apologize...It would be nice.
- We are talking here about 4 paragraphs. Please explain me what you do not agree in each one. Also, make it clear when your critics are about content or only about form.
- It is not true that my contributions are only "primary sources".
- First paragraph is based ONLY in secondary or tertiary sources to correct limited framing about deconstruction(including, but not limited to Encyclopedia Britannica about the subject): "deconstruction, form of philosophical and literary analysis, derived mainly from work begun in the 1960s by the French philosopher Jacques Derrida,(...) In the 1980s it designated more loosely a range of theoretical enterprises in diverse areas of the humanities and social sciences, including—in addition to philosophy and literature—law, psychoanalysis, architecture, anthropology, theology, feminism, gay and lesbian studies, political theory, historiography, and film theory."
- Second paragraph adds important reference to Rorty to complement limited understanding about what is "difference" in previous version.
- Third paragraph and forth are based on Stanford approach. Present version does not understand that there are 2 phases in deconstruction with important ethical and political implications, explaining its importance to other authors, specially in human sciences(and your accusation that this was my "personal research" is a symptom of your lack of understanding about the subject". ("Derrida has provided many definitions of deconstruction. But three definitions are classical. The first is early, being found in the 1971 interview “Positions” and in the 1972 Preface to Dissemination: deconstruction consists in “two phases” (Positions, pp. 41-42, Dissemination, pp.4-6)").
- This was present in older versions but incompetent editing remove it. We must correct this.
- I repeat:":“ Insofar as the difference is undecidable, it destabilizes the original decision that instituted the hierarchy. After the redefinition of the previously inferior term, Derrida usually changes the term's orthography, for example, writing “différence” with an “a” as “différance” in order to indicate the change in its status. . Différance (which is found in appearances when we recognize their temporal nature) then refers to the undecidable resource into which “metaphysics” “cut” in order to makes its decision. In “Positions,” Derrida calls names like “différance” “old names” or “paleonyms,” and there he also provides a list of these “old terms”: “pharmakon”; “supplement”; “hymen”; “gram”; “spacing”; and “incision” (Positions, p. 43). These names are old because, like the word “appearance” or the word “difference,” they have been used for centuries in the history of Western philosophy to refer to the inferior position in hierarchies. But now, they are being used to refer to the resource that has never had a name in “metaphysics”; they are being used to refer to the resource that is indeed “older” than the metaphysical decision.”
- I believe we are doing a proper use of paraphrase here ( "Limited close paraphrasing is appropriate within reason, as is quoting (with or without quotation marks), so long as the material is clearly attributed in the text – for example, by adding "John Smith wrote ...," together with a footnote containing the citation at the end of the clause, sentence or paragraph".)
- Please, avoid being vague in you accusations and give "us" concrete critics and serious explanations why you do not agree with my contributions. Also, make it clear when your critics are about content or only about form.Edit step by step and avoid edit warring.
- Please, respect other editors.
- Hibrido Mutante (talk) 02:13, 3 February 2014 (UTC)
(outdent) "I accepted some of your contributions during the last two months, even when they were, in my opinion, incompetent, but I thought they were not totally wrong." You do not own the article; moreover, you keep making ad hominem attacks. Regarding the lead I still believe that you are closely paraphrasing primary sources in an undue way. The old lead by AnotherPseudonym has been de facto accepted by many editors who have edited the article during the last few months. Your new version of the lead (essentially, a long quote from a Derrida interview) is obfuscating. --Omnipaedista (talk) 21:59, 3 February 2014 (UTC)
- It is a fact, no one owns the article, not me, not you (but it looks you don't understand that). Respect others. The difference between me and you is that I don't come here and simply revert what others do, even when I do not agree with it. You should do the same.
- No, I don't "keep making ad hominen". I use the word "incompetent" referring: do not edit beyond your means (wp: competence). You accused me of publishing original research. I proved you didn't know what you were talking about and, in my opinion, that proved you were editing beyond your means. You are still doing it.
- Please, at least, apologize for the serious accusations you have made (don't defend your self attacking me).
- You just have to read the posts here to confirm that most editors don't agree with AnotherPseudonym during December. You can find serious critics to him and his behavior (from all the editors except you). No one wants to talk with people with that king of behavior. No one wants to be insulted by people with any sense of social behavior. And if when you say "we" you are considering yourself and him... I would advice you to choose your partners better. But it is only a friendly suggestion.
- All the rest of "us" do not agree with AnotherPseudonym and you. Maybe, we just need more time than you to make our contributions referring solid sources (at least reading the basic interviews referred by the experts in the subject, but also other encyclopedias about it). We are more than two, and we are giving small contributions for this article for many more years than you.
- First: You should start by confirming that I respected most of your contributions (even if I think they are from people that do not understand properly what "deconstruction" is, how it proceeds and why it is useful to others and to whom).
