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As with the Nyamwezi, all members of the group of Greater Unyamwezi identified themselves as Wanjamwezi out side of the 'greater' area, but among themselves used Sukuma, Konogo, etc.. The Wasukuma call themselves, Sukuma, (northerners) when speaking to Nyamweezi, but use Nyamwezi when speaking to anyone else. It can be called the Nyamwezi-Sukuma complex, for while never united, they were very closely related in attitude and way of life. Like most of their neighbors they were were an etnic group divided into many smaller groups. Some claim they were a Nyamwezi people who had moved northwestwards to escape Mirambo's raids with the result that game and tsetse re-occupied the deserted area.
Unyanyembe, the most important chiefdom of the Wanjamwesi, centered on Tabora, obtained its meat suplies from the Sukuma. By 1892, however, the herds of cattle began to decline due to rinderpest and tsetse fly, and while tweo-thirds of German East Africa became unsuitable for cattle in gerneral pfoba bly did not recover until after the end First World War; large valuable herds of were retained by the Sukuma who were then still able to escape much social change by exploiting the herd economically. Sakuma tradition suggests that famine did become more common towards the end of the nineteenth century, leaving conservative Sukuma blaming religious innovation for natural disasters and expecting regular sacrifices for the household or chiefdom ancestors.
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