Talk:Malayalam/Archive 1

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Earliest mention of Malayal(am) outside India

The Garaman inscription of 1053 A.D. also adds to the list the name Malyala (the Malayala-speaking region of the Malabar coast).

This should be incorporated in the article because by 1053 merchants from present day Kerala are self identifying them as Malayala to foreigners. RaveenS 22:02, 18 March 2006 (UTC)

Malayalam is the same when spelt in reverse! - It comes from the Tamil word, malai means mountain and aali means person or aal. - The people who spoke Tamil in the mountainous Tamil country called Chera naadu, (Western Ghats) were called Malai aali later Malayali and the language Malayalam.

The great Tamil poet Bharathidasan said "Even though you(Tamil) gave birth to other languages like Telugu, Kannada and Malayalam, you are still virgin and virile" Tamil hymns are recited in Tirumala Temple (the richest in the country) and other temples along with Sanskrit ones, and I have heard them too. Is there a single Malayalam hymn, which is recited at Tirumala?

The very word Tirumala is a Tamil word. Kannada came from the Tamil word.. Kanivu, meaning mellifluous. Telugu came from Tamil word, Thella, meaning clear and sweet. Malayalam came from Tamil word, Malai meaning mountain and aali meaning person.. Persons living in mountainous region (namely, Western Ghats.).. Another word is Arivaali (meaning person with arivu or intelligence.

Tamil is the only language which has its own word for Veda.. Marai. -- 14:33, 23 August 2006 (UTC) Malayalam lover

Differences between Malayalam and Tamil

What are the differences between Malayalam and Tamil?

I speak Tamil (natively) and Telugu but not Malayalam.

That's too little to ask and too much to answer. They are obviously two different languages, though they have common roots. Malayalam is believed to have developed from a dialect of Tamil called Koduntamil or Malaithamil (literally Tamil of the mountains), spoken by the people around the hilly ranges bordering Kerala and Tamil Nadu states. But like other Dravidian languages, and unlike Tamil, it has borrowed heavily from the Brahmic script. Unlike Tamil, it has conjunct consonants and aspirated and voiced stops. For example, it has four gutturals, four nasals and so on (each pronounced with varying degrees of stress.) Malayalam is believed to have matured sometime around 16th century as a distinct language with the advent of people like Thunjathu Ezhuthachan (who incidentally authored Srimad Bhagavatam - the ballad sung in praise of Vishnu in his 10 avatars. It is more influenced by Sanskrit than any other Dravidian language. Malayalam is the only language in the world apart from Tamil to share the retroflex rzh sound. (Marathi coming close with the hard la). That's as much as I can say from my limited knowledge. Chancemill 17:00, May 17, 2004 (UTC)

Actually, Malayalam developed an identity distinct from Tamil around the 13th to 14th centuries. The Namboothiris were influential in the development of Malayalam as a distinct language, and also the Sanskrit influence in Malayalam. Compared to Tamil, Malayalam has a larger phoneme set. In addition, Malayalam has a number of arabic, Chinese, and pali words. An interesting thing to note is that the Arabic word for Chair (kursi), and the Malayalam word for chair (kasera) are rather similar. They both possess the same set of consonants in the triconsonantal root (krs and ksr). However, it may be a false cognate. I'm just hypothesizing :). Sanksrit's influence in Malayalam is evident from the large number of Sanskrit and Indo-European words. For example, compare the Malayalam words for orange (narenga), table (mesha), and soul (atma) to the Spanish words for the same (naranja, mesa, and alma). This is definitely due to Namboothiri influence. Malayalam is the closest in similarity to Tamil, and actually has the least Sanksrit influence. Telugu and Kannada are also related to Tamil, but have diverged significantly from it. --Vivin 18:40, 25 Jan 2005 (UTC)

