Talladega County, Alabama
|Talladega County, Alabama|
Talladega County Courthouse in Talladega
Location in the state of Alabama
Alabama's location in the U.S.
|Founded||December 18, 1832|
|• Total||760.25 sq mi (1,969 km2)|
|• Land||739.53 sq mi (1,915 km2)|
|• Water||20.72 sq mi (54 km2), (2.73%)|
|• Density||111/sq mi (42.9/km²)|
|Time zone||Central: UTC-6/-5|
Talladega County is designated the Talladega-Sylacauga, AL micropolitan statistical area, which forms part of the Birmingham-Hoover-Talladega, AL Combined Statistical Area.
Prior to Euro-American settlement in what is today Talladega County it was the home of the Abihka tribe of the Creek Confederacy.
The name Talladega is derived from a Muscogee (Creek) Native American word Tvlvteke, from the Creek tålwa, meaning "town", and åtigi, or "border" -- "Border Town"—a town indicating its location on the boundary between the lands of the Creek tribe and those of the Cherokee and Chickasaw.
According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 760.25 square miles (1,969.0 km2), of which 739.53 square miles (1,915.4 km2) (or 97.27%) is land and 20.72 square miles (53.7 km2) (or 2.73%) is water.
- Interstate 20
- U.S. Highway 78
- U.S. Highway 231
- U.S. Highway 280
- State Route 21
- State Route 34
- State Route 76
- State Route 77
- Calhoun County, Alabama - north
- Cleburne County, Alabama - northeast
- Clay County, Alabama - east
- Coosa County, Alabama - south
- Shelby County, Alabama - southwest
- St. Clair County, Alabama - northwest
National protected area
- Talladega National Forest (part)
As of the census of 2000, there were 80,321 people, 30,674 households, and 21,901 families residing in the county. The population density was 109 people per square mile (42/km2). There were 34,469 housing units at an average density of 47 per square mile (18/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 67.02% White, 31.55% Black or African American, 0.23% Native American, 0.20% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.27% from other races, and 0.71% from two or more races. Nearly 1.01% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
- English American 53%
- African American 32%
- Irish American 8.5%
- German American 6%
- Scottish American 2.4%
- Scots-Irish American 2.1%
There were 30,674 households, out of which 32.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them; 52.40% were married couples living together, 15.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.60% were non-families. 25.90% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50, and the average family size was 3.00.
In the county, the population was spread out with 25.00% under the age of 18, 9.00% from 18 to 24, 28.80% from 25 to 44, 23.90% from 45 to 64, and 13.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.50 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $31,628, and the median income for a family was $38,004. Males had a median income of $30,526 versus $21,040 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,704. About 13.90% of families and 17.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.70% of those under age 18 and 18.20% of those age 65 or over.
Cities and towns
- Bon Air
- Childersburg (part of Childersburg is in Shelby County)
- Gantts Quarry
- Oak Grove
- Oxford (part of Oxford is in Calhoun County)
- Providence (northeast of Talladega)
- Talladega Springs
- Vincent (part of Vincent is in Shelby County and in St. Clair County)
Places of interest
Talladega County is home to parts of Mt.Cheaha State Park, DeSoto Caverns, and the Talladega Superspeedway. Also, Alpine is famous for its location of the YMCA Camp Cosby which was established in 1922. The county is home to many historic properties, including Idlewild, the J.L.M. Curry House, Kymulga Mill & Covered Bridge, Swayne Hall, The Silk Stocking District and Downtown Courthouse Square; all listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Three sites not listed on the historic register include the ruins of Mount Ida, Waldo Covered Bridge and Alpine Plantation.
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Talladega County, Alabama
- Properties on the Alabama Register of Landmarks and Heritage in Talladega County, Alabama
- "ACES Winston County Office" (links/history), Alabama Cooperative Extension System (ACES), 2007, webpage: ACES-Talladega.
- United States Census Bureau. "2010 Census Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 19 July 2012.
- Swanton, John R. The Indians of the Southeastern United States as Smithsonian Institution Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 137. (Washington: United States Government Printing Office, 1946) p. 81
- Jack Martin and Margaret McKane Mauldin, A Dictionary of Creek/Muskogee (Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2000), s.vv. "Tvlvtēke," "Talladega."
- "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved June 30, 2013.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved June 30, 2013.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09.
- Gamble, Robert (1987). The Alabama Catalog: A Guide to the Early Architecture of the State. University, AL: University of Alabama Press. p. 345. ISBN 0-8173-0148-8.
- Talladega County official website
- County community website
- Talladega County map of roads/towns (map © 2007 Univ. of Alabama)
||St. Clair County||Calhoun County||Cleburne County|
|Shelby County||Coosa County|