Talk:Term of office
|WikiProject Politics||(Rated Start-class, Mid-importance)|
Does anyone know why a political term of office is almost always 4 years? Of course, it's a compromise between continuity and securing that the person in office has the people's mandate. But it seems to me that the same compromise could be accomplished with a term of 3 or 5 years, no?—Preceding unsigned comment added by 22.214.171.124 (talk • contribs)
-The most likely reason for this is the combined influence of the British Parliamentary System and the American Presidential System. British-style constitutional monarchies and republics use a system of flexible terms of office for the Legislature and, thus, the Head of Government, to a maximum electoral mandate of five years. Most governments do not wait for their five-year mandate to run out completely but call a new election during the fourth year, usually closer to the beginning of the fourth year than to the end of it. American-style republics that used fixed terms of office typically use four-year terms for heads of state and government (unlike British-style republics, which have two people at the top - a ceremonial head of state and a non-ceremonial head of government - both top jobs are done by the same person in American-style republics). 126.96.36.199 (talk) 15:17, 7 December 2014 (UTC)
Needs Another Graphic
There are three maps that illustrate terms of office for heads of state, members of the upper houses of legislatures, and members of the lower houses of legislatures. There needs to be a fourth for heads of government.
The three current maps ignore the fact that most of almost all of Europe and Oceania, and much of Asia and Africa (e.g. Israel, India, Rwanda, etc.) are British-style republics and constitutional monarchies with *separate* heads of state (de jure and de facto) and heads of government. The President of Ireland, the President of India, the President of Israel, and so on, all serve fixed terms of office; while the prime ministers of those same countries serve until they lose an election, resign or retire. Likewise, the monarchs of the United Kingdom, Sweden, Canada, Jamaica, Australia, the Netherlands, Denmark, Greenland, Ontario, New South Wales, etc., are heads of state who serve until the die or abdicate; while the prime ministers, premiers, and other heads of government serve until they lose an election, resign or retire.
Thus, it is not enough to have one map for all heads of state because not all heads of state are also heads of government; and because not all heads of government are members of a legislative body.
So, there need to be four maps, as follows: -One for Heads of State (not also Head of Government) -One for Heads of Government (including Heads of State who are also Heads of Government) -One for Members of the Upper House of the Legislature -One for Members of the Lower House of the Legislature
188.8.131.52 (talk) 15:31, 7 December 2014 (UTC)