Great Britain in Europe
In the temperate zones paragraph why is Great Britain included in the list when it is already covered under Europe?
The phrase "[t]he idea of a geographical zone was first hypothesized by the ancient Greek scholar Aristotle" is wrong. As Strabo (63 BC to 23 CE) reports (Strab. 2,2,1-2):
"Indeed Posidonius says that (125, 15) Parmenides was the originator of the division into fi ve zones, but that he declares that the torrid [zone] is about double its real breadth, making the [zone] between the tropics extend beyond both tropics and into the temperate [zones]. Aristotle calls it (i.e., the torrid zone) [the zone] between the tropics and [he calls the zones] (125, 20) between the tropics and the arctic [circles] temperate. But he (i.e., Posidonius) justly objects to both men, for it is [the zone] that is uninhabitable on account of heat that is called torrid, whereas more than half of the breadth of [the region] between the tropics is inhabitable." [Ed. Edelstein & Kidd]
Parmenides was a pre-Socratic philosopher from Elea. I will modify the article accordingly.
- A. H. Coxon and R. D. McKirahan (eds), The Fragments of Parmenides: A Critical Text With Introduction, and Translation, the Ancient Testimonia and a Commentary, 2nd edn (Phronesis: Supplementary Volumes 3; Assen, Dover (NH), 2009), p. 160.