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Density and Area[edit]

Please if any one knows both the Density and Area of Rotterdam e-mail me or posted.

towns, villages and townships I used to live in rotterdam north, so i was kind of surprised when "noord" was linked to a place in aruba, which is not even on the same continent.


also has the Willem de Kooning Academy Hogeschool Rotterdam and the forward thinking Piet Zwart Institute

Pim Fortuyn isn't born in Rotterdam,but in Zaandam.(I'm a Dutchman,so i can also read the Dutch Wikipedia)

  • Pim Fortuyn wasn't born in Zaandam but in Velsen. Aecis 16:36, 11 July 2005 (UTC)

Amateur clubs[edit]

Why did you removed the amateur clubs?

Because Rotterdam has way more than 4 amateur clubs, and the 4 you added do not stand out from the others. In fact, one of them (Zwart Wit '28) doesn't exist anymore. Furthermore, it is doubtful that they are notable enough to be included in an article about Rotterdam (an article about sports in Rotterdam would be another story.) Aecis 20:07, 20 July 2005 (UTC)

  • A fix will come up in a few minutes time. Aecis 22:54, 20 July 2005 (UTC)
    • Fixed. Aecis 23:06, 20 July 2005 (UTC)


Rotterdam has a green-white-green horizontal striped flag.

Yes, images of the flag and coat of arms (shield with vertical green-white-green stripes, with 4 lions on top, carried by two lions) are available in the commons section of wikipedia However I am not sure whether we should add them to the page. --Arnoutf 22:58, 13 January 2006 (UTC)

  • Why not?--Scathane 10:40, 11 April 2006 (UTC)

Cubical houses[edit]

The Kijkkubus is the show cube, accessible to the general public (after paying an entrance fee). The houses themselves are called the Kubuswoningen. I've changed it in the article. Arvey 09:07, 14 August 2005 (UTC)

Flood of 1953[edit]

Looks like they had a major flood in 1953. I didn't read the article well, but I didn't see it mentioned. [] Will look at it someday in the time being, I will save a link [1]

  • Nope, the flood was in Zeeland (another Dutch province). The harbour of Rotterdam is protected by, and part of, the Delta Project. Rotterdam was not harmed by the floods of 1953.

Only Dutch[edit]

Is it true that it is forbidden to speak other languages than dutch in Rotterdam? Or is that a February Fools day joke?

  • I live in Rotterdam and I've never heard of this. I can safely say that it is nonsense. Ruffnekk 07:33, 13 February 2006 (UTC)
  • Although one of our cabinet ministers has been making statements about a convenant of speaking only Dutch in public spaces in the Netherlands (welcome tourists!!), which seems unlikely to be implemented. Arnoutf 10:32, 15 February 2006 (UTC)
  • It is partially true that there are plans to arrange a rule that says that local citizens are not allowed to talk any other language than Dutch. It is to prevent any plotting for terrorism in secrecy. Also, there have been recent acts of genocide in Rotterdam, respectfully because of discrimination against the native Dutch by especially Turkish and Morrocan citizens. A significant example is Theo van gogh, although I'm not sure if this was in Rotterdam. --Nin 20:09, 22 September 2006 (UTC)
  • Van Gogh happened in Amsterdam. Still sounds very weird, so in this case a local citizen of one the worlds largest harbours is only allowed to talk Dutch to visting sailors; also very helpfull for Erasmus University for visiting scholars. Besides I just can not believe there is legal grounds for such a rule in Dutch law. But let's see; antiterrorism measures seem to take preference all over the world without reasonalbe arguments anyway.... Arnoutf 21:52, 22 September 2006 (UTC)

Rotterdam population[edit]

I removed the sentence saying the "rotterdam agglomeration is vies with the amsterdam agglomoration for first in the nation" . no idea what the means, if someone knows please add.

I agree that is a incomprehensible sentence, and you are right to remove. The meaning is that although Rotterdam Municipality is smaller than Amsterdam; greater Rotterdam is about the same size as Greater Amsterdam. This is no small feat of pride for Rotterdam as there is a fierce competition between the two cities on all kinds of issues. I think many people from Rotterdam would like to see a reference to this so I added a few words after the first sentence in the municiaplity bit, where there is talk about the greater Rotterdam area to reflect this point: "which is comparable to the greater Amsterdam area" Arnoutf 10:13, 5 February 2006 (UTC)

There was a proposal indeed, but it will never be accepted. Moreover, the proposal itself wasn't that extreme as it sounds (tourists and imigrants would be allowed to speak their own language) but was more of a measure to improve the Dutch language of immigrants

Please note that there seem to be a new population evaluation of the city of Rotterdam proper (apparently from 2008) on the municipality website: It gives a total population of 596.597 inhabitants. Alphast 14:30, 1 October 2009 (UTC) —Preceding unsigned comment added by Alphast (talkcontribs)

The main picture[edit]

Does anybody have a better picture from the city, as the top picture barely shows it.