- It is totally false I added a "long quote from Derrida" (this is the 3rd time you give false justifications to your behavior.)
- I proved you that each time. Last time, I explained my sources to the first paragraph( Enciclopedia Brittanica), and what I have added to the second (Rotry quotes) and to the last one (based on Encyclopedia of Stanford). Quotes from Derrida come from different interviews and articles (but most were contributions from many editors that are already in the rest of the article).
- To each paragraph I explained the reasons to my contributions.
- DO NOT REVERT. It is not polite!!(" reverting good-faith actions of other editors may also be disruptive and can even lead to the reverter being temporarily blocked from editing. (part of the Edit warring policy")
- Hibrido Mutante (talk) 00:17, 5 February 2014 (UTC)
(outdent) (i) "incompetent editor" is indeed an ad hominem attack. Please refrain from making baseless accusations. (ii) I do not agree with the impolite way AnotherPseudonym addresses other editors, but this does not mean that I do not appreciate his/her efforts at improving the article. (iii) My first comment regarding your edits on your talk page was this: "Please stop messing up the formatting of pages and stop removing [...] content without a justification". I apologize for the "clearly original research" part of my criticism above but I still abide by the belief that messing up the formatting of pages and removing content without justification (as you did in the Jacques Derrida article) is not constructive. I also still abide by the belief that the new version of the lead is obfuscating and that the rest of your additions (superficial modifications of material from other sources) consist in closely paraphrasing Derrida and Rorty in possible violation of WP:COPYVIO. I will not revert your edits anymore but I still deem those contributions to be of questionable value. As Bhny wrote above "we need more secondary references and less Derrida quotes" ("we" refers to Wikipedia editors). Eventually many of those quotes will have to be removed. --Omnipaedista (talk) 13:32, 8 February 2014 (UTC)
- I'm glad you changed your tone. Now we can work consensus ;)
- i) I've based my "accusation" in the "clearly original research" part of your criticism. You have apologize. I don't have more reasons to call your attention to it. I'm glad we can change tone.
- ii)I've tried not to delete AnotherPseudonymous efforts at improving the article. Only to complement it with a) other areas where deconstruction is used b) explanations about the two phases of deconstruction
- iii) I'm sorry if a) I've messed formatting.There were a lot of copy pastes and I agree that here and there I was not rigorous.Sorry. I see you already clean it up. Thanks, in the name of us all.b) It was not my intention to delete anything. I have already corrected it. If there was something that escaped me, fill free to point it to me. I will try to correct it asap.
- iv)I did not understand your criticism to my contributions to each paragraph and why you consider it obfuscating. I assume that after more than a quarter of a century reading about these subjects there are things that are obvious to me and can not be so to others. I assume that me, as Derrida,grown up in a different "form of life", playing a different "language game" and I would like to believe that, even so, it is possible to partially translate our perspective to English, even being aware of possible "indeterminacy of translation", "incommensurability" and/or "différend".
- iv)Considering paraphrasing, as I pointed before, I believe we are doing a proper use of it: ( "Limited close paraphrasing is appropriate within reason, as is quoting (with or without quotation marks), so long as the material is clearly attributed in the text – for example, by adding "John Smith wrote ...," together with a footnote containing the citation at the end of the clause, sentence or paragraph".)
- I believe you agree with first and second paragraph.
- Third paragraph and forth are based on: Stanford approach.: "Derrida has provided many definitions of deconstruction. But three definitions are classical. The first is early, being found in the 1971 interview “Positions” and in the 1972 Preface to Dissemination: deconstruction consists in “two phases (Positions, pp. 41-42, Dissemination, pp.4-6)").
- (...) “ Insofar as the difference is undecidable, it destabilizes the original decision that instituted the hierarchy.
- After the redefinition of the previously inferior term, Derrida usually changes the term's orthography, for example, writing “différence” with an “a” as “différance” in order to indicate the change in its status. . Différance (which is found in appearances when we recognize their temporal nature) then refers to the undecidable resource into which “metaphysics” “cut” in order to makes its decision.
- In “Positions,” Derrida calls names like “différance” “old names” or “paleonyms,” and there he also provides a list of these “old terms”: “pharmakon”; “supplement”; “hymen”; “gram”; “spacing”; and “incision” (Positions, p. 43).
- These names are old because, like the word “appearance” or the word “difference,” they have been used for centuries in the history of Western philosophy to refer to the inferior position in hierarchies.
- But now, they are being used to refer to the resource that has never had a name in “metaphysics”; they are being used to refer to the resource that is indeed “older” than the metaphysical decision".
- I'm open to develop a new version of these 2 paragraphs that presents this phases. I used material that was already in the rest of the article. I think it is a good way to say the same thing (and even better).But I'm open to review its form.
- I believe we Can do it together. Please suggest.
