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- 1 To the poster below
- 2 Numbers are wrong
- 3 Current Arabia living Mizrahi
- 4 Population numbers
- 5 Mizrahi vs. Sephardic+ Photobox
- 6 Paula Abdul
- 7 Ethiopian Jews?
- 8 Mizra(im) ? Mizra(i) ? Mizra(hi)?
- 9 Related category nominated at CFD
- 10 Complete Garbage, they have nothing to do with Arab Semitic people
- 11 Jacques Derrida?
- 12 Dr. Shalomim Y. Halahawi?
- 13 Babylonian vs Jerusalem Talmud
To the poster below
Thats because the previous name of Mizrahim (Must3arb yahudi,Arabischer yidden,Arab Jews) is no longer PC but you should go to some Sephardic Froums especially the Turkish/Rhodes and Spanish Portuguese ones,they certainly object to anything that is not Ashkenazi being called Sephardi. The Situation not so long ago was more blurry also, because Moroccan Jews formerly spoke Spanish(haketiya) ottomons ruled most arab countries and apointed turkish (sephardic) jews as Hakham Bashis (chief rabbis) and Ladino (Jewish Spanish) was the primary Language of The ottomon empires Jews especially in Jerusalem, however Arabic became more dominant over time, untill all the Sephardim outside of Sephardic lands(turkey,greece,Jerusalem etc) Assimilated to Arabic language, I'm a member of some Message boards including a SYrian message board, they distinguish between Must3arabi and Sephardi, but also use Sephardi in the inclusive sense in day to day language.
the Difference between calling all Ashkenazim Ashkenazim and all non Ashkenazi Jews Sephardim is that even though the vast majority of Ashkenazi Jews are not from Ashkenaz, They have their origin there as Evidenced by Language & Names, With Mizrahim they dont have the same language as Sephardim though they often due share some names but not others. Simply put Sephardim in the limited sense is only those of the Spanish Diaspora like Turkish Jews,Yugoslavian Jews,Bulgarian Jews, & Spanish-portuguese(of Holland,germany & UK etc) & Morrocan Jews —Preceding unsigned comment added by 22.214.171.124 (talk) 09:15, 15 January 2009 (UTC)
Numbers are wrong
In the citiation that gave for Mizrahi population in Israel there is no number (here:http://www.accessmylibrary.com/coms2/summary_0286-32796203_ITM) and in the last demographoc statictis that was published even in the Demography of Israel article is showed that the number is around 2.9 million not 3.1 million include the Sepharadi Jewish population And also for France and Morocco the ethnic idenety for Jewish population wether they are Mizrahi or Sepharadi is uncertained cause the Moroccan Jews are both Sepharadi and Mizrahi (Ari Davidoff) 07:25 24 August 2009 (UTC)
2.9 seems to be a more accurate number, but this number is for Sephardic Jews. While most Sephardic jews can be called Mizrahim and most Mizrahim can also be called Sephardic, the overlap is not absolute. Mostly I am confused because I am a Bulgarian Jew, which the other pages called Ashkenazi, though quite obviously my anscestor's community was Sephardic, speaking Ladino and having Sephardic surnames. Bulgaria is only vaguely oriental, and many Sephardic Jews come from Western countries and the Spanish colonies. I also believe that many older Eastern traditions do not consider themselves Sephardic. —Preceding unsigned comment added by 126.96.36.199 (talk) 08:09, 10 December 2009 (UTC)
Current Arabia living Mizrahi
I think there could be an article dealing specifically with those Mizrahi who still live in the Middle East outside of Israel. This article, as well as Jewish exodus from Arab lands, deals primarily with those who left. There are individual articles, like History of the Jews in Morocco, History of the Jews in Lebanon etc., but no article which brings these all together, and deals particularly with these Jews current status. - Matthew238 (talk) 05:51, 23 July 2008 (UTC)
- they are numerically insignificant. indeed, up until the 1970's there was a community of several thousand still remaining in iraq, but that was about it. if you're interested, professor nissim kazaz documented their life and history until the community's demise. but there are no longer any viable communities in the non-african arab world, aside from a slight chance of viability for the yemeni jewish community. for all practical (encyclopedic) purposes, these communities don't exist anymore. MiS-Saath (talk) 20:08, 23 July 2008 (UTC)
- The Arab Jews article is mostly history, with links to other articles about specific country histories. I don't know if there would be enough information out there to create an article, even one regarding the communities as a whole, that dealt purely with the current situation of these peoples (the Arab Jews article gives merely a few sentences here an there regarding current populations).
