From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Good article Jainism has been listed as one of the Philosophy and religion good articles under the good article criteria. If you can improve it further, please do so. If it no longer meets these criteria, you can reassess it.
          This article is of interest to the following WikiProjects:
WikiProject Jainism (Rated GA-class, Top-importance)
WikiProject icon This article is part of WikiProject Jainism, an attempt to promote better coordination, content distribution, and cross-referencing between pages dealing with Jainism. Please participate by editing the article Jainism, or visit the project page for more details on the projects.
 GA  This article has been rated as GA-Class on the project's quality scale.
 Top  This article has been rated as Top-importance on the project's importance scale.
WikiProject Religion (Rated GA-class, Top-importance)
WikiProject icon This article is within the scope of WikiProject Religion, a project to improve Wikipedia's articles on Religion-related subjects. Please participate by editing the article, and help us assess and improve articles to good and 1.0 standards, or visit the wikiproject page for more details.
 GA  This article has been rated as GA-Class on the project's quality scale.
 Top  This article has been rated as Top-importance on the project's importance scale.
WikiProject Philosophy (Rated GA-class, High-importance)
WikiProject icon This article is within the scope of WikiProject Philosophy, a collaborative effort to improve the coverage of content related to philosophy on Wikipedia. If you would like to support the project, please visit the project page, where you can get more details on how you can help, and where you can join the general discussion about philosophy content on Wikipedia.
 GA  This article has been rated as GA-Class on the project's quality scale.
 High  This article has been rated as High-importance on the project's importance scale.
Wikipedia Version 1.0 Editorial Team / Vital
WikiProject icon This article has been reviewed by the Version 1.0 Editorial Team.
 GA  This article has been rated as GA-Class on the quality scale.
Taskforce icon
This article is a vital article.
WikiProject Timeline Tracer
WikiProject icon This article is within the scope of WikiProject Timeline Tracer, a collaborative effort to improve Wikipedia's articles in:
  • Accuracy of the Chronology of references
  • Accuracy of historical or cultural heritage and lineage claims of modern religions, movements, organizations, groups and societies
  • Accurate and sufficient sources for chronology/history verification.
Please read why this is important and what you can do to help.
WikiProject icon
WikiProject India (Rated GA-class, Top-importance)
WikiProject icon This article is within the scope of WikiProject India, which aims to improve Wikipedia's coverage of India-related topics. If you would like to participate, please visit the project page.
 GA  This article has been rated as GA-Class on the project's quality scale.
 Top  This article has been rated as Top-importance on the project's importance scale.
WikiProject Guild of Copy Editors
WikiProject icon A version of this article was copyedited by Odysseus1479, a member of the Guild of Copy Editors, on 31 January 2013. The Guild welcomes all editors with a good grasp of English and Wikipedia's policies and guidelines to help in the drive to improve articles. Visit our project page if you're interested in joining! If you have questions, please direct them to our talk page.


Please discuss any planned edits in the talk page first.
Fyi, I noticed the inclusion of more than a dozen minority opinions in the article.
Over the coming weeks, I plan on finding some time to comb through the article and highlight any issues here.
Thanks --Ratha K (talk) 18:57, 20 August 2013 (UTC)

Since your bold edit got reverted, I think it applies on you to establish consensus. "Jainism is a Near Eastern religion that established its presence around the 6th century B.C. Led by the spiritual elite of the Hindu establishment, the new religion sought to focus on what they believed to be the core aspect of Hinduism - spiritual understanding of man and the universe." This actually is serious POV-pushing. Jainism is older than that and it was not led by spiritual elite of hindu establishment. Also, "The Popular Encyclopedia of Apologetics: Surveying the Evidence for the Truth of Christianity" cannot be used to replace sources which are written specifically for Jainism. I am reverting the recent edit as of now. Rahul Jain (talk) 04:53, 21 August 2013 (UTC)

