Talk:E. O. Wilson

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Michael McGoodwin?[edit]

There are two long quotes by MIchael McGoodwin paraphrasing/quoting Wilson's work, neither of which is cited. Wikipedia doesn't have a page on him, either. Who is he and why should his synopsis be the first thing we see in the "Sociobiology" section? Is he hostile? Friendly? Did he write a biography of Wilson? I haven't read Sociobiology but am aware of the controversy it created: I feel it would be more appropriate to have an explanation written by a Wikipedia author about the work, or at least an introduction to the idea rather than the quote that is currently in place. — Preceding unsigned comment added by (talk) 14:04, 2 August 2011 (UTC)


Note: some earlier revisions of this article lie at Edward O. Wilson, which was started independently of the article stub originally at this title and then copied over.


This section implies that psychology, sociology, and anthropology are not sciences. Some of my colleagues are going to be disappointed by that implication. Also, the idea that the mentioned concepts can be studied scientifically is not in any way significant because almost all scientists would agree. The entry should be revised by someone qualified to write about Wilson's beliefs about the consilience of psychology with biology. (talk) 16:46, 1 January 2009 (UTC)Bob Black

Pulitzer prize year for 'On Human Nature'[edit]

On Human Nature won Pulitzer in 1979 not 1978. You can verify with these links 1979_Pulitzer_Prize & Pulitzer prize winning Harvard Scholars


uh, i don't know what your problem is. Why don't you wait for a bit so the entries on these people can be made-why wouldn't they be of relevance? A dumb of names under a see also helping is VERY useful when you like to browse-these things can easily be organized and ARE NOT a hindrance to anybody

Why wouldn't Bertrand Russell be of interest?

Moved list of people of questionable relevance to Talk

Everyone of these people is associated with Wilson-most of them personally knew him and were involved in the same field

I think these reasons are inadequate to include this list on the Edward O. Wilson page. If the names appear in the text, they'll be linked anyway. If they don't appear in the text, the relationship is too tenuous to include.
(Please take a look at any five other pages about famous people for comparison. You won't find lists of names unless you specifically select for them.)

Well I think maybe its time for that idea to change. These people are connected with Wilson. Many of them worked with him so that he could earn this "fame" you seem so obsessed with. These people are deserving of links. i will head over to other people's pages and update there's with links too.

EVERY encyclopedia has a (often extensive) list of "see alsos". The great thing about the internet is that it takes .5s to "see also". We should make use of that.

    • The function of "see alsos" in paper encyclopedias is to alert you to the presence of other articles of interest related to the one you are reading. Wikipedia does this much more elegantly by inserting links within the text itself. This also encourages the editor to provide a little information about "how" the see-alsos relate. At least a little bit of context would be helpful in this list. Dystopos 29 June 2005 22:27 (UTC)

  1. What makes these people of "questionable relevance"?
  2. How can Bertrand Russell possibly be of questionable relevance?
  3. What do these people have to do with Edward O. Wilson? -- Zoe
Presumably numbers 1 and 2 are answered by the answer to number 3. A dump of names under a "See also" heading is rarely helpful... --Brion 23:24 Oct 2, 2002 (UTC)

Zoe -- that was exactly why I moved these to Talk. Maybe there's an excellent reason why these should be on the page, put pending clarification I just moved them here for "holding".

(Incidentally, the link above is bad; should be Bertrand Russell)

Ah. I didn't undedrstand that the list had been moved from the subject article to Talk. -- Zoe

page name[edit]

If we are supposed to place pages at the most common page name, shouldnt this be at E.O. Wilson or E. O. Wilson? He is generally know by that name, or by "Ed Wilson". Guettarda 23:52, 10 May 2005 (UTC)

I agree. Make it so. Dystopos 00:28, 11 May 2005 (UTC)

  • Nobody else made it so, so I did. Dystopos 29 June 2005 22:24 (UTC)
  • My changes were reverted becuase I done 'em wrong. Sorry. Dystopos 29 June 2005 23:31 (UTC)

I've done the page move. Talrias (t | e | c) 10:33, 22 July 2005 (UTC)

Bertrand Russell[edit]

All you people are asking why Bertrand Russell wouldn't be of interest:

I just came by the talk page to see why he is of interest. So, why is he? I'm sure he influenced Wilson's work in some way but Bertrand Russell greatly influenced 20th century thought and if we started putting his name by everybody's article that he influenced we would never stop. Perhaps I'm just ignorant of how Russell specifically influenced Wilson (or sociobiology in general?). Maybe someone could point out the connection.Maprovonsha172 29 June 2005 02:14 (UTC)

No one knows? Maprovonsha172 3 July 2005 00:22 (UTC)

Criticism section[edit]

The Criticism section is a POV critique of the criticism rather then a accurate recapitulation. The implied natural fallacy of critics of different views than Wilson and his followers may equally by applied both ways. Reference to S. J. Gould might be good. See this article for further ref.:

b. regards

Someone should write up a summary of Wendell Berry's critique from his book Life is a Miracle: An Essay Against Modern Superstition, where he spends seventy pages deconstructing Wilson's book Consilience. -- September 23, 2007 —Preceding unsigned comment added by (talk) 02:18, 24 September 2007 (UTC)

Female evolutionary theorists[edit]

