Talk:Geology of the Himalaya
|WikiProject Geology||(Rated C-class, High-importance)|
This seems to be from  which says ©Pierre Dèzes at the bottom. Do you have his permission to contribute this to wikipedia under the GFDL? If not then I am sorry to say that it may be deleted :(. Thue | talk 21:21, 2 Mar 2005 (UTC)
- The body of this article seems overloaded with references to journals - perhaps moving them to the end, and making this more of a Wikipedia-style article than a journal-type article would be helpful. Amar 05:34, Mar 3, 2005 (UTC)
- Actually, I am the copyright holder of the page: Geology of the Himalaya and I agree that it appears on the Wikipedia. Besides the copyright notice on [http://comp1.geol.unibas.ch/zanskar] says:
"All the documents on this site are ©Pierre Dèzes, 1999. Documents on this site can be used inasmuch as reference is clearly made to the above-mentionned publication and/or this website." Since reference is clearly made to the website on the wikipedia page, it does not infringe on the copyright and I do not see the problem.
Should you still have issues about the authorship of this article and need confirmation, please contact me with the e-mail address you will find on: [http://pages.unibas.ch/earth/tecto/query_main.htm?Members/Dezes]
Moumine 13:20, 8 Mar 2005 (UTC)
- Good. The reason why I was not sure we could use the text in spite of the permission "Documents on this site can be used inasmuch as reference is clearly made to the above-mentionned publication and/or this website" was that it is not completely clear that the allowed use included the right to modify, as required under the GFDL license that wikipedia uses. But all is well, thanks for answering, and thanks for contributing a great article to wikipedia :).
- Btw, sign your talk page comments with ~~~~ to insert a signature.
- Moumine, do you also give permission for the use of the images (I note these also come from your web pages? I ask for two reasons: (1) there is an ongoing project to remove images without copyright info from the Wiki and (2) with a bit more work this page could be a candidate for featured article status and the licening of the images would then be an issue. Andreww 05:55, 25 September 2005 (UTC)
- Himalaya is around the Namche Barwa and the Nanga Parbat, Mindat.org doesn't have a lot locations there. Although Northern Pakistan  and Tibet  have some. But, geologists write the publications, and most geologists live in developed countries. --Chris.urs-o (talk) 18:03, 21 April 2011 (UTC)
Post scriptum/ Construction site
Geology of the Himalayas (Geology of Nepal too) need some overhaul/ update. The backbone would be the review by Yin (2006), now it's the thesis by Dèzes (1999). The Himalayan orogen is a classic example of a continent-continent collision (Dewey and Bird, 1970; Dewey and Burke, 1973). The classic reviews are Wadia (1953), Gansser (1967) and Le Fort (1975).
- The central Himalayan orogen is covered by: Le Fort (1996), Hodges (2000), Johnson (2002), DeCelles et al. (2002), and Avouac (2003).
- The western Himalayan orogen is covered by: Searle et al. (1992), Thakur (1992), Steck (2003), and DiPietro and Poguue (2004).
- The eastern Himalayan orogen is covered by: Acharyya (1980), Singh and Chowdhary (1990), and Kumar (1997).
- Impact on the overall Indo-asian collision zone and evolution of great rivers in Asia: Patriat and Achache (1984), Dewey et al. (1989), Le Pichon et al. (1992), Brookfield (1998), Hallet and Molnar (2001), Clark et al. (2004).
- The Higher Himalaya is discontinuous and sometimes lower than the Lower Himalaya.
- The Greater Himalayan Crystalline Complex (GHC) has high-grade metamorphic rocks below the fossiliferous Tethyan Himalayan Sequence, but the basal parts of the Tethyan Himalayan Sequence (THS) in northern Nepal and south-central Tibet also exhibit up to amphibolite facies metamorphism (File:Metamorphic_Facies.jpg & Metamorphism#Metamorphic grades).
- Following changes are proposed:
- North Himalaya instead of Tethyan Himalaya or Tibetan Himalaya
- South Himalaya is divided in Higher, Lower and sub-Himalaya
- The Himalayan range is divided in Basal (<1,500 m), Middle (1,500-3,500 m), and Upper Himalaya (>3,500 m)
- The Himalayan orogen is divided in western (66°-81°), central (81°-89°), and eastern (89°-98°) segments
- The whole Precambrian and Phanerozoic sequence in the Himalayan region is the North Indian Sequence (NIS)
- References, basics
- Dewey, J.F., Bird, J.M. (1970). "Mountain belts and new global tectonics". Journal of Geophysical Research 75 (14): 2625–2685. doi:10.1029/JB075i014p02625.
- Dewey, J.F., Burke, K. (1973). "Tibetan, Variscan and Precambrian basement reactivation: products of continental collision". Journal of Geology 81 (6): 683–692. doi:10.1086/627920.
- Dewey, J.F. (1988). "Extensional collapse of orogens". Tectonics 7 (6): 1123–1139. Bibcode:1988Tecto...7.1123D. doi:10.1029/TC007i006p01123.
- Dewey, J.F.; Cande, S.; Pitman III, W.C. (1989). "Tectonic evolution of the Indian/Eurasia Collision Zone". Eclogae geologicae Helvetiae 82 (3): 717–734.
- Dèzes, Pierre (1999). "Tectonic and metamorphic Evolution of the Central Himalayan Domain in Southeast Zanskar (Kashmir, India)". Mémoires de Géologie. Doctoral thesis (Universite de Lausanne) 32: 149. ISSN 1015-3578.
- Gansser, Augusto (1964). Geology of the Himalayas. London/New York/Sydney: Wiley Interscience. p. 289.
