Talk:Ili Rebellion

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Xinjiang coalition government[edit]

http://books.google.com/books?id=XeBxAAAAMAAJ&q=ma+tingxiang&dq=ma+tingxiang&hl=en&sa=X&ei=Q4-kUKOHObTW0gHPyYHQCQ&ved=0CE8Q6AEwCQ

http://books.google.com/books?id=tOudnMANP80C&pg=PA42&dq=ma+tingxiang&hl=en&sa=X&ei=Q4-kUKOHObTW0gHPyYHQCQ&ved=0CDQQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=ma%20tingxiang&f=false

http://books.google.com/books?id=suuXIhetjZcC&pg=PA97#v=onepage&q&f=false

http://books.google.com/books?id=rsLQdBUgyMUC&pg=PA90#v=onepage&q&f=false


http://books.google.com/books?id=suuXIhetjZcC&pg=PA238&dq=Ma+tingxian&hl=en&sa=X&ei=T5KkUPbQEeLa0QGB4oDoDw&ved=0CDUQ6AEwAg#v=onepage&q=Ma%20tingxian&f=false

http://books.google.com/books?id=tOudnMANP80C&pg=PA41&dq=Ma+tingxian&hl=en&sa=X&ei=T5KkUPbQEeLa0QGB4oDoDw&ved=0CDsQ6AEwBA#v=onepage&q=Ma%20tingxian&f=false

http://www.columbia.edu/~kfs2110/xinjiang/

Rajmaan (talk) 06:26, 11 March 2013 (UTC)

Start of the war[edit]

http://select.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=F40B13FE385C167B93C1A9178FD85F408485F9

http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=vIAtAAAAIBAJ&sjid=OZkFAAAAIBAJ&pg=5313,277625&dq=chinese+japanese+moslem&hl=en

Rajmaan (talk) 06:55, 19 November 2012 (UTC)

Turfan rebellion against the KMT and Masud Sabri[edit]

http://books.google.com/books?id=tOudnMANP80C&pg=PA82&dq=Masud+sabri+turfan+revolt&hl=en&sa=X&ei=ak-sULvDJI7W0gGzz4H4Dg&ved=0CC8Q6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=Masud%20sabri%20turfan%20revolt&f=false

http://books.google.com/books?id=IAs9AAAAIAAJ&pg=PA211&dq=Masud+sabri+turfan+revolt&hl=en&sa=X&ei=ak-sULvDJI7W0gGzz4H4Dg&ved=0CDIQ6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q=Masud%20sabri%20turfan%20revolt&f=false

http://books.google.com/books?id=8FVsWq31MtMC&pg=PA222#v=onepage&q&f=false

422

In mid-July, shortly after Masud Sabri's inauguration, a revolt broke out in Turfan, southeast of Tihua, and on August 26 the Ining leaders withdrew from Tihua. By the end of October, Ining forces appeared to threaten Tihua. They were reported ...

http://books.google.com/books?id=sxk5AAAAMAAJ&q=Masud+sabri+turfan+revolt&dq=Masud+sabri+turfan+revolt&hl=en&sa=X&ei=ak-sULvDJI7W0gGzz4H4Dg&ved=0CDgQ6AEwAw

271

... however, the rebellion of July 1947 was not a premeditated uprising by the Yili Regime.79 After Masud Sabri took up ... Abdul Rahman and Baudon, vice-head of Turpan County, secretly left Turpan for Sanbao, where they met Namenjan, ...

http://books.google.com/books?id=XeBxAAAAMAAJ&q=Masud+sabri+turfan+revolt&dq=Masud+sabri+turfan+revolt&hl=en&sa=X&ei=ak-sULvDJI7W0gGzz4H4Dg&ved=0CDsQ6AEwBA

252 253

On May 28, 1947, the appointment of Masud Sabri as Governor of Sinkiang was announced. Masud Sabri was a ... On July 7, 1947, Uighur revolt broke out openly, this time in the Turfan, Shanshan, and Toksun oases. In Turfan, it developed ...

http://books.google.com/books?id=meqzAAAAIAAJ&q=Masud+sabri+turfan+revolt&dq=Masud+sabri+turfan+revolt&hl=en&sa=X&ei=ak-sULvDJI7W0gGzz4H4Dg&ved=0CEEQ6AEwBg