I've uploaded and added a new image that better shows the skyline of Rotterdam. --Mecil 03:32, 2 June 2006 (UTC)
To be honest I liked the spooky foggy picture better than the current one. Anyway. I have a problem with the new one for two reasons. Firstly the image quality of the sky (too white) is less than perfert. Secondly The focus is more on the foreground than on the skyline. The soccer stadium and the (relatively small) apartment buildings are not that interesting. Also this is again a high point of view for the photo. I think a lower point of view gives a better rendering of the skyline. Personally I might like a picture from taken from the border of the Kralingse Plas. If anyone could make a good one???? Arnoutf 18:43, 2 June 2006 (UTC)
I see what you mean, sadly my only pictures from that vantage point also have the same sunlight problems. But I think that the location would be great for a picture, could a wikipedian take a stroll, take a good picture and upload it? :-) --Mecil 18:50, 2 June 2006 (UTC)
I've asked a professional landscape photographer whose work I know from a calendar to donate a picture. If that doesn't work, I might take a picture in the near future from the Euromast, de Kop van Zuid or from the Maasboulevard. A picture of Rotterdam's center should at least show some highrise buildings, the Nieuwe Maas river and preferably both the Erasmusbrug and Willemsbrug. Sippin Soda 19:47, 2 December 2006 (UTC)
If you can get a professional picture that would be briljant. Be sure that the photo when uploaded gets the correct usage license, Wiki is very carefull about copyright violation. Arnoutf 19:52, 2 December 2006 (UTC)
The professional photographer answered my e-mail and is willing to cooperate and donate a picture. How do we best protect his copyrights? Sippin Soda 12:17, 3 December 2006 (UTC)
When you upload the picture you get to choose from a list of Licenses. Please use Wikipedia:Copyrights to determine which applies. I myself have only uploaded a few of my own pictures, so the GNU-self made always applied. This situation is a bit more complicated, so I think it is important to get it right. Arnoutf 13:33, 3 December 2006 (UTC)
Thanks for the advice. As soon as he has a picture, I'll just show him what licences there are and make him pick, since I know little of copyright. Sippin Soda 19:17, 3 December 2006 (UTC)

please do something about the main picture a skyline or something because this is a pretty crappy picture that doesnt show the downtown or something —Preceding unsigned comment added by (talk) 14:56, 11 September 2008 (UTC)

Beach in Rotterdam[edit]

The article says that there was a beach in Rotterdam during the summer 2003 and 2005. As far as I know, that beach is still there. Is that not so?

Only in the summer I guess, so it would be again rather than still, if you know for sure it is there in the summer of 2006 (i.e. now) feel free to add that to the relevant section. (PS please sign using four tildes (~)) Arnoutf 20:07, 9 July 2006 (UTC)

  • Anno 2012, it is still there every summer. It's an annualy returning beach. — Preceding unsigned comment added by (talk) 16:05, 25 April 2013 (UTC)

Nickname Manhatten upon Meuse[edit]

Hi all, I noticed some reverting on the addition of the nickname Manhatten upon Meuse. Before a revert war starts. Please discuss. Personally I can live with both inclusion (as this term has been used fairly frequently, especially for the Kop van Zuid development) and removal (as this has been used mainly by planners as a PR stunt). So before a next revert, please list arguments why here. Thanks Arnoutf 09:32, 30 September 2006 (UTC)

I think thousands of Google hits in combination with some decent references like [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] and last but not least [7] will clarify the name is used quite often by locals and official instances. You're right when you say that it's mainly used in combination with the Kop van Zuid project, but it's becoming a nickname for the city more and more. SportsAddicted 12:26, 30 September 2006 (UTC)

In my opinion the only true nickname is Rotjeknor.