- Gansser, Augusto (1981). "The Geodynamic History of the Himalaya, in Zagros, Hindu Kush". In Gupta, H. K. and Delany, F. M. Himalaya-Geodynamic Evolution. Geodynamic Series 3. American Geophysical Union. pp. 111–121.
- Gansser, Augusto (1983). Geology of Bhutan Himalaya. Basel/Boston/Stuttgart: Birkhäuser. p. 181. ISBN 3-7643-1371-4.
- Heim, Arnold; Gansser, Augusto (1939). Central Himalaya Geological Observations of Swiss Expedition, 1936. p. 246.
- Le Fort, P. (1975). "Himalayas—collided range—present knowledge of continental arc" (PDF). American Journal of Science (A275): 1–44.
- Le Fort, P. (1996). "Evolution of the Himalaya". In Yin, A., Harrison, T.M. The Tectonics of Asia. New York: Cambridge University Press. pp. 95–106.
- Upreti, Bishal Nath and Le Fort, Patrick (1999). "Lesser Himalayan crystalline nappes of Nepal: Problems of their origin". Geological Society of America Special Papers 328: 225–238. doi:10.1130/0-8137-2328-0.225.
- Wadia, D.N. (1953). Geology of India (3 ed.). London: MacMillan and Co. Limited. p. 553.
- Yin, An (May 2006). "Cenozoic tectonic evolution of the Himalayan orogen as constrained by along-strike variation of structural geometry, exhumation history, and foreland sedimentation" (PDF). Earth-Science Reviews 76 (1–2): 1–131. doi:10.1016/j.earscirev.2005.05.004.
- Yin, An (November 2006). "Erratum to “Cenozoic tectonic evolution of the Himalayan orogen as constrained by along-strike variation of structural geometry, exhumation history, and foreland sedimentation” [Earth-Science Reviews 76 (2006 1–131)]". Earth-Science Reviews 79 (1–2): 163–164. doi:10.1016/j.earscirev.2006.08.005.
- Yin, An (5 June 2010). "Cenozoic tectonic evolution of Asia: A preliminary synthesis" (PDF). Tectonophysics 488 (1-4): 293–325. doi:10.1016/j.tecto.2009.06.002.
- Acharyya, S.K. (1980). "Structural framework and tectonic evolution of the eastern Himalaya". Himalayan Geology 10: 412–439.
- Avouac, J.P. (2003). "Mountain building, erosion, and the seismic cycle in the Nepal". Advances in Geophysics 46: 1–80. doi:10.1016/S0065-2687(03)46001-9. Text "urlhttp://mh-gps-p1.caltech.edu/~avouac/classes/GE277/Avouac04.pdf " ignored (help)
- Brookfield, M.E. (1998). "The evolution of the great river systems of southern Asia during the Cenozoic India–Asia collision: rivers draining southwards". Geomorphology 22 (3–4): 285–312. doi:10.1016/S0169-555X(97)00082-2.
- Clark, M.K., Schoenbohm, L.M., Royden, L.H., Whipple, K.X., Burchfiel, B.C., Zhang, X., Tang, W., Wang, E., Chen, L. (2004). "Surface uplift, tectonics, and erosion of eastern Tibet from largescale drainage patterns" (PDF). Tectonics 23: TC1006.
- DeCelles, P.G., Robinson, D.M., Zandt, G. (2002). "Implications of shortening in the Himalayan fold-thrust belt for uplift of the Tibetan Plateau" (PDF). Tectonics 21 (6): 1062.
- DiPietro, J.A., Pogue, K.R. (2004). "Tectonostratigraphic subdivisions of the Himalaya: a view from the west" (PDF). Tectonics 23 (5): TC5001. doi:10.1029/2003TC001554.
- Hallet, B., Molnar, P. (2001). "Distorted drainage basins as markers of crustal strain east of the Himalaya" (PDF). Journal of Geophysical Research 106: 13697–13709. doi:10.1029/2000JB900335.
- Hodges, K.V. (2000). "Tectonics of the Himalaya and southern Tibet from two perspectives". Geological Society America Bulletin 112 (3): 324–350. doi:10.1130/0016-7606(2000)112<324:TOTHAS>2.0.CO;2. ISSN 0016-7606.
- Johnson, M.R.W. (2002). "Shortening budgets and the role of continental subduction during the India–Asia collision" (PDF). Earth-Science Reviews 59: 101–123. doi:10.1016/S0012-8252(02)00071-5.
- Kumar, G. (1997). Geology of Arunachal Pradesh. Bangalore: Geological Society of India. p. 217.
- Le Pichon, Xavier; Fournier, Marc; Jolivet, Laurent (1992). "Kinematics, topography, shortening, and extrusion in the India-Eurasia collision" (PDF). Tectonics 11 (6): 1085–1098. Bibcode:1992Tecto..11.1085L. doi:10.1029/92TC01566.
- Patriat, P., Achache, J. (1984). "India–Eurasia collision chronology has implications for crustal shortening and driving mechanism of plates". Nature 311 (5987): 615– 621. doi:10.1038/311615a0.
- Searle, M.P., Waters, D.J., Rex, A.J., Wilson, R.N. (1992). "Pressure, temperature, and time constraints on Himalayan metamorphism from eastern Kashmir and western Zanskar". Journal of the Geological Society, London 149 (5): 753–773. doi:10.1144/gsjgs.149.5.0753.
- Singh, S., Chowdhary, P.K. (1990). "An outline of the geological framework of the Arunachal Himalaya". Journal of Himalayan Geology 1: 189–197.
- Steck, A. (2003). "Geology of the NW Indian Himalaya". Eclogae Geologicae Helvetiae 96: 147–213.
- Thakur, V.C. (1992). Geology of Western Himalaya. New York: Pergamon Press. p. 363.