Tama Cemetery

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Tama Cemetery
Tama Cemetery Entrance.jpg
Entry to Tama Cemetery in Fuchū, Tokyo
Details
Year established 1923
Location Tokyo
Country Japan
Coordinates 35°41′00″N 139°30′37″E / 35.68333°N 139.51028°E / 35.68333; 139.51028Coordinates: 35°41′00″N 139°30′37″E / 35.68333°N 139.51028°E / 35.68333; 139.51028
Type Metropolitan
Style Park-type
Owned by City of Tokyo
Size 128 hectares (316 acres)[1]
Find a Grave Tama Cemetery

Tama Cemetery (多磨霊園 Tama Reien?) in Tokyo is the largest municipal cemetery in Japan. Its is split between the cities of Fuchu and Koganei within the Tokyo Metropolis. First established in April 1923 as Tama Graveyard (多磨墓地 Tama Bochi ?), it was redesignated Tama Cemetery in 1935. It is one of the largest green areas in Tokyo.

People interred at Tama Cemetery include: Gensui The Marquis Saigō, the famous Meiji politician and naval commander; Gensui The Marquis Tōgō, the famous naval commander at the Battle of Tsushima; Gensui Yamamoto Isoroku, commander-in-chief of Japan's Combined Fleet during World War II; noted author, playwright and nationalist activist Mishima Yukio; and General Baron Araki, a military commander who became one of the principal right-wing political theorists of the later Japanese Empire.

History[edit]

Around 1900, Tokyo had five public cemeteries - Aoyama, Somei, Yanaka, Zoshigaya and Kameido. As the population of Tokyo grew, and cemetery space grew scarce, there was a need to build a cemetery outside of the city limits of Tokyo. In 1919, city park manager Kiyoshi Inoshita issued a plan to establish a large park/cemetery to the north, east and west of Tokyo. Tama, to the west of Tokyo, was selected in 1920, with construction started two years later. It was said that the site was chosen because of access to transportation infrastructure, such as the Kōshū Kaidō, Keiō Line, Seibu Tamagawa Line, and Chūō Main Line. The cemetery was opened in 1923. The planned northern and eastern cemeteries are Sodaira and Yahashira, respectively.

In 1934, Gensui The Marquis Tōgō, the naval war hero, was buried in Tama Cemetery, spreading the popularity of the cemetery. During World War II, Kawasaki Ki-61 from nearby Chofu Airfield were hidden and repaired in the cemetery. Some facilities in the cemetery still have bullet holes from U.S. strafing.

Use of the cemetery increased, with the last open spot used in 1963. Since 1963, only reburials and other such uses have opened up new spaces. In 1962 a green lawn-type cemetery was added, and in 1993, Mitama Hall, a columbarium, was added.

Notable interments[edit]

Fountain in Tama Cemetery
Tombstone of Uchimura Kanzō

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Tama Cemetery (Fuchu)". wikimapia.org. Retrieved 13 December 2012. 

External links[edit]