|City of Tallulah|
Located across from the Madison Parish Courthouse is the Tallulah Municipal Building.
|Elevation||85 ft (25.9 m)|
|Area||2.7 sq mi (7 km2)|
|- land||2.7 sq mi (7 km2)|
|- water||0.0 sq mi (0 km2), 0%|
|Density||2,716.6 / sq mi (1,048.9 / km2)|
|Mayor||Eddie Beckwith, Jr. (No Party)
Police Chief James E. Vaughn Jr. (D)
City Council by district:
1: Charles M. Finlayson (D)
2: Lisa D. Houston (D)
3: Tommy A. Watson, Sr. (D)
4: Marjorie Day (D)
5: Gloria Owens Hayden (D)
|- summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
Tallulah is a city in and the parish seat of Madison Parish in northeastern Louisiana, United States. The 2010 population was 7,335, a decrease of 1,854, or 20.2 percent, from the 9,189 tabulation at the 2000 census. The city is nearly 77 percent African American. Tallulah is the principal city of the Tallulah Micropolitan Statistical Area, which includes all of Madison Parish. The Madison Parish Sheriff's office operates the Steve Hoyle Rehabilitation Center in Tallulah.
When the railroad was expanding in the area, a widow who owned a large plantation became friendly with the contractor and persuaded him to change the route of the railroad to run through her plantation. After the railroad was built, she had nothing else to do with him. Feeling rejected, he named the water stop for an old girlfriend named Tallulah, instead of the plantation owner.
During the American Civil War, Union gunboats in Lake Providence headed south to Tallulah, where they burned the depot of the Vicksburg, Shreveport, and Texas Railroad and captured Confederate supplies awaiting shipment to Indian Territory. The Confederates in Tallulah offered no resistance. Numerous potential Confederate troops in the area were turned down for enlistment because of a lack of weapons.
Tallulah was the first city in the United States to have an indoor shopping mall. A businessman built Bloom's Arcade in 1925, in the style of European arcades. It was one hall with stores on either side much like the ones today. The hall opened into the street on both ends. This landmark is still in Tallulah on U.S. Route 80, although no longer in use.
Tallulah is thought to be the place where Delta Air Lines got its early beginnings. An agricultural experiment station first used airplanes to spray pesticides to control cotton pests. Built in the late 1920s by Standard Oil Company, the building housed a U.S Experimental Station in the early 1920s that began flying mail for the US Post Office. It soon started a flying service which evolved into Delta Air Lines.
Madison Parish claims the title of birthplace of Delta Air Lines, and the original airport building, Scott's Field, still stands near Tallulah. It is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
On April 24, 2010, an EF4 tornado touched down near Tallulah, causing numerous injuries. The tornado also damaged a tanker in a chemical plant causing a small nitrogen leak. The tornado continued on the ground across the Mississippi River. As the tornado gained strength, it struck Yazoo, Holmes, and Choctaw counties in Mississippi, causing 10 fatalities and extensive destruction. Significant damage to an industrial plant with injuries, trapped people and destroyed homes were reported in Madison Parish near the Louisiana-Mississippi state line. There were fifty-four tornadoes reported that day.
The Seviers of Tallulah
Tallulah and Madison Parish have been the center of numerous members of the prominent Sevier family, who claim descent from John Sevier, a soldier in the American Revolution. Later serving as governor of Tennessee, he is the namesake of Sevierville in Sevier County in eastern Tennessee.
George Washington Sevier, Sr. (1858–1925), the father of Andrew L. Sevier, was a member of the Madison Parish Police Jury and served as the parish tax assessor from 1891–1916. Andrew Leonard Sevier, Sr. was a member of the Louisiana State Senate from 1932 until his death in 1962. His widow, the former Irene Newman Jordan, served the rest of his term. Andrew Jackson Sevier, Jr., served as sheriff of Madison Parish from 1904 until his death in office in 1941. He was succeeded for the rest of his term by his widow, Mary Louise Day Sevier. A cousin of Sevier, Sr., Henry Clay Sevier, was a member of the Louisiana House of Representatives from 1936–52.
James D. Sevier, Sr., and his son, James Sevier, Jr., held the office of tax assessor for more than four decades. Except for the years 1887–90, there was at least one member of the Sevier family in public office for the 122 years preceding 2005. Mason Spencer, husband of Rosa Sevier Spencer, represented Madison Parish in the Louisiana House from 1924–36 and planned to run for governor of Louisiana in 1935 but withdrew his candidacy, and victory went to Richard Leche of New Orleans. Among the political leaders from this family were William Putnam "Buck" Sevier, Jr., a banker, town alderman, and mayor of Tallulah from 1946 to 1974. Sevier holds the record at more than twenty-seven years as the longest-serving mayor in Louisiana.
As of the census of 2000, there were 9,189 people, 3,016 households, and 2,078 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,396.0 people per square mile (1,309.2/km²). There were 3,226 housing units at an average density of 1,192.2 per square mile (459.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 23.22% White, 74.79% African American, 0.16% Native American, 0.19% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.13% from other races, and 1.49% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.12% of the population.
There were 3,016 households out of which 36.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 33.4% were married couples living together, 30.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.1% were non-families. 27.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.82 and the average family size was 3.49.
In the city the population was spread out with 37.6% under the age of 18, 10.9% from 18 to 24, 23.3% from 25 to 44, 17.6% from 45 to 64, and 10.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 26 years. For every 100 females there were 93.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.5 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $17,142, and the median income for a family was $20,100. Males had a median income of $22,346 versus $14,679 for females. The per capita income for the city was $8,324. About 35.7% of families and 43.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 59.2% of those under age 18 and 25.2% of those age 65 or over.
- Maurice Ash, founder/president of Unified People Unified Purpose.
- Buddy Caldwell, Louisiana Attorney General and former Madison, East Carroll, and Tensas parish district attorney.
- Clifford Cleveland Brooks, planter in St. Joseph, represented Madison Parish in the Louisiana State Senate from 1924-32.
- Jimmy "Cooch Eye" Jones, former National Basketball Association (NBA) player with the Baltimore Bullets.
- Joe Osborn, musician
- James E. Paxton, district attorney for Madison, East Carroll, and Tensas parishes; native of Madison Parish; resides in St. Joseph in Tensas Parish
- Andrew Jackson Sevier, Sheriff of Madison Parish from 1904–41.
- James Silas, former American professional basketball player. Was drafted in the fifth round of the 1972 National Basketball Association Draft by the Houston Rockets but played the majority of his career with the San Antonio Spurs in the ABA. Was known as "The Snake," "Captain Late," and "The Late Mr. Silas", the latter two referring to the fact that Silas seemed to play his best late in games. On February 28, 1984, Silas's #13 became the first number ever retired by the San Antonio Spurs.
- Jefferson B. Snyder, district attorney of Madison Parish from 1904–48.
- Conway Twitty, Country and Western music star; born Harold Jenkins.
- Zelma Wyche, police chief, alderman and Tallulah mayor, sometimes called "Mr. Civil Rights of Louisiana".
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "Tallulah, Louisiana". quickfacts.census.gov. Retrieved November 21, 2012.
- John D. Winters, The Civil War in Louisiana, Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1963; ISBN 0-8071-0834-0, p. 155
- "Delta Airlines"
- "Sevier Family of Madison Parish, Louisiana". rootsweb.ancestry.com. Retrieved February 15, 2011.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Henry E. Chambers, History of Louisiana, Vol. 2 (Chicago and New York City: The American Historical Society, Inc., 1925, p. 71)
- "James E. Paxton". sixthda.com. Retrieved October 4, 2013.
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