Man, since when are nicknames included man..? I mean before a few months ago I didn't even know what the hell Rotjeknor of the (very ugly) "Roffa" was..Roffa is supposed to be derived from the slang. Come on man... Mallerd (talk) 18:26, 3 September 2008 (UTC)

Since Rotjeknor is derived from Rotjeknar, you may want to go further than only what's in *your* opinion the only true nickname and provide some historical depth by mentioning Rotjeknar, instead of removing it while it even has a reference (check it out on the NL-wiki page from Rotterdam). — Preceding unsigned comment added by R08-42 (talkcontribs) 16:34, 4 April 2011 (UTC)

Coat of arms and motto[edit]

The current translation of the motto (Sterker door Strijd) is given as(Stronger through Effort). This is based on the translation made for the American town Rotterdam (NY state) see: here. There is no account to be found why it was thus adopted, neiter could I find any other reference to a translation. IMHO the translation is not correct (it may have been adapted in the American case) as the translation of Strijd should be somehting like "Strife" "Struggle" "Fight" or "Battle" which is a much stronger statement dan "Effort" (Which would back-translate to "inspanning" "moeite" or something similar). So can someone provide the official translation (supported by the Dutch Rotterdam) Arnoutf 19:19, 19 November 2006 (UTC)

"Effort" just doesn't cover the more dramatic meaning of "Strijd." It may sound warlike to modern ears, but we shouldn't tone it down. According to my (authoritative) Dutch-English dictionary, "strijd" is "fight"/"struggle." In the English-Dutch version, "struggle for freedom" translates as "vrijheidsstrijd," and in Merriam-Webster, "effort" isn't even a synonym for "struggle". I think we shouldn't look at the American case as authoritative just because it's already been there for a while. Sippin Soda 12:15, 26 November 2006 (UTC)

The device "Sterker door strijd" was awarded "…in memory of the courage and strength with which the population has endured the tests of the Second World War." From Nederlandse Gemeentewapens (Dutch municipal coats of arms) site. (I made my own translation from Dutch because the given English text uses different wording.)
Same site translates the device as "Stronger through Battle," which reflects the context of war.
Struggle, the current translation in this article, comes in the device of Zeeland: "Luctor et Emergo," I Struggle and Emerge. RToV 22:42, 14 January 2007 (UTC)

If the WWII bombing of Rotterdam is the origin of the motto, I support the translation Battle (lit. slag). Not knowing that was the origin, struggle (lit. worsteling) seemed an adequate translation of Strijd (lit. fight); at least much better than effort (lit. inspanning). Arnoutf 22:52, 14 January 2007 (UTC)
A bit more about the awarding of the device in this PDF in Dutch. It's the best source I could find so far. But I'm not yet sure which translation to choose, see outdented below. RToV 20:15, 15 January 2007 (UTC)

Strijd is a generic term, appliccable in many contexts. It may even mean competition. "Sterker door Strijd" is equally wide applicable, and applied. For instance, many sports clubs in Rotterdam use it as their device. For these, battle would be a rather unfitting translation. Other translations may be as unfitting in other contexts.
I think we should eigther try to find a generic English translation, or else outline that the translation depends on the context. For the moment, I think, struggle, fight, battle and maybe contest deserve equal consideration. RToV 20:15, 15 January 2007 (UTC)

Second Maasvlakte[edit]

I deleted the following:

Constructing a second Maasvlakte was the subject of political debate in the 1990s, because it would be partly government-financed. Construction started in the summer of 2004 (press release, PDF in Dutch).

In my recollection, the controversy wasn't so much about the way of financing as it was about environmental issues. This is backed up by the Dutch Wikipedia article on the Maasvlakte. In addition, construction did not start in 2004 at all; it was stopped by the Raad van State. I collected the rest of the information from the Dutch Wikipedia Maasvlakte site again and from the Havenbedrijf Rotterdam's second Maasvlakte website ( Sippin Soda 18:06, 4 December 2006 (UTC)

Length of Nieuwe Waterweg[edit]

Can anyone find out the length of the Nieuwe Waterweg? The Dutch Wikipedia article says 20 kilometers, but seems to include the Scheur. So does the English Wikipedia article, which says 15 kilometers. Old maps, however, suggest the length that must actually have been dug appears to be only 4 kilometers.Sippin Soda 20:47, 6 December 2006 (UTC)

On old map on the Internet ( indicates that the Nieuwe Waterweg starts west from a vertical line from Brielle. A measurement on Google Earth results in a length of less than 6.5 kilometers for the Nieuwe Waterweg. Sippin Soda 20:24, 7 December 2006 (UTC)


No politics section? Given what has happened in Rotterdam poolitics over the last decade, that is a serious omission. DirkvdM 09:17, 14 December 2006 (UTC)

