Talk:Spectral color

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physics of spectral color[edit]

i have added some material on the physics of spectral color and integration of the spectral colors in visible light. i have some further ideas on wavelength discussion, alternative light sources for visible light, etc, if a consensus indicates more such material would be desirable. i am open to editing or moving text i created just now to another article. im a newcomer to "color" editing so i am open to suggestion. Anlace 15:32, 20 May 2006 (UTC)

try[edit]

pls add the page non spectral colors. —Preceding unsigned comment added by 82.205.243.3 (talkcontribs) 20 June, 2007

… mixing a gray-scale color and a spectral color, such as pink or brown[edit]

Both are very inappropriate examples and quite ambiguous terms. "Pink" of course is not spectral, but it may denote not only a low saturation red (i.e. a mixture of red and white), but also those side of purple tones (≈350°) which is close to red (360°=0°). These colors obviously are not mixtures of gray(white) and red. Brown, as stated in article, has HSV: h=30°, s=100%, v=59%, which has maximal saturation, so is nearly a spectral color (orange), but with low intensity (dark). Incnis Mrsi (talk) 08:38, 17 April 2010 (UTC)

So, pink or electric blue?[edit]

There are plenty of sources on a cyan spectral color, usually mentioning such wavelengths as 502, 505, 520, sometimes 488 nm (note I don't claim that it is the same as the color of cyan ink). These are not only students' webpages such as [1][2][3][4], but also peer-reviewed publications [5][6][7], information about commercially available LEDs and lasers [8][9][10] and even a US patent [11]. So, do not do such edits[12] without a discussion. I hope, there are no doubt that the hue of electric blue should be called cyan rather than, say, blue or green.

On the opposite side, please, provide at least one source about "reddish spectral color" which gives an ordinary pink when tinted. Not just verbal declarations "RED + WHITE = PINK", but something demonstrating it numerically or on a plot. Without such a source, I will wipe the pink from this example without a mercy. Incnis Mrsi (talk) 07:40, 16 September 2010 (UTC)

I was coming fresh from the discussion at Visible_spectrum#Cyan_vs._Indigo. The use of "cyan" as the name of a spectral color is a very modern and still rather unusual variant. We should avoid it. I don't understand your point about pink, but find a better example; what is "electric blue" anyway? Dicklyon (talk) 05:08, 17 September 2010 (UTC)
Please, give your definition of pink, then we shall discuss my point. Some exact or approximate hue value, or some concrete interval of hues (of course I understand that hue is an angle and lies on the unit circle rather than on the real line). Incnis Mrsi (talk) 13:26, 21 September 2010 (UTC)
In it primary definition, pink is used to refer to colors of high lightness in the red or purplish-red hue range. (a central – in terms of hue/lightness – representative for the ISCC–NBS category “pink”) or (ISCC–NBS “purplish pink”) are reasonable examples. Pink is also often used for not-so-light purplish red and reddish purple colors (“hot pink”). –jacobolus (t) 21:15, 21 September 2010 (UTC)
The American Heritage dictionary has: “Any of a group of colors reddish in hue, of medium to high lightness, and of low to moderate saturation.” Random House has: “a color varying from light crimson to pale reddish purple.” Collins has: “any of a group of colours with a reddish hue that are of low to moderate saturation and can usually reflect or transmit a large amount of light; a pale reddish tint”. The name comes from various flower species in the genus Dianthus called pink. –jacobolus (t) 21:21, 21 September 2010 (UTC)
In any case, it’s not clear to me what it means to “tint” a “spectral color”. Tinting in general means adding white to a paint, and paint is by definition not spectral. –jacobolus (t) 21:23, 21 September 2010 (UTC)
Sorry for my absence for such long time. IMHO samples and definitions of pink mentioned above demonstrate that the pink color is not a good example of the sum of the white and a spectral color. I wrote the word "tint" in this discussion when mixing with the white light was assumed; I realise that tints used in painting are not exactly the same way of desaturation. If the current version of the article does not cause objections, let us stop here. Thank you for valuable comments. Incnis Mrsi (talk) 17:09, 10 October 2010 (UTC)

A spectral color is a color that can be evoked...[edit]

I think the article should use "can be evoked" instead of "is evoked" in its definition.

The human eye cannot distinguish between monochromatic light of a given frequency and a mixture of frequencies that evokes the same response in its (only 3 types of) colour receptors. In other words: they are the same colour. AlexFekken (talk) 10:23, 23 April 2012 (UTC)

