Talladega County, Alabama

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Talladega County, Alabama
Talladega County Alabama Courthouse.JPG
Talladega County Courthouse in Talladega
Map of Alabama highlighting Talladega County
Location in the state of Alabama
Map of the United States highlighting Alabama
Alabama's location in the U.S.
Founded December 18, 1832[1]
Seat Talladega
Largest city Talladega
Area
 • Total 760.25 sq mi (1,969 km2)
 • Land 739.53 sq mi (1,915 km2)
 • Water 20.72 sq mi (54 km2), (2.73%)
Population
 • (2010) 82,291
 • Density 111/sq mi (42.9/km²)
Congressional district 3rd
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.talladegacountyal.org

Coordinates: 33°23′N 86°10′W / 33.383°N 86.167°W / 33.383; -86.167

Talladega County is a county of the U.S. state of Alabama.[1] As of the 2010 census, the population was 82,291.[2] Its county seat is Talladega.[1]

Talladega County is designated the Talladega-Sylacauga, AL micropolitan statistical area, which forms part of the Birmingham-Hoover-Talladega, AL Combined Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Prior to Euro-American settlement in what is today Talladega County it was the home of the Abihka tribe of the Creek Confederacy.[3]

Talladega County was established on December 18, 1832, from land ceded by the Creek Indians near the state's geographic center.[1] The county seat was established at Talladega in 1834.[1]

The name Talladega is derived from a Muscogee (Creek) Native American word Tvlvteke, from the Creek tålwa, meaning "town", and åtigi, or "border" -- "Border Town"—a town indicating its location on the boundary between the lands of the Creek tribe and those of the Cherokee and Chickasaw.[4]

Geography[edit]

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 760.25 square miles (1,969.0 km2), of which 739.53 square miles (1,915.4 km2) (or 97.27%) is land and 20.72 square miles (53.7 km2) (or 2.73%) is water.[5]

Major highways[edit]

Rail[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 12,587
1850 18,624 48.0%
1860 23,520 26.3%
1870 18,064 −23.2%
1880 23,360 29.3%
1890 29,346 25.6%
1900 35,773 21.9%
1910 37,921 6.0%
1920 41,005 8.1%
1930 45,241 10.3%
1940 51,832 14.6%
1950 63,639 22.8%
1960 65,495 2.9%
1970 65,280 −0.3%
1980 73,826 13.1%
1990 74,107 0.4%
2000 80,321 8.4%
2010 82,291 2.5%
Est. 2012 81,762 −0.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
2012 Estimate[7]

As of the census[8] of 2000, there were 80,321 people, 30,674 households, and 21,901 families residing in the county. The population density was 109 people per square mile (42/km2). There were 34,469 housing units at an average density of 47 per square mile (18/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 67.02% White, 31.55% Black or African American, 0.23% Native American, 0.20% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.27% from other races, and 0.71% from two or more races. Nearly 1.01% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

According to the census[8] of 2000, the largest ancestry groups in Talladega County are:

There were 30,674 households, out of which 32.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them; 52.40% were married couples living together, 15.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.60% were non-families. 25.90% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50, and the average family size was 3.00.

In the county, the population was spread out with 25.00% under the age of 18, 9.00% from 18 to 24, 28.80% from 25 to 44, 23.90% from 45 to 64, and 13.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $31,628, and the median income for a family was $38,004. Males had a median income of $30,526 versus $21,040 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,704. About 13.90% of families and 17.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.70% of those under age 18 and 18.20% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns[edit]

Places of interest[edit]

Talladega County is home to parts of Mt.Cheaha State Park, DeSoto Caverns, and the Talladega Superspeedway. Also, Alpine is famous for its location of the YMCA Camp Cosby which was established in 1922. The county is home to many historic properties, including Idlewild, the J.L.M. Curry House, Kymulga Mill & Covered Bridge, Swayne Hall, The Silk Stocking District and Downtown Courthouse Square; all listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Three sites not listed on the historic register include the ruins of Mount Ida, Waldo Covered Bridge and Alpine Plantation.[9][10]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "ACES Winston County Office" (links/history), Alabama Cooperative Extension System (ACES), 2007, webpage: ACES-Talladega.
  2. ^ United States Census Bureau. "2010 Census Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 19 July 2012. 
  3. ^ Swanton, John R. The Indians of the Southeastern United States as Smithsonian Institution Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 137. (Washington: United States Government Printing Office, 1946) p. 81
  4. ^ Jack Martin and Margaret McKane Mauldin, A Dictionary of Creek/Muskogee (Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2000), s.vv. "Tvlvtēke," "Talladega."
  5. ^ "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved June 30, 2013. 
  7. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved June 30, 2013. 
  8. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  9. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09. 
  10. ^ Gamble, Robert (1987). The Alabama Catalog: A Guide to the Early Architecture of the State. University, AL: University of Alabama Press. p. 345. ISBN 0-8173-0148-8. 

External links[edit]