I would just like to comment on the lack of famous female evolutionary theorists. Where are they? Has the sexism involved in evolutionary theory been seriously discussed anywhere? -Darci p

Leda Cosmides is credited as one of the two co-founders of evolutionary psychology.--Nectar 09:32, 21 February 2006 (UTC)
Also, Lynn Margulis proved the symbiotic nature of mitochondria. She has written deeply on the evolutionary processes of early life with her son Dorion Sagan.
'Female evolutionary biologists' are like 'intermediate fossils', the only people who don't think they exist are those who have never looked for them. In fact, biology enjoys a higher representation of females than nearly any other field of science. Ashmoo 02:57, 22 March 2006 (UTC)

time to remove pov tag?[edit]

tried to remove POV from this section. should we remove the tag? Mccready 17:08, 3 March 2006 (UTC)

This obsequious, sycophantic, oleaginous and ultra-POVish article provoked in this reader a fit of biliousness. The main purpose of the article seems to be to enable a handful of nonentities to hang their own hats upon Wilson's achievements. The article should be deleted and rewritten in a more sober fashion. —The preceding unsigned comment was added by (talkcontribs) .

I think rewriting the entire article is a bit much. Though I have a favorable opinion of Wilson, I do agree with the anon in one respect--the article has a few POV problems. The use of unnecessary descriptive adjectives is a particular problem. For instance, the article says "The author was publically harassed and unfairly accused of racism . . ." and "As is true with most creative visionaries[cite]." This is not neutral. I will not add the POV tag back, but work needs to be done here. · j e r s y k o talk · 13:11, 28 August 2006 (UTC)
Fair criticism, Jersyko. I've been attempting to rewrite this article off and on for the past two months. It was in poor shape when I first discovered, so you'll have to excuse the first draft feel of it. Even though Wilson's humiliation is a a matter of public record, it can be toned down. I will concede, however, that invoking the idea of a creative visionary might be a bit much. I only used it a device to temporarily hold together his two enormous bodies of work (i.e. scientific, philosophical). Thank you for the feedback.—The preceding unsigned comment was added by Rtv233 (talkcontribs) .
I had a bit of a go at toning down some of the effusive praise, especially in the intro. I think his high standing needs to be mentioned, but should be attributed to specific authors/commentators rather than just saying 'some consider him...' Ashmoo 00:11, 1 September 2006 (UTC)
Yes, good catch on the Tom Wolfe citation. I say we drop the Darwin II quote altogether since it doesn't really matter all that much anyway. I kept Wolfe's article as a reference for the comment about the seminality and reach of Wilson's work. I also dropped the remark about Wilson's equanimity in the intro because I couldn't find any direct reference for it (although it may be in Defenders of Truth). Instead, I added a reference about his prolific career. Thanks for your input, Ashmoo.—The preceding unsigned comment was added by Rtv233 (talkcontribs) .
No problem. PS. Don' forget to sign your posts with 4 tildes. Ashmoo 01:49, 1 September 2006 (UTC)

cat vandals[edit]

I've reverted most of what appears to have been category vandalism from 21 November. The "race and intelligence controversy" cat I am only leaving because I am not sure it is not true. But it needs verification. If nobody provides some kind of argument for keeping it, I will remove it too, soon. Feel free to beat me to it. The fact that this vandalism remained for two weeks suggests to me that there may be more hiding in the last few months' changes. Anyone care to do a thorough check? — coelacan talk — 01:15, 6 December 2006 (UTC)


This is an admirable article on the subject. I believe it would be improved vastly if we would be consistent in adding in-line reference citations. You might take at look at the cite web and cite news templates. These are a bit more difficult to use but, IMO, vastly improve the output. Also, using ref name makes redundant citations a breeze. JodyB talk 13:50, 23 June 2007 (UTC)

NOVA episode[edit]

Think its noteworthy that an entire episode of PBS' NOVA series was devoted to his work, for someone who isn't the same household name as Watson & Crick (sorry Franklin, blame the media). (talk) 18:31, 20 May 2008 (UTC)

Bill Moyers[edit]

There's an interview with bill moyers available on the moyers journal website. Just lettin people know... (talk) 00:10, 21 May 2008 (UTC)

His Age[edit]

Well, he's obviously 79 (the article says 78), but I don't know how to change the info. Can anyone else do it? —Preceding unsigned comment added by (talk) 15:21, 15 June 2008 (UTC)

Science for the People[edit]

Indeed, this organization appears to have opposed him, but there is no established link between them and the violent InCAR. Dogru144 (talk)

Ants and social insects[edit]

(please consider; removed sloppy phrasing about "higher organism", some general editing)

Edward O. Wilson, referring to ants, once said that "Karl Marx was right, socialism works, it is just that he had the wrong species",[5] meaning that while ants and other social insects appear to live in communist-like societies, they do so as a result of biology: worker ants, being sterile, propagate their genes through their queen. Humans, in contrast, possess reproductive independence so they can give birth to offspring without the need of a "queen", and in fact humans enjoy their maximum level of Darwinian fitness only when they look after themselves and their families, while finding innovative ways to use the societies they live in for their own benefit.[6]

"Speared by an aborigine"[edit]

Wilson responded with a racial slur after being doused with water by an anti-racist group to which the audience cheered, but no one, including the people that were present that opposed his ideas, mentioned this at the time? This seems a bit implausable to me. The only source for the "speared by an aborigine" quote is an article by Val Dusek. " E O Wilson "Speared by an aborigine" " returns only 10 results on Google, all of which are either for Val Dusek's original article or copies of this wikipedia article. Val Dusek is a professor of philosophy at the University of new Hampshire but I can't find much information about this person on google.