Rahul, I will continue to assume good faith, despite your two reverts.
Historical revisionism aside, even your own source contradicts your claim. Historia Religionum, notes the following:
• "Jainism appeared more than two thousand five hundred years ago"
• "Thus it accords fully with the atmosphere of the late Vedic period in which it originated"
• "In its ethical imposition, Jainism is closely related to Buddhism, with which it is roughly contemporary."
I'll attribute this to an honest mistake instead of cherry picking facts.
Your second source, meanwhile, is written by "a retired medical practitioner, PhD in Jain religion; author of Jainism: The World of Conquerors 2 volumes".
In light of this, I am reverting your edit. I will be returning soon to check through the rest of the article.
Thanks.--Ratha K (talk) 06:19, 21 August 2013 (UTC)
If he has a Ph.D in Jain religion, what makes him unreliable? Motilal Banarasidass is a reputed publisher of books on Indology. The claim that Jainism established its presence around the 6th century B.C. is POV if not hoax. It has been established that Parsva is a historical figure and that Mahavira who lived around 6th century BC is not the founder of Jainism. Secondly, you did not justify the statement "Led by the spiritual elite of the Hindu establishment, the new religion sought to focus on what they believed to be the core aspect of Hinduism - spiritual understanding of man and the universe." Its probably based on that apologetics book which cannot be considered as reliable source for information on Jainism as far as I understand. Helmuth Von Glasenapp points out, in the reference you provided, that there are remarkable similarities in Hinduism and Jainism's social and cultural life which I agree. However, this does not support any of the claim that you made. There is a similar discussion at Talk:India, please participate in it. But I would suggest that you self-revert until a consensus has been reached. Rahul Jain (talk) 06:57, 21 August 2013 (UTC)
He is neither an anthropologist nor a historian, just a medical doctor and a practicing Jain who obtained a post graduate Phd in Jain religion from somewhere. He provides no credible references to his statements. Feel free to add credible references to support your claims, and we can discuss it here. My references provide an exact reference to what I wrote. For the record, historically, Jainism has been accepted as an off-shoot of Hinduism. I could provide ten more references if you like. Please do not confuse Jainism with Brahmanic or Vedic teachings. As for Talk:India, as the other editors have pointed out, you need to provide specific, credible references. I do not intend to jump in another discussion. Thanks. --Ratha K (talk) 02:19, 22 August 2013 (UTC)
I have no idea why you insist on having same discussion at two different talk pages. The book of christian Apologetics is not a credible source for information on Jainism and Helmuth Von Glasenapp does not even remotely states what you wrote. Since your bold edits were reverted, please maintain the Status Quo until a concensus has been reached. Rahul Jain (talk) 03:30, 22 August 2013 (UTC)
It has been proved beyond doubt that Jainism is not an offshoot of Hinduism. Hinduism did not even exist during the time of Mahavira. Kindly do not push Hindu POV. Indian Chronicles (talk) 13:04, 26 August 2013 (UTC)
Are we actually arguing that Jainism is not off shoot? Well, you can't deny the most obvious, and hinduism was known as "Sanatana Dharma" or "vedic" that time. BTW i looked the edits of Ratha K, i agree with them. Capitals00 (talk) 06:35, 31 August 2013 (UTC)

Excepting Mahavir all other Tirthankars are not proved by any source of historical data. Probably, they are creations of later story writers. Mahavir made this ideology popular and before his time it was not know to common people. However, Hinduism existed much before Mahavir as we know that many Vedic references are much older than Mahavir's time. Mahavir and Buddha existed practically at the same period. It is a common experience that Jains of today want to prove that their ideology existed prior to Hinduism but they cannot do it due to lack of enough proofs. Since 'Hinduism' is a generic term covering all ideologies which had arisen to guide people since the earliest times, it will be better to stop this unnecessary argument because, by my experience of Jains of today, this argument will never reach any consensus unless others admit that Jainism is older than Hinduism. Fact of the matter is, we Hindus believe that Jainism is just another ideology included in a pan-Hindu 'family of ideologies'. Therefore, to say that Jainism existed prior to Hinduism appears to be senseless. Pathare Prabhu (talk) 12:32, 26 July 2014 (UTC)

Are we asking for a 'search for the historical Mahavir' and a 'search for the historical tirthankars' the way Christendom conducted a 'search for the historical Jesus' to find out what historical data there is in hand, at whatever the latest time had acquired, as an ethical duty to objectivity and honesty? Well, that could be part of this broder 'Hindu' tradition of reflection about Jainism, which holds some beliefs that are quite contrary to some beliefs within some putatively 'Hindu' perspectives - one of which is the centrality of the practice of ahimsa, a non-negotiable moral commitment (which NOMINAL 'Hindus' seem willing to trade-off for immediate convenience, even when it proves materially harmful for them to 'go along with the crowd'). MaynardClark (talk) 12:41, 26 July 2014 (UTC)

Scholarly consensus is that the matrix of Vedic sacrifice and shramana practices were both present in the earliest period and that established proto-shrauta and proto-shramana practices as independent religious movements are both descended from this period. Shramanism and "orthodox Vedism" are both the product of earlier Indic religion. The term "Hinduism" is much, much later (as is Sanatana Dharma); it's improper to call both Jainism and Buddhism "Hindu". Ogress smash! 10:34, 27 July 2014 (UTC)

Who are the Jains?[edit]

The article does a very good job explaining Jain belief, but I think it would improve with a section that talks about Jain people.