Atma, of course, came to Malayalam from Sanskrit. Spanish and Portuguese being Indo-European languages, their having the same word, Alma, is not surprising. The Malayalam word 'kasera' (chair) came from the Portuguese word 'cadeira' (chair). Mesha came from Portuguese Mesa (table). There are more than 20 words in Malayalam that is of Portuguese origin. They sound so Malayalam-like that many Malayalis would be surprised to hear that they came from Portuguese. {Some examples: Kushini from Cozinha (kitchen), Janal/janala from Janela (window), Pena (pen), Rosa (rose)}
Naranga is said to be an Indian word that went to Europe, (through the Arabs?) and became naranja (pronounced naraanha) in Spanish and Orange in English. Its origin is said to be Sanskrit (Naraganga?) or Tamil (Naran kai?)
I don't understand the statement that Malayalam "actually has the least Sanskrit influence." Could you explain? With the vast number of Sanskrit vocabulary in it, isn't Malayalam the South Indian language with the most Sanskrit influence?

it was not ezhuthachan

melpathoor narayana bhattathiri, not thunchathezhuthachan, was the author of narayaneeyam. ezhuthachan was one of the pioneers among the writers in modern malayalam language. perhaps his most popular work is adhyatma ramayanam kilippattu. he is also considered as the author of books like bhagavatham kilippattu, mahabharatham kilippattu, irupathinalu vrtham, harinama keerthanam.

Malayalam in Firefox

Does anyone knows why Malayalam support in Firefox/Win XP is messed up? TIA --Rrjanbiah 05:44, 20 Jul 2004 (UTC)

In MS-Win you have to enable support for complex script.
To do it go to Windows Control panel "Regional and Language Options" > "Languages" check both boxes.
Thanks for your reply. I know, how to enable the language suport in XP and already enabled. But, the issue is with Mozilla Firefox (my pet browser:) ) as the pages are working fine in Internet Explorer. I have posted the issue at the Mozilla forum [1] and probably will add it to the formal bug database sometimes soon. --Rrjanbiah 04:30, 5 Aug 2004 (UTC)

Recent update on the issue: When I posted the issue at news:netscape.public.mozilla.browser few people have responded that for them Firefox is rendering properly. After bit of try, I have found that we need to install ThoolikaUnicode font [2] to see the Malayalam characters in FF. However IE works without ThoolikaUnicode font. Discussion is still going in netscape.public.mozilla.browser --Rrjanbiah 10:22, 20 Aug 2004 (UTC)

Kodum Malayalam

Living in Kerala I never heard about Kodum Malayalam or never studied it at school. Only distinction we hear is proper written-language (Ezhuth Bhasha) or not.

Yes there are slangs, and many of them from north to south of Kerala, or slangs near sea or slangs near hills in the east. Even there are slang that are unknown in 1 mile area or only in a community. But never heard of Kodum Malayalam.

I agree there are people who speak with style or words in Tamil or Tulu. But they are just a mixture of Malayalam and the other language.

A Google search for "Kodum Malayalam" only shows reference to sites which copied it from Wikipedia.

So I am deleting the entry of Kodum Malayalam by (talk · contribs)

If somebody disagree we will have a discussion then change it.
-Bijee 28 June 2005 22:26 (UTC)
As with all Indian langauges, Malaylam too is different amongst different social groups. The Sanskrit content is high amongst the so called upper castes and is the lowest amongst the so called lower castes. Kodum Malayalm is a term used to denote Malayalm with minimal Sanskrit content spoken by these people and tribals. So the view Malayalm is what it is as defined by the elites is not correct.
22:24, 18 March 2006 (UTC)

Assistance required at Kalaripayattu

I've just spotted the following in a comment at the top of the Kalaripayattu page:

There is a slight problem with the malayalam spelling. I was unable to get the double pa, It would be great if some one could fix that.

