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The development of the tank near the end of World War I prompted some nations to experiment with forming them into division-size units. Many did this the same way as they did cavalry, by merely replacing infantry with tank units and giving motorization to the support units. This proved unwieldy in combat, as the units had many tanks but few infantry units. Instead, a more balanced approach of balancing the number of tank, infantry, and artillery units within the division took place.
By the end of World War II, in most cases armored division referred to divisions with significant tank battalions and motorization for its infantry, artillery, and support units. Infantry division referred to divisions with a majority of infantry units.
Since the end of the war, most armored and infantry divisions have had significant numbers of both tank and infantry units within them. The difference has usually been in the mix of battalions assigned. Additionally, in some militaries, armored divisions would be equipped with the most advanced or powerful tanks - such as the M1A2 Abrams in the United States.
--18.104.22.168 12:26, 23 April 2006 (UTC)
This article disambiguates as the sole authority on all military uses of "division". It does not, however, deal with naval or air force divisions. I'm not part of the Wikipedia Military History Project so I think I'd do more harm than good trying to fix things: whether a quick paragraph at the top of this article could adequately deal with the naval and air uses of division or whether articles are needed for ground, naval, and air uses of the term--I don't know.
Reference: http://www.dtic.mil/doctrine/jel/doddict/data/d/01750.html If that link goes bad, use: http://www.dtic.mil/doctrine/jel/doddict/ —The preceding unsigned comment was added by 22.214.171.124 (talk) 00:31, 21 December 2006 (UTC).
Added short blurb to the effect that divisions are subsets of departments in the US and other navies. Not much, but at least a mention. Haoleguy30 01:03, 6 March 2007 (UTC)
- Reading article about Chester W. Nimitz one can see he commanded submarine, cruiser, battleship divisions. While it is not a contemporary Navy unit it is worth mentioning in the article. --Tigga en 10:23, 1 October 2007 (UTC)
What about the subunit of a fleet, task force, squadron or flotilla which is a number of ships? That doesn't match the description provided about the division of a ship. 126.96.36.199 (talk) 15:56, 18 April 2009 (UTC)
Cavalry vs. Armored
So what's the difference between an armored division & a cavalry division? The article isn't exactly clear on the difference between them.