I don't think the quote should be included in the article based on the low number of sources but I don't want to remove it myself because I'd rather hear other people's opinions first. Alteratively, it would be good if someone could find some more sources for the quote so that it can be kept. —Preceding unsigned comment added by (talk) 17:46, 20 January 2009 (UTC)

E. O. Wilson is not a pseudonym[edit]

The article claims that E.O. Wilson is the pseudonym of Frank B. Baird. Apparently, whoever wrote that misunderstood - Wilson was the "Frank B. Baird Jr. Professor of Science at Harvard University" - that is the title of his position, not his name. I am going to edit the article to reflect this. —Preceding unsigned comment added by Jdfoote (talkcontribs) 23:04, 27 February 2009 (UTC)

Theory of Island Biogeography[edit]

There's no mention about Wilson & MacArthur's work! The Theory of Island Biogeography was a major contribution to Ecology. Wilson's involvement should not be missing from the article.--Earrnz (talk) 00:16, 13 August 2009 (UTC)

Ant sisters only 75% same genes?[edit]

"with whom they share 75% of their genes (though the actual case is some species' queens mate with multiple males and therefore some workers in a colony would only be 25% related" Can someone help here? Is "genes" the right term? I see that 75% of their genetic material would be copied from the same actual set of genes of the drone and the queen. But don't they share a much higher percentage of the same genes, in the sense that all ants' DNA will code almost all of the same proteins? Dc3 (talk) 16:32, 11 August 2010 (UTC)

  • I think the idea here is that if selection acts primarily on genes, so that they "seek" to replicate themselves (which is what E.O.W. is claiming), then each variant of a gene will "seek" to out-reproduce other variants, even if they're identical down long stretches of DNA. If a sister contains 75% of the same genes you do, then any one of your genes is given a 75% shot of appearance in her. Your gene "wants" all its contents copied, whether they code for proteins or not, as a dominating strategy. If they're all copied, then the variations that matter will be copied as a matter of course. So the general strategy of a gene is to get itself copied and reproduced as accurately and widely as possible, and the way to do that is through promoting the interests of organisms that are most likely to contain and reproduce it. Nightspore (talk) 03:08, 12 August 2010 (UTC)

Doesn't he attack this explanation of ant social structure in his most recent Nature Analysis piece alongside Novak? —Preceding unsigned comment added by (talk) 20:39, 26 August 2010 (UTC)

Interesting. Can you provide a citation? Nightspore (talk) 03:11, 27 August 2010 (UTC)

Why "E. O." Wilson? Potential move?[edit]

Hey all, I'm a little confused with the title for this article. It seems to me that the correct title should be Edward Wilson (biologist). Anyone have any idea why it's not? Would anyone oppose a move? NickCT (talk) 18:34, 11 August 2010 (UTC)

He's very widely known as E. O. Wilson. We use the names things are most commonly known by. Friday (talk) 20:26, 11 August 2010 (UTC)
Thanks for the response Friday. I'm familar with WP:COMMONNAME. I think I was a little thrown by the idea of applying it to living people. My first thought was that surely living people should be reffered to by thier formal first and last name.
Upon reflection though, I think E.O. Edwards probably is the right name because -
1)It is the most common name (as demonstrated in search engine test below)
2)WP:COMMONNAME holds true in other BLPs (e.g. J. K. Rowling)
I retract my initial comments. This is the correct title for the article.
"E. O. Wilson" sociobiology - 260,000 hits
"Edward Wilson" sociobiology - 12,500 hits
Thanks, NickCT (talk) 21:55, 11 August 2010 (UTC)

Intelligence Citations Bibliography for Articles Related to Human Intelligence[edit]

You may find it helpful while reading or editing articles to look at a bibliography of Intelligence Citations, posted for the use of all Wikipedians who have occasion to edit articles on human intelligence and related issues. I happen to have circulating access to a huge academic research library at a university with an active research program in these issues (and to another library that is one of the ten largest public library systems in the United States) and have been researching these issues since 1989. You are welcome to use these citations for your own research. You can help other Wikipedians by suggesting new sources through comments on that page. It will be extremely helpful for articles on human intelligence to edit them according to the Wikipedia standards for reliable sources for medicine-related articles, as it is important to get these issues as well verified as possible. -- WeijiBaikeBianji (talk) 16:56, 25 August 2010 (UTC)

Planet Earth (TV series)[edit]

Why is his appearance on the TV series notable? — Arthur Rubin (talk) 02:28, 4 February 2011 (UTC)

Was your intent Planet Earth: The Future? (talk) 19:44, 5 February 2011 (UTC)
Isn't that part of the series I noted? — Arthur Rubin (talk) 20:44, 5 February 2011 (UTC)

/* External links */[edit]

I notice that there are a number of external links on this page. Please consider adding to section with videos this link to an in depth video of EO Wilson telling his life story. The video is freely available on the Web of Stories website (