Rajmaan (talk) 17:10, 10 April 2013 (UTC)

Soviet and white russian support for ili rebels[edit]

http://books.google.com/books?id=IAs9AAAAIAAJ&pg=PA176#v=onepage&q&f=false kmt one week resistance

http://books.google.com/books?id=IAs9AAAAIAAJ&pg=PA177#v=onepage&q&f=false white russians and soviets aiding the rebels by directly fighting china

http://books.google.com/books?id=IAs9AAAAIAAJ&pg=PA178#v=onepage&q&f=false white russian participation in the rebellion, many russian casualties

http://books.google.com/books?id=IAs9AAAAIAAJ&pg=PA180#v=onepage&q&f=false soviet aid to rebels

http://books.google.com/books?id=IAs9AAAAIAAJ&pg=PA181#v=onepage&q&f=false

http://books.google.com/books?id=IAs9AAAAIAAJ&pg=PA182#v=onepage&q&f=false

http://books.google.com/books?id=IAs9AAAAIAAJ&pg=PA183#v=onepage&q&f=false

http://books.google.com/books?id=IAs9AAAAIAAJ&pg=PA184#v=onepage&q&f=false tungans in ili did not take part in the rebel movement

http://books.google.com/books?id=IAs9AAAAIAAJ&pg=PA185#v=onepage&q&f=false Ishaq Beg commanded GPU against Ma zhongying along with white russian polinov

http://books.google.com/books?id=IAs9AAAAIAAJ&pg=PA186#v=onepage&q&f=false

http://books.google.com/books?id=IAs9AAAAIAAJ&pg=PA187#v=onepage&q&f=false soviet soldiers directly fighting alongside the rebels

http://books.google.com/books?id=IAs9AAAAIAAJ&pg=PA188#v=onepage&q&f=false cyrillic writing soviet admission of support for east turkestan republic

http://books.google.com/books?id=IAs9AAAAIAAJ&pg=PA174#v=onepage&q&f=false

http://books.google.com/books?id=IAs9AAAAIAAJ&pg=PA175#v=onepage&q&f=false

http://books.google.com/books?id=mXXnd81uoMoC&pg=PA240#v=onepage&q&f=false


http://books.google.com/books?id=IAs9AAAAIAAJ&pg=PA173#v=onepage&q&f=false http://books.google.com/books?id=IAs9AAAAIAAJ&pg=PA174#v=onepage&q&f=false http://books.google.com/books?id=IAs9AAAAIAAJ&pg=PA175#v=onepage&q&f=false

Rajmaan (talk) 05:42, 11 March 2013 (UTC)

anti han massacres[edit]

http://books.google.com/books?id=IAs9AAAAIAAJ&pg=PA178#v=onepage&q&f=false

http://books.google.com/books?id=IAs9AAAAIAAJ&pg=PA179#v=onepage&q&f=false

http://books.google.com/books?id=IAs9AAAAIAAJ&pg=PA183#v=onepage&q&f=false

http://books.google.com/books?id=IAs9AAAAIAAJ&pg=PA184#v=onepage&q&f=false

http://books.google.com/books?id=IAs9AAAAIAAJ&pg=PA217#v=onepage&q&f=false all han were forbidden to carry weapons in ETR controlled territory, ETR was a police state and official languages were turkic and russian while chinese language was forbidden

Pro KMT uyghurs[edit]

masud sabri, yulbars khan, and isa alptekin were against the second east turkestan republic

http://books.google.com/books?id=IAs9AAAAIAAJ&pg=PA191#v=onepage&q&f=false

http://books.google.com/books?id=rsLQdBUgyMUC&pg=PA90#v=onepage&q&f=false

Ma bufang and ma chengxiang's Hui cavalry from qinghai[edit]

http://books.google.com/books?id=IAs9AAAAIAAJ&pg=PA167#v=onepage&q&f=false

han reinforcements numering four divisions of the 2nd army

Hui (chinese muslim) reinforcements from qinghai made up the 5th cavalry army and 42nd cavalry army