I agree that they are numerically small, but whether or not they are insignificant, encyclopedically speaking, I'm not sure. Samaritan has an article (about 700 people in two communities), and it has a section on "modern times". Maybe a "modern times" regarding Arab Jews. Most left 'Arabia', but surely those who remained have quite a story? - Matthew238 (talk) 01:38, 27 July 2008 (UTC)
- to my best of knowledge, they don't. the samaritan community is active and is a focal point for genetic and ethnic research taking place. the remains of the jewish communities in arab countries are split to fragments and mostly don't run active community life and (for the most part) can't even field a 'minyan'. they're also not of much interest to researchers because communities who live in israel and maintain their heritage provide a much more accessible and live subject for research. there are some points worthy of note, such as the fact that in iraq, the few remaining jews lay claim to a large amount of communal property that survived confistication, the efforts of HIAS in rescuing some of the remaining jews to end their life in better conditions in israel, and some newer harassment affairs (Yahya sa'ad al hudair and the yemenite jews of sa'ada) . but it'll be hard to scrape a decent article off of that material, imho. MiS-Saath (talk) 12:37, 27 July 2008 (UTC)
The article on the Mountain Jews list the following numbers:
Russia 9,000 to 20,000 Azerbaijan 5,500
Can someone check the numbers for France, please? From wikipedia pages: Sefaradi are 350K, Ashkenazi 200K and Mizrahi 400K (?), this would bring the total Jews population in France over 1,000M I think there is a typo, and it meant 40K (instaed of 400K) for Mirrahi Jews living in France. Needs to be fixed ?! Thanks. Ira —Preceding unsigned comment added by 188.8.131.52 (talk) 03:35, 12 April 2009 (UTC)
Mizrahi vs. Sephardic+ Photobox
There are many figures mentioned in this aticle who are Separdic and not Mizrahi. More, the photo box almost only include third rate Israeli artists, some are of Sephardic origin (e.g.,Maya Bouskilla). --Gilisa (talk) 10:52, 28 August 2009 (UTC)
isnt Maya Bouskilla of North African Jew descent? However , North African Jews are of Sephardi rite , but they are als included in "Mizrahi" category.
I don't think they are and I don't think Jews of Central Asia are either way. Mizrahi are tradionally Jews of the Middle-East such as Iraqi Jews , Iranian Jews etc.... —Preceding unsigned comment added by 184.108.40.206 (talk) 12:32, 23 March 2010 (UTC)
- Tunisian Jews are traditionally Sephardi, while Yemeni Jews are Yemeni. The most obvious Mizrahi Jews are from Iraq and Iran, where Jews from Spain didn't settle. TFighterPilot (talk) 15:03, 1 July 2010 (UTC)
Mizra(im) ? Mizra(i) ? Mizra(hi)?
Mizrai(m) is listed as a son of Cham. The word Mizraim is wrongly attributed as being Egypt yet we know Egypt is Cham/Kham/Chem/Khem/KM.t. It seems clear that Mizrai(m) son of Cham/Kham(Egypt) is in some way related to Mizra(h)i which tradtionally implies Persian Jews which makes more sense than simply Mizraim being another name for Egypt. This obvious connection should explored. I cannot be the first to make the easy association, there must be sources. Mizrai, Mizrahi, Mizraim clearly are a plural form of Mizra(sowing?) or Mirza(Persian). ____ —Preceding unsigned comment added by 220.127.116.11 (talk) 00:01, 19 April 2011 (UTC)
- Sorry: there is absolutely no connection.
