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A manual physical therapy (Wurn Technique) which treats pelvic and vaginal adhesions and microadhesions may decrease or eliminate intercourse pain. In a controlled study, Increasing orgasm and decreasing intercourse pain by a manual physical therapy technique,  twenty-three (23) women reporting painful intercourse and/or sexual dysfunction received a 20-hour program of manipulative physical therapy. The results were compared using the validated Female Sexual Function Index, with post-test vs. pretest scores. Results of therapy showed improvements in all six recognized domains of sexual dysfunction. The results were significant (P </= .003) on all measures, with individual measures and P-values as follows: desire (P < .001), arousal (P = .0033), lubrication (P < .001), orgasm (P < .001), satisfaction (P < .001), and pain (P < .001). A second study to improve sexual function in patients with endometriosis showed similar statistical results. 
^Wurn LJ, Wurn BF, King CR, Roscow AS, Scharf ES, Shuster JJ. Increasing Orgasm and Decreasing Dyspareunia by a Manual Physical Therapy Technique. Med Gen Med 2004 Dec 14; 6(4): 47. PMID 15775874.
^Wurn LJ, Wurn BF, King CR, Roscow AS, Scharf ES, Shuster JJ. Improving sexual function in patients with endometriosis via a pelvic physical therapy. Fertil Steril. 2006; 86 (Supp 2): S29-30. Abstract.
This information comes from my own personal experience, and I hope this is enough information to help steer someone else who may have the same problem in the right direction. I'm unable to give references; however, I noticed the cause of my problem was not listed in the article. I was diagnosed with a fungal infection in my bladder that was resistant to treatment. I do not know the name of the fungus I was infected with. What I do know is that the treatment to clear up the infection required a 5 night hospital stay during which I underwent constant bladder irrigation with the medication amphotericin B. It took about five months from when the pain started for my medical team to figure out what the problem was and while intercourse was not the only time I experienced pain, it was what lead me to the right path of doctors to find the problem. My gynecologist noted that, when she pressed toward my bladder, it brought me to tears. This prompted her to send me to a urologist who was able to diagnose me. This is not a common infection, but according to my urologist, it is becoming more common and is more prevalent when you're a diabetic who has needed either strong or frequent antibiotics. If you have painful intercourse and have not been able to locate another cause, it may be worth having your doctor check for fungal infections in your bladder. One additional note, I hadn't realized that my urine being cloudy was a sign of a fungal infection, and kept having my family doctor check for a bacterial infection. If you do have a fungal infection, the cloudiness will not come and go, but will remain constant. —Preceding unsigned comment added by 333wikiuser (talk • contribs) 06:31, 23 March 2010 (UTC)
Dyspareunia – Physical causes in men - Frenum of the foreskin
The statement “During vigorous intercourse or masturbation, small tears may occour in the frenum of the foreskin and can be very painful” in the Article needs some expansion, especially the first part, because it hints at blame on the part of the man or the woman or both. See Jonathan Cope’s article for The Guardian: “Ouch!” (http://www.guardian.co.uk/lifeandstyle/2002/feb/28/healthandwellbeing.health2 ) ‘... the ... advisor’s suggestion that we were to blame for having too much sex was unhelpful, upsetting and, as I was to find, nothing to do with the problem’. Further analysis is therefore required to reach the problem.
Where the frenulum is short and slender, it is put under extraordinary relative tension during intercourse, on penetration. Thrusting is consequently difficult and with even the greatest care, it is discomforting and awkward for the man, and bruising or rupture of the frenulum is almost inevitable. This is different from masturbation where the man does not share the controls with a partner and is therefore himself able fully to control/manage the pain and risk of bruising or rupture.
Around one in twenty men have the condition (Source: Ouch! 5%). The frenulum is hidden inside the protective cover provided by the foreskin and is also further hidden, i.e. being on the underside of the penis glans. During intercourse, any apparent vigorousness in men with the condition is attributable to their attempts to avoid pain (tears and/or bruising) by their adopting or attempting combinations of long, but slow and tentative, strokes and very short strokes which naturally tend to need to be rapid and numerous to achieve sufficient stimulation, lengthways, for climax. Then the risk of tears or bruising is at its greatest. Such tears naturally increase infection risk, can bleed, and leave scar tissue.
The condition is called frenulum breve and is remediable under local anaesthetic by a surgical procedure called frenuloplasty. This may be carried out either before (i.e. as a preventative measure) or after tears occour. The procedure keeps the foreskin intact, 'has a low complication rate and, with good preoperative counselling, has excellent patient satisfaction'. (Dockray, J., Finlayson, A. and Muir, G. H. (2011), Penile frenuloplasty: a simple and effective treatment for frenular pain or scarring. BJU International. doi: 10.1111/j.1464-410X.2011.10678.x).
Given that there has been little in the way of modern published medical research and information on the subject, and that there is still much general ignorance about it: it remains difficult for men affected by the condition to find a way into the subject; to talk about it; or to know even that it is a ‘condition’; that it has a name; and that it can be remedied. Hence this contribution on the Talk page here. Abstinence, sometimes requiring unnatural degrees of self-control, is one way of avoiding the pain and difficulty. Certain consequent social interactions and situations and medical advice interactions can prove challenging though, and result in excessive inner mental /logical conflict, causing anxiety and distress. If left unresolved this can quickly become chronic and lead to a severe mental health problem which can only start to be resolved once the condition is understood and, ultimately, addressed. (See also: Professor F Grewel - The Frenum Praeputii and Defloration of the Human Male – Folia Psychiatrica, Neurologica at Neurochirurgica Neerlandica 61(2) p123-126 1958 http://www.male-initiation.net/library/medicus/grewel.html#start ).
The thought, or prospect, of any surgery in that area of the body, and given risks with any form of surgical intervention, is itself known to be distressing (whether adult or infant) and anxiety-inducing for the human male. The conservative frenuloplasty method (as described by Dockray, Finlayson and Muir and published in December 2011), with its good outcome statistics, and when combined with good pre-operative counselling, is therefore a significant step forward in understanding the condition and treating it suitably.
This is my first contribution to Wikipedia. I hope it sufficiently respects all the various protocols and so on. Please accept my apologies if falls short on those at all, but I believe it is important that the analysis above is aired and shared, and open of course to other inputs and clarifications that may arise.