* EO Wilson tells his life story at Web of Stories (video)

Fitzrovia calling (talk) 10:47, 19 May 2011 (UTC)

E. O. Wilson’s Theory of Everything[edit]

from November 2011 ATLANTIC MAGAZINE ... intro ... "At 82, the famed biologist E. O. Wilson arrived in Mozambique last summer with a modest agenda—save a ravaged park; identify its many undiscovered species; create a virtual textbook that will revolutionize the teaching of biology. Wilson’s newest theory is more ambitious still. It could transform our understanding of human nature—and provide hope for our stewardship of the planet." by Howard W. French (talk) 21:02, 8 November 2011 (UTC)

Fire ants in Alabama[edit]

The Early Life passage about Wilson's work with ants in Alabama could use some clarification. First, specifically what he found was a colony of Solenopsis invicta, the invasive Red imported fire ant. There are other fire ant species, relatively benign, that are native to the South. Second, he found it when he was 13, and it wasn't until 7 years later that he went back to Alabama to document the spread of the species. He has told versions of this story orally on more than one occasion (the lecture cited in this article, a lecture at Trinity College cited in the RIFA article). He committed a version to print in his afterword to the 40th anniversary edition of Rachel Carson's Silent Spring (2002) (ISBN 0-618-24906-0).

By rare coincidence I was the first person unofficially to record its presence. In 1942, as a thirteen-year-old Boy Scout studying ant species around my home near the Mobile docks, I discovered a single well-developed colony of red imported fire ants. Seven years later, when the species had become abundant enough to rank as a local pest, I was hired by the state of Alabama to make the first thorough study of its habits and distribution. I found that the ants were spreading radially outward from Mobile at the rate of about five miles a year.... (p. 359)

Also notice that he writes "unofficially to record," which might be nothing more than some well-taken field notes. Dgorsline (talk) 02:10, 17 March 2012 (UTC)

early life[edit]

Hi. I'm new here. I'm a college student and for my English assignment, I need to edit and add to a Wiki page and the person I'm doing it for is Edward Wilson. I was wondering if it would be a wise idea to add more to his early life section. I feel that it doesn't talk enough of how he came to become a naturalist and about his education. Could I add more about his life? The source I'm planning to use is his autobiography, Naturalist. Please give me some advice and ideas. Thank you Dianehn (talk) 20:43, 28 February 2013 (UTC)

Welcome to Wikipedia! I think that an expansion of the Early life section would be a good idea. In particular, a clarification of the fire ants story (which I commented on some time ago), referenced to a print source, would be helpful. I have added some helpful getting-started links to your talk page. Dgorsline (talk) 21:00, 3 March 2013 (UTC)

Thank you for the links on my talk page. I don't know if I should reply to you on this talk page or not. Anyways, I just read your comment about the fire ants. I agree that it needs to be clarified. Wilson does talk about the fire ants in his autobiography. I guess I would need more than one source for that right? I just started to draft some edits for the early life section. I wanted to add more details about his fishing accident because it defined what types of organisms that he would devote his time to. I also added more about how he became to gain an interest in ants. I'll keep your suggestion for the fire ants in mind. Again, thank you! Dianehn (talk) 03:06, 4 March 2013 (UTC)

Academic titles of E.O. Wilson from his original CV[edit]

You can check below, E.O. Wilso achieved a B.Sc and M.Sc in Biology and a PhD in Biology

Edward O. Wilson

Museum of Comparative Zoology Harvard University 26 Oxford Street Cambridge, MA 02138-2902

Phone: (617) 495-2315; Fax: (617) 495-1224; E-mail:

Present Title

  University Research Professor and Honorary Curator in Entomology, Harvard University. 


  Birmingham, Alabama, June 10, 1929; parents: Linnette Freeman Huddleston and Edward Osborne Wilson, Sr. (deceased). Married: Irene Kelley, 1955. One daughter: Catherine, born 1963. 


  Graduated Decatur Senior High School, Decatur, Alabama, 1946
  B.S. (biol.), University of Alabama, 1949
  M.S. (biol.), University of Alabama, 1950
  Ph.D. (biol.), Harvard University, 1955


  Alabama Department of Conservation: Entomologist, 1949
  Harvard University: Junior Fellow, Society of Fellows, 1953-56; Assistant Professor of Biology, 1956-58; Associate Professor of Zoology, 1958-64; Professor of Zoology, 1964-1976; Curator in Entomology, Museum of Comparative Zoology, 1973-97; Honorary Curator in Entomology,Museum of Comparative Zoology, 1997-; Frank B, Baird Jr. Professor of Science, 1976-1994; Mellon Professor of the Sciences, 1990-1993; Pellegrino University Professor, 1994 -June 1997; Pellegrino University Professor, Emeritus, July 1997-December 1997; Pellegrino University Research Professor, December 9, 1997-
  University of California, Berkeley: Hitchcock Visiting Professor, 1972
  Society for the Study of Evolution: President, 1973
  Marine Biological Laboratories: Board of Trustees, 1976-80
  John Simon Guggenheim Foundation: Fellow, 1976; Advisory Board, 1977-81; Committee of Selection, 1982-89
  World Wildlife Fund: Scientific Advisory Committee, 1978-; Board of Directors, 1984-94; Executive Committee, 1987-92
  National Research Council: Board on Science and Technology in International Development, 1984-86; Committee on Research Opportunities in Biology, 1985-89; Chairman, Committee on Biodiversity, 1988-90
  National Science Board Taskforce on Biodiversity, 1987-89
  Xerces Society: President, 1989-90
  New York Botanical Garden: Board of Directors, 1992-95; Honorary Manager of the Board of Directors, 1995-
  American Academy for Liberal Education: Founding Director, 1992-
  American Museum of Natural History, Board of Directors, 1993-
  The Nature Conservancy, Board of Directors, 1993-
  Conservation International, Board of Directors, 1997-
  Scientific Committee of the Ministry of the Environment, Colombia, 1999-
  U.S. National Parks Science Committee, National Park System Advisory Board, 2001-

