The name Talpiot derives from a verse in Song of Songs 4:4 – "Thy neck is like the tower of David, built with turrets." According to rabbinic sources, Talpiot refers to the Temple. It was said to be a compound of the Hebrew words tel (hill) and piyot (mouths), as in "the hill to which all mouths turn in prayer."
In the 1920s, the Bauhaus architect Richard Kaufmann presented the British Mandate authorities with a plan for Talpiot, which he designed as a garden suburb. The plan included a large building that he envisioned as a future parliament, later designated as an gallery.
The early settlers were evacuated from Talpiot in the wake of the 1929 Hebron massacre, but later returned. When the British left Jerusalem in May 1948, a Haganah military brigade launched Operation Kilshon to seize security zones previously occupied by the British and defend Jerusalem against attack by the Arab Legion. The British army camp in Talpiot, known as Mahane Allenby, was one of the strategic sites captured in this operation.
After the Israeli War of Independence, Talpiot became the frontier, surrounded by Jordanian-controlled East Jerusalem, although Israelis continued to live there. The neighbourhood expanded significantly after the 1967 Six-Day War. New residential districts were established in the enclave formerly controlled by the United Nations, which had been a no man's land. A tent camp established on the western outskirts of Talpiot for immigrants after Israel's independence was replaced by a large industrial zone to house the businesses evicted from Mamilla.
Talpiot today consists of several districts. "Old Talpiot" is the historic residential neighborhood founded in 1922. Adjacent and south of this is Arnona, founded in 1931 but largely undeveloped until the 1980s. North Talpiot, built after 1967, offers panoramic views of the Hinnom and Kidron Valleys, and the Old City. Across Derech Hevron to the west is the Talpiot industrial zone, now one of Jerusalem's main shopping districts. To the east is the neighborhood of East Talpiot, also known as Armon HaNetziv. Over the last decade, Mahane Allenby was torn down and 8-story residential towers were built on the land. A parcel remains undeveloped, awaiting the relocation of the U.S. Embassy from Tel Aviv. The main offices of the U.S. Consulate General in Jerusalem were relocated to the eastern ridge of Talpiot in 2010.
Versailles wedding hall
On May 24, 2001, the third floor of the Versailles wedding hall in Talpiot collapsed during a wedding party, killing 23 and injuring more than 200. The collapse was blamed on poor construction, using a system called Pal-Kal which was deemed unfit for public buildings. The incident is considered Israel's worst civil disaster.
The Talpiot Industrial Zone is one of the largest in the country, with an annual turnover of NIS600 million. Indoor shopping malls in Talpiot include Kanyon Yisrael on Yad Haharutzim St., Kanyon Hadar on Pierre Koenig St., Kanyon Lev Talpiot on HaUman St. and Kanyon Rav Mecher on HaParsa St. In addition the area is home to numerous strip malls, light manufacturing workshops, warehouses, auto dealerships and the largest concentration of auto repair shops in Jerusalem.
Music, art and nightlife
"Yellow Submarine', established in 1991 by the Jerusalem Foundation in the Talpiot industrial zone, is a performance space for musicians with rehearsal-rooms, a recording studio and a nightclub.
"Studio One Jerusalem", a recording studio, opened in Talpiot in 1999.Israel Hershberg, an American figurative painter established the Jerusalem Studio School on the top floor of an industrial building in 1996.
Talpiot has become a hub of Jerusalem nightlife, with a multiplex cinema, a bowling alley, a pool hall, and dozens of bars, nightclubs and discos, including one of Israel's oldest and most popular nightclubs, Haoman 17.
Connecting East Talpiot and Talpiot is the Haas Promenade (Hebrew: הטיילת – ha-Tayelet). Together with the Sherover and Goldman Promenades, the three form a continuous public park from Jabl Mukabar to the east to Abu Tor to the north. From this vantage point atop a ridge overlooking Jerusalem's Old City and the Dead Sea, tradition holds that Abraham was shown Mount Moriah as the site for the binding of Isaac as recorded in the Bible. Hidden under this ridge are the remains of an aqueduct built by Herod the Great to bring water from the south, by way of his summer palace Herodium, to the Second Temple. This area was a no man's land in the period between the establishment of the State of Israel in 1948 and the reunification of Jerusalem in 1967. At one end of the promenade, on the Hill of Evil Counsel, is the United Nations Middle East Headquarters, located in the former Palace of the British High Commissioner (Armon HaNetziv). The Jerusalem Peace Forest descends along the slope below the Promenade. The Jerusalem municipality plants a tree in this forest for every child born in Jerusalem, representing the eternal hope of peace bridging the Arab and Jewish populations. Every year, on the 29th day of Heshvan, the Ethiopian Jewish community gathers at the Promenade to mark the Sigd holiday.
Shmuel Yosef Agnon, winner of the Nobel Prize for Literature, settled in Talpiot in 1924 and wrote most of his important works there. After his death, his home was turned into a museum, Beit Agnon, where his study has been preserved intact. One of his neighbors was the eminent scholar Joseph Gedalja Klausner, uncle of Israeli author Amos Oz. In his autobiographical novel A Tale of Love and Darkness, Oz writes that Agnon and Klausner were not fond of one another and kept their distance. The founder of Modern Hebrew, Eliezer Ben Yehuda, built a home on Ein Gedi Street in Talpiot, but died before moving in. Today it serves as a guesthouse and meeting center.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Talpiot.|
- "Talpiot's tels and turrets: a look at my old neighborhood.(Israel)(Geographic overview) Industry & Business Article". Goliath.ecnext.com. May 1, 2007. Retrieved October 11, 2011.
- Parliament building envisioned by Herzl, Boris Schatz and Richard Kaufmann
- "War of Independence," Encyclopedia of Zionism and Israel, p. 1196, Herzl Press & McGraw Will, New York, 1971
- "About the Consulate". jerusalem.usconsulate.gov. Retrieved November 8, 2012.
- "2001: Israel wedding party tragedy", BBC Online
- Israeli supermarket price wars come to Jerusalem, Haaretz
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- In the Garden of Eden
- "Genesis 22: 9–11". Biblegateway.com. Retrieved October 11, 2011.
- "Rhoda Goldman Promenade". Ksm-a.com. Retrieved October 11, 2011.
- Farada, Ayanawu. "Thousands of Ethiopians celebrate Sigad holiday". Haaretz.com. Retrieved October 11, 2011.
- "Jerusalem Mosaic, Jerusalem Municipality Tourism Authority
- "Beit Ben Yehudah". Retrieved November 8, 2012.