Talk:Italian Socialist Party
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This article lacks of information about the history of Socialist Party before Craxi. It seems like nothing important happened from 1892 to 1976, and people like Turati, or Mussolini (who was one of the most important leaders of PSI) or Nenni had never existed. Later I will write something about that.--clemi 09:21, 3 June 2006 (UTC)
well..since i have writen most of this article, i find it really insulting people saying i shud of added more...anyway...if u can..then write something..thank you
- The symbol used by PSI in its last years is that of this page and in this other page. --Checco 13:49, 6 March 2007 (UTC)
I have started adding some material, and rewriting some sections, but the article needs a lot of work. It is really very superficial.Giordaano 13:14, 16 May 2007 (UTC)
- You're right. --Checco 15:04, 16 May 2007 (UTC)
I also agree - I'm no expert, but much of the section on the history of the party jars sharply with fact. For instance, no mention is made of change in the Maximalist leadership, or the Abstentionist wing around Bordiga (much less, Gramsci's L'Ordine Nuovo). You'd be forgiven for thinking the Mussolini continued to lead the party! And surely, the split off of the two left factions is worth noting as it eventually left the PSI a solidly reformist organisation!
I have begun the process of copy editing. Thought he English is generally very good good in parts it is rather 'Italianate'
Can anybody enlighten me as to what the following means:-
'From 1987-1992 the PSI threw three governments' ?
Does it mean it 'overthrew three governments or it lead three governments?
- I really don't , but what is sure is that in 1987-1992 there were four governments (all led by a Christian Democrat) and PSI was part of all four. --Checco 17:04, 25 May 2007 (UTC)
Ok I have changed the text to reflect that fact. Gallese 17:34, 25 May 2007 (UTC)
- Very good. Are you sure about "Socialist Unity"? There was no electoral pact with PSDI, indeed the two parties ran separately both in 1989 European elections and in 1992. --Checco 17:36, 25 May 2007 (UTC)
Let me check on that and get back to you Gallese 19:30, 25 May 2007 (UTC)
Of course you are correct. I was trying to make sense of the original written text . I will use a translation of the Italian page as it is far clearer.
Opinion or Fact
In the section Golden Years it reads as follows:-
'The 'Social Unity' political pact with Italian Democratic Socialist Party (historical) proposed by Craxi in 1989 after the fall of communism began to bear fruit; the alternative which Craxi had wanted so much was taking shape. It was, in his view, inevitably going to come after the collapse of communism in the Eastern European states undermined the PCI.
By 1985, Craxi had taken the symbol of communism off the PSI logo, and replaced it with a rose. If Tangentopoli had not taken place, the PSI was in line to become the second party of Italy. However, the "advantage" that the Socialists had obtained by taking public money and bribes on a massive scale during the 1980s was finally going to end, and with it the Party itself.'
I think this section should be edited out on the grounds that at the very least it is little more than conjecture and at best ignores the willingness of the PCI to reform itself and to retain significant membership and electoral support and to compete for that support something which without a shadow of doubt Craxi, who was no mug, would have surely understood. Maybe it would be better to argue that the collapse of communism would have provided a more favourable conjuncture for the development of Craxi's ' Third Way' if the events around Tangentopoli had not taken place. To go much further than that is, in my opinion, to go too far.
A translation of the relevant much more carefully argued paragraph on the Italian page would be better. 'Con la caduta del muro di Berlino avvenuta nel 1989, reputando imminente una conseguente crisi del Partito Comunista Italiano, Craxi inaugura l'idea della "Unita Socialista" da costruire insieme con il fidato Psdi e nella quale coinvolgere anche ciò che nascerà dalle ceneri del PCI. Craxi dimostrerà così una certa lungimiranza: come previsto infatti il PCI viene sciolto e gli ex comunisti confluiranno nel più moderato e riformista PDS, anche primi riscontri elettorali da parte del PSI paiono incoraggianti, poiché alle elezioni regionali del 1990 i socialisti .......' Would be interested to see what others think.
Gallese 19:29, 25 May 2007 (UTC)
- Indeed the text in from it.Wiki was very badly translated in English, including several mistakes (for example in the symbol there wasn't a rose, but a carnation). --Checco 21:32, 25 May 2007 (UTC)
italia world war 11
i am trying to find out about the two parties in italia in world war 11 any information will be apperiacted. —The preceding unsigned comment was added by 220.127.116.11 (talk) 05:28, August 20, 2007 (UTC)
PCI or PSI?
I cite from the article: "At the same time, the PCI increased its presence in the big state-owned enterprises, and became heavily involved in corruption and illegal party funding which would eventually result in the Mani Pulite scandals".
Breakup and diaspora
The followiing excerpt is taken from the article "Party organisations and alliances in Italy in the 1990s: A revolution of sorts", written by James L. Newell and Martin Bull and published in West European Politics, volume 20, number. 1, pages 81-109. The exact page for the reference is page 91.
"The party broke up into three groups: Giorgio Benvenuto's Rinascita Socialista (Socialist Renewal-RS), Del Turco's PSI (i.e. with the same name as the old party but a new symbol), and finally, the craxiani (Craxi supporters) which set up the Democratic Socialist Federation (FDS). The first two groupings eventually surf aced in the Progressive Alliance while the third entered the right-wing Freedom Alliance".
- Never heard about Rinascita Socialista and Democratic Socialist Federation. I do not know where these names come from. I never heard of Freedom Alliance too, so I do not know how to help you. Sorry. --Checco (talk) 03:26, 3 January 2008 (UTC)
Early Years - 1910-12, the 'Maximalists', Mussolini and the 'London Bureau'
In the Early Years section there is a discussion of the split between the 'Reformists' and the 'Maximalists', saying that the Reformists were strong in the unions and that the Maximalists were associated with the 'London Bureau' of socialist groups. This comes in the narrative between 1910 and 1912 (where Mussolini is described as 'leader of the Maximalists').
The London Bureau however was not founded until 1932, so it is unlikely that the Italian Maximalists of c.1911 were affiliated with it. In the section on 'the Rise of Fascism' it further claims that between 1930-40, theh PSI was a member of the Labour and Socialist International, a rival organisation to the London Bureau. It isn't likely that the PSI (or the dominant faction of Maximalists in it, the text is not clear) was a member of both in the 1930s, nor could it have been in the 1910s, as the London Bureau didn't exist at that point.
The rest of the Early Years section implies that Mussolini was leading the Maximalists (or the PSI?) in 1919, when it achieved its best election results. It seems, rather, that he had been expelled by November 1914 (). He founded his first Fascist organisation in 1919, so really wouldn't have been leading the PSI at the time.