- "Mizrahi" comes from the verb "zarahh", to rise or shine, and is spelled with a "zayin" (English z sound). The final "hhet" is a strong guttural, and is an integral part of the root: you can't just elide it to *Mizrai. The word is in any case a medieval coinage, and means simply "eastern".
- "Mizraim" is spelled with a "tsade" (ts or hissing s sound): in more modern transliteration it would be "mitzrayim". There is no doubt of its meaning Egypt: the ancient Assyrians called Egypt "Mudraya" and in modern Arabic it is "Misr" (again with a "sad", hissing s). It may just possibly be connected with "metzar" (narrow place), but this is probably folk etymology. The "-ayim" ending is a dual, probably referring to Upper and Lower Egypt.
- "Mirza" is a Persian word, derived from Arabic "amir" (commander) and the Persian suffix "za" (son of). The Bible includes Madai and Paras (the Medes and Persians) among the descendants of Japheth, i.e. Indo-Europeans: there is no connection with Ham.
- "Mizra" (sowing) has a final "ayin", another guttural, which is an integral part of the root and cannot be dropped or ignored.
- Simply comparing how the transliterations look in English without reference to the original languages is a classic form of Pseudoscientific language comparison.--Sir Myles na Gopaleen (the da) (talk) 10:54, 19 April 2011 (UTC)
"Mizrach" means "East". Thus why I think many people don't know what is the broad definition of "Mizrahi". This should be put into question. What is "Mizrahi" and which falls under this category. It doesn't seem "Mizrahi" has any cultural or historical basis thus is it a political term ?
Related category nominated at CFD
|The related Category:Mizrahi Jews topics has been nominated for deletion, merging, or renaming. You are encouraged to join the discussion on the Categories for discussion page.|
Complete Garbage, they have nothing to do with Arab Semitic people
The article is complete garbage. The Israeli government has now renamed people from Europe in a new category "mizrahi" to try and validate their claim on Palestinian land. These people have got nothing to do with people in the middle east. To be Semitic means they would need to have the same genetics as the Arab Semitic people. The swab from the mouth and blood test would take less than 10 minutes to see if any of them have the same genetics as Arabs but its unlikely that they would ever do it as the tests always show them as russians, german, latvians, french, georgians etc. As usual the same nonsense of reports of fake genetic tests are shown. People have pretty much begun to ignore these things as typical Israeli government nonsense. TruthArrives (talk) 09:52, 29 August 2012 (UTC)
- This article is not about "people from Europe" (russians etc). There were Jews living in Syria, Iraq, North Africa etc since long before the Muslim conquest and THAT is what this article is about. The genetic origin of European Jews (i.e. Ashkenazim) is quite another question, and NO ONE calls them "Mizrahi". Nor does this article mention genetics in any way. Are you sure you didn't add your comment to the wrong article? --Sir Myles na Gopaleen (the da) (talk) 10:37, 29 August 2012 (UTC)
That is exactly what I am talking about. Everyone knows that these people are Europeans who are claiming to be jews from the middle east because they don't want to label themselves as Ashkenazi. So now they are saying that they came from Arab countries at the end of the war and not Europe. There were pagans, jews and christians in the region prior to Islam. Majority of them converted to Islam eventually after the Muslim conquest. These people on the other hand are calling themselves as "jews from the middle east" when they are from Europe and have jack all in common with Arab Semitic people and neither were they ever "expelled" from the middle east because they never were in the middle east, they come from Europe. I did not say that genetics was mentioned in this article, I was saying that its mentioned in other articles claiming that even though so called "mizrahi jews" had majority European genetics they had some genetics in common with Semitic Arabs. That is utter nonsense they have nothing in common with Semitic Arabs, my opinion is its better to do your independent genetic test, come to terms with reality and live a real life than put fake labels and live a fake life. TruthArrives (talk) 14:17, 29 August 2012 (UTC)
- Please look up the articles on History of the Jews in Iraq, History of the Jews in Syria, History of the Jews in Tunisia, Exilarch, Saadia Gaon, Maimonides, Judaeo-Arabic languages, Judaeo-Persian and Aleppo Codex; also the detailed prescriptions in Islamic law about the treatment of Jewish and Christian dhimmis. I'm not talking genetics, simply about the continuous existence of Jewish communities in those countries. Are you saying it's ALL a forgery?? Pretty radical revisionism that; not what "everybody knows". --Sir Myles na Gopaleen (the da) (talk) 15:49, 29 August 2012 (UTC)
