Talud-tablero is an architectural style. It consists of a platform structure, or the tablero, on top of an inward-sloping surface or panel, the talud. It may also be referred to as the slope-and-panel style.
Talud-tablero is often employed in pyramid construction, found in pre-Columbian Mesoamerica. It is found in many cities and cultures but is strongly associated with the Teotihuacan culture of central Mexico, where it is a dominant architectural style.
The earliest examples of talud-tablero constructions date not from the Teotihuacan period, however, but are found in earlier constructions in the Tlaxcala-Puebla region.
Many different variants on the talud-tablero style arose throughout Mesoamerica, developing and manifesting itself differently among the various cultures. In some cases, such as the Maya city of Tikal, the introduction of talud-tablero architecture during the Early Classic corresponds with direct contact with Teotihuacan and possible domination or conquest. However, the form of contact at other cities is less well documented and presumably included trade and cultural contacts.
- Braswell (2003, p.11)
- Martin and Grube (2000, pp.29–31)
- Illustration adapted from Weaver (1993, p.251)
- Braswell, Geoffrey E. (2003). "Introduction: Reinterpreting Early Classic Interaction". In Geoffrey E. Braswell (ed.). The Maya and Teotihuacan: Reinterpreting Early Classic Interaction. Austin: University of Texas Press. pp. 1–44. ISBN 0-292-70587-5. OCLC 49936017.
- Harris, Cyril M. (ed.) (1983). Illustrated Dictionary of Historic Architecture (originally published as: Historic Architecture Sourcebook (New York: McGraw-Hill ©1977), reprint ed.). New York: Dover Publications. ISBN 0-486-24444-X. OCLC 8806282.
- Martin, Simon; Nikolai Grube (2000). Chronicle of the Maya Kings and Queens: Deciphering the Dynasties of the Ancient Maya. London and New York: Thames & Hudson. ISBN 0-500-05103-8. OCLC 47358325.
- Weaver, Muriel Porter (1993). The Aztecs, Maya, and Their Predecessors: Archaeology of Mesoamerica (3rd edition ed.). San Diego, CA: Academic Press. ISBN 0-12-739065-0. OCLC 25832740.
- Definition of Talud-tablero Archeology Wordsmith
- Teotihuacano art and architecture University of Texas
- Locating the Place and Meaning of the Talud-Tablero Architectural Style in the Early Classic Maya Built Environment Doctoral Dissertation by Crtistin Cash