|WikiProject Computing||(Rated Start-class, High-importance)|
It may be worth comparing the transition from 16-bit to 32-bit APIs and programming models in the Motorola/Macintosh world versus the Intel/Windows world.
In the Intel/Windows world, the transition entailed the creation of all-new 32-bit versions of the Windows APIs, with a new "flat" memory model in place of the old "segmented" memory model. This transition took most of the 1990s to happen.
In the Motorola/Macintosh world, on the other hand, since the original 68000 was designed essentially as a cut-down 32-bit processor to begin with, the transition to the 32-bit 68020 and later processors was really just a matter of filling in gaps. Addresses were always 32 bits--albeit since programmers knew the 68000 processor ignored the top 8 bits, they had got into the habit of storing other information there, and so there was a transition as programmers had to rid themselves of this habit and make their software "32-bit clean". But this did not involve the creation of any major new APIs, let alone a new memory model, and 32-bit-clean software could continue to run on older machines. The transition was essentially complete by 1993.
Ldo 10:16, 12 Sep 2003 (UTC)
- The problem with talking about "bits" with a processor is, which set of bit width are you talking about? The APU register set? Index or pointer registers? The address bus width? The data bus width? The 68000 and 68010 were 32/32/24/16 in that regard. The 68012 was 32/32/31/16, the 68008 was 32/32/20/8, the 68EC020 was 32/32/24/32 and the 68020 was 32/32/32/32. Confusing, eh?
- If you're going to talk about the API, then you're mainly talking about passing stuff via the data and memory registers, since passing parameters in functions is very register dependent (unless you want to talk about passing non-native data formats via the stack). I haven't seen too many guides out there that discuss this evolution from the old 16/8 processors to 32/16 ones. Most of the ones I have seen are very 8086 -> 80286 -> 80386 centric. So, you need to be careful of doing original research. Dinjiin (talk) —Preceding undated comment added 04:22, 25 October 2010 (UTC).
In which year did the 68020 appear ?
PS: There was no 16-bit API on the macs, AFAIK.
--18.104.22.168 17:27, 6 September 2005 (UTC)
- I believe it was 1984 - http://www.cpu-world.com/CPUs/68020/ agrees. Mdwh 02:21, 16 January 2006 (UTC)
This page http://www.cpu-collection.de/?tn=1&l0=cl&l1=68020&l2=Motorola#MC68020RC12B says it was introduced in 1982. So whats correct? —Preceding unsigned comment added by 22.214.171.124 (talk) 15:32, 9 January 2009 (UTC)
The 68k series was never 16 bit. The 68000 was a 32bit processor, as its GPRs were 32 bits. Hence any talk of a 16bit transition is nonsensical. Wayne Hardman 23:36, 27 January 2006 (UTC)