A Question many may wonder[edit]

Does Rotterdam have the same liberal laws that makes Amsterdam popular among tourists? *ahem* —Preceding unsigned comment added by (talk) 05:25, 14 December 2007 (UTC)

What do you mean? Dutch law? Yes obviously as it is in the Netherlands. Arnoutf (talk) 20:04, 14 December 2007 (UTC)

Football Teams[edit]

Excelsior won't be in the Eredivisie for the next season (2008-09). Only Sparta and Feyenoord will be playing in the Eredivisie. —Preceding unsigned comment added by (talk) 14:01, 17 May 2008 (UTC)


The intro says: "The city, which had a population of 584,046 on 1 January 2007, comprises the soutern part of the Randstad, the 6th-largest metropolitan area in Europe, with a population of 6.7 million inhabitants."

Section "Municipality" says:

"Rotterdam lies in the Zuidvleugel ('South Wing') of the Randstad ('Rim City') conurbation with 7.5 million inhabitants, the sixth largest metropolitan area in Europe".

Now what? VKing (talk) 23:32, 20 July 2008 (UTC)

According to the Nl version it's about 7.1 million. Who can know better? Changing it right away. VKing (talk) 16:22, 1 August 2008 (UTC)

New mayor[edit]

Yesterday Ahmed Aboutalib was appointed mayor of rotterdam —Preceding unsigned comment added by (talk) 10:54, 17 October 2008 (UTC)

Partner / Sister / Twin / Connecting cities[edit]

This was just removed from Amsterdam as unsourced and likely to be false. I know what a twin city is, but partner? Sister? Connecting? What does this mean? I suggest it be zapped unless it can be substantiated. It is very suspicious to me.--Anna Frodesiak (talk) 03:13, 19 February 2009 (UTC)

I have found some citations (from each city website) for some of the twin/partner cities, and inserted into appropriate section - I'll add more when I find them.
The titles (partner, twin, sister, etc.) are a little confusing, please see town twinning for more information. In summary, in UK we referred to ‘twin towns’, in the US I believe it is ‘sister cities’, in Europe ‘partner cities’ and in the ex-Soviet bloc ‘brother cities’. There seem to be a mixture of these on Wikipedia, (plus various others) without any obvious standard. -- Marek.69 talk 04:55, 19 February 2009 (UTC)

Capital of Eurabia[edit]

Rotterdam has been described as the capital of Eurabia in an article by noted Italian journalist Sandro Magister. While this is certainly controversial, it would be interesting if this aspect of the city could be mentioned somewhere in the article. [8] ADM (talk) 10:34, 19 May 2009 (UTC)

Rotterdam links[edit]

I think the following links are almost essential to the topic Rotterdam as not much other video and photo material is shown or linked to right now, and the material is not easy to find for non dutch speakers, so it's a pitty if they are not allowed to be in the weblink section, greetings Floris5 (talk) 22:19, 3 October 2009 (UTC)


Presumably this meant "Western", which is what I've changed it to. But this description is still unclear and possibly racist. What does "Western" mean exactly? Could the author please find an acceptable English translation? Schildewaert (talk) 09:03, 17 February 2012 (UTC)

File:Rotterdam city hall.JPG Nominated for speedy Deletion[edit]


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This is Bot placed notification, another user has nominated/tagged the image --CommonsNotificationBot (talk) 16:24, 31 March 2012 (UTC)


What's wrong with the template?? I can't fix it.--GeoTrou (talk) 00:04, 1 February 2013 (UTC)

Proposed infobox update[edit]

City and Municipality
The Erasmus Bridge across the Meuse
The Erasmus Bridge across the Meuse
Flag of Rotterdam
Coat of arms of Rotterdam
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): Rotown, Roffa, Rotjeknor, Manhattan on the Meuse
Motto: Sterker door strijd (Stronger by struggle)
Highlighted position of Rotterdam in a municipal map of South Holland
Location in South Holland
Coordinates: 51°55′N 4°30′E / 51.917°N 4.500°E / 51.917; 4.500
Country  Netherlands
Province  South Holland
 • Body Municipal council
 • Mayor Ahmed Aboutaleb (PvdA)
 • Aldermen
 • Municipality 325.79 km2 (125.79 sq mi)
 • Land 208.80 km2 (80.62 sq mi)
 • Water 116.99 km2 (45.17 sq mi)
 • Randstad 3,043 km2 (1,175 sq mi)
Elevation[4] 0 m (0 ft)
Population (Municipality, May 2014; Metro, 2008; Randstad, 2011)[5][6][3]
 • Municipality 619,879
 • Density 2,969/km2 (7,690/sq mi)
 • Metro 1,169,800
 • Randstad 6,979,500
Demonym Rotterdammer
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postcode 3000–3099
Area code 010