I have got no idea what a double pa is or how to get it, (or even if it has been fixed already), so I would appreciate it if someone who does can fix it. Thanks, Thryduulf 18:38, 23 July 2005 (UTC)

-- Update: This article is now named Kalarippayattu, with double ppa. However, I noticed a number of problems with Malayalm spellings there. Since the subject is disputed, and since I am not a native writer, I posted my thoughts in the Talk:Kalarippayattu#Spelling section, and I defer on more knowledgeable people to commit the changes. Then remove all this section! Thanks. -- AntoineL 14:00, 16 February 2006 (UTC)


Please vote on the following VfDs related to Kerala :

Removed text

This is the first time I read this article and the following section in general seemed a bit POV. Of concern are the "coming into its own" and "remarkably liberal" parts. Please fix accordingly as you see fit. -- Rune Welsh | ταλκ | Esperanza 17:07, 23 October 2005 (UTC)

Planning and development

As the language of administration and as the medium of instruction in schools and colleges, Malayalam is coming into its own. A scientific register in the language is slowly evolving. Remarkably liberal in their attitudes, Malayalis have always welcomed other languages to coexist with their own and the interaction of these with Malayalam has helped its development in different respects.

Promotional Material ?

"In 1999 a group called Rachana Akshara Vedi, led by Chitrajakumar and K.H. Hussein, produced a set of free fonts containing the entire character repertoire of more than 900 glyphs. This was announced and released along with an editor in the same year at Thiruvananthapuram, the capital city of Kerala. In 2004, the fonts were released under the GNU GPL license by Richard Stallman of the Free Software Foundation at the Cochin University of Science and Technology in Kochi, Kerala."

How exactly is this Promotional Material ? Rachana Akshara Vedi has become a cultural icon with regard to the Malayalam script in bringing back the Traditional script. If this work is not acknowledged, then I would suggest that the paragraph above it also be removed (reproduced below):

"Malayalam now consists of 56 letters including 20 long and short vowels and the rest consonants. The earlier style of writing is now substituted with a new style from 1981. This new script reduces the different letters for typeset from 900 to less than 90. This was mainly done to include Malayalam in the keyboards of typewriters and computers."

This is because the paragraph related to "reform" is entirely mistaken in its validity - first of all, the *1967* reform was not fully accepted, and neither was the *1981* reform (in fact the 1981 reform reversed many aspects of the 1967 reform, and Rachana Akshara Vedi's actions are a continuation of that action). All you need is a good camera and some time in any of the cities of Kerala to know this. In fact, if you remove the paragraph citing "promotional material", then you should remove the reform-paragraph as well, since it too is "promotional" not to mention inaccurate, and partisan to one POV.


As far as I can tell, the glyphs of the characters in "Rachana" set fo fonts were not designed by Chitrajakumar and K.H. Hussein, but rather by a TeX enthousiast of Nederland origin, Jeroen Hellingman (could be worth a link, too). This is not to say the Rachana Akṣara Vedi group did nothing here, in fact they did produce the set of fonts (along with the editor), but I consider it would be fair to acknowledge also Jeroen's work; even if he is not a Malayali, this fact should be irrelevant (one can also drop the fact that Jeroen comes from the Nederlands, however). On the other hand, if it was Jeroen that specifically requested him to be left unnamed, this should be recorded in some way (besides history, that is), at least to avoid posts like mine! -- AntoineL 13:19, 16 February 2006 (UTC)


Joeren Hellingman did make a Malayalam font, which was converted by NV Shaji and by others. It is usually distributed by Linux distributions with the name "Malayalam" in their Malayalam font package. The Rachana font (which has about 950+ glyphs, compared to the 100 or so in Hellingman's font) was developed by Rachana Akshara Vedi - R. Chitrajakumar did the original research on the glyph set bu collecting, culling and collating them and their use, and K.H Hussein designing the font face indepedent from R. Chitrajakumar.


Contributions of Hermann Gundert to Malayalam language in Trivia section !?