Aaah yes that word again "revisionism" like how every person that says the common sense obvious truth about the holocaust is called as holocaust "revisionism" yup ..... sure. This is mundane you seem to be just going round in circles, I am only interested in saying the truth not made up fantasy stories. TruthArrives (talk) 06:46, 31 August 2012 (UTC)
- So let's get this clear. Are you actually saying that there were no Jewish communities in any Islamic country before 1948, and that it was all made up by the Israeli government? Funny, that. The information in the articles cited above largely came from the Jewish Encyclopedia of 1905, and I have seen original sets of that; unless of course every existing copy was forged by the Israelis in the 1950s and then deliberately foxed and dog-eared to look older. My father's birth certificate was signed in 1913 by the Chief Rabbi of Cairo, and his grandfather was born in Aleppo in 1840; are you saying he did not exist either? (So why am I here, or perhaps I'm a forgery too.) The British census of 1900 shows some thousands of Jews living in Manchester with birthplaces in Syria or elsewhere in the Ottoman Empire: another forgery by the Israelis? Sir Richard Burton (a pretty radical anti-Semite, that, and scarcely likely to be promoting a Zionist agenda) gives a detailed account of the Damascus Affair of 1840, and the world's newspapers of the time were full of it: yet another forgery? Going further back, are the travel diaries of Petahiah of Regensburg, Benjamin of Tudela and Pietro della Valle all forgeries? Russell's Natural History of Aleppo (1756)? Lane's Manners and Customs of the Modern Egyptians (1836)? Have you SEEN the old synagogues and Jewish cemetery in Cairo? Perhaps you should read Archbishop Whately's Historic Doubts, in which he proves that there was never such a person as Napoleon Bonaparte (as a spoof, I hasten to add).
- Seriously. There is some room for manoeuvre on the question of how many of the Jewish communities of those countries are descended from people expelled from Spain in 1492, and how many represent older communities ("Musta'arabim"); that is why both Spanish and Arabic names are found among them. But that is scarcely the same as saying that they were all people from Poland called Goldberg and Shloimevitz smuggled in by the Israelis in the twentieth century, as you seem to be saying.
- I'm not using "revisionism" pejoratively. There is always a role for challenges to the accepted scholarly consensus. But the onus of proof is on the person making the challenge: you can't just say "everybody knows". And given the evidence, including the volume of rabbinic material in both Hebrew and Judaeo-Arabic, both printed and in manuscript, emanating from those countries from the seventh century on, it would take an enormous amount of explaining away.
- I'm not sure what genetic tests have got to do with it. Supposing that genetic tests show that Sephardim have the same genetic make-up as Ashkenazim, that does not show the inauthenticity of the Sephardim: it could equally show the authenticity of the Ashkenazim. No one is saying that Sephardim/Mizrahim are actually Arabs by blood (there is no such thing anyway, the present Arabs are a mixture of the Muslim conquerors from Arabia with the native Aramaeans, Jews, Copts, Assyrians, Phoenicians and you name it depending on the country they live in, the common factor is simply the Arabic language.) They were just Jews living in Arab countries. --Sir Myles na Gopaleen (the da) (talk) 10:42, 31 August 2012 (UTC)
Like i said before i am tired of replying to the same stuff again and again. The Arabs spread out from Arabia to the neighboring regions and began occupying them one by one, all the regions were Semitic people speaking Semitic languages except for ancient Egypt which was Afroasiatic but not semitic. The people living in Egypt now are Arabs as the ancient egyptians after living under Roman and Greek rule fled to the south of the country and eventually out of the country after the Arabs invaded Egypt. This rapid spread and multiplication of the population led to 300 million people speaking Arabic today. On the other hand the continent of Europe has more than 30 different languages but European people have majority of the genes in common with one another. It can be the other way as well for example Alexander conquered the Persian empire but the Iranian people are all indigenous Iranians with no genetic input from outside that is because countries dont "conquer" countries, the small army of one country tried to conquer the army of another country and in this case the population was too big to control and they were destroyed and pushed out of the country.
