# Talk:Transcendence theory

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Field: Number theory

## Untitled

Not worth an edit war; but it is inexact to call x in P(x) a kind of formal variable. Charles Matthews 22:39, 16 Nov 2004 (UTC)

My problem is that P(x)=0 on its own, without x quantified, doesn't really mean anything. Your point is that it stands for the map x -> P(x), and in some contexts we might use this confusion. For example we say the function sin x. However the tone of this article is pretty formal and I think it is necessary to say P(x)=0 for all x, or perhaps better to use the notation later in the article P=0. Or could say P(x) is identically zero (rather more old fashioned I think). Billlion 07:32, 17 Nov 2004 (UTC)

Well, no, strictly, P is not a mapping but a formal expression. And the assertion is that it is the constant 0 (as formal expression, also); which is the notation for the polynomial with all its coefficients zero. Charles Matthews 08:25, 17 Nov 2004 (UTC)

Now we are in to some interesting pedantry! In the line above P(e)=0 clearly refers to the evaluation of P at e, so we are identifying the formal expression with a function evaluated at a real number. I am now more convinced P=0 is best, as P is clearly an object in the module of integer coeff polynomials. Billlion 09:51, 17 Nov 2004 (UTC)

Not to rude, but I think that the description in the first sentence on the Transcendental number article is best. The one I edited in here is very similar. Furthermore, this article needs some cleanup, in my opinion. Look below:

The quantitative approach asks one to find lower bounds
P(e) > F(A,d)
depending on a bound A of the coefficients of P and its degree, that apply to all P ≠ 0.

• What is the function F?
• The lower bounds of what exactly?
• What is the function F?
• I think A is a number that is greater than the magnitude (absolute value) of any coeffient of the polynomial function P, right?
• What is the function F?
• d is the polynomial degree of P, right?
• What is the function F?
Do you see the point I am trying to make clear?
• Also, where are the references? I can't check your work or believe anything unless there is some reading that I am inclined to read. (preferably there be an online one so that people do not have to go to the library, but at least 1 book so that it is more verifiable)
• EulerGamma 21:29, 11 September 2006 (UTC)

## Overlap with Transcendental number article

I'd love to help get this article into reasonable shape, but it seems inevitable to me that it is going to overlap a lot with the transcendental number article. I'm definitely not suggesting the two be merged but it'd be useful to get some suggestions on what to put into which article Chenxlee (talk) 20:02, 13 February 2008 (UTC)

## constructing all the transcendental numbers?

i hate to sound like a retard but does

Other techniques: Cantor and Zilber Liouville proved in the 1850s that transcendental numbers exist and even gave examples, but his ideas can be used to give only a countable number of transcendental numbers. Indeed, when he published his results the notion of countability and uncountability had not yet been developed. In the 1870s Georg Cantor started to develop set theory and in 1874 published a paper proving that the algebraic numbers could be put in one-to-one correspondence with the set of natural numbers, and thus that the set of transcendental numbers must be uncountable.[15] Later, in 1891, Cantor used his more familiar diagonal argument to prove the same result.[16] While Cantor's result is often quoted as being purely existential and thus unusable for constructing a single transcendental number[17][18], the proofs in both the aforementioned papers give methods to construct transcendental numbers.[19]

mean methods to construct (as in the constructivists sense) all transcendentals? —Preceding unsigned comment added by Cheat notes (talkcontribs) 04:41, 15 January 2009 (UTC)

If you use the method gleaned from Cantor's diagonal argument then you can get every transcendental number, and that's proved in Gray's paper if you can find a copy. I'm fairly sure that the same holds true if you use his 1874 proof, too. Chenxlee (talk) 14:37, 21 January 2009 (UTC)