100,000 han and hui soldiers total serving the kuomintang against uyghur rebels

http://books.google.com/books?id=IAs9AAAAIAAJ&pg=PA168#v=onepage&q&f=false

http://books.google.com/books?id=IAs9AAAAIAAJ&pg=PA245#v=onepage&q&f=false

General Chang Chih-chung, director of the Chinese National Military ... to bring back reinforcements from the war lord army of General Ma Pu-fang,

http://select.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=F70E10F63F5C10728DDDAB0A94D8415B8588F1D3

Gem a Pu-fang, the semi-independent Governor of Tsinghai, is able to conscript ... ]Via Tean, .one of many officials lere bearing the common name of Ma. ... !and in Sinkiang,. to help the Cen:tral Government contain Turkis and Outer Mongols.

http://select.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=F70A10F93458157A93CBA81782D85F4C8485F9

Ma Pu-fang. The Briton said thousands of refugees are stranded along the Kansu -Sinkiang highway near Kiu- chan in the Kansu oil field area He added that the ...

http://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/baltsun/access/1684503592.html?FMT=ABS&FMTS=ABS:AI&type=historic&date=Oct+22%2C+1945&author=&pub=The+Sun+(1837-1985)&desc=Red+Troops+Reported+Aiding+Sinkiang+Rebels+Fight+China&pqatl=google

http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=DYsQAAAAIBAJ&sjid=F5MDAAAAIBAJ&pg=1787,241266&hl=en

Rajmaan (talk) 08:01, 1 December 2012 (UTC)

Ma Chengxiang's forces[edit]

http://books.google.com/books?id=BpFTB5qYfJ4C&pg=PT198&dq=of+the+78th+Division,+LuoShuren,+the+commander+ofthe179th+Brigade,and+Ma+Chengxiang,+the+commander+ofthe+5th+Rivalry+Army&hl=en&sa=X&ei=nosoU_jtJYrF0QG_74HIAw&ved=0CCwQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=of%20the%2078th%20Division%2C%20LuoShuren%2C%20the%20commander%20ofthe179th%20Brigade%2Cand%20Ma%20Chengxiang%2C%20the%20commander%20ofthe%205th%20Rivalry%20Army&f=false

Page 373

http://books.google.com/books?id=XeBxAAAAMAAJ&q=Ma+Chengxiang+was+the+commander+of+the+former+Fifth+Cavalry+Army+in+Western+Gansu,&dq=Ma+Chengxiang+was+the+commander+of+the+former+Fifth+Cavalry+Army+in+Western+Gansu,&hl=en&sa=X&ei=t4soU4HRKKHy0gH10YDoCg&ved=0CCoQ6AEwAA

Rajmaan (talk) 18:17, 18 March 2014 (UTC)

Telegrams[edit]

http://images.library.wisc.edu/FRUS/EFacs/1946v10/reference/frus.frus1946v10.i0012.pdf

Title Foreign Relations of the United States, Volume 10 Volume 11321; Volume 11355; Volume 11374; Volumes 11441-11446 of Department of State publication Foreign relations of the United States, United States. Dept. of State Author United States. Dept. of State Contributor University of Wisconsin--Madison. Libraries Publisher U.S. Government Printing Office, 1972

Pages 101, 102, 103

http://books.google.com/books?id=justAAAAYAAJ&q=Robertson+telegram+chungking+sinkiang&dq=Robertson+telegram+chungking+sinkiang&hl=en&sa=X&ei=yIwoU528HMjF0QG-4oCYBQ&ved=0CC4Q6AEwAA

101

http://books.google.com/books?id=justAAAAYAAJ&q=CHINESE+ATTEMPTS+TO+RESOLVE+LOCAL+PROBLEMS+IN+SINKIANG+AND+SOVIET+ATTEMPTS+TO+ACQUIRE+...+Robertson+8%263.00/1-846+:+Telegram+The+Charge+in+China+(Robertson)+to+the+Secretary+of+State+Chungking,+January+8,+1946+...&dq=CHINESE+ATTEMPTS+TO+RESOLVE+LOCAL+PROBLEMS+IN+SINKIANG+AND+SOVIET+ATTEMPTS+TO+ACQUIRE+...+Robertson+8%263.00/1-846+:+Telegram+The+Charge+in+China+(Robertson)+to+the+Secretary+of+State+Chungking,+January+8,+1946+...&hl=en&sa=X&ei=2IwoU_3KBIPB0gGb5ICgBA&ved=0CCgQ6AEwAA