I feel that the contributions of Hermann Gundert to malayalam language should be expanded in the artcle and moved to an appropriate section. Sangfroid 13:27, 5 January 2006 (UTC)

added the tags of 'unsourced' & 'not verified to "Language variation and external influence" paragraph Bharatveer 11:03, 12 April 2006 (UTC)

ABOUT the second trivia, i dont think Gundert was the first person to compile a malayalam dictionary.This needs to rechecked. About the third trivia, malayalam was chosen for wireless communication in the indo pakistan border was not due to the "phonetic complexity" of Malayalam language ; OTOH it may be because the "corps of Signal" of the Indian Army always had a significant number of personnel from kerala. Bharatveer 11:15, 12 April 2006 (UTC)

Added the tag 'citation needed' * Development of literature * Bharatveer 15:17, 12 April 2006 (UTC)

About "External Influence" I had added the citation needed to the paragraph. It is very clear that there are not sources to back up that statements. So Can i remove those sentences?? Bharatveer 03:52, 24 April 2006 (UTC)

Wikipedia:Naming conventions (Indic)

Help add input for Wikipedia:Naming conventions (Indic) --Dangerous-Boy 04:36, 4 May 2006 (UTC)

-r ending for personal names

Was the statement I made in the "Borrowing words from sanskrit" section about only humans (including legendary sages etc) having the respectful -r endings for their names not true? I've never come across an instance of any other type of being, such as a deity, having a name ending in -r. --Grammatical error 07:36, 10 June 2006 (UTC)

I have seen temple names like "Mahadevar Kshetram".Bharatveer 07:52, 10 June 2006 (UTC)

Really? Perhaps that's archaic usage (carried over from Tamil, in which I believe the -r suffixes are more prolific) preserved in the temple names, because in modern Malayalam it is always Mahadevan and the temple name would be "Mahadeva Kshetram". --Grammatical error 10:52, 10 June 2006 (UTC)

See these links

Vaikom Temple

.Bharatveer 11:42, 10 June 2006 (UTC)

Alright, thanks for clarifying that. --Grammatical error 17:34, 10 June 2006 (UTC)
I don't see why the whole sentence is being removed? Revered persons/deities have an -r or -n ending, which is inconsistent. They sometimes even have an -m (Narahasimha -> Narasimham. But this is because the suffix is based on the simha part, which is an animal and therefore merits the -m ending). --vi5in[talk] 03:12, 1 July 2007 (UTC)
Please provide references , till then attaching cn tags will be a good idea.Bharatveer 08:31, 2 July 2007 (UTC)
Looking here, you can see that the -n ending is for masculine nouns. The -r ending, interestingly, is typically used to pluralize a noun with a common gender (eg: manusyan (man) -> manusyar (men)). I am still searching for what this means with respect to proper nouns. IANAL (I am not a Linguist), I'm just stating this by virtue of being a native speaker of the language. The -n ending is way more common than the -r ending:
Krishna -> Krishnan
Rama -> Raman
Shiva -> Shivan
Duryodhan -> Duryodhanan
Narasimha -> Narasimham (an exception since the ending is based on simha which is an animal, and not a man)
The less common -r ending is seen in the following:
Shankaracharya -> Shankaracharyar
Bishma -> Bishmar
I know that the word acharya means teacher, so I'm thinking that the plural in Malayalam is acharyanmar? Or is it acharyar? If its the latter case, then the name would name no sense, because it isn't a plural! The more I think about this, the more confusing it gets. All I know is that the -r ending is comparatively rare. Will do some more research on this. --vi5in[talk] 18:00, 3 July 2007 (UTC)

Name of language

I can't find in the article where the name of the language comes from. The similarity between the Malayalam language's name with the "Malay" language's name is interesting, but I guess it's just coincidental. Does the language come from the name of the region (as, for example, the Rajasthani or Punjabi languages), or does it have another meaning? Badagnani 20:42, 11 June 2006 (UTC)

