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I've added the technical tag as this article doesn't really make any sense. The terms are not defined - the worst case is in the formula, which doesn't even say what M is, never mind explain any of the other terms. The explanations are also very poor and in particular there is no definition of metacenter (other than the incomprehensible formula) in the section called metacenter, which is just weird. Metacentric height is clearly hard to explain since as far as I have been able to discover nobody in internetland has been able to do it yet. Somebody please rewrite the whole thing. Macguba (talk) 10:41, 16 March 2009 (UTC)
This concept of metacentric height doesn't make much sense to me... It says in the article that the metacentre is a FIXED point, however, as the boat keels and the centre of bouyancy shifts, the metacentre obviously moves up and down the centreline. I've done sample calculations on a square hull to verify. So all told, this seems like a useless indicator to me. Anyone care to shed some light? 18.104.22.168 19:44, 7 June 2006 (UTC)
- You're probably miscalculating; the metacenter should stay at a fixed vertical distance from the keel, on the centerline, for all reasonable angles of heel. We had to derive the calculations on it as part of the Junior year naval architecture ship stability class; the assumptions that go into the "fixed position" statement are that the ship's sides are vertical, and that the angle of heel is small. In practice, the sides can be pretty non-vertical, and the heel angle can be high enough that you just barely put the deck under water, and the fixed position still doesn't shift significantly.
- I can pull the info out of the textbook tonight. Georgewilliamherbert 20:29, 7 June 2006 (UTC)
As an indicator for the ships stability the GM is accurate enough and vital. I work as chief officer on a offhore construction vessel laying flexible pipe. Having heavy weights on high altitudes on the ship makes us squeeze the limits of the vessel at times. We keep a close eye on the GM at all conditions. It can be measured also to verify ones calculations using a normal stopwatch. One measures the time the ship uses to roll one period, and with the beam and a factor of 0.8 if you use meters, one uses the formula: Where B is Beam and T is time in seconds. According to international rules and regulations one should have a GM higher than 0.15 metres. This give a roll period of approx 49 seconds on a vessel 24m wide.
- Those diagrams are exaggerating the effect; while it's true that "M is fixed" is a small-angle approximation (also depending on ships with largely vertical sides), in practice it's pretty accurate for real ships until the point that the deck edge goes underwater. I could paraphrase the whole chapter in "Principles of Naval Architecture" but i would likely go right past most readers and be point less verbage. We're not a textbook... Georgewilliamherbert 00:11, 21 August 2006 (UTC)
"exaserbating" is misspelled in the Free Surface Effect section, first paragraph.
The location of M will stay relatively fixed until angles of heel greater than 7° for a box shaped vessel, i.e bulk carrier at which point it does start to become harder to determine.
Is it actually the case that "The distance between the center of gravity and the metacentre ... is usually between one and two metres. "? Regardless of the size of the boat? I find that remarkable. Very remarkable. Really extremely remarkable. Wow.KSONeill 04:45, 15 August 2007 (UTC)
an excessively low GM increases the risk of a ship capsizing in rough weather (see HMS Captain or HMS Vasa. - Is this right? Isn't it possible that the Captain, Vasa and Cougar Ace all had negative GM ? - If there are no sources should we be saying this? Also the article confuses a low gm which means close to the legal minimum allowable, taking into account damage stability and wind heel with a gm the is below the minimum. Ken E. Beck (talk) 16:53, 21 November 2007 (UTC)
Clarification & Comments
General Comments : This article attempts too much. I would suggest that it should focus on Metacentric height (GM) - what it is and how it is derived and how it is used. It should refer to Righting arm (Gz), Rolling Period, Damage Stability, etc. as these are not directly related to GM but GM affects them.
Usually between 1 and 2 metres : I would request that some reference be quoted because I have personally worked on vessels with GMs ranging from 500mm to 11m.
- Good GM is the minimum necessary stability to maintain safety, so of course that will vary based on vessel and required safety. It doesn't seem unreasonable to provide a general figure as to what a reasonable GM might be as long as it is also acknowledged what factors go into determining a safe GM.KubalaC (talk) 03:08, 14 May 2008 (UTC)
Remains fixed with respect to the ship : This is misleading. According to "Principles of Naval Architecture" Vol. I, Section 3, p. 71 which states that "The location of this point will vary with displacement and trim, but, for any given drafts, it will be in the same place."
Righting Arm : I suggest that this be moved to an article of its own.
Stability, Rolling Period, et al : This has little to do with GM and should be referenced by this article instead of included in it. Free surface actually has its own article although it has little to do with stability. The problem is that someone searching for Free Surface will find the wrong article if they require an explanation of the stability term.
Inclining Test : KG is determined through the Inclining Experiment. KM is determined by adding BM & KB. Both BM & KB are terms derived by the hull shape. GM is calculated by subtracting KG from KM.
Stabilizer Solutions : This stub does not belong in this article at all but should be moved to a more relevant one.
Overall the article requires a significant re-write. I would suggest the structure should be as follows:
- Definition of Metacentric Height with 'MetacentricHeight.png'
- Transverse and Longitudinal Metacenters with graph of KMl & KMt vs draft
- Calculating GMt
- Calculating GMl
- Using GMt to determine small angle stability
- Using GMl to determine MCT and trim
- Inclining Experiment reference
Measuring Metacentric Height?
This is wrong!! The inclining experiment is used to find the centre of gravity of a ship. The metacentre is calculated. The formula is where I is the moment of inertia of the waterplane and V is volume of displacement.
At the moment I am working on a passenger ferry with an average GM of 5 metres which is a bit stiff but good if we ever get damaged. There is so much variation between different ships that you really cannot generalise here.
I agree that it needs to be rewritten in a clear and logical way so that it can be easily understood.
Yes, but the inclining actually measures GM via GZ*Tan(theta) and hence G from KM-KG. KM itself is calculated from the vessel's hull configuration
Split "center of buoyancy" into new article
Searching for "center of buoyancy" redirects to this article, but isn't defined until after it has been used. Both it and "metacenter" need to be defined before metacentric height can be defined. I suggest doing this in a separate article for "center of buoyancy". ★NealMcB★ (talk) 15:51, 26 June 2011 (UTC)
The letters M, G, and B in the first image are practically illegible, even when fully zoomed in. Can this be fixed by someone with decent image editing software?
"Greater mass and/or arm length means a slower swing; and less mass and/or shorter arm length means a faster swing." Source ? Since when mass has any effect at all on roll period ? Seems like total bogus to me. 22.214.171.124 (talk) 13:50, 3 December 2012 (UTC)