http://books.google.com/books?id=justAAAAYAAJ&q=CHINESE+ATTEMPTS+TO+RESOLVE+LOCAL+PROBLEMS+IN+SINKIANG+AND+SOVIET+ATTEMPTS+TO+ACQUIRE+EXCLUSIVE+TRADE+CONCESSIONS+IN+THAT+PROVINCE+1+893.00/1-246+:+Telegram+The+Charge+in+China+(Robertson)+to+the+...&dq=CHINESE+ATTEMPTS+TO+RESOLVE+LOCAL+PROBLEMS+IN+SINKIANG+AND+SOVIET+ATTEMPTS+TO+ACQUIRE+EXCLUSIVE+TRADE+CONCESSIONS+IN+THAT+PROVINCE+1+893.00/1-246+:+Telegram+The+Charge+in+China+(Robertson)+to+the+...&hl=en&sa=X&ei=bI0oU_aPG-nt0gGU-IDoCQ&ved=0CCgQ6AEwAA

http://books.google.com/books?id=justAAAAYAAJ&q=Robertson+8%263.00/1-846+:+Telegram+The+Charge+in+China+(Robertson)+to+the+Secretary+of+State+Chungking,+January+8,+1946+—+8+a.+m.+%5BReceived+2+:+47+p.+m.%5D+48.+By+series+of+six+telegrams+dated+January+3+(two+badly+garbled+and+being&dq=Robertson+8%263.00/1-846+:+Telegram+The+Charge+in+China+(Robertson)+to+the+Secretary+of+State+Chungking,+January+8,+1946+—+8+a.+m.+%5BReceived+2+:+47+p.+m.%5D+48.+By+series+of+six+telegrams+dated+January+3+(two+badly+garbled+and+being&hl=en&sa=X&ei=n40oU77DBcbD0AHbk4DgBw&ved=0CCgQ6AEwAA

Don't use a blog as a source, but it can be useful to find other sources.

http://chuckkraus.wordpress.com/2010/03/21/douglas-mackiernan-osman-batur-and-the-kazakh-exodus/

Page 569

Most of Ashan Zone, according to Osman, is to all intents a part of the Soviet Union. ... The Kazaks in Peitashan are all loyal to Osman and regard him as an able leader who will do his best to get them back to their native home in northern Ashan. Osman declares that given an initial supply of weapons and ammunition, sufficient to start an offensive, he could remove Outer Mongolian threat to Peitashan and clear Ashan zone of the Reds under Talihan, keeping themselves supplied as ...

http://books.google.com/books?id=wT6XSOnIoUgC&q=all+loyal+to+Osman+and+regard+him+as+an+able+leader+who+will+do+his+best+to+get+them+back+to+their+native+home+in+northern+Ashan.+Osman+declares+that+given+an+initially+supply+of+weapons+and+ammunition,+sufficient+to+start+an+offensive,+he&dq=all+loyal+to+Osman+and+regard+him+as+an+able+leader+who+will+do+his+best+to+get+them+back+to+their+native+home+in+northern+Ashan.+Osman+declares+that+given+an+initially+supply+of+weapons+and+ammunition,+sufficient+to+start+an+offensive,+he&hl=en&sa=X&ei=LaWxUJ7uNOPO0QGxsoDIDg&ved=0CDQQ6AEwAA

Page 37

There has also been trouble at Peita- shan, a mud-garrison hamlet on the Peita- shan range two days' drive from Sin- ... Sinkiang's Governor General Masud Sabri has posted rerj-lettered public warnings in Tihua streets: "None may plot ...

http://books.google.com/books?id=xS87AQAAIAAJ&q=peitashan+time+sabri&dq=peitashan+time+sabri&hl=en&sa=X&ei=u6qxUMD5AumB0AGg94GQBw&ved=0CDEQ6AEwAA

