Talk:Ingolstadt

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Twin Towns[edit]

Bendigo, Australia is not a twin town of Ingolstadt [1]. So I removed it from the list. --Bonuama 16:41, 26 July 2007 (UTC)


Two(2) Sections Wikified: 22:45, 6 September 2007 (UTC) —Preceding unsigned comment added by Dmastad (talkcontribs)

coat of arms[edit]

Were did ingolstadt get this rather stranger blue dragon coat of arms? What's it's history?

--95.209.60.34 (talk) 20:08, 6 October 2012 (UTC)

Illuminati founded in Bavaria[edit]

Adam Weishaupt founded the Illuminati for what reason? Illuminavissem (talk) 18:31, 7 April 2014 (UTC)


On May day 1776 Johann Adam Weishaupt founded the "Illuminati" in the Electorate of Bavaria. He adopted the name of "Brother Spartacus" within the order. Although the Order was not egalitarian or democratic internally, it sought to promote the doctrines of equality and freedom throughout society.[17]

The actual character of the society was an elaborate network of spies and counter-spies. Each isolated cell of initiates reported to a superior, whom they did not know: a party structure that was effectively adopted by some later groups.[17]

Weishaupt was initiated into the Masonic Lodge "Theodor zum guten Rath", at Munich in 1777. His project of "illumination, enlightening the understanding by the sun of reason, which will dispel the clouds of superstition and of prejudice" was an unwelcome reform.[17] Soon however he had developed gnostic mysteries of his own,[citation needed] with the goal of "perfecting human nature" through re-education to achieve a communal state with nature, freed of government and organized religion. He began working towards incorporating his system of Illuminism with that of Freemasonry.[17]

Contrary to Immanuel Kant's famous dictum that Enlightenment (and Weishaupt's Order was in some respects an expression of the Enlightenment Movement) was the passage by man out of his 'self-imposed immaturity' through daring to 'make use of his own reason, without the guidance of another,' Weishaupt's Order of Illuminati prescribed in great detail everything which the members had obediently to read and think, so that Dr. Wolfgang Riedel has commented that this approach to illumination or enlightenment constituted a degradation and twisting of the Kantian principle of Enlightenment.[18] Riedel writes: 'The independence of thought and judgement required by Kant ... was specifically prevented by the Order of the Illuminati's rules and regulations. Enlightenment takes place here, if it takes place at all, precisely under the direction of another, namely under that of the "Superiors" [of the Order].[19]

Weishaupt's radical rationalism and vocabulary was not likely to succeed. Writings that were intercepted in 1784 were interpreted as seditious, and the Society was banned by the government of Karl Theodor, Elector of Bavaria, in 1784. Weishaupt lost his position at the University of Ingolstadt and fled Bavaria. Hope this helps Ave! :)[17] Zakapedia (talk) — Preceding undated comment added 17:10, 20 April 2014 (UTC)