Awards (Science):

  National Medal of Science (1976)
  Joseph Priestley Award, Dickinson College (2000)
  King Faisal Internation~ Prize for Science, Saudi Arabia (2000)
  Presidential Citation, American Psych~ogical Association (1999)
  William Procter Prize for Scientific Achievement, Sigma Xi (1997)
  First recipient, Edward Osborne Wilson Naturalist Award, The American Society of Naturalists (1997)
  Certificate of Distinction, Council of the XX International Congress of Entomology (1996)
  David Ingalls Award for Excellence, Clev~and Museum of Natural History (1995)
  Eminent Ecologist Award, Ecological Society of America (1994)
  Henry Shaw Medal, Missouri Botanical Garden (1993)
  International Prize for Biology, Government of Japan (1993)
  Association of Systematics Collections Award (1991)
  Crafoord Prize, Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences (1990)
  Prix du Institut de la Vie, Paris (1990)
  Revelle Medal, San Diego Natural History Museum (1990)
  Benjamin Dann Walsh Award, Illinois Academy of Sciences,Chicago (1989)
  Founders' Award, Field Museum, Chicago (1989)
  Terrestrial Ecology Prize of the Ecology Institute, Germany (1987)
  National Zoological Park Medal in Zoology and Conservation (1987)
  L. 0. Howard Distinguished Achievement Award, Entomological Society of America (1985)
  Tyler Prize for Environmental Achievement (1984)
  Leidy Medal, Academy of Natural Sciences (1979)
  Carr Medal, University of Florida (1979)
  Distinguished Service Award, American Institute of Biological Sciences (1976)
  Founders' Memorial Award, Entomological Society of America (1973)
  Mercer Award, Ecological Society of America (1971)
  Cleveland Research Prize, American Association for the Advancement of Science (1968)

Awards (Letters):

  Pulitzer Prize, General Non-fiction, On Human Nature (1979)
  Pulitzer Prize, General Non-fiction, The Ants (1991)
  Lewis Thomas Prize, science and letters, Rockefeller University, 2001
  International Award for Letters and Science, Nonino Foundation, Italy (2000)
  Clarence Cason Award, University of Alabama, Non-fiction Writing (1999)
  Reading for the Environment, Deutsche Umweltstiftung, The Diversity of Life (1998)
  Benjamin Franklin Award, Publishers Marketing Association, Naturalist (1995)
  Los Ang~es Times Book Prize, Science, Naturalist (1995)
  Wildlife Society Book Award, The Diversity of Life (1993)
  Hawkins Award, Outstanding Professional or Reference Work, American Publishers Association, The Ants (1991)
  Science Book of the Year, German journal Bild der Wissenschaft, Journey to the Ants (1995)
  Phi Beta Kappa Prize, Science, Journey to the Ants (1995)
  John Hay Award, Orion Society (1995)
  1994 AAAS Award for Public Understanding of Science and Technology, American Association for the Advancement of Science (1995)
  1994 Award for Increasing the Public Understanding of Science, Council of Scientific Society Presidents (1994)
  Distinguished Achievement Award, Educational Press Association of America (1994)
  Sir Peter Kent Conservation Book Prize, Book Trust, U.K.,The Diversity of Life (1994)
  Ingersoll Prize in Scholarly Letters, 1989 Richard Weaver Award, Rockford, Illinois (1989)
  Book of the Year Award, Alabama Library Association (1979)

Awards (Conservations):

  Thoreau Society Medal (2001)
  John C. Phillips Memorial Medal, World Conservation Union (IUCN) (2000)
  David B. Stone Award, New England Aquarium (1999)
  Scientific Fellow of the Wildlife Conservation Society (1999)
  100 Champions of Conservation, 20th Century, National Audubon Society (1998)
  Zoological Society of San Diego Conservation Medal (1998)
  Earthwatch Global Citizen Award (1997)
  Frances K. Hutchinson Medal, Garden Club of America (1997)
  Bruno H. Schubert Prize, Germany (1996)
  Audubon Medal, National Audubon Society (1995)
  Wildlife Conservation Award, Cincinnati Zoo (1994)
  National Conservation Achievement Award, National W~dlife Federafion (1992)
  Distinguished Service Award, Society for Conservation Biology (1991)
  Gold Medal, Worldwide Fund for Nature (WWF-International) (1990)

Awards and Recognition (General):