The region used to be called malayalam and the language was malayala bhasha or malayanma, apparently (I forgot where I read this). I have no idea how and why such a ridiculous semantic shift should have taken place, but it did and Keralam came to be used as a name for the land instead.--Grammatical error 06:19, 12 June 2006 (UTC)
It's related to "mountain" [3] Perhaps means "dialect/language of mountains"? See also [4]. -- Sundar \talk \contribs 06:39, 12 June 2006 (UTC)
Many thanks for this enlightenment! Perhaps you experts could add this etymology to the article? Badagnani 08:42, 13 June 2006 (UTC)
Is the final "m" in Malayalam a suffix or separate word remnant meaning perhaps something like land, people, or language? Is saying Malayalam language a redundancy? Is it ("-m") similarly used in other words in the language? I notice in the interwikis that Portugese and Slovene skip this m in their names for the language. Does anyone here speak the language? Or has anyone studied it? O'RyanW ( ) 21:58, 26 June 2007 (UTC)

What Christian, Muslim, Nambuthiri, dialects?

This sentence from the 'Language variation and external influence' section, "Loan words from English, Syriac, Greek, Hebrew, Latin and Portuguese abound in the Christian dialects and those from Arabic and Urdu in the Muslim dialects", is an exaggeration.

Abound? Dialects?

Muslims use many Arabic words in their speech, but not enough to call it a dialect. Christians' use of Syriac words in everyday speech is a lot less and that too is mostly in the context of religion. The only Greek or Latin words they use are what other Malaylis and people all over the world use, i.e. Greek/Latin-derived scientific terminology. All Malayalis use some Portuguese words in everyday speech and in the case of some Christians here and there, a few more are used. As for English, all Malayalis insert many English words into their day to day Malayalam, without accepting them as Malayalam words. (This lack of acceptance may be because English words sounds too foreign in Malayalam, unlike Portuguese words, which blend into to the language very well.)

As for the Nambuthiri community's usage of higher number of Sanskrit words, I doubt it is enough reason to call the resulting speech or writing a dialect. After all, Malayalam vocabulary is highly Sanskritized.

Malayalam has regional variations and caste based variations. The only religion based variation may be in the case of some (but not all) Muslims in their use of some Arabic words. Using the word dialects for these variations may be a bit too much of a stretch.

Certain limited words like Lorry etc are used. But how come they become another language. Its absurd. All such errors need to be removed. Chanakyathegreat (talk) 09:59, 19 November 2007 (UTC)

Dravidian tongue?

I am wondering why malayalam has been classed as a Dravidian tongue, since it borrows heavily from Sanskrit, even more than other so called "Indo aryan" languages. In fact malayalam and sanskrit share a very similar grammatical structure and a large proportion of words in malayalam have been directly borrowed from sanskrit. You may say that it has been classed as a dravidian tongue because of the script which has been borrowed from tamil (a dravidian language), then why is Sinhalese, which does not have a devangari script, been classed as an "Indo aryan" language? Kshatriya Grandmaster 22:48, 3 December 2006 (UTC)

Why is it classed as a Dravidian tongue? Because it is one! The answer could be found in the article. Borrowing vocabulary, lightly or heavily, from another language can't change a language's origin! The assumption in the query that Malayalam's grammatical structure is Sanskrit like, is incorrect. So is the assumption that the response to you would be "that it has been classed as a dravidian tongue because of the script". --Esskay 19:04, 24 November 2006 (UTC)

That is an interesting point, because Sinhalese script is ideally a Dravidian script, yet it is still classed as an Indo-Aryan language. I guess the work of Nambuthris and Nambyars in Kerala has not been able to sufficiently sanskritize it to make it an Indo-Aryan language! Kshatriya Grandmaster 22:48, 3 December 2006 (UTC)

need script translation at Wikipedia:WikiProject India/Translation

Need scripts of malayalam.--D-Boy 18:07, 19 November 2006 (UTC)

Selected vocabulary

The selected vocabulary list needs to be put into a more formal transliteration (I can't do it because of browser problems) as it looks a bit messy and out of place at the moment. -- 18:19, 6 April 2007 (UTC)

I'm wondering if we even need a "selected vocabulary" list. --vi5in[talk] 17:37, 17 May 2007 (UTC)

