Talk:Electronic Delay Storage Automatic Calculator
|WikiProject Computing / Early||(Rated B-class, Low-importance)|
|WikiProject University of Cambridge||(Rated B-class)|
Operational until when?
Was EDSAC first or second?
For the EDSAC 99 celebrations, Cambridge and Manchester discussed the correct form of words for describing EDSAC. I believe that the form of words on http://www.cl.cam.ac.uk/conference/EDSAC99/history.html (6 May 1949) were agreed with Manchester as being correct. That is, that EDSAC was "the first complete and fully operational regular electronic digital stored program computer". Neil Dodgson (talk) 16:08, 16 April 2012 (UTC)
Using a report about Cambridge University compiled by Cambridge people is not confirmation that "Manchester agreed the wording in the article". Is there a reference to back up this claim?
The Manchester Mark 1 computer of 1949 (not to be confused with the SSEM "Baby" testbed machine of 1948, as seems to be the case in the EDSAC article) was in use for practical university research before EDSAC - that surely is evidence that Manchester had a really useful software programmable digital electronic computer working before Cambridge.
Kudos applies to both research groups - but...
Using the term "fully operation[al]" to describe the May 1949 EDSAC while claiming that the intermediate Manchester Mark 1 was not strikes me as misleading: the Manchester Mark 1 was indeed fully operational in April 1949, to the intermediate if not final specification. Evidence for that is given at the above url, which makes it clear the Mk 1 was being used for research at that time.
The Wikipedia EDSAC article explains that EDSAC was not complete in May 1949: it had no index registers which were added later (in 1953), and also had only half the intended memory when first commissioned.
EDSAC was neither more nor less "fully operational" in May 1949 than the intermediate Manchester Mark 1 of April 1949.
Neither machine was complete on those dates - which is what you'd expect with any of these early computers, all of which were works in progress throughout their operational lives.
However, both first became usefully operational on those dates - that surely is what counts?
I do not understand why the reference to the Manchester Mark 1's first use as a research machine (before EDSAC even ran its first program!) was removed.
The Manchester Mark 1 was a full scale machine (unlike the SSEM) and was available for computation in scientific research at Manchester University by April 1949. http://http://www.computer50.org.
That points to a page which states clearly:
"From this Small-Scale Experimental Machine a full-sized machine was designed and built, the Manchester Mark 1, which by April 1949 was generally available for computation in scientific research in the University"
Finally, if you really want to revert my edit, do at least make "operation" into "operational".
Regarding the mistaken edit calling EDSAC the first to go into regular service: http://www.computer50.org/mark1/MM1.html states of the April 1949 version of the Manchester Mark 1: "This Intermediary Version was available for general use by other university departments and Ferranti. For example, it was used to perform useful work on Mersenne Primes during the summer of 1949. On the night of June 16/17th 1949 it was recorded as achieving a nine-hour error-free run."
EDSAC didn't start being used for research until May 1949, and therefore, based on the evidence I quote above, was the second to go into regular service.
Please do not change this without citing a sound reference contradicting the page I quote above.
Manchester SSEM graphical computer game?
There is no reference provided to back up the claim that the Manchester SSEM ran the first graphical computer game. Unless this claim can be verified, surely it should be removed? My searching on-line indicates that the first such game ran on EDSAC: http://www.pong-story.com/1952.htm.
Wikipedia article claimed for EDSAC that "None of its components were experimental." but provided no references.
Herbert L Norris (Technician 1951-63) says:
"When working at the Engineering Laboratory (1940 - 1951), I produced a cylinder of brass about 3" diameter and 6" long, this was eventually to be covered by a ferrite material and to have a 'Head' travelling along it which was to read magnetic signals from this drum. I did not realise that I was in at the beginning of computers.
I was asked if I would like to join the Maths Lab in January 1951, and I was very pleased to do so. I never saw the drum working and I believe there was a problem with spraying the ferrite material on to give an even coat, and the development of the heads had not progressed enough to be run close to the surface."
- indicating that the mag drum store at least was indeed experimental hardware.
Donald Willis (Research Assistant 1948-50 & 1952-55) says that during 52-55:
"An experimental [tape] system was run on the EDSAC"
- likewise, some years after initial operation.
Therefore, I deleted this incorrect claim.