Page 178

This time he crossed via Karakoram Pass against the threat of Sarikol bandits who took advantage of the insecure rule by the national government. ... In the fall of 1948 he returned to India through the Hunza passage.103 In June, 1947 after Masud Sabri had become the ... At this time, however, Chief Osman turned on his old allies and began to support the Kuomintang; but after the Battle of Peitashan, ...

http://books.google.com/books?id=r2ZTAAAAYAAJ&q=peitashan+time+sabri&dq=peitashan+time+sabri&hl=en&sa=X&ei=u6qxUMD5AumB0AGg94GQBw&ved=0CDQQ6AEwAQ

Page 178

This time he crossed via Karakoram Pass against the threat of Sarikol bandits who took advantage of the insecure rule by the national government. ... In the fall of 1948 he returned to India through the Hunza passage.103 In June, 1947 after Masud Sabri had become the ... At this time, however, Chief Osman turned on his old allies and began to support the Kuomintang; but after the Battle of Peitashan, ...

http://books.google.com/books?id=xMIuAQAAIAAJ&q=peitashan+time+sabri&dq=peitashan+time+sabri&hl=en&sa=X&ei=u6qxUMD5AumB0AGg94GQBw&ved=0CDcQ6AEwAg

Page 207

The oflicial reply of the Outer Mongolian Government came at about the same time, being dated June 22, 1947. ... 1°' The hostilities in the Peitashan area had scarcely ceased when Sinkiang was plagued by troubles from another quarter, namely, the fertile Ili ... ~.7im with the Chinese if Governor Masud Sabri were removed.

http://books.google.com/books?id=NusmAQAAMAAJ&q=peitashan+time+sabri&dq=peitashan+time+sabri&hl=en&sa=X&ei=u6qxUMD5AumB0AGg94GQBw&ved=0CDoQ6AEwAw

Page 367

In this way they could claim to have the majority of the regional assembly in Ining. 20 Mazud Sabri, the Governor of ... On June 5, 1947, a border incident took place near Peitashan, with Soviet planes participating in the fighting under the guise ... New York Times, September 23, 1947; New York Herald Tribune, October i, 1.

http://books.google.com/books?id=Ll_RAAAAMAAJ&q=peitashan+time+sabri&dq=peitashan+time+sabri&hl=en&sa=X&ei=u6qxUMD5AumB0AGg94GQBw&ved=0CD0Q6AEwBA

Rajmaan (talk) 06:08, 25 November 2012 (UTC)

Anti soviet policies of the KMT[edit]

KMT's anti soviet counter measures

http://books.google.com/books?id=IAs9AAAAIAAJ&pg=PA217#v=onepage&q&f=false

Rajmaan (talk) 06:36, 10 December 2012 (UTC)

KMT wresting of Xinjiang from the Soviet sphere (with the aid of Ma Bufang)[edit]

The conclusions drawn on the Tibetan issue are Lin Hsiao-ting's opinions, but he offers hard facts about what the KMT and Ma Budang did to wrest Xinjiang from the Soviets.

http://www.thefreelibrary.com/Between+rhetoric+and+reality%3A+nationalist+China's+Tibetan+agenda...-a099019937

http://www.questia.com/library/1G1-99019937/between-rhetoric-and-reality-nationalist-china-s

Ma Bufang was prodded by the KMT into cooperating against the Soviets and Tibetans, and reigning in his brother Ma Buqing, who was obstrucing access through Gansu.

http://books.google.com/books?id=rsLQdBUgyMUC&pg=PA80#v=onepage&q&f=false

http://www.silkroadstudies.org/new/docs/CEF/Quarterly/February_2007/Lin.pdf

Ma Bufang dealing with kazakhs.

http://books.google.com/books?id=osn1WrRCelcC&pg=PA112#v=onepage&q&f=false

http://books.google.com/books?id=osn1WrRCelcC&pg=PA120#v=onepage&q&f=false

http://books.google.com/books?id=osn1WrRCelcC&pg=PA231#v=onepage&q&f=false

http://www.ubcpress.ca/books/pdf/chapters/2006/tibetandnationalistchina'sfrontier.pdf

Rajmaan (talk) 06:35, 6 April 2013 (UTC)