Commercial links

Links to private webpages or commercial links or information is included recently to this articles by anonymous users. We may have to remove most of them.--Shijualex 11:02, 17 May 2007 (UTC)

I've taken out a bunch and left the most pertinent ones. --vi5in[talk] 17:38, 17 May 2007 (UTC)

WikiProject Dravidian civilizations


Wiki Raja 08:54, 14 October 2007 (UTC)

Reposting a deleted post

I have noticed a continuing factor in many pages connected to India in Wikipedia. A few persons feel that they own these pages, and dominate the content. As an international encyclopedia, Wikipedia then exist at the mental level of these persons. Wikipedia should not exists at the level of these mean persons. For, only content that suits their taste is retained over here. An Encyclopedia is not a listing of information from selected persons. It should have access to almost all information that is relevant to a particular subject.

This much I am saying here from seeing the deleting of my post, within hours of its posting here. It may be understood that Wikipedia does allow links to outside writings, whether is in private or public(?) WebPages that have relevance. I am reposting my post again. It is not my concern whether it suits the taste of a few narrow minded persons.

It was thus:

A point of distress I am giving a link to a writing of mine here. The theme may distress the lovers of Malayalam and other Indian languages. But it may be found that it has relevance. The title is ‘Attributes of ‘Sar’’ The link [5] --Ved from Victoria Institutions 04:38, 15 October 2007 (UTC)

Yeah, the reason you have noticed it is that Wikipedia is not a soapbox. This talk page has to do with "Malayam". Your piece of writing has absolutely nothing to do with the article, and doesn't help us improve the article in any way. Wikipedia is not a place to advertise your writings. I hope you understand that. This has nothing to do with "narrow mindedness". The point is that we would like to confine discussions on this page to the article and not clutter it with needless and completely irrelevant information. This is why your comment was removed. --vi5in[talk] 08:11, 15 October 2007 (UTC)

Unilateral decisions on what is relevant and what is not relevant is not to be done by a few persons who have only as much right on this discussion page, as any other of the immense persons who visit here. Also it may please be noted that the Wikipedia article are not just for a few persons who are directly connected. It will be visited and studied by persons who have no direct connection as part of scholarly understanding.

As to advertising, I am not selling a product or asking for any monetary benefit. I have written an article that befits a debate on the character of Malayalam. I can very well post that article on this debate page. But I am sure it will be deleted as fast as it is posted. I have had this experience before.

Moreover I have given links elsewhere in Wikipedia to some of my other writings in a uk site’s forum page. This site is actually a busy commercial site. Yet, the forum page has nothing to do with the commercial side of it. Till now, no one has deleted the links. Even though, it is possible for anyone to vandalise it at anytime.

As to advertising my writing, it is that when I have something to say, I say it. I don’t have to take out someone else’s ideas and post it. It may be noted that I have not posted the article on this page to clutter it as is being insinuated. Moreover I have received personal messages of appreciation about this present article, from even internationally reputed persons of scholarly connection with language study.

As to the article not contributing anything to improve the subject matter, I can only say that it will definitely expand the ambit of the subject. It is not for anyone (including the ‘we’) to decide what are the ‘confinements’ the subject matter should have on Wikipedia. I am sure that the subject matter has much to do with Malayalam. I have not attempted any vandalising, or any other disturbance on this page. --Ved from Victoria Institutions 09:04, 15 October 2007 (UTC)

Fair enough. I apologize if I hurt your feelings and if I acted in haste. But to be rather blunt, I still fail to see what your piece of writing has to do with the article. It seems to be more of a sociological piece, without having anything to with this article. I am not saying that your article is bad or anything or that it lacks quality. I just think that this is the improper venue to "advertise" it. Like I said before, talk pages exist to discuss the article, and how to improve it. What parts of your piece of writing will help improve this article? --vi5in[talk] 18:24, 15 October 2007 (UTC)


