Talk:Functional group

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Please try to understand the questions of lower grade students[edit]

We want Wiki-the encyclo. to solve the basic problems and try to understand the questions not only in words of chemistry but in the combination of other languages too. for instance english. And the difficulties of students of lower grade should also be solved. That would be really nice of this site. Lots of thanks —Preceding unsigned comment added by 59.95.197.203 (talk) 19:13, 8 December 2007 (UTC) please give me the answer in simple words — Preceding unsigned comment added by 182.188.178.254 (talk) 07:20, 24 February 2014 (UTC)

Is moiety a synonym for functional group?[edit]

I would rather say moiety is what is marked as R in all formulas. See IUPAC definition at http://goldbook.iupac.org/M03968.html English is not my native tongue and at the moment I am struggling with the problem of how to name R groups, so I am not a definitive source ;) —Preceding unsigned comment added by Borek (talkcontribs) 10:28, 26 March 2008 (UTC)

'R' comes from "radical", although bound R's in organic molecules are not radicals in the modern sense. The word "moiety" as itself means "a half", "a section", so it appears that IUPAC thinks that small parts should not be "moieties" since they're not halves or significant sections of the molecule. In IUPAC's example, notice that the "alcohol moiety" is not R, but RO. IUPAC's example is rather unusual since an ester does not have an alcohol functional group; it does have a "formal alkoxide" (and acyl) if you want to stretch the definition. Nevertheless, an alcohol functional group should be "-OH". IUPAC's definition appears to express that although "RO-" is not an alcohol, if we synthesized an ester from an alcohol and an acyl anion equivalent, then the "RO-" half or moiety would come from the alcohol. As such, the term "moiety" is not synonymous with "functional group". --Vuo (talk) 22:24, 28 March 2008 (UTC)
They may not be synonymous, but the explanation in the article leaves something to be desired.
"The word moiety (pronounced /ˈmɔɪəti/) is often used synonymously to "functional group," but, according to the IUPAC definition,[3] a moiety is a part of a molecule that may include functional groups as substructures. For example, an ester is a functional group composed of an alcohol moiety and an acyl moiety."
This suggests the difference is that a moiety may include functional groups as substructures... but the example is of a functional group which includes moieties as substructures. There isn't a proper distinction here, and the matter is confused further by the fact that Moiety (chemistry) redirects here. I'm not competent enough to want to edit anything, here, but I think someone should.
-- Student Anselmus (talk) 01:21, 13 August 2011 (UTC)
From "Oxford English Dictionary" re "moiety":
c. Chem. and Biochem. A group of atoms forming a distinct part of a large molecule.
1935 W. A. N. Dorland & E. C. L. Miller Med. Dict. (ed. 17) 842/1 Carbohydrate moiety, the non-nitrogenous residue of the amino acids resulting from deamination.
1945 Jrnl. Biol. Chem. 159 311 The lactone moiety [of pantothenic acid] can replace pantothenic acid for growth of the above organisms.
1954 A. White et al. Princ. Biochem. xii. 265 The other penicillins have the same type of structure but have different side chains replacing the benzyl (C6H5CH2—) moiety.
1974 Nature 13 Dec. 586/2 Its molecular structure (containing both an indole and a phenylethylamine moiety) suggests the possibility of an interaction with brain monoamines.
1993 Dyes & Pigments 21 16 The electron absorption spectra presented are due to the cationic moieties.
O.E.D. re "functional group":
functional group n. Organic Chem. an atom or group of atoms which has a characteristic effect on the physical or chemical properties of the molecule to which it belongs.
1906 Chem. News 28 Sept. 159/2 The authors find that the relations between functional groups in the same molecule are not a periodic function of the position of these functional groups.
1933 Jrnl. Amer. Chem. Soc. 55 3913 When there is only one functional group, the fundamental chain will be selected so as to contain this group.
1957 G. I. Brown Introd. Org. Chem. i. 17 In a compound containing two or more functional groups, e.g. glycine.., which contains an –NH2 and a –COOH group, one of the groups may affect the properties of the other.
1983 R. O. C. Norman & D. J. Waddington Mod. Org. Chem. (ed. 4) xv. 235 Functional group isomerism, exhibited by isomers which have the same molecular formula but contain different functional groups.
-lifeform (talk) 21:40, 29 May 2014 (UTC)

Oximes and Hydrazones[edit]

Shouldn't we include oximes and hydrazones next to imines? --Kupirijo (talk) 23:14, 17 April 2008 (UTC)

Acyl Chloride?[edit]

Is it just me or is the Acyl Chloride (R-COCl) group missing? Shouldn't it be in the "groups containing oxygen" category?

Megapanphilos (talk) 18:50, 17 May 2008 (UTC)

Good article![edit]

I read it and thoroughly enjoyed it (how often can you say that about entries on chemistry?), and would submit that this article is of higher quality than just "start". —Preceding unsigned comment added by 213.243.137.56 (talk) 20:19, 16 April 2009 (UTC)

Has sulfonic ester reached the notability threshold to appear on this page?[edit]

Sulfonic ester: Sulfonate

Notability: Wikipedia:Notability

The reason I make this request arises when I read the articles on Chondroitin sulfate and Heparin, and I try to find the names of the functional groups. For that matter, I would also appreciate if anyone could give the name of NH-SO3 functional group.

On a different note, it seems that there is a need for ranking and filtering by the "notability" of functional groups, so that grade school students can see an abridged list, while other mature readers can see a much longer list, and with more details.

75.142.97.184 (talk) 05:15, 24 November 2013 (UTC)

Well there is no standalone article yet, and only a short paragraph. We have fairly poor coverage of groups of chemicals or functional groups. but I don't see why you cannot have it. Earlier today I was looking for info on the more obscure -N=S=O group which might be called "iminooxosulphurane", but I am not too sure about that. We don't have any yet for silicon, arsenic or selenium. Currently the order is reasonable going from well known to obscure. Graeme Bartlett (talk) 06:29, 24 November 2013 (UTC)

Wrong illus.[edit]

The illustration for Methyl ethyl ketone peroxide appears to be wrong. 206.130.136.162 (talk) 05:10, 15 December 2013 (UTC)

I replaced it with tert-Butyl hydroperoxide, as Methyl ethyl ketone peroxide forms a dimer - which would be an example of the next entry. Graeme Bartlett (talk) 00:40, 31 May 2014 (UTC)

Carbonyl is sp2, hydroxyl is sp3?[edit]

Under "Table of common functional groups", at the top of "Groups containing oxygen", should sp/sp2 be sp2/sp3? --lifeform (talk) 07:00, 31 May 2014 (UTC)