k* etc. is standard IPA. L used it in its standard sense of don't-have-a-symbol-for-this. Likewise, kʰʰ follows a common pattern of extension of the IPA, such as aːː for extra-long a, ˈˈa for extra stress (both of which are mentioned explicitly by the IPA) and a˞˞ for extra-rhotic a. We don't list all IPA symbols which have ever been superscripted, such as ts, as nonstandard, so I'm removing k* and kʰʰ from the list. kwami (talk) 17:29, 31 October 2008 (UTC)
We should have a discussion of cover symbols, but they aren't IPA, and so IMO don't belong in this chart. I removed C for "any consonant", V for "any vowel", and G for "glide". There are others: N for "any nasal", F for frics, S for sibs, K for velars, T for alveolars, A for low vowels, R for rhotics, L for laterals, etc. etc. This should probably be covered under phonemic transcription and linked from the IPA & nonstandard IPA articles. kwami (talk) 22:36, 12 November 2008 (UTC)
Somewhere or other, long ago, I saw turned small capital K for 'any consonant' and turned small capital U for 'any vowel'. Wish I could remember where. I like these because they cannot be mistaken for /c/ and /v/. —Tamfang (talk) 21:17, 22 July 2011 (UTC)
Found them! The Principles of the International Phonetic Association 1949 (reprinted 1974):
38. Among suggestions lately made we may mention the following:—
[something like a backward comma] has been proposed as a sign to denote that a stop consonant has no plosion (as in Burmese, Cantonese, etc.). [turned small K] and [turned small U] have been suggested as general symbols denoting any consonant or vowel respectively. π has been suggested to denote the voiceless labio-dental plosive, [small turned 2] to denote voiceless r, [turned ɰ] to denote voiceless m.
The length-mark ː is not considered entirely satisfactory, but none of the alternatives hitherto proposed seem any better.
It has been proposed that ħ and ʕ might well be replaced by the symbols [turned 2] and [turned 3] which suggest the Arabic signs for these sounds (ع,ح).
The Association's treatment of a and ɑ as different letters denoting different sounds has not met with the success originally hoped for. In practice it is found that authors and printers still generally regard the two forms as variants of the same letter. The difficulty might be solved by altering the value of æ and assigning this letter to cardinal vowel No. 4 (and sounds near to it), leaving cardinal vowel No. 5 (and sounds near to it) to be represented by a or ɑ according to the fount of type employed. This would involve designing a new letter to replace our present æ; [mirror a] has been suggested for this.
The turned K was included in Adobe's Stone Phonetic Alternate (1991?). —Tamfang (talk) 19:01, 1 July 2012 (UTC)
Also the digraphs for affricativesʣ, ʤ, ʥ, ʦ, ʧ, ʨ (maybe also the digraphs ʩ, ʪ, ʫ?) belong here. Dan☺ 16:29, 29 July 2010 (UTC)
You mean the ligatures. The digraphs (combinations of two letters) are still current. +Angr 16:58, 29 July 2010 (UTC)
Thank you for answering Dan so helpfully. We all know, that's why wikipedia is so great. -DePiep (talk) 22:30, 29 July 2010 (UTC)
Uhm, at first I wrote "ligatures", but then I saw that their Unicode names use "digraph" (e.g. here). I've seen ʤ, ʦ & ʧ in articles here be replaced with d͡ʒ, t͡s & t͡ʃ with ed sums saying the first were obsolete. Was that sarcasm back there? Dan☺ 00:39, 30 July 2010 (UTC)
Yes, it was sarcastic, aimed at Angr clearly ('answering'). Fact: Angr did not answer your question. Which makes h/h post useless. Why did h/s not spend (less) time improving the article, instead of doing smart-talk here? -DePiep (talk) 00:49, 30 July 2010 (UTC)
And Dan, I do not know enough about IPA & so to react. I do know that there are are big areas & topics of discussion, so the IPA-profession clearly is not converging for a while. -DePiep (talk) 00:49, 30 July 2010 (UTC)
Dan didn't ask a question, he stated a fact, but got his terminology wrong. (I didn't realize that Unicode also gets its terminology wrong.) +Angr 08:32, 31 July 2010 (UTC)
Fair enough, Angr. I stroked. -DePiep (talk) 22:24, 31 July 2010 (UTC)
I'm happy we're all friends again , so: the ligatures are obsolete, so they belong on the page, right? Dan☺ 01:37, 1 August 2010 (UTC)
Yes, at least the ones for the affricates. I don't know enough about the extended IPA for disordered speech to know if ʩ, ʪ, ʫ are also deprecated, but since they aren't affricates, I doubt it. +Angr 05:56, 1 August 2010 (UTC)
Aren't these already in the (first) table, second row from below? -DePiep (talk) 06:37, 1 August 2010 (UTC)