I'd like someone with linguistic knowledge (and not just a native speaker or someone "with a friend who says that..." to write about the presence or absence of aspirated stops in Malayalam. The script certainly indicates aspirated stops from words borrowed from Sanskrit, but I don't believe that Malayalam has aspirated stops as phonemes. And I'm not alone in this. "In the consonants of Hindi the voiced aspirated stops, which are absent even in the standard pronunciation of Malayalam, will be difficult for a Malayalam speaker to pronounce. Usually they are being pronounced with voiceless aspiration by a Malayalam speaker." Geethakumary, V. "A Contrastive Analysis of Hindi and Malayalam" Ph.D. in Linguistics, Awarded by the University of Kerala, 1997.[6]

It's very common for non-linguist native speakers to be swayed by the script and insist that they know certain sounds exist simply because certain letters exist. Given the pronunciation in Hindi of native speakers of Dravidian languages (or at least of Kanada, Telugu, Malayalam and Tamil, which is as far as my experience goes), I would concur with Geetakumary's comment. Interlingua 22:12, 4 November 2007 (UTC)
I've never had any problem with this - I generally pronounce things like ph (as in "phalam"), bh ("bhūmi") as they are meant to be pronounced. However, most people don't bother with the aspiration in casual speech - this is because of our Tamil origins. In Tamil, there is no such thing as aspiration, although a few brahmins probably try to pronounce Sanskrit-derived words correctly. Educated Malayalis are generally able to pronounce these sounds when they actually try,which most almost never do. Some people with rustic upbringings might never have been taught about this, so they probably would not be able to pronounce aspirated stops even if they tried. I suspect that very few people (including me) actually use them in regular speech (as opposed to when reading the Adhyatma Ramayanam aloud, for example), but I don't know if you could say that they are absent from the language. On a related note, most people pronounce "Phalgunan" as "Falgunan" because the same letter is used to write ph as f (probably not because they cannot pronounce ph), but you would think that older people would know better. -- (talk) 18:16, 14 January 2008 (UTC)
But there's still the problem of self-reported behavior. I've known many educated Malayalis who also read Sanskrit and speak Hindi and who insist they they can produce aspirated stops, even when, in fact, they cannot. Given both the general difficulty of even multilingual Malayalis (and Telugus and Kanadigas) to produce such sounds and their own self-perception that they can easily produce these sounds, I'm very skeptical that aspirated stops exist as phonemes in any of the major Dravidian languages. This is not a criticism of the speakers nor of the language. Rather, this is an observation about the phonemic inventory of Malayalam (and other Dravidian languages). Again, I'd like to repeat my request for linguistic citations from peer-reviewed journals and books on this topic. The one that I've found clearly states that aspirated stops do NOT exist in Malayalam. Interlingua 23:48, 17 August 2008 (UTC)
I see your point, but if you listen to some recordings or watch malayalam videos on youtube (particularly songs, because singers are more careful about their pronunciation), I'm sure you'll hear plenty of aspirated consonants. Try this one : I think the problem originates in language teaching - proper pronunciation of aspirates in Hindi is simply not emphasized in the classroom, so malayalis tend to be lax about it as they are in their own language. It will be very hard to find unbiased (as malayalis wouldn't actually admit to not being able to aspirate consonants) linguistic citations for this, but I'll try. --Kannan91 (talk) 16:50, 7 September 2008 (UTC)


Why is this article in Tamil Nadu-related categories, and no Kerala-related ones? This seems rather ridiculous. --Kannan91 (talk) 19:21, 14 January 2008 (UTC)

I've regrouped it under WP:KERALA now. --thunderboltz(TALK) 20:45, 14 January 2008 (UTC)

Citations needed?

Apparently, a lot of citations are required for the "words derived from Sanskrit" section, but it is all obviously true if you think about it. --Kannan91 (talk) 18:14, 5 February 2008 (UTC)

Karintamil (3100 BCE - 100 BCE)

Can any one add some information of Malayalam literature works of Karintamil (3100 BCE - 100 BCE) period? We need some citation here. --V4vijayakumar (talk) 14:15, 10 August 2008 (UTC)