As far as "jews from the middle east" or more appropriately "Arab jews" are concerned, they had decades and generations of intermarriage with muslims that is because both Islam and Judaism are montheistic religions but Christianity is polytheistic. So it was fairly common for the minute jewish population to intermarry with the larger muslim population but rare for christian and jewish or christian and muslim intermarriage. Which obviously means that Arab jews would have the same genetics as Arab Muslims. Although now there is frequent intermarriage between Muslim and the minute Christian Arab population. The only reason why in the past there was no intermarriage between jews and christians or muslims and christians was because christians in the middle east started immitating the western world with blond hair blue eyed jesus. Christian arabs became more westernised so much so that 3/4 of chistian arabs have mixture of european genes in them. The more they became western the more the muslims and jews tended to move away from them, ultimately leading to islam becoming the dominant religion in the region. Although there was some jewish-christian intermarriage as both jews and christians follow the exact same religious book with Jesus being the only point of difference.
To answer your last question of why i mentioned genetics, I did not bring it up for any Islamic reason as genetics do not play any part in Islam. Its only your belief and righteous deeds that matter in Islam. The only reason i brought up genetics is because it irked me how the government is labelling europeans as "middle east" when they have jack all in common with the Arab Semitic people. You can continue with your Judaism calling yourselves as Jews from Europe not Middle East and you are free to believe whatever you want to believe but i think the rest of the world pretty much knows the reality that they are basically European. TruthArrives (talk) 08:56, 2 September 2012 (UTC)
- Intermarriage. Yes there was some intermarriage, as Islamic law permits a Muslim to take a Jewish wife. But their children would be brought up as Muslim. It was illegal for any Muslim to convert to Judaism. So there would be some Jewish blood in the Muslim population but not much Arab blood in the Jewish population. As far as the wider question is concerned, Arabs were just one Semitic people among many; Israelites, Aramaeans and Assyrians were others. So Middle Eastern Jews would have a remote cousinship with Arabs, but not be directly descended from them, and still qualify as "Semitic". (There would have been some hush-hush mixing, accounting for local features; a Shiite Iraqi friend of mine thinks I "look Syrian".)
- You haven't answered my basic question. If we're all European, when do you say we arrived from there? --Sir Myles na Gopaleen (the da) (talk) 10:08, 3 September 2012 (UTC)
Its not just Jews, Christians and Sabians that Muslims can marry. A muslim man / woman can marry ANY person that believes there is only one God i.e. monotheism. As long as that man / woman accepts that there is only one God and does not practice any form of idol worship or polytheistic notions of God. The man / woman must not believe in any form of blood religion i.e. the concept that a person has to be born into a religion. Since blood religion is regarded as polytheism in Islam and blood religion is a characteristic of old idol worshiping religions where a person who is born worshiping one set of idols can marry a person who is born worshiping the same idols. But another person worshiping different idols cannot marry the former. The concept of blood religion in judaism is fairly new as judaism was the first religion to proselytize or convert people. Which is how arab jews were converted from paganism to judaism. Arab christians were coverted from paganism to christianity which consequently led to greater intermarriage between arab christians and europeans.