Other minority World Religion groups are sometimes referred to as Ethnoreligious groups. Would this be an appropriate term for Jains, especially if they have low-intermarriage rate? How are different Jain populations ethnically related to each other? to near-by non-Jains? What are customs about whom can marry whom? Is intra-somaj marriage preferable in most somajes? If so, how is modern life affecting these customs? An explanation of the somajes would be helpful.

Other questions: Although Jains avoid farming, what are common professions among Jains (beside the diamond market, which is mentioned)? What is the position of Jain women in the family? How many Jain women work outside the home. What are the socio-economic status of Jains? What is their relation to persons of other status? Though Jainism is caste-less and believes in equality of all life, does this translate into the idea of civil rights? Jains are said to have influenced Gandhi in pursuing non-violence, but is there Jain political activity/activism today?

Membership? Who is considered Jain? Is it passed exclusively by birth? One parent? Both? Jains don't proselytize, but do they accept converts? Are "lapsed" Jains still considered Jain by other Jains? Is it self-determined or are there accepted parameters for membership in Jainism?

How are Jains viewed by non-Jains...what is the perception of non-Jains of Jain identity? What are some controversies about Jains? Negative or positive stereotypes? What are things that Jains are known for in present day? Elembee17 (talk) 02:52, 26 August 2013 (UTC)elembee17 25, Aug, 2013

Time cycle[edit]

User:Himanshujain, I did not undo your edit because it was wrong, but because it was abrupt, provided no explanations about the terms, and unwikified (ie. not quite ready for prime time) and that too only because Jainism is a GA article. Please don't be discouraged, but please discuss the issues (how to introduce it and where, its scope, level of summary etc) with the editors here. I'm not one of them, but others above are. Best regards, Fowler&fowler«Talk» 18:54, 12 September 2013 #UTC#

Himanshujain, I have deleted it again; I have to agree with Fowler&fowler. I really hope you will work here on the talk page to make your proposed text article-ready. Are there any reliable sources that you can cite? Can we work on a way to introduce the subject less abruptly, and offer some explanation of the terminology that you use? Thanks, Dawn Bard (talk) 13:48, 13 September 2013 (UTC)

As for period when Jainism emerged as a full fledged religious activity becomes clear from the fact that all its literature in in Ardhamagadhi a prakrut language whereas all important scriptures of Hinduism are in Sanskrit. Emergence of Ardhamagadhi language is about 3rd century BC. Whereas, Sanskrit we know existed ever since Vedic period (about 700 BC). This evidence clearly shows that Jainism is of much later period and any claim that Jainism influenced Hinduism becomes baseless. Pathare Prabhu (talk) 13:25, 26 July 2014 (UTC)

Can't we look for the truths in such matters and document that these are known truths that are known as truths? Claims in cannot be left without documentation. MaynardClark (talk) 17:21, 26 July 2014 (UTC)

Influence on Hinduism[edit]

Did Jainism influenced religious concepts in Hinduism? Komitsuki (talk) 05:00, 2 November 2013 (UTC)

Absolutely! Most of the Indian philosophical concepts like Karma, Samsara, Moksha and transmigration of soul are originally Sramana concepts adopted and modified by Hindus. Check out these sources: User:Indian Chronicles/Jain Sources.--Indian Chronicles (talk) 07:26, 2 November 2013 (UTC)

Indian Chronicles|Indian Chronicles ]] (talk) 07:26, 2 November 2013 (UTC) claims that some topics of philosophy such as Karma, Samsara, Moksha and transmigration of soul were adopted by Hindus from Jains has no proof and so this is not acceptable. Jains have bad habit of making tall claims against Hinduism without any acceptable evidence. If we accept their claim we shall have to say Vedic developments were after Jains. However, it is not proved by any standards of history. In BhagwatGita what Arjun has said to justify his withdrawal from fights is the base of Jainsim and so from this one may say that Jainism has its roots in BhagwatGita written by Vyas. If this is accepted one may admit that Jianism emerged from Hindu ideology suggested by Arjun. Pathare Prabhu (talk) 12:58, 26 July 2014 (UTC)

Jainism template[edit]

Is there a reason the Jainism template isn't in the Jainism article? (talk) 18:18, 17 January 2014 (UTC)

Places of worship[edit]

This article misses a section on the derasars and Sthanakvas. Also, pilgrimage spots like Palitana. --Redtigerxyz Talk 10:49, 20 April 2014 (UTC)