As part of WikiProject Dutch municipalities I am going through the municipal articles and updating the infoboxes with new information and with using data templates to keep population number up-to-date. Usually I am bold and implement them, but because of the details in the current infobox I am suggesting this on the talk page first to see if there are any comments. I propose to use the version on the right here as the new infobox, this includes

  • Updating it using the current fields used in {{Infobox settlement}} including white space and the order as discussed in the documentation.
  • Updating population numbers and using data templates
  • Standardizing some of the wording
  • Having the districts and aldermen in a collapsible list.
  • Urban and Metro areas are not officially defined in the Netherlands, it seems proper to use Stadsregio Rotterdam as the metropolitan area. I sourced and updated the population numbers for Metro and Randstad. I am open to suggestions if this should be done differently in your opinion.
  • I sourced various statements, including some stats. The following references are used in this suggested infobox
  1. ^ "College van b en w" [Council of mayor and aldermen] (in Dutch). Gemeente Rotterdam. Retrieved 21 August 2013. 
  2. ^ "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten" [Key figures for neighbourhoods]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 2 July 2013. Retrieved 12 March 2014. 
  3. ^ a b Anita Bouman–Eijs; Thijmen van Bree; Wouter Jonkhoff; Olaf Koops; Walter Manshanden; Elmer Rietveld (17 December 2012). De Top 20 van Europese grootstedelijke regio's 1995–2011; Randstad Holland in internationaal perspectief [Top 20 of European metropolitan regions 1995–2011; Randstad Holland compared internationally] (Technical report) (in Dutch). Delft: TNO. Retrieved 25 July 2013. 
  4. ^ "Postcodetool for 3011AD". Actueel Hoogtebestand Nederland (in Dutch). Het Waterschapshuis. Retrieved 20 August 2013. 
  5. ^ "Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand" [Population growth; regions per month]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 26 June 2014. Retrieved 24 July 2014. 
  6. ^ "Derived indicators for larger urban zones". Eurostat. Retrieved 23 August 2013. 

Let me know whether there are any objections or additions to this proposal. If not, I will update this infobox in the near future. CRwikiCA talk 20:48, 21 August 2013 (UTC)

Generally looks good, I only have doubts about the metro area. The problem is that Rotterdam Stadsregio is a semiofficial institution without much legal recognition, and no democratic control over its doing. If you would take metropolitan area as definition this would span the Rotterdam-The Hague conurbation, which would be odd for Rotterdam, or even the Randstad as a whole. Perhaps an idea to use Larger Urban Zones an EU measure to harmonise definitions (Rotterdam ranks 51st) might do the trick here and helps to avoid arbitrary definitions. Arnoutf (talk) 21:31, 21 August 2013 (UTC)
You raise a valid point, I will change the number once I find the proper source. CRwikiCA talk 18:32, 22 August 2013 (UTC)
I found the number of 1,169,800 for 2008 on Eurostat. Starting from - you might be able to locate it, but user friendliness is not very good and I cant find a way to deeplink to results. Arnoutf (talk) 19:36, 22 August 2013 (UTC)
I think I found a way to deeplink to it, but no area numbers though. I updated it in the infobox. CRwikiCA talk 18:21, 23 August 2013 (UTC)
I will implement this in the article now. CRwikiCA talk 08:16, 25 August 2013 (UTC)

FPC Delftsevaart in Rotterdam[edit]

You can now vote on Wikipedia:Featured picture candidates/Delftsevaart in Rotterdam. – Editør (talk) 13:02, 19 June 2014 (UTC)

There are too few featured pictures from Rotterdam, so this would be a nice addition. We only need a few more votes. – Editør (talk) 08:33, 25 June 2014 (UTC)

Ideas for introduction[edit]

Today I completely rewrote the introduction (header) of this page to elaborate more on the history and the architectural side of Rotterdam. What is still missing in my opinion is some basic information about economy (which sectors dominate?), tourism and maybe some other highlights like the Van Nelle factory which is UNESCO Heritage. What do you think? Are there parts that can be removed from the intro? It's already a bit long. Zwaardmeester (talk) 15:32, 9 March 2015 (UTC)