Give an example of such "mixture of frequencies", and we will discuss this point then. Hint: each spectral color is an extreme point of the CIE chromaticity space. Incnis Mrsi (talk) 17:26, 23 April 2012 (UTC)
(Colour) television, computer screens, movies, photography... they all rely on this principle. Is that enough examples? AlexFekken (talk) 09:40, 25 April 2012 (UTC)
On what principle? AlexFekken, if the RGB's Green really "evokes the same response in your colour receptors" as one of spectral greens frequencies does, then your vision is probably deuteranomalous or even worse… I am sorry, but over 80% of humans have normal colour vision, for which RGB's gamut represents only a part of all chroma. Because spectral and near-spectral colours does not occur frequently in everyday life, colour distortions due to RGB are not strong on most images. Incnis Mrsi (talk) 11:28, 25 April 2012 (UTC)
So are you saying that when you have normal vision and you look at a scene which is dominated by a spectral colour (e.g. a wall coloured evenly with a single spectral colour) and then look at a "perfect" (i.e. as good as possible) television image or photograph of it, side-by-side if you like, you would almost always (i.e. for every spectral colour except possibly for some R, G or B used in the colour reproduction itself) be able to tell the difference? That sounds very implausible to me. But I admit I have never done the experiment. AlexFekken (talk) 10:56, 27 April 2012 (UTC)
And from a mathematical point of view I would also expect that it will (again "almost always") be possible to tune the R, G and B levels so that the response levels of the colour receptors to the mixture exactly match those produced by the spectral colour. AlexFekken (talk) 11:15, 27 April 2012 (UTC)

The article Color triangle illustrates the sRGB color triangle, the gamut of colors that can be made by mixing typical CRT R, G, and B primaries, and shows what ALL spectral colors are outside that range, and by implication of their place on the chromaticity diagram, distinguishable by normal human vision. This idea that it is "almost always possible to tune the R, G and B levels so that the response levels of the colour receptors to the mixture exactly match those produced by the spectral colour" is a common misconception. Not so. Dicklyon (talk) 15:18, 27 April 2012 (UTC)

Apologies for wasting your time: my mistake. Your links helped me along: I am (apparently) talking about Metamerism (color) and my claim was basically that metamerism can occur with spectral colours as well as mixtures. The hint about the spectral colours being extreme points makes sense to me now. AlexFekken (talk) 09:20, 28 April 2012 (UTC)

Chromaticity of spectral colors[edit]

Does somebody have a good, scientific source about this? The question refers not only to one of 2012, but also to WP: Articles for deletion/Unique hues. Namely, it should confirm two things:

  • Any spectral color is an extreme point of chromaticity;
  • Any spectral color's hue (but of extreme red and extreme violet) can be obtained with interpolation between nearby (slightly higher and lower) frequencies.

Of course, if a source also considers some psychological aspects, it would be a bonus. Incnis Mrsi (talk) 07:55, 18 January 2013 (UTC)

… that is, created by the addition of grey[edit]

http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Spectral_color&diff=540523315

A shame on all us that this “clarification” can be visible for more than 12 hours. The color people, why do you promptly go to war when I change red to cyan or so, but sleep when an idiocy is injected to the article? Incnis Mrsi (talk) 06:47, 11 June 2013 (UTC)

Something about laser pointers?[edit]

The three cheapest kinds of laser pointers are 650 nm red, 532 nm green, and 405 nm violet. The cheap ones are nominally 5mW, although the green ones tend to be 2-3x overspec, i.e., 10-15mW. Red covers such a huge swath of the spectrum that a 650 nm laser pointer doesn't tell us much. 635 nm laser pointers (more expensive) also look red, just not as much when there's a side-by-side comparison. 670 nm, 808 nm, and 980 nm laser pointers also look red. 532 green, on the other hand, is widely acknowledged as having a very slight yellowish tinge. A more rare and expensive laser pointer in a color known as forest green at 520 nm has a bluish tinge. Another more expensive forest green laser is 515 nm, trends even more towards blue. Green traffic lights in the US are now 505 nm, previously 507 nm (the old 3M lamps). However, traffic lights, even with diodes, are much more broadband. Green traffic lights are intentionally skewed towards blue so that people with the most common sort of color blindness can see them. If you're not paying attention, they look green. However, if you look closely, you are suddenly amazed at how blue they are, almost turqoise. The standard for yellow or amber traffic lights in the US is 594 nm. They also have amber laser pointers (more than $500 for 1mW) at 593 nm. In bother cases, they seem to really look amber.

589 nm laser pointers are marketed as "yellow" but that's kind of tricky. Most people agree that true yellow is further down the scale, although they can't agree on whether it's 580 or 590.

The cheap 405s you get on eBay are actually (and consistently) 403.5. This kind of laser is often advertized as Blu-ray because it's the wavelength used in Blu-ray DVD. However, the color is actually far violet bordering on ultraviolet. Another sort of laser is advertized as "blue" or "445/447/450." These are actually two kinds of lasers so close that their wavelengths overlap. Although they often show up as blue in photos, people who have actually seen them say there's a definite tinge of violet that sometimes shows up in photos. 473 nm laser pointers are marketed as "true blue" although they look more like sky blue. True sky blue or azure may actually be closer to 478. Not that this is necessarily the color of the sky, just the name of a tertiary color, halfway (perceptually) between blue and additive cyan. (Printer or subtractive cyan is a completely different color).

I forgot to mention orange. Here we need to look at bench lasers. 612 nm is a kind of orange, but has a distinctive reddish tinge. 607 nm has a very, very faint reddish tinge. 604 nm looks orange enough that it has neither a perceptible reddish not yellowish tinge.

One last point: people who don't have a lot of experience with lasers can easily be food by the Bezold-Brucke shift, where hues shift with brightness. However, when you've played with or worked with a particular wavelength long enough, you eventually see it in all it's incarnations, at which point you get some idea of where the center of gravity is. Zyxwv99 (talk) 22:46, 30 March 2014 (UTC)