  Distinguished Service Award, National Association of Biology Teachers (2001)
  Lifetime Achievement Award, Time Magazine (2001) William A. Nierenberg Prize for Science in the Public Interest, Scripps Oceanographic Institution (2001)
  Kistler Prize, Foundation for the Future (2000)
  Humanist of the Year, American Humanist Association (1999)
  Sir George Deacon Medal, Fulbright Association, for interdisciplinary studies (1999)
  Benjamin Franklin Medal, American Philosophical Society
  Caroline P. and Charles W. keland Distinguished Visiting Scholar Award, Birmingham, Alabama (1998)
  McGovern Award, Cosmos Club, Washington, DC (1996)
  Bradford Washburn Award, Museum of Science, Boston (1996)
  America's 25 Most Influential People, TIME (1996)
  Laureate, Alabama Academy of Honor, State Legislature (1995)
  Phi Beta Kappa Prize for Excellence in Teaching, Harvard College (1995)
  University Medal, Complutense University of Madrid (1995)
  Levenson Prize (teacher of the year), Harvard College (1992)
  Distinguished Scientific Humanist Award, Free Inquiry (1990)
  University Medal, University of Helsinki (1989)
  Golden Plate Award, American Academy of Achievement (1988)
  Rector's Medal of the University of Bergen (1987)
  Laureate, Academy of Humanism (1983)
  Distinguished Humanist Award, American Humanist Association (1982)
  Sesquicentennial Medal, University of Alabama (1981)


  American Academy of Arts and Sciences (1959)
  American Philosophical Society (1976)
  Animal Behavior Society (1976)
  Deutsche Akademie der Naturforscher Leopoldina (German Academy of Sciences) (1977)
  Royal Society of Sciences of Uppsala (1989)
  World Economic Forum (2000)


  National Academy of Sciences (1969)

Foreign Member:

  Royal Society, England (1990)
  Finnish Academy of Science and Letters (1990)
  Russian Academy of Natural Sciences (1994) -

Honorary Life Member:

  American Genetic Association (1981)
  British Ecological Society (1983)
  Entomological Society of America (1987)
  Darwin Society, University of Bergen (1987)
  American Humanist Association (1989)
  Zoological Society of London (1992)
  Linnean Society of London (1994)
  Netherlands Entomological Society (1995)
  Association for Tropical Biology (1999)
  European Sociobiological Society (2000)
  Royal Entomological Society (2001) -

Member of founding group of the following organizations:

  International Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology (ICIPE)
  Organization for Tropical Studies (OTS)
  Ecosystems Center of the Marine Biological Laboratory-

Honorary Degrees:

  D.H.C.: University of Madrid (Complutense), 1995
  D.PhiI. (hon. caus.): Uppsala University, 1987
  Dr.Rer.Nat.(hon. caus.): University of Wurzburg, 2000
  D.Sc. (hon. caus.):
      Duke University, 1978; Grinnell College, 1978; University of West Florida, 1979;
      Muhlenberg College, 1998; Yale University, 1998;
      Cedar Crest College, 1999; State University of New York, Albany, 1999
  L.H.D: (hon. caus.):
      University of Alabama, 1980;
      Hofstra University, 1986;
      Pennsylvania State
      Lawrence University, 1979;
      Fitchburg State College, 1989;
      Macalester College, 1990;
      University of Massachusetts, 1993;
      Oxford University, 1993;
      Ripon College, 1994;
      University of Connecticut, 1995;
      Bates College, 1996;
      Ohio University, 1996;
      College of Wooster, 1997;
      University of Guclph, 1997;
      University of Portland,1997;
      Bradford College, 1997-
  LL.D. (hon. caus.): Simon Fraser University, 1982


