Talk:Montevideo Convention

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Application[edit]

Does this treaty apply to all UN member states or only to the signatories? - Siyac

It only applies to its signatories. However, most of its contents is basically a codification of existing international law, and as such it applies to all states. - Mauco 11:27, 29 June 2006 (UTC)
Who are the signatories?--MariusM 17:21, 17 November 2006 (UTC)
Most of the Western hemisphere at the time. See MetaWiki for details: [1] or use a new tool called "Google", my friend.[2] . Note, however, that the convention is not (and was not either, at the time) a novelty but rather a codification of existing international law. As such, it applies to all states (except for rogue states who choose to not observe international law). - Mauco 03:11, 18 November 2006 (UTC)

Meantime I checked the external link given in the article [3] - it seems there are only 19 states who signed this convention: Honduras, United States of America, El Salvador, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Argentina, Venezuela, Uruguay, Paraguay, Mexico, Panama, Guatemala, Brazil, Ecuador, Nicaragua, Colombia, Chile, Peru, Cuba, some of them with reserves. It seems is not a relevant convention for international law, the big majority of countries never signed it.--MariusM 16:51, 18 November 2006 (UTC)

The convention is merely a restatement of customary international law. It codified a set of already-existing legal norms and its principles are universal. They do not apply merely to the signatories, but to all subjects of international law as a whole. - Mauco 22:43, 4 December 2006 (UTC) I don't think so, it's a different treaty, therefore it has to be treated differently.
I will be glad to add references if a fact-tag (request for citation) is placed. - Mauco 12:52, 28 February 2007 (UTC)
I have obliged. —  Pēters J. Vecrumba 01:32, 1 March 2007 (UTC)

Who decides officially for a particular proposed state if the criteria have been met ? — Preceding unsigned comment added by 138.37.215.34 (talk) 15:48, 22 October 2013 (UTC)

Badinter Committee[edit]

And what do the other opinions state, not just "Opinion No 1., Badinter Arbitration Committee"?  —  Pēters J. Vecrumba 01:36, 1 March 2007 (UTC)

Question about Article 1[edit]

Is there a clear definition of what "territory" is under international law? Or is the matter more open to interpretation? If anyone has an answer they can back up with evidence, I'd be happy to hear it. DerekMBarnes (talk) 02:56, 19 September 2008 (UTC)

A territory is geographic region upon which population can dwell, infrastructure can be built, and resources can be harvested. It extends straight up and straight down from the ground, to the bottom of Earth's crust, up to wherever sovereign airspace ends (which is contested). It also includes territorial waters, if applicable. Contiguity is a big plus, but not a strict requirement. --70.131.112.177 (talk) 02:00, 2 March 2009 (UTC)

Anarchic states and oxymorons.[edit]

Furthermore, this clause effectively rules out anarchic states from existing legally.

"Anarchic state" is an oxymoron. An anarchic territory is not a state, and is not capable of entering into negotiations with other states. Any infrastructure which was implemented to do this would be... a government. By definition. --70.131.112.177 (talk) 01:53, 2 March 2009 (UTC)

Article 11[edit]

I added a brief comment on article 11 of the Convention. Lacking of references about that article caused dozens of erroneous pages in wikipedia: according to the Convention, territory, population, government and capacity of relations are necessary conditions for statehood, but if a government rose from a foreign military invasion, we can't speak of a new sovereign State but only of a puppet state.--Cusio (talk) 16:12, 10 November 2009 (UTC)

Doesn't this pretty much describe the situation of the Republic of China (ROC) on Taiwan? None of the Allied recognized any transfer of the territorial sovereignty of the Taiwan to the ROC upon the Oct. 25, 1945, surrender of Japanese troops. US, British, and French officials are on the record about this. Then in the Treaty of San Francisco and Treaty of Taipei, the territorial sovereignty of Taiwan was not awarded to the ROC either.
And yet on Wiki, there are many pages which claim that the ROC on Taiwan meets the four MC criteria for statehood. I believe that this is a major problem that needs to be resolved. However, I am not exactly sure about how to begin dealing with this task. Hmortar (talk) 08:31, 25 January 2010 (UTC)
But Tiawan didn't arise from a foreign military invasion, though, it arose from the surrender of a former occupying force. FutureDragon (talk) 21:57, 27 January 2010 (UTC)

Micronations[edit]

Surely there should be a section of Micronations, i.e. states which fulfil the requirements of the convention but aren't recognized as such? FutureDragon (talk) 16:42, 24 January 2010 (UTC) I added the section. Feel free to upgrade it. FutureDragon (talk) 20:02, 26 January 2010 (UTC)