Talk:Muslim conquest of Transoxiana

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Adding Turgesh people and infobox[edit]

Well I think there should be mention of Arab-Turkic clashes, I mean including Turkic peoples/states such asTürgesh Kaghanate and their battles against Umayyad Caliphate, and perhaps with military conflict infobox just like it is in Islamic conquest of Persia. Maybe we can also improve article by including Khazar-Arab Wars in it. Nozdref (talk) 17:22, 9 October 2011 (UTC)

I've addded the infobox regarding the Arab-Turkic conflicts in the region. I know it needs improvement, and that its missing things. I'll add more sources and and things I missed to infobox and add into article aswell. Please don't remove it for now. Nozdref (talk) 20:05, 11 October 2011 (UTC)

OK Thanks. However, Khazar were not living in Turkestan. Kavas (talk) 03:43, 14 October 2011 (UTC)
The infobox is about Arab-Turkic conflicts as of Muslim expansion. Khazar-Arab wars also can be considered as Arabs conflicts with Turks, and those battles also took place in Transoxiana. Nozdref (talk) 19:34, 14 October 2011 (UTC)

Arab Turkish Clashes over Transoxiana[edit]

Turkestan was a big region including Mongolia and Kazakh Steps. Transoxiana was just a colony where Turkic Step Khanates did not have a direct control and the cities of Transoxiana were fully autonomous city states of which only the ruling class were Turkic whereas population were of Iranic stock. The ruling Turkic nobility were no different than the Sicilian Normans. — Preceding unsigned comment added by 78.165.213.207 (talk) 00:30, 3 January 2012 (UTC)

Error! Mongolia is not part of Turkestan. There's no such thing as "Turkic Step Khanates" - I'm assuming you were trying to say "steppe"? Sicilian Normans? What the . . . HammerFilmFan (talk) 01:26, 30 September 2012 (UTC)

Unclear Scope[edit]

I'm not sure of the scope of this article. Is the Turkestan referred to here any place containing Turkic peoples or a particular region? Is this referring to a particular series of campaigns or the general spread of Islam in Central Asia? Does this article refer only to Arab conquests of Turks or does it include Muslim Turks and Iranian peoples spreading Islam? Could the intro paragraph be fleshed out some to clarify these questions? Jztinfinity (talk) 09:49, 27 December 2011 (UTC)

Turkestan is referred to here as part of Central Asia containing Turkic peoples. This is referring to the campaigns of Arabs Muslims to spread Islam in Turkestan. This is my view. What do you think Nozdref? Kavas (talk) 14:20, 28 December 2011 (UTC)

Arab descriptions of Turkic peoples[edit]

Page 204

http://books.google.com/books?id=s9EmAQAAMAAJ&q=It+should+be+emphasised+that+although+Arab+sources+commonly+used+the+term+“Turks”+as+a+generic+term+designating+people+living+in+the+Eurasian+Steppes&dq=It+should+be+emphasised+that+although+Arab+sources+commonly+used+the+term+“Turks”+as+a+generic+term+designating+people+living+in+the+Eurasian+Steppes&hl=en&sa=X&ei=YXxkU9SKJ-3MsQSr7ICQCQ&ved=0CCwQ6wEwAA

Page 222

http://books.google.com/books?id=s9EmAQAAMAAJ&q=One+of+the+issues+that+most+occupied+the+travelers+was+the+physiognomy+of+the+Turks.+Both+mentally+and+physically,+Turks+appeared+to+the+Arab+authors+as+very+different+from+themselves&dq=One+of+the+issues+that+most+occupied+the+travelers+was+the+physiognomy+of+the+Turks.+Both+mentally+and+physically,+Turks+appeared+to+the+Arab+authors+as+very+different+from+themselves&hl=en&sa=X&ei=ZnxkU9PROtGzsATP4IDwBA&ved=0CCwQ6wEwAA

Hadith found in Sunni collections describe the physical looks of the Turkic peoples over 1,000 years ago as Mongoloid. They also describe them as infidels and say that the day of judgement would not come until the muslims fight them. Another hadith tells the Muslims to leave them alone if they left the Muslims alone.

Volume 4, Book 52, Number 179 : Narrated by Abu Huraira

Allah's Apostle said, "The Hour will not be established until you fight with the turks; people with small eyes, red faces, and flat noses. Their faces will look like shields coated with leather. The Hour will not be established till you fight with people whose shoes are made of hair."

Sahih Bukhari : Read, Study, Search Online

http://sunnah.com/search/Turks

Turkic mongoloid looks

http://sunnah.com/urn/269590

http://sunnah.com/bukhari/56#141

http://sunnah.com/nasai/25#93

http://sunnah.com/abudawud/39#13

http://sunnah.com/abudawud/39#15

http://sunnah.com/bukhari/61#96

A hadeeth on Live and let live by the Prophet Muhammad, telling people to leave the kuffar (infidel) abyssinians (ethiopians) and turks alone if they leave you alone

http://sunnah.com/abudawud/39#12

http://sunnah.com/nasai/25#92

Other descriptions of Turkic peoples

The Volga-Ural region was inhabited by the Turkic Pechenegs who were being driven westward by their neighbors the Oghuz and would soon leave the area entirely. The Oghuz tribes extended from the middle and lower course of the Syr Darya (Yaxartes, Saihun) and Aral Sea region, where Khorezmian outposts kept watch on them, to Ispijab (Isfijab, Isbijab, identified with Sairam near present day Chimkent in the Kazakh SSR). Here they bordered with the Karluks. They nomadized as far north as the Irtysh and the Kimek confederation. The Karluk encampments stretched from Ispijab to the Ferghana valley and beyond in the east and extended to the Chu and Hi rivers in the north where the subject Chigil and Tukhsi tribes lived. The entire Oghuz-Karluk border with the Muslim world is described as being in a state of constant warfare, with the raids of the "Turks" reaching deep into Khorasan. South and east of the Karluks, and closely associated with them, were the Yaghma who extended towards Kashgar. (p. 348)

The Cambridge History of Early Inner Asia. Cambridge University Press, 1990.

One of the issues that most occupied the travelers was the physiognomy of the Turks. Both mentally and physically, Turks appeared to the Arab authors as very different from themselves. The shape of these "broad faced people with small eyes" and their physique impressed the travelers crossing the Eurasian lands. In their accounts, they presented the Turks as people with an alien physical appearance. The anonymous author of Ḥudūd al-'ālam asserted that, "The Ghuzz have arrogant faces and are quarrelsome, malevolent and malicious." (p. 222-3)

« The Turks of the Eurasian Steppes in Medieval Arabic Writing », in : R. Amitai, M. Biran, eds., Mongols, Turks and Others: Eurasian Nomads and the Sedentary World. Leyde, Brill, 2005, pp. 201-241.

05:44, 3 May 2014 (UTC)