The requirements i stated before are the only requirements for marriage under islamic law. Islam is strictly NOT associated with cultures or ethnic groupings or languages etc. It is a Belief in a singular God, the accomplishment of righteous deeds, punishment for sins and the ultimate judgement on the day of judgement. To answer your question, majority of european jews arrived on ships and by land to palestine. The region was only scarcely populated by palestinian farmers and shepherds and other arabs, whose ancestors were originally jewish and had eventually coverted to islam due to intermarriage with the larger arab population. During british colonial rule more and more europeans were allowed to settle in the region and ultimately after the end of world war 2 we know the rest. The region was unanimously voted by europeans to give it to the european jews even though the arabs opposed. Later sucessive migrations from germany, russia, poland and other european countries as well as america led to the region being completely occupied by european jews. TruthArrives (talk) 15:32, 7 September 2012 (UTC)
- Please come down to earth. We are not talking about religious dogma here, but about the physical existence of communities in different countries. Nor am I talking about whether there were Jews in PALESTINE before the Zionist movement. It is simply an abundantly documented fact that there were Jewish communities in countries such as Iraq, Syria and Tunisia from pre-medieval times to the early twentieth century, and that they had virtually nothing culturally in common with Ashkenazi Jews except the basics of religion. I do not care a row of beans about their genetic descent: Judaism is not a "blood religion" either (anyway, my sort isn't). If you are saying that the Aleppo Jewish community of 1900 was not descended from the Aleppo Jewish community of 900 (because of the amount of intermarriage, conversion and immigration going on all the time), fair enough: I might not agree 100% but it is within the bounds of possibility. But if you're saying that between 900 and 1900 there was no Aleppo community at all you are flying in the face of reality. It would be like saying that there was never such a language as Ancient Greek or that there is no such place as Ireland. There is just too much physical evidence to explain away. --Sir Myles na Gopaleen (the da) (talk) 11:48, 20 September 2012 (UTC)
Was Jacques Derrida a Mizrahi Jew? His family was from Algeria, but I can't tell if they were part of the long-term Algerian-Jewish population (i.e., Mizrahi), or more recent immigrants. Helene Cixous and Bernard-Henri Levy both come from recent-immigrant Jewish families who were only in north Africa relatively briefly, thus are not really Mizrahi even in the expanded use of the term. But I'm not so sure about Derrida. Aroundthewayboy (talk) 18:06, 8 February 2013 (UTC)
- Algerian is not Mizrahi but Maghrebi. Today Mizrahi are mixed-up with Maghrebi and Sephardi proper and sometimes whole Israeli Jews are named "Mizrahi", but originally the concept refers to Jews of Syria, Iraq, Iran, Caucasus, Bukhara and perhaps Yemen.Greyshark09 (talk) 17:23, 27 May 2013 (UTC)
Dr. Shalomim Y. Halahawi?
Dr. Shalomim Y. HaLahawi is a man that claims to be a rabbi and a doctor although no one has seen his credentials. I suspect he is faking it. In fact, it is him that put his information in the Medicine and Therapy section. He had a book published but ANYONE can have a book published. Is there ANY WAY one would be able to check to see if he is of merit, before he is allowed to put HIMSELF on the page as a medical source? Rivka 01:08, 27 May 2013 (UTC) — Preceding unsigned comment added by RivkaRebecca (talk • contribs)
Babylonian vs Jerusalem Talmud
The article says that (from a historical context) Mizrahi Jews mostly follow the Babylonian Talmud, whereas Ashkenazi Jews mostly follow the Jerusalem Talmud. Where did this information come from, as I'm sure it is wrong? Ashkenazi Jews also mostly follow the Babylonian Talmud. The Babylonian Talmud is given far more weight than the Jerusalem Talmud across Judaism. 18.104.22.168 (talk) 15:31, 9 September 2013 (UTC)Adam
- Absolutely right. It is thought that a few Palestinian customs form part of the Ashkenazi liturgy, where the corresponding Sephardi usage is Babylonian. But this is a very small number of instances, compared with the overwhelming preponderance of Babylonian usages in both Ashkenazi and Sephardi liturgies; and there are even instances of the reverse pattern. See the article Sephardic law and customs. --Sir Myles na Gopaleen (the da) (talk) 16:26, 9 September 2013 (UTC)