- For the village in Bangladesh, see Taltala, Bangladesh.
|— Neighbourhood in Kolkata (Calcutta) —|
|Ward||# 52, 53, 62|
|Metro Station||Park Street|
|Parliamentary constituency||Kolkata Uttar|
|Elevation||36 ft (11 m)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Area code(s)||+91 33|
Taltala (Bengali: তালতলা) (also spelt Taltola, archaic spelling Taltollah) is a neighbourhood in central Kolkata, earlier known as Calcutta, in the Indian state of West Bengal. One of the old neighbourhoods of the metropolis, it has a police station and is an assembly constituency.
According to H. E. A. Cotton Taltala was chiefly peopled by Bihari Muslim khalasis and lascars. Wellesley Street (renamed Rafi Ahmed Kidwai Road) is described as a ‘fine broad thoroughfare’, along the course of which is situated Wellesley Square (renamed Haji Mohd. Mohsin Square). To the north of it is the Madrasa.
In 1758, one year after their decisive win in Battle of Plassey, the British East India Company commenced construction of the new Fort William in the center of the village Gobindapur. The inhabitants of the village were compensated and provided with land in Taltala, Kumortuli and Shovabazar.
Although a predominantly Muslim locality, its early Hindu settlers included Durga Charan Banerjea, father of Surendranath Banerjea. Muslims have been living in the area since the early 19th century, and the earliest inhabitants were mainly Bengali Muslims, though Bihari Muslim settlers began arriving in a flood since 1870-1880 and more so since the 1980s.
While Ward Nos 52 and 53 of Kolkata Municipal Corporation are under the Taltala Police Station, and are part of Taltala, ward no. 62, broadly under Park Street Police Station but a part of it is under Taltala police station, is also a part of Taltala. The neighbourhood is bound by Dharmatala in the north, Entally in the east, Park Street neighbourhood in the south and Janbazar and Chowringhee in the west. Great celebrities of Taltala are Surendranath Banerjee, Jnanendra Nath Mukherjee, Hiren Mukherjee, Rezaul Karim, Dr. Moni Biswas, Dr Tamiz Khan, Narendranath Sen, Tripura sankar Sensastry, Sudam Banerjee, Nilmoni Mukherjee, Bijoy Singh Nahar, Benjamin Gomes, Syed Badruddoja and so on
Taltala police station area spread over ward nos. 52 and 53 of Kolkata Municipal Corporation had a total population of 53,348 in the 2001 census, of which 24,121 were males and 19,227 were females. Ward No. 62 had a population of 45,817, out of which 28,019 were males and 17,798 were females. The locality is largely Urdu-speaking. Urdu-speaking Muslims form 85% of the population. Taltala has its own literary Bengali journal named TALTALA DARPAN EDITOR: Dr Sankar Kumar Nath,professionally an Oncologist but having talents in singing,painting,astronomy,writing history,poems.
Important landmarks 
- Madrasa 'Aliya on Rafi Ahmed Kidwai Street
- Headquarters of Communist Party of India (Marxist) on Alimuddin Street.
- Taltal Public Library, (Oldest existing Public library of Calcutta established in 1882), 12B, Taltala Library Row, Calcutta - 14.
See also 
- "Taltala Police Station". Kolkata Police. Retrieved 2008-01-16.[dead link]
- Nair, P. Thankappan, The Growth and Development of Old Calcutta, in Calcutta, the Living City, Vol I, edited by Sukanta Chaudhuri, pp. 11-18, Oxford University Press, ISBN 978-0-19-563696-3.
- Cotton, H.E.A., Calcutta Old and New, 1909/1980, p. 220, General Printers and Publishers Pvt. Ltd.
- Cotton, H.E.A, p 72
- Detail Maps of 141 Wards of Kolkata, D.R.Publication and Sales Concern, 66 College Street, Kolkata – 700073
- "Provisional Population Totals, Table 4". Population, Decadal Growth Rate, Density and General Sex Ratio by Residence and Sex, West Bengal/ District/ Sub District, 1991 and 2001. Census Commission of India. Retrieved 2007-10-10.