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I started to fix the beginning paragraphs but it needs much clean up. Can some one help in doing so...User Talk:Dewan357 A 3rd-century-BC rock inscription by emperor Asoka the Great attests to a Keralaputra. Around 1 BC the region was ruled by the Chera Dynasty, which traded with the Greeks, Romans and Arabs. The Tamil Chera dynasty, Ays and the Pandyan Kingdom were the traditional rulers of Kerala whose patriarchal dynasties ruled until the 14th century AD. Pliny the Elder who visited Kerala in the first century AC reported in his book Natural History (Pliny) that the Northern Kerala was ruled by the Chera Kings while the southern Kerala was ruled by Pandyan Kingdom who had the capital at Nelcynda with port at Porakkad (Ambalapuzha). The Dravidian Villavar tribe which established the Chera Kingdom were Patriarchal in descendency. Ay kings ruled southern Kerala. The Later Chera Kingdom otherwise called the Kulasekhara dynasty was founded by King Kulasekhara Alwar who is considered as a Vaishnavaite saint. After the repeated attacks of Rashtrakutas in the end of first millennium the northernmost portions of Kerala. Later Chera dynasty came to an end weakened by the Rashtrakuta and Chola invaders.
Feudal Namboothiri Brahmin and Nair city-states subsequently gained control of the region. Kolla Varsham or Malayalam Era, which is assumed to have been established by King Udaya Marthanda Varma, King of Kollam, in 825 AD, serves as the official calendar of Kerala. Early contact with Europeans gave way to struggles between colonial and native interests. Kerala state was created on 1 November 1956 via the States Reorganisation Act which merged the former state of Travancore-Cochin, Malabar district of the former Madras State, and Kasaragod taluk of Dakshina Kannada.
please fix the map.. thanks
If my knowledge is correct Koothattukulam was once a part of the Kottayam district. So it also comes under Central Travancore right?
Muvattupuzha, Thodupuzha, Kothamangalam
I guess these places are also considered as a part of Central Travancore rather than Northern Travancore. In fact the term Northern Travancore is never been used anywhere. May be for places like Aluva and Angamaly it might suite.
At present Central Travancore refers to places in Central districts of Kerala which belonged to the erstwhile Travancore Kingdom. Hence Muvattupuzha, Thodupuzha, Kothamangalam etc. are a part of Central Travancore.
Kerala HDI is given in India Human Development Report 2011 as .790. The sidebar says HDI is .94 and it provides a dead link to the same report. I couldn't find any other official report that mentioned a higher HDI either by GOI or UN. There were news article but nothing official. I am changing it to .790 which is still High.
Pronunciation of word Kerala given wrong in IPA
Kerala is pronounced as kEraLa, with a long 'e' [e:] not [ɛ] and 'l' as a retroflex [ɭ]
- What is a retroflex 'l'? The symbol that you used for it is not recognized. As for the long 'e', what is recommended at Help:IPA for English seems to be 'ɪər', from the column for vowels followed by 'r'. Dhtwiki (talk) 23:34, 13 April 2015 (UTC)
- From that page you get this example where the first 'l' in 'malayali' seems to be pronounced with a 'y' sound, as 'll' would be in Spanish. But in this YouTube video 'Kerala' is pronounced with a normal 'l' sound, as well as the 'e' being not long. If the latter is a correct pronunciation of the state name, then what we have now as IPA pronunciation shouldn't be too far off. Dhtwiki (talk) 20:44, 23 April 2015 (UTC)