  Griswold Lecture, Cornell University (1968)
  Bartram Lecture, Florida State University (1976)
  Messenger Lectures, Cornell University (1976)
  Distinguished Lecture, Eastern Psychological Association (1977)
  Leon Lecture, University of Pennsylvania (1977)
  Gilmour Lecture, Johns Hopkins University (1977)
  Orr Lectures, Dartmouth College (1977)
  Beatty Lectures, McGill University (1977)
  Harris Lectures, Northwestern University (1978)
  Tanner Lecture in Philosophy, University of Michigan (1979)
  Patten Memorial Lectures, Indiana University (1979)
  Annual Lecture, Carnegie Institution of Washington, D.C. (1979)
  Tamer Lecturer, Trinity College, Cambridge University (1979-82)
  Aharon Katzir-Katchalsky Lecture, Weizmann Institute, Israel(1980)
  George Gay Lecture in Ethics, Harvard Medical School (1980)
  Wilhemine Key Lecture, American Genetic Association (1980)
  Adolf Meyer Lecture, American Psychiatric Association (1981)
  Inaugural Corliss Lamont Lecture, American Humanist Association (1982)
  Philip Denecke Lecture, Oxford University (1982)
  Plenary Lecture, American Psychoanalytic Association (1982)
  Robert Clinton Rhodes Lecture, Emory University (1983)
  Loren Eisley Lecture, 'University of Pennsylvania (1983)
  Man and Ideas Lecture, Carnegie Institute (1984)
  Presidential Lecture, Rice University (1984)
  Rosenstadt Visiting Professor of Medicine, University of Toronto (1984)
  Lewis Clark Vanuxum Lecture, Princeton University (1985)
  Mangelsdorf Lecture, University of North Carolina (1985)
  Centennial Lecture, University of Arizona (1985)
  Tansley Lecture, British Ecological Society (1985)
  Felix Santschi Lecture, University of (1986)
  Distinguished Lecture, Family Theory Symposium, Georgetown University (1986)
  Joseph Leconte Lecture, Georgia Southern College (1986)
  Keynote Address, National BioDiversity Forum (1986)
  Keynote Address, Conservation 2100, New York Zoological Society (1986)
  Keynote Address, American Academy of Psychiatry and Law (1987)
  Keynote Address, Entomological Society of America (1987)
  Address, National Geographic Society Centennial (1988)
  Phi Beta Kappa Lecture, University of Miami (1988)
  Lionel Trilling Lecture, Columbia University (1988)
  Centennial Lecture, Marine Biological Laboratories, Woods Hole (1988)
  Gannon Lecture, Fordham University (1988)
  Bicentennial Lecture, Georgetown University (1989)
  Florence Mahoney Lecture, National Institutes of Health (1989)
  Hilldale Lecture, University of Wisconsin (1989)
  Centennial Lecture, Entomological Society of America (1989) NSF Graduate Research Fellowship
  Commemorative Lecture, American Zoological Society (1989)
  H. 0. Lund Lecture, University of Georgia (1990)
  Capital Lecture, Carnegie Institution of Washington (1991)
  Keynote Address, American Association of Zoological Parks and Aquaria, Providence, RI (1991)
  Cochrane Memorial Lecture in Conservation Biology, Wesleyan University (1991)
  Centennial Lecture, California Institute of Technology (1991)
  Dudleian Lecture, Harvard Divinity School (1991)
  Keynote Address, Sustainable Forestry Conference, Wilderness Society (1992)
  Lipkin Man and Nature Lecture, American Museum of Natural History (1992)
  Christmas Lecture, Public Television, University of Chicago (1992)
  Keynote Address, Endangered Species Coalition (1993)
  Inaugural Lecture, Theodor Boveri Institute, Wu~rzburg (1993)
  Siemens Foundation Lecture, Mu~nich (1993)
  Distinguished Scientist Lecture, History of Science Society (1994)
  Plenary Lecture, American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) (1995)
  Spring Environmental Lecture, American Museum of Natural History (1995)
  Annual Plenary Lecture, Thoreau Society, Concord, Massachusetts (1995)
  Keynote Address, annual meeting, The Nature Conservancy, Indianapolis, Indiana (1995)
  World Bank, Address on biodiversity, Washington, DC (1995)
  Opening Address, Environmental School Inauguration, Clark University, Worcester, Massachusetts (1995)
  Keynote Address, 150th anniversary meeting, Netherlands Entomological Society, Amsterdam (1995)
  Keynote Address, Society of Environmental Journalists, MIT, Cambridge, Massachusetts (1995)
  Keynote Address, Human Behavior and Evolution Society (1996)
  Opening Address, XX International Congress of Entomology, Florence (1996)
  Smithsonian Institution 150th Anniversary Lecture at Museum of Natural History, London (1996)
  Sermon, Great Issues of the Twenty-first Century, Cathedral of St. John the Divine, New York City (1996)
  Opening Lecture, Inauguration of Institute of Virology, Baltimore, Maryland (1996)
  Jean Mitchell Watson Lecture, Chicago (1998)
  Werner Heisenberg Lecture, Bavarian Academy of Sciences (2000)
  Keynote address, First Annual Botanical Symposium, Smithsonian Institution (2001)
  Jacob Marsehak Memorial Lecture, University of California, Los Angeles (2001)
  John H. Chafee Memorial Lecture, National Council for Science and the Environment (2001) -


  Evolutionary biology; biology of social insects; classification of ants; sociobiology; biogeography; ethical philosophy


  United States, Canada, Cuba, Puerto Rico, Trinidad-Tobago, Mexico, Costa Rica, Panama, Suriname, Brazil, Fiji, New Caledonia, Vanuatu, Australia, New Guinea, Sri Lanka


CITATION CLASSICS (Current Contents, most cited articles and books):

  Brown, W. L. and E. 0. Wilson. 1956. Character displacement. Systematic Zoology, 5: 49-64.
  MacArthur, R. H. and E. 0. Wilson. 1967. The Theory of Island Biogeography. Princeton Univ. Press, Princeton, NJ. 203 pp.
  Simberloff, D. S. and E. 0. Wilson. 1969. Experimental zoogeography of islands: the colonization of empty islands. Ecology, 50(2): 278-296.
  Wilson, E. 0. 1971. The Insect Societies. Belknap Press of Harvard Univ. Press, Cambridge, MA. 548 pp.
  Wilson, E. 0. 1975. Sociohiology: The New Synthesis. Belknap Press of Harvard Univ. Press, Cambridge, MA. 697 pp. -