- Hibrido Mutante (talk) 00:01, 9 February 2014 (UTC)
- I still think that the phrase "Derrida called undecidables, that is, unities of simulacrum, "false" verbal properties (nominal or semantic) that can no longer be included within philosophical (binary) opposition: but which, however, inhabit philosophical oppositions, resisting and organizing it, without ever constituting a third term, without ever leaving room for a solution in the form of speculative dialectics (e.g. différance, archi-writing, pharmakon, supplement, hymen, gram, spacing)" should not be in the lead section. By the way, another editor attempted a re-write which has many problems. Having the phrase "With his detailed readings of works from Plato to Rousseau to Heidegger, Derrida frequently argues that Western philosophy has uncritically allowed metaphorical "depth" models to govern its conception of language and consciousness" (copypasted from Jacques Derrida) in the lead section is also not helpful. --Omnipaedista (talk) 07:26, 27 June 2014 (UTC)
I find the lead of the French version somewhat clearer:
- La déconstruction est une méthode, voire une école, de la philosophie contemporaine. Cette pratique d'analyse textuelle est employée pour décortiquer de nombreux écrits (philosophie, littérature, journaux), afin de révéler leurs décalages et confusions de sens, par le moyen d'une lecture se focalisant sur les postulats sous-entendus et les omissions dévoilées par le texte lui-même. Ce concept, participant à la fois de la philosophie et de la littérature, a obtenu une grande notoriété aux États-Unis, où il est assimilé à la philosophie postmoderne, et plus globalement à l'approche divergente de la philosophie continentale d'Europe. Si le terme « déconstruction » a d'abord été utilisé par Heidegger, c'est l'œuvre de Derrida qui en a systématisé l'usage et en a théorisé la pratique.
- Le terme de déconstruction apparaît chez Derrida pour la première fois dans De la grammatologie. Derrida expliqua qu'il souhaitait « entre autres choses » proposer une traduction pour les termes allemands de Destruktion et Abbau, que Heidegger emploie dans Être et Temps ; Derrida estime cette traduction plus pertinente que la traduction classique par destruction, dans la mesure où il ne s'agit pas tant, dans la déconstruction de la métaphysique, de la réduire au néant, que de montrer comment elle s'est bâtie.
- En traduisant et récupérant à son compte la notion de déconstruction, Derrida entendait que la signification d'un texte donné (essai, roman, article de journal) est le résultat de la différence entre les mots employés, plutôt que de la référence aux choses qu'ils représentent ; il s'agit d'une différence active, qui travaille en creux le sens de chacun des mots qu'elle oppose, d'une façon analogue à la signification différentielle saussurienne en linguistique.
I tried to translate it:
- Deconstruction is a method, or even a field, of contemporary philosophy. This type of literary analysis is used to break down a large number of written essays (philosophy, literature, newspapers) in order to reveal their discrepancies and confusions of meaning. This was done through a reading focused on implicit postulates and omissions exposed by the text itself. This concept, which takes from both philosophy and literature, became famous in the United States where it is linked to post-modern philosophy and more globally to l'approche divergente de la philosophie continentale d'Europe. (I can't really translate that). If 'deconstruction' was first used by Heidegger, it is Derrida's work that systematised and theorised its use.
- 'Deconstruction' first appeared in Derrida's book De la grammatologie, where he explains that, 'among other things', he wants to propose a translation for the German 'Destruktion' and 'Abbau', which Heidegger uses in Être et temps. Derrida feels that this translation is more relevant than the classical 'destruction' to the extent that the deconstruction of metaphysics is not as much about bringing it to nothingness as about showing how it is built.
- By translating and appropriating this notion of deconstruction, Derrida wants to show that the meaning of a given text (essay, novel, column) is the result of the difference between the words that are used, rather than of the reference to what they represent: it is an active difference, qui travaille en creux le sens de chacun des mots qu'elle oppose, d'une façon analogue à la signification différentielle saussurienne en linguistique. (I can't really translate that either).
- Thanks a lot for the translation. I like your suggestion a lot, and I would support such a move, if the suggested text for the new English lead above would be worked on a little more among different editors here. I agree that this lead is much clearer and straightforward for the lay WP reader. warshy (¥¥) 14:23, 17 April 2014 (UTC)
" It has been presumed, for instance, that speech is "closer" to present consciousness -- and therefore at one with the "true meaning" of an iteration -- than is writing."
What is an 'iteration'? For that matter, what is "present consciousness"? Is this something to do with how when a person is speaking, they are right there speaking; whereas when you read a book the author is not there? Is there a way to express this idea without resorting to jargon? And why the weird sentence structure? Why not:
"For instance: It has been presumed that speech is "closer" to present consciousness than is writing and therefore at one with the "true meaning" of an iteration." Paul Murray (talk) 05:36, 7 July 2014 (UTC)