|WikiProject Medicine||(Rated C-class, Low-importance)|
Babies are born with brainstem-level (hence “Primitive”) reflexes to help support the birth process and survive their first few months outside the womb. These reflexes should disappear (integrate) into the developing nervous system during the first year of life, making way for postural reflexes and cognitive functions as the cortical brain develops. If the Primitive Reflexes don’t get integrated, they can interfere with structural, biochemical, psycho-emotional, and neurological development. They can also re-emerge or be “Regained” following neurological, biochemical, emotional, or physical trauma. We see this consistently with adult PTSD, environmental illness, post-stroke, and traumatic brain injury patients.
There are currently ten principal RPRs recognized and each can result in its own group of dysfunctions:
(Fear Paralysis Reflex) Parasympathetic ANS issues ie., anxiety, panic attacks, SIDS (Moro Reflex) Sympathetic ANS issues, ie, Aggression, ADHD, Asthma (Palmar Reflex) Verbal and written expression, fine motor skills, posture (Plantar Reflex) Anti-gravity ie., Balance, coordination, posture,locomotion, LD (Asymmetric Tonic Neck Reflex) Learning difficulties, misjudge distances, shoulder injuries (Tonic Labrynthine Reflexes - Lateral and Sagital) Motion sickness, LD, Balance and visual disturbances (Spinal Galant Reflex) Hyperactivity, Bedwetting, Scoliosis, Gait abnormalities (Rooting Reflex) Hormonal dysfunctions in the HPA axis, including thyroid (Juvenile Suck Reflex) Chewing, swallowing, speech, and articulation problems, (Ex: Annie was once holding a bagel in her mouth and could not refrain from the reflexive chewing of said bagel).
Chiropractic and osteopathic manipulative therapies including intra- and extra-oral cranial adjusting, fascial release techniques, sacral adjusting, and DeJarnette blocking have been found to be effective in facillitating the integration of RPRs in children and adults. For more information: http://www.akcsm.com/rpr.htm
The discussion of the plantar reflex is incorrect: A plantar reflex is a normal reflex that involves plantar flexion of the foot (toes move away from the shin, and curl down. An abnormal plantar reflex (aka Babinski Sign) occurs when upper motor neuron control over the flexion reflex circuit is interrupted. This results in a dorsiflexion of the foot (foot angles towards the shin, big toe curls up). This also occurs in babies under ~1 year, due to low myelination of the descending corticospinal tracts. As these tracts develop to adult form, the flexion-reflex circuit is inhibited by the descending cortiospinal inputs, and the normal plantar reflex develops. —Preceding unsigned comment added by 188.8.131.52 (talk) 19:46, 23 January 2009 (UTC) The discussion of the plantar reflex is correct when you take into account the context of the article. The plantar reflex that is being discussed is the retention of the infantile reflex and the associated problems that occur when it remains after it should be integrated. —Preceding unsigned comment added by 184.108.40.206 (talk) 11:27, 11 August 2009 (UTC)
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King's University College
I would like to make a few improvements to the article in the future:
1) Add new reference;
2) Improve the structure/content of the article;
3) Add a section to the article