  The Theory of Island Biogeography, with Robert H. MacArthur (1967)
  A Primer of Population Biology, with William H. Bossert (1971)
  The Insect Societies (1971); finalist, National Book Award, 1972; 100 Top Science Books of Century, American Scientist, 1999
  Life on Earth, with 6 co-authors (1973); second edition (1978)
  Sociobiology: The New Synthesis (1975); finalist, National Book Award, 1976; the abridged edition (1980)
  On Human Nature (1978); Pulitzer Prize, General Non-Fiction, 1979
  Caste and Ecology in the Social Insects, with George F. Oster (1978)
  Genes, Mind, and Culture, with Charles J. Lumsden (1981)
  Promethean Fire, with Charles J. Lumsden (1983)
  Biophilia (1984)
  Scientific American Readings: Ecology, Evolution, and Population Biology, editor (1974) Animal Behavior, co-edited with Thomas Eisner (1975) The Insects, co-edited with Thomas Eisner (1977)
  Biodiversity, editor (1988)
  The Ants, with Bert Holldobler (1990); Pulitzer Prize, General Non-Fiction, 1991; No.27 in "100 best nonfiction books written in English during the 20th century" (Modern Library)
  Success and Dominance in Ecosystems: The Case of the Social Insects (1990)
  The Diversity of Life (1992); finalist, National Book Critics Circle Award, 1993; finalist, Rhone-Poulene Prize; Wildlife Society Book Award, 1993; 200 outstanding books of the Century, N.Y. Public Library, 1995; Reading for the Environment, Deutsche Umweltstiftung, book prize for the German edition, 1998
  The Biophilia Hypothesis, co-edited with Stephen R. Kellert (1993)
  Journey to the Ants, with Bert Ho'lldobler (1994); finalist, Rhone-Poulenc Prize
  Naturalist (1994); Books to Remember citation, N.Y. Public Library, 1995; Best 11 Books of 1994, N. Y. Times Book Review; finalist, National Book Critics Circle Award, 1995; Benjamin Franklin Award, Publishers Marketing Association, 1995
  Biodiversity II: Understanding and Protecting Our Natural Resources, co-edited with Marjorie L. Reaka-Kudla and Don E. Wilson (1996)
  In Search of Nature (1996)
  Consilience:The Unity of Knowledge (1998)
  Biological Diversity: The Oldest Human Heritage (New York State Museum, Albany, 1999) -


  1960: Stuart A. Altmann, "A Field Study of the Sociobiology of Rhesus Monkeys, Macaca mulatta"
  1960: Alastair M. Stuart, "Experimental Studies on Communication in Termites"
  1963: William H. Bossert, "Simulation of Character Displacement in Animals"
  1964: Robert W. Taylor, "A Monographic Revision of the Ant Genus Ponera Latreille (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)"
  1969: Daniel S. Simberloff, "Experimental Zoogeography of Islands"
  1970: Donald J. Farish, "The Grooming Behavior of Hymenoptera (Insecta)"
  1970: Robert L. Jeanne, "Social Biology of the Neotropical Wasp Mischocyttarus drewseni"
  1970: William B. Kerfoot, "Daily Patterns of Ecological Communities"
  1970: Nancy K. Lind, "Studies in the Exocrinology of Ants"
  1973: Robert E. Silberglied, "Ultraviolet Reflection of Butterflies and Its Behavioral Role in the Genus Colias Lepidoptera -Pieridae)"
  1975: Robert A. Metcalf, "The Microevolution of Social Behavior in the Social Wasp Polistesfuscatus"
  1976: James D. Weinrich, "Human Reproductive Strategy: The Importance of Income Unpredictability, and the Evolution of Non-reproduction"
  1977: Roger B. Swain, "The Natural History of Monacis, A Genus of Neotropical Ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidac)"
  1978: Adrian B. Forsyth, "Studies on the Behavioral Ecology of Polygynous Social Wasps"
  1978: Herbert E. Nipson, "Inbreeding in the Ant Species Formica exsectoides"
  1983: Barbara L. Thorne, "Population and Reproductive Dynamics of Arboreal Nasutitermes (Isoptera; Termitidae) in Panama" S
  1983: Norman E. Woodley, "The World Genera of Beridinae with a Discussion of Cladistic Relationships within Stratiomyioidea and Stratiomyidae (Diptera)"
  1985: Margaret K. Thayer, "Revision of the Austral Genus Metacorneolabium and Studies in the Systematics and Biogeography of Omalime Staphylinidae (Coleoptera)"
  1986: Scott E. Miller, "Systematics of the Neotropical Moth Family Dalceridae (Lepidoptera)"
  1987: Mark W. Moffett, "Sociobiology of the Ants of the Genus Pheidologeton"
  1990: David R. Maddison, "Phylogenetic Inference of Historical Pathways and Models of Evolutionary Change"
  1992: Dan Louis Perlman, "Colony Founding among Azteca Ants"
  1994: Leeanne E. Tennant, "Ecology of a Facultative Ant-Plant 'Mutualism"'
  1995: John E. Tobin, "The Ecology and Diversity of Neotropical Rainforest Canopy Ants"
  1996: Gabn~a Chavarna-Villasenor, "Systematics and Behavior of the Neotropical Bumble Bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae: Bombus)"
  1996: Aniruddh D. Patel, "A Biological Study of the Relationship between Language and Music"
  1997: William Piel, "The Taxonomy of Neotropical Orb-Weaving Spiders in the Genus Metepeira,"  — Preceding unsigned comment added by (talk